TROMMER EXTRACT OF MALT COMPANY

Local History Collections

Collection ID: LH-52
Location: LH-52

(Description ID: 595220)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums 

Trommer Extract of Malt Company

 LH-52


Introduction
Biographical Sketch
Scope and Content
Inventory 

Introduction
Additional records of the Trommer Extract of Malt Company are located at the Center for Archival Collections at the Jerome Library on the campus of Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio. https://lib.bgsu.edu/finding_aids/items/show/115.

The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums holds in its collection several examples of Trommer Extract of Malt Company bottles.http://rbhayes.pastperfectonline.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search_criteria=trommer&searchButton=Search

Biographical Sketch
 Dr. John B. Rice, Union Army surgeon during the Civil War, observed the beneficial effects of extract of malt while treating wounded soldiers. However, after the war, he had difficulty making it in his private practice. Gustavus A. Gessner, while employed by druggists S. Buckland & Sons of Fremont, Ohio, discovered an improved process for preparing extract of malt. This new method preserved the diastase of malt, an enzyme useful in breaking down starch in food and aiding digestion. Gessner used malt extract from Canadian barley and achieved longer shelf life without fermentation. At that time there were no commercial preparations of extract of malt.

Gessner and Rice, along with Dr. Robert H. Rice, Stephen Buckland, and Ralph Buckland, Jr., formed The Improved Trommer Extract of Malt Co. in January 1874 operating at 117 S. Arch St. Fremont, Ohio. The company’s name was shortened to Trommer Extract of Malt Co. in 1877 or 1878. Stephen Buckland sold his share of the company to the other partners May 25, 1877 and Ralph Buckland sold his share April 27, 1878. The company employed several travelling sales agents to call on physicians around the country and introduce them to the benefits of their product. Trommer Extract of Malt became the standard form of the product and distributed through much of the United States and several foreign countries.

In late 1879, the Buckland’s began the manufacture and sale of an extract of malt product. Gessner, Rice, and Rice sued Buckland and Buckland for infringing upon the exclusive use of the words ‘Trommer’ and ‘Extract of Malt’ as well as the use of similar bottles and labels (John B. Rice et al vs. S. Buckland et al). Gessner, Rice, and Rice won their suit at the district court. Buckland and Buckland countersued to the Ohio Supreme Court in 1884 where protection of the term ‘Trommer’ was overturned but the rest of the lower court verdict was sustained.

September 17, 1884 Trommer Extract of Malt Co. entered into an agreement with Dr. John Fred Carl Jungk for the formula originated by Professor Trommer of Berlin, Germany and the exclusive rights to the words ‘Trommer Extract of Malt’ in North and South America. Jungk had earlier acquired these rights from Professor Trommer’s widow Adelaide.

The market for patent medicines like extract of malt was very competitive. In 1882 a group of manufacturers and wholesalers established a rebate plan to improve sales and profits which generated much controversy with retailers. In this plan, sellers of extract of malt agreed to charge only the list price for the product in return for a 10% discount from Trommer.

The company was sold to Leonidas H. Cress for New York City May 20, 1889 with James Richardson, Secretary and Norman Sherwood, Treasurer.

Scope and Content
The bulk of these records is correspondence, mostly incoming, of the Trommer Extract of Malt Co. of Fremont, Ohio. The records date from 1874 to 1889 and are generally arranged chronologically. Much of the correspondence consists of orders for the product or questions about the status of current orders. Another significant number of letters are solicitations for advertisements in professional journals. Buyers occasionally experienced problems with the extract of malt crystallizing or thickening and letters addressing these issues are found here as well as reports from the travelling sales agents which indicate the efforts of the company to market their product. Additional items found in this collection are various financial ledgers and files regarding the Rice v. Buckland litigation as well as the sale of the company in 1889.

Inventory

Box 1

Folder  1 Correspondence April – June 1874
            2 Correspondence July – August 1874
            3 Correspondence September – October 1874
            4 Correspondence November – December 1874
            5 Financial Papers 1874
            6 Correspondence January – February 1875
            7 Correspondence March – April 1875
            8 Correspondence May – June 1875  
            9 Correspondence July – August 1875
            10 Correspondence September – October 1875
            11 Correspondence November – December 1875
            12 Financial Papers February – March 1875
            13 Financial Papers April – May 1875
            14 Financial Papers June – August 1875
            15 Financial Papers September – October 1875
            16 Financial Papers November – December 1875
            17 Correspondence January – February 1876
            18 Correspondence March – April 1876
            19 Correspondence May – June 1876
            20 Correspondence July – August 1876
            21 Correspondence September – October 1876
            22 Correspondence November – December 1876
            23 Financial Papers January – February 1876
            24 Financial Papers March – April 1876
            25 Financial Papers May – June 1876
            26 Financial Papers July – August 1876
            27 Financial Papers September – October 1876
            28 Financial Papers November – December 1876
                 Notes & Drafts Paid 1876
                 Bills, Receipts 1876

