Local History Collections

Collection ID: 285
Location: LH MSS

(Description ID: 595568)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

Joseph Crawford King



Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content




The original Joseph Crawford King diaries as well as two sixth-plate ambrotypes were discovered in the state of Kansas in 1992. After extensive research, the owner and Marjorie King Bottorf (King family descendant) connected King to the family of Jeremiah Niles King, early pioneer and machinist of Rollersville, Ohio. The owner produced and donated typed transcripts of the Joseph Crawford King diaries to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in 1994. An article about the diaries and Joseph Crawford King appeared in Gun Report October 1993.

Biographical Sketch

Joseph Crawford King, b.1835 in New York, was the son of Jeremiah Niles and Mary Dean King who came to Madison Township in 1834. Jeremiah was a machinist in Rhode Island prior to his migration to Ohio. The family settled near Rollersville where they operated a grist mill and where Jeremiah also made and machined tools. Joseph Crawford King joined his father in the milling business in the Rollersville area. The King family, as part of their machining work, produced gunsmithing tools. At the age of twenty-seven, Joseph enlisted in Co. A of the 111th O.V.I. for three years. By March of 1863, King sought a disability discharge. In addition to health concerns, he was increasingly disenchanted with military life. Furthermore, his business and investments had fallen into disarray. The fact that the 111th O.V.I. had not seen action and appeared permanently stationed at Bowling Green, Kentucky was cause for further discouragement. Following King's discharge in March of 1863, he returned to Sandusky County, Ohio. In 1877, King moved west in search of gold in the Black Hills. He prospected near Rapid Creek, South Dakota with five other miners. Apparently finding some success in mining, King remained in the Black Hills until his death in 1880.

Scope and Content

The collection includes typed transcripts prepared by Steve Rudloff from the three original diaries of Joseph Crawford "Kit" King discovered in Kansas, and photocopies of two sixth plate ambrotypes of King found with the diaries. The photographs show King displaying his unique weapon, which included a telescopic sight. The rifle was made by John Smith of Hessville, Sandusky County, Ohio.

The original diaries were later acquired by a California resident and the owner of the John Smith Gunsmithing Collection (1994).

Gift of Nan Card & Marjorie Bottorff


Ac. 5270

Typed transcripts of Joseph Crawford King diaries: 1862-1863, 1877-1878

Photocopies of King ambrotypes

Gun Report, October 1993: article about King and the discovery of the diaries.



September 1862 October 1862 November 1862 December 1862

January 1863 February 1863 March 1863 April 1863

[Text in brackets has been added by the transcriber. Words followed by a question mark means that there is some uncertainty that the transcription is correct. Periods and commas have been added for clarity when necessary.]

Sept 12 1862 Left Fremont [Ohio] for Camp Toledo, arrived too late to join the reg[regiment], went out to camp, found it nearly deserted. Got a pass from Maj. Platt. Staid all night at Whipple House. Started for Cincin[Cincinnatti] on 13[th], was taken sick. Enroute stopped at Dayton for dags [daguerreotypes], then took my departure for Porcoproles[?] (Cin). Stopped at Galt house. Left for camp at Covington Sunday 21, arrived in the evening after a variety of adventures getting into other camps & finding stupid sentinels &c. I finally reached the gallant 111 OVI in safety, boys were delighted to see Kit with them again & Kit on his part certainly reciprocated. I found the reg without tents. I had a fine view of Cincinnatti from the high hills which surround the place. On Monday 22[nd] our reg was ordered to march to the landing to get on board of steamer for Louisville, which is threatened by Bragg [Brig. Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA*]. I was (with I. [Isadore] Shell) left in charge of some of co[company] baggage. It was several hours before we saw the teams belonging to Uncle Samuel approaching on their winding way up the steep hills. I amused myself in the mean time by looking at the army wood choppers cutting down the forest trees to give a good range for the artillery. I noticed a party cutting down the ornamental trees of a very fine residence, the lady of the house came out & was very indignant to think that the men were cutting down her nice trees but Uncle "Sams" men were [illegible]. From the top of the hill I witnessed the fall of one after another of their fine trees over fences & in all, directions. I smoked my pipe in peace & ruminated on the state of our once glorious country. The teams arrived, the baggage was put on. The hind wheels of the waggon were locked, we got on board, our six mules commenced their descent. Reached Covington without nary [an] accident. I stopped to express a couple of boxes home for Lieut. Jennings [Joseph H.] & Capt. Beery [John V., company commander]. I stopped into a store & purchased an oil cloth blanket and havelock. When I had got those little affairs arranged I found the teams of 111 Reg missing. It might seem like a very trivial affair to the uninitiated but when taken into consideration that Covington was full of Uncle Sams teams nearly all alike, they were going & coming in all directions. I started on the run for the landing on the double quick. Saw a steamer loaded with troops just putting off--the last one in sight. I got on board, took a hasty survey, found our baggage was not on board, got off as quick as or quicker than I got on. The next thing was to find the team in which Isadore and baggage was. After a lengthy search I found him. We could not go that day. Slept in the waggon, did not sleep very soundly owing to the cold & scarcity of "bed quilts."

