Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums
Scope and Content
The Philip Lutes correspondence was donated to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center by Mr. and Mrs. Frank Barr in 2002. Additional information about the Lutes family can be found in the Hayes Presidential Center’s Biographical File.
Philip Lutes was the son of Adam and Elizabeth (Farber) Barr Lutes. He was born in Osnaburg Twp., Stark County, Ohio, in 1837. The family moved to Riley Twp., Sandusky County, Ohio, in 1853. In August of 1862, Philip, feeling pressured by his family, enlisted as a private at Toledo, Ohio, in Captain Nathaniel Haynes’ Company K, 100th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The following month, the regiment went into position in defense of Cincinnati, Ohio. It was then posted at Fort Mitchell until October of 1862 when the regiment marched to Lexington, Kentucky, where it received drill instruction. The 100th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was then engaged in erecting fortifications. Lutes participated in the regiment’s skirmishes with the enemy at Lexington, Crab Orchard, Somerset, and Mount Vernon. Lutes was probably among those of the regiment captured on September 8, 1863, while guarding the railroad at the Virginia State Line. He was imprisoned at Richmond, Virginia, where he died on November 1, 1863, less than two months after his capture.
Scope and Content
The correspondence consists of thirteen letters written during the Civil War by Private Philip Lutes to his older half brother, John Barr, then residing in Sandusky County, Ohio. The letters date from September 1862 to July 1863.
Although willing to take up arms, Lutes believed that the war would be of short duration. He provided his brother with descriptions of his duties, military drill, marching, and camp life. Of particular note are Lutes’ comments regarding slavery, his reasons for enlisting, and African Americans serving as aides to Union officers or assigned to construct fortifications. He openly expressed his resentment of African Americans who received higher pay and more privileges than did Union soldiers. Lutes, like others, insisted that he enlisted to "save the Union" rather than abolish slavery. Apparently, soldiers of 100th held differing views on the issue of slavery and President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. Lutes hoped that slavery would be abolished so that it would "never be the cause of another war." Moreover, he believed that a colony in Africa should be established. Two handwritten poems, "Sherman’s March to the Sea" and an untitled one, complete the collection.
1. Kentucky, September 19, 1862
2. Camp Wells, Kentucky, October 14, 1862
3. Richmond, Kentucky, December 18, 1862
4. Frankfort, Kentucky, January 8, 1863
5. Frankfort, Kentucky, January 24, 1863
6. Frankfort, Kentucky, February 22, 1863
7. Hickmon Bridge, Kentucky, March 31, 1863
8. Mount Vernon, Kentucky, May 3, 1863
9. Mount Vernon, Kentucky, May 31, 1863
10. Mount Vernon, Kentucky, June 2, 1863
11. Mount Vernon, Kentucky, June 14, 1863
12. Somerset, Kentucky, July 3, 1863
13. Hickmon Bridge, Kentucky, July 30, 1863
Two handwritten poems
1."Sherman’s March to the Sea"