Box 2

Folder  1 Correspondence January – February 1877
            2 Correspondence March – April 1877
            3 Correspondence May 1877
            4 Correspondence June 1-15, 1877
            5 Correspondence June 16-30, 1877
            6 Correspondence July 1-15, 1877
            7 Correspondence July 16-31, 1877
            8 Correspondence August 1-15, 1877
            9 Correspondence August 16-31, 1877
            10 Correspondence September 1-15, 1877
            11 Correspondence September 16-30, 1877
            12 Correspondence October 1-15, 1877
            13 Correspondence October 16-31, 1877
            14 Correspondence November 1-15, 1877
            15 Correspondence November 16-30, 1877
            16 Correspondence December 1-15, 1877
            17 Correspondence December 16-31, 1877   
            18 Financial Papers January – March 1877
            19 Financial Papers April – June 1877
            20 Statements of Freight 1877          
            21 Dissolution of Partnership 1877 – 1878
                 Shipping Records July 31, 1877 – December 21, 1877
                 Shipping Receipts December 21, 1877 – March 26, 1878

Box 3

Folder  1 Correspondence January 1 – 15, 1878
            2 Correspondence January 16 – 31, 1878
            3 Correspondence February 1 – 15, 1878
            4 Correspondence February 16-28, 1878
            5 Correspondence March 1-15, 1878
            6 Correspondence March 16-31, 1878
            7 Correspondence April 1878
            8 Correspondence May – August 1878
            9 Correspondence  September – November 1878
            10 Correspondence December 1878
                 Bills of Lading April – December 1878
            11 Correspondence January 1-15, 1879
            12 Correspondence January 16-31, 1879
            13 Correspondence February 1-14, 1879
            14 Correspondence February 15-28, 1879
            15 Correspondence March 1-15, 1879
            16 Correspondence March 16-31, 1879
            17 Correspondence April 1-15, 1879
            18 Correspondence April 16-30, 1879

Box 4

Folder  1 Correspondence May 1879
            2 Correspondence June 1879
            3 Correspondence July 1-15, 1879
            4 Correspondence July 16-31, 1879
            5 Correspondence August 1-15, 1879
            6 Correspondence August 16-31, 1879
            7 Correspondence September 1-15, 1879
            8 Correspondence September 16-30, 1879
            9 Correspondence October 1-15, 1879
            10 Correspondence October 16-31, 1879
            11 Correspondence November 1-15, 1879
            12 Correspondence November 16-30, 1879
            13 Correspondence December 1879
            14 Letters Concerning Patent 1879
            15 Bills of Lading 1879
            16 Bills of Lading 1879
            17 Bills of Lading 1879
            18 Bills of Lading 1880 

Box 5

Folder  1 Correspondence January 1-15, 1880
            2 Correspondence January 16-31, 1880
            3 Correspondence February 1-15, 1880
            4 Correspondence February 16-29, 1880
            5 Correspondence March 1-15, 1880
            6 Correspondence March 16-31, 1880
            7 Correspondence April 1-15, 1880
            8 Correspondence April 16-30, 1880
            9 Correspondence May 1880
            10 Correspondence June 1880
            11 Correspondence July 1-15, 1880
            12 Correspondence July 16-31, 1880
            13 Correspondence August 1880
            14 Correspondence September 1880
            15 Correspondence October 1880
            16 Correspondence November 1880
            17 Correspondence December 1880
            18 Correspondence January 1-15, 1880
            19 Correspondence January 16-31, 1880
            20 Correspondence February 1-15, 1881
            21 Correspondence February 16-28, 1881

Box 6

Folder  1 Correspondence March 1-15, 1881
            2 Correspondence March 16-31, 1881
            3 Correspondence April 1-15, 1881
            4 Correspondence April 16-30, 1881
            5 Correspondence May 1-15, 1881
            6 Correspondence May 16-31, 1881
            7 Correspondence June 1-15, 1881
            8 Correspondence June 16-30, 1881
            9 Correspondence July 1-15, 1881
            10 Correspondence July 16-31, 1881
            11 Correspondence August 1-15, 1881
            12 Correspondence August 16-31, 1881
            13 Correspondence September 1-15, 1881
            14 Correspondence September 16-30, 1881
            15 Correspondence October 1-15, 1881
            16 Correspondence October 16-31, 1881
            17 Correspondence November 1-15, 1881
            18 Correspondence November 16-30, 1881
            19 Correspondence December 1-15, 1881
            20 Correspondence December 16-31, 1881
            21 Telegrams 1881, 1883 