*[Bragg's invasion of Kentucky forced the Union army to evacuate central Tennessee in haste in order to save Louisville and Cincinnatti.]

23 Got a pass, went over to Cin on the pontoon bridge, made a few purchases. About 4 oclock we got on board of the steamer Romeo. There was a portion [of] 111 Ill & 111 OVI & 79 O[Ohio] & a small part of the 102 O[hio], in all perhaps 300. We had 120 mules, about 80 horses and a lot of waggons. We had a barge alongside heavily loaded. We started slowly down the river, ran down about 5 miles & ran aground. Smashed our paddle wheel all to pieces. The channel was so narrow that our steamer reached clear across to the bank. We were towed out by another steamer, hauled up alongside shore & tied up. Slept on deck of steamer that night.

Sept 24 We were in the immediate vacinity of several large vineyards, we had all the grapes that we could eat. Of course we also confiscated several chickens &c.

25 Got wheel repaired, started about 5 oclock. Steamed down the river a few miles and tied up.

26 Got up steam, started down the river. Fears were entertained that we would run aground again at a place called Rising Sun, we got over however in safety but we could hear the bottom of the boat rub on the bar. At 12 oclock at night we tied up opposite Louisville. Our pilot was shot at while we were on our way down the river.

Sunday 28 Stopped at Galt house to finish a letter, had the pleasure of seeing Gen. Nelson [Maj. Gen. William Nelson-- commander of the Army of Kentucky]. He is a fine looking very large man. Saw a large part of Buell's army, they had marched about 400 miles. They were as regards shirts most awful dirty but they looked tough & hardy. Said as a general thing to be down on Buell [Gen. Don Carlos Buell] because he would not let them fight Bragg when they had a good chance at him [3 small words illegible] their route. I reached camp about 4 oclock, had not been there but about 15 minutes before there was a skirmish on our left wing. Supposed it would bring on a general engagement. We were formed in line ready to march. I loaded my double barrel teliscopic back action [illegible] rifle[*] warrented to kill a man with. The regiments were hurrying out in all directions, the cannon were going off pretty lively but the firing gradually ceased. We expect to be attacked tomorrow. [*--See notation following final diary entry]

29 Today we were out on piquet [picket], was informed we were a forlorn hope, the enemy would probably attack us from the direction in which we were. We confiscated a hog & a lot of sweet potatoes along towards night. One of our boys-contrary to orders-shot at a hog. A party of us consisting of Lieut. Jennings & Capt. Beery and several others were taking a look through my teliscope & being in range the ball came whizzing close by our heads. We thought we had been shot at by bushwhackers but a hasty glance showed the true state of affairs. I laid down with Lieut. Jennings & went to sleep. Slept as soundly as though I had been at home. It is reported that Gen. Nelson is shot today.

30 & Oct. 1 & 2 All quiet on the "Potomac". go back

Oct. 3 Ordered to march. Got started about 4 oclock. Marched about 16 miles & encamped, pretty well tired out. A good many had blisters on their feet.

4 Started on the march, it was raining, reached camp near Shelbyville about 8 PM. Expected a fight that night, did not have the least chance for a scrimmage [the meaning of this apparently contradictory statement is not clear].

5 Laid around camp & smoked & ate fresh pork & Uncle Sams "pies".

6th Went out on piquet again, we were the advance infantry. We had a good time, "confiscated" about 25 turkeys and chickens. I laid out a hog. Some of the co[company] killed a couple of sheep. We got some hoe cake & sweet potatoes &c. Lived high I can tell you. Stole a bee hive from our friend[?] when we were on piquet. Joe J[Jennings] & myself & three or four others went out on a scout several miles. Saw a sick secesh prisoner, had a lengthy talk with him, he was a fine looking man, believed his cause just &c. He belonged to 3d Tenn[?] Co[?]. I ate [illegible] much. Was sick on the 7th.

8th At 4 were aroused & ordered to prepare to get ready to march at 7 AM. Again ordered to march at 9 AM. Marched at 1 PM, have had a very fatiging march. Marched until twelve oclock. I got hold of some pork, boiled & ate it, took a smoke & retired at one. The only excitement worthy of note was while in Shelbyville on our march some of the contraband were taken from the ranks. We had three or four in the ranks of Co. A, one of which was taken before the boys were aware of what was going on. They undertook to take out another, our boys fixed bayonets & dared any man to attempt it, the tall Kentuckyans concluded it would not pay. There was a good deal of swearing done because we were so sleepy headed as to let them get Jim away from us.

9th Was aroused at 1/4 to two after a refreshing sleep of 3/4 an hour, without breakfast were ordered to march to Frankfort, report is F[Frankfort] is taken by our forces but there is not forces enough to hold it. Arrived just at dawn tired, sleepy, hungry &c. Stopped on a hill above the city for an hour or more, were finally marched into town. Saw several evidences of the skirmish the night before. Bullet holes in the buildings & one spot on a brick house just across the bridge-- which spans the Ky river-- where a secesh fell against a brick house after being shot through the head. In the skirmish there was six rebbells[sic] killed & 26 wounded, on our side one killed three wounded. We left the ranks in search of something for my "inner man", the search was nearly fruitless but after a while the wife of Judge Brown gave me & Lieut. Jennings an invitation to her house. We had to wait until another party had breakfast before we could get our hoe cake & bacon & tea, by the way the nicest tea I think I ever drank. While waiting I had a fine conversation with Judge Brown, who is a real KK[?] gent of the old school. I showed him my rifle, he was delighted with it. He took a scan of a batty[battery] up on the hill, his little son also took a squint through the teliscope. The residence is a fine, large & somewhat ancient structure. The judge informed me that the plan of the structure was drawn by Thos Jefferson & the building was built in 1798, that every nail [illegible] & [illegible] was packed on mules across the mountains from Penn. He also stated his father went to Congress in a canoe to Wheeling, from there by stage, but lived to go by rail. I felt much revived after the chat & the tea. Had a nice little yellow gal fill my canteen. At about ten was marched into a field, in other words turned out to grass.

10th Rested today. A flag was sent in demanding a surrender or an evacuation by 6 oclock in the morning or we would be attacked, are not much scared, dont scare worth a d-mn[sic]--as the fellow says.

11th Was marched out about 10 oclock last night 2 1/2 miles as picket. After our piquets were stationed I reconnoitered up the road some distance. Capt. Beery followed me & told me I was foolish for venturing up that way alone. The hills are very high & steep along the road, a fine chance for bushwhacking. I & Joe Jennings slept in under & partly by the side of a large elm tree standing near the road, our position was the most "exposed" but the most comfortable of any. It rained nearly all night. Our forces were behind a stone brest[sic] work, in our rear Co. B was stationed off to the right & was behind a stone wall. In the morning the boys "confiscated" a hog & several turkeys & chickens. We advanced about a half a mile, stayed on the banks of a small stream in the neighborhood of a deserted seceshs home. Killed that day four hogs, ate I guess about 10 lbs of "swine flesh", in fact ate so much that we could feel the bristles starting in the backs of our necks. I & Jim Garton were allowed by special request to take a scout [of] the hills on each side of the road, are several hundred feet high. It took some pretty severe climbing to get up but by perseverance & the use of our muscles we suceeded in climbing to the top where we found several large plantations in sight. We traveled about two miles from camp. I fell in with some Kentuckyans [illegible] & planting wheat with their negroes. We reached camp without accident. At night I & Joe Jennings & Jno D Evans, Herbert [Hathaway] & Geo Evans encamped on the top of the bluff. A part of our co[company] was sent up the road about 30 rods, another squad was stationed at a small bridge & the Capt. had his headquarters at the deserted house along with the shirks & the suddenly taken sick &c. A party of 7 was stationed at a road which joins the main pike a little to the rear & left of deserted house. Thus we were stationed in admirable condition for discovering the enemy but in miserable shape for defense. Co. B however was stationed about a half or 3/4 a mile in our rear so that we could fall back on him. Everything passed off however with "good humor["], no scrimmage that night.