Box 7

Folder  1 Correspondence January 1-15, 1882
            2 Correspondence January 16-31, 1882
            3 Correspondence February 1-15, 1882
            4 Correspondence February 16-28, 1882
            5 Correspondence March 1-15, 1882
            6 Correspondence March 16-31, 1882
            7 Correspondence April 1-15, 1882
            8 Correspondence April 16-30, 1882
            9 Correspondence May 1-15, 1882
            10 Correspondence May 16-31, 1882
            11 Correspondence June 1-15, 1882
            12 Correspondence June 16-30, 1882
            13 Correspondence July 1-15, 1882
            14 Correspondence July 16-31, 1882
            15 Correspondence August 1-15, 1882
            16 Correspondence August 16-31, 1882
            17 Correspondence September 1-15, 1882
            18 Correspondence September 16-30, 1882
            19 Correspondence October 1-15, 1882
            20 Correspondence October 16-31, 1882
            21 Correspondence November 1-15, 1882
            22 Correspondence November 16-30, 1882

Box 8

Folder  1 Correspondence December 1-15, 1882
            2 Correspondence December 16-31, 1882
            3 Correspondence January 1-15, 1883
            4 Correspondence January 16-31, 1883|
            5 Correspondence February 1-15, 1883
            6 Correspondence February 16-28, 1883
            7 Correspondence March 1-15, 1883
            8 Correspondence March 16-31, 1883
            9 Correspondence April 1-15, 1883
            10 Correspondence April 16-30, 1883
            11 Correspondence May 1-15, 1883
            12 Correspondence May 16-31, 1883
            13 Correspondence June 1-15, 1883
            14 Correspondence June 16-30, 1883
            15 Correspondence July 1-15, 1883
            16 Correspondence July 16-31, 1883
            17 Correspondence August 1-15, 1883
            18 Correspondence August 16-31, 1883
            19 Correspondence September 1-15, 1883
            20 Correspondence September 16-30, 1883
            21 Correspondence October 1-15, 1883
            22 Correspondence October 16-31, 1883

Box 9

Folder  1 Correspondence November 1-15, 1883
            2 Correspondence November 16-30, 1883
            3 Correspondence December 1-15, 1883
            4 Correspondence December 16-31, 1883
            5 Correspondence January 1-15, 1884
            6 Correspondence January 16-31, 1884
            7 Correspondence February 1-15, 1884
            8 Correspondence February 16-29, 1884
            9 Correspondence March 1-15, 1884
            10 Correspondence March 16-31, 1884
            11 Correspondence April 1-15, 1884
            12 Correspondence April 16-30, 1884
            13 Correspondence May 1-15, 1884
            14 Correspondence May 16-31, 1884
            15 Correspondence June 1-15, 1884
            16 Correspondence June 16-30, 1884
            17 Correspondence July 1-15, 1884
            18 Correspondence July 16-31, 1884
            19 Correspondence August 1-15, 1884
            20 Correspondence August 16-31, 1884
            21 Correspondence September 1-15, 1884
            22 Correspondence September 16-30, 1884
            23 Correspondence October 1-15, 1884
            24 Correspondence October 16-31, 1884
            25 Correspondence November 1-15, 1884
            26 Correspondence November 16-30, 1884
            27 Correspondence December 1-15, 1884
            28 Correspondence December 16-31, 1884

Box 10

Folder  1 Correspondence January 1-15, 1885
            2 Correspondence January 16-31, 1885
            3 Correspondence February 1-15, 1885
            4 Correspondence February 16-28, 1885
            5 Correspondence March 1-15, 1885
            6 Correspondence March 16-31, 1885
            7 Correspondence April 1-15, 1885
            8 Correspondence April 16-30, 1885
            9 Correspondence May 1-15, 1885
            10 Correspondence May 16-31, 1885
            11 Correspondence June 1-15, 1885
            12 Correspondence June 16-30, 1885
            13 Correspondence July 1885
            14 Correspondence August 1885
            15 Correspondence September 1885
            16 Correspondence October 1885
            17 Correspondence November 1885
            18 Correspondence December 1-15, 1885
            19 Correspondence December 16-31, 1885
            20 Correspondence January 1-15, 1886
            21 Correspondence January 16-31, 1886
            22 Correspondence February 1-15, 1886
            23 Correspondence February 16-28, 1886
            24 Correspondence March 1-15, 1886
            25 Correspondence March 16-31, 1886 

Box 11

Folder  1 Correspondence April 1-15, 1886
            2 Correspondence April 16-30, 1886
            3 Correspondence May 1-15, 1886
            4 Correspondence May 16-31, 1886
            5 Correspondence June 1-15, 1886
            6 Correspondence June 16-30, 1886
            7 Correspondence July 1-15, 1886
            8 Correspondence July 16-31, 1886
            9 Correspondence August 1-15, 1886
            10 Correspondence August 16-31, 1886
            11 Correspondence September 1-15, 1886
            12 Correspondence September 16-30, 1886
            13 Correspondence October 1886
            14 Correspondence November 1886
            15 Correspondence December 1886
            16 Correspondence January 1887
            17 Correspondence February 1887
            18 Correspondence March 1887
            19 Correspondence April 1887
            20 Correspondence May 1887
            21 Correspondence June 1887
            22 Correspondence July 1887

Box 12

Folder  1 Correspondence August 1887
            2 Correspondence September 1887
            3 Correspondence October 1887
            4 Correspondence November 1887
            5 Correspondence December 1887
            6 Correspondence January 1888
            7 Correspondence February 1888
            8 Correspondence March 1888
            9 Correspondence April 1888
            10 Correspondence May 1888
            11 Correspondence June 1888
            12 Correspondence July 1888
            13 Correspondence August 1888
            14 Correspondence September 1888
            15 Correspondence October 1888
            16 Correspondence November 1888
            17 Correspondence December 1888
            18 Correspondence January 1889
            19 Correspondence February 1889
            20 Correspondence March 1889
            21 Correspondence April 1889
            22 Correspondence May 1889
            23 Correspondence June – December 1889
            24 Correspondence 1890 – 1914
            25 Correspondence No Date
            26 Correspondence No Date
            27 Correspondence No Date
            28 Correspondence No Date
            29 Correspondence No Date

Box 13

Folder  1 Correspondence No Date
            2 Correspondence No Date
            3 Journal of Dietetics – Correspondence 1887, 1888
            4 Medical Matters
            5 Medical Matters
            6 Medical Matters
            7 Medical Matters
            8 Miscellaneous Papers
            9 Miscellaneous Papers
            10 Miscellaneous Papers
            11 Miscellaneous Business Cards
            12 Advertising, Labels, Stationery
            13 Advertising Material
            14 Telegraph Code Symbols, Lab Reports
            15 Insurance Policies
            16 Contracts
            17 Litigation Rice v. Buckland
            18 Litigation Rice v. Buckland
            19 Sale of Company 1889
            20 Sale of Company 1889

Box 14

Folder  1 Traveler’s Reports – Geo. Andrews May 1890 – March 1891
            2 Traveler’s Reports – Jos. P. Evans June – November 1890
            3 Traveler’s Reports – Mattern August 1890 – March 1891
            4 Traveler’s Reports – A. W. Penniman November 1890 – March 1891
            5 Traveler’s Reports – F. W. Shontell September 1890 – March 1891
            6 Traveler’s Reports – F. N. Wood November 1890 – March 1891
            7 Traveler’s Reports – Eugene DeReeves, W. M. Ogle 1890, 1891
            8 Rebate Certificates 1882-1883
            9 Cancelled Checks, Check Stubs 1874 - 1887

Box 15

Folder  1 Blank Business Forms
            2 Inventory Lists n.d.
            3 Promissory Notes December 1, 1883 – May 18, 1888
            4 Shipping Receipts 1885-1886
            5 Miscellaneous Financial Forms 1876-1878; 1889

Journals:         

  • (3) Advertising Agreements January – May 1882            
  • Shipping Receipts 1878
  • Account Book June 19, 1877 – June 29, 1880
  • Order Book 1875
  • Order Book 1886
  • Order Book September 1, 1883 – April 17, 1885
  • Order Book April 20, 1885 – January 28, 1887
  • Invoice Book 1881
  • Checkbook January 15, 1877 – May 17, 1877          
  • Checkbook September 4, 1877 – April 9, 1878
  • Checkbook November 18, 1879 – March 29, 1880
  • Orders August 23, 1879 – August 31, 1883
  • Receipt Book October 7, 1882 – April 13, 1883
  • Account Book 1874 – 1875
  • Account Book 1876
  • Account Book January – April 1877
  • 1st National Bank June 1, 1874 – April 5, 1877
  • 1st National Bank April 5, 1877 – May 8, 1878
  • 1st National Bank January 16, 1889 – May 8, 1890
  • Stephen Buckland 1877

Box 16

  • Canceled Checks 1875-1886; 189

Shelf

  • Payout Stubs May 4 – October 24, 1885
  • Salaries and Wages March 1878 – May 1883
  • Trial Balances 188-1884
  • Ledger 1886-1887
  • Ledger 1883-1885
  • Ledger 1877-1880
  • Journal 1881-1883
  • Journal 1883-1886
  • Journal Day Book 1881-1883
  • Shipping Receipts 1875
  • Shipping Receipts 1876-1877
  • Journal May 1874 – August 1879
  • Order Book 1885
  • Cash Journal 1877-1882
  • Order Book 1885
  • Journal Day Book May 1879 – December 1880
  • Ledger 1878-1879
  • Journal Day Book March 1878 – April 1879
  • Journal May 1886 – November 1887