12th In co[company] with J. Jennings & about a doz[dozen] more went out on a scout, rec'd information from a contraband that Maj. Crockett of the rebbell army was at a house about two miles off. We started for the house, sent parties out to the right & left & surrounded the house. The inmates were very much frightened, a man we saw there was more than frightened. Crocketts wife wished to know what we had come for. We politely informed her that we had come for Maj. Crockett. She denied his being there & seemed quite indignant to think that we would not take her word for it but insisted upon searching the house, but we did search the house notwithstanding their tears & entreaties. Maj. Crockett was not to be found. We found out afterwards that he had ignomiously "skedadled" about fifteen minutes before we arrived. Z. G. Burton & two others were sent to a house within twenty rods occupied by Gen. Scott Brown[*], he had also "departed having a very pressing business engagement in the opposite direction." In searching the house & in a dark closet discovered Gen. Browns dress coat & sword. The coat was a splendid affair covered with gold lace, a large silver star on each of the shoulder straps, the coat cost $150. When we got near our camp where the remainder of Co. A was encamped I put on the coat & sword & was marched in granduer by the men with fixed bayonets. It was fun to see the surprise of the remainder of the co[company], they supposing that we had captured a live Gen. & no mistake. They did not discover their mistake until I was quite near. When we go back we found a co[company] to relieve us from piquet. By the way on our trip we captured a bee hive. Marched back to Frankfort.

*[A man named Scott Brown was appointed Adjutant General of Kentucky on May 24, 1861. He resigned on Oct. 12. This may not be the same man mentioned above.]

13th Visited the sentry stationed on the east side of the Ky river on a high hill overlooking the city of Frankfort. I saw a great many monuments sacred to the memory of the illustrious dead of Kentucky. There is one monument 60 or 70 ft in height upon which is engraved the names of those who fell in [the battles of] Buena Vista, Monterrey, Churubusco, Molino del ray [during the Mexican War: 1846-48] beside several other distingushed military heroes, some of whom fell in the indian wars. I also noticed Danl Boones monument, upon one side is Boones cabin & his wife husking[?] his corn, upon the north side showing a desperate conflict between Boone & an indian, the next Boone alone in the wilderness sitting on a log with his gun, the last scene Boone showing the spot in Missouria[Missouri] where he wishes to be buried. The tomb of Col. Rich 'd M Johnson is[?] a representation of the death of the celebrated Chief Tecumseh.

14th We are ordered to be ready to march with three days rations. Today we saw 66 rebbells marched into Frankfort among which there is a Maj. & a lieut., both of whom have been paroled three times before. The majority of the secesh were a hard looking crowd, no uniform. I suppose that they were mostly what is termed the poor white trash.

15th It is reported that the Maj. is to be shot. I hope so. The Lieut. is also to share the same fate. A report comes in that the Union forces has captured 20000 of the rebbells & still another says 30000 & 2000 came in & delivered themselves up. A flag also having been sent into the enemy demanding a surrender of the bal[balance] of the forces. Took a scout today in co[company] with Jas Bennett, traveled several hours over hills & plantations, was in hopes we could find something we could "confiscate". Found some hogs in a yard near a fine aristocratic mansion. As there was a guard around the premises we concluded we would not confiscate, returned to camp. Can hear heavy cannonading off to the east of us off perhaps 12 or 15 miles. A man shot today carelessly within a few rods of me, shot through the stomach, cannot live long. He is the second man I have seen shot, the other was shot in the hand & hip at Shelbyville. I have heard of five more shot accidently, in fact about every day some one gets wounded some how either by themselves or their comrades in arms, mostly caused by revolvers. For several days before this recent [illegible] there had been no one carelessly shot that I have heard of. Frankfort is a small place comparatively.

16 Nothing new today. Maj. Fisher of the 23 Michigan who is acting Col. puts his men through [word missing?] in the drill. They are not more than 520 strong owing to being camped at, [illegible]. They will fall out before they have gone a mile. Last night it was said that there was scarcely any hope of Maj. Klingstens[?] being shot--the rebbell who was brought in on the 14th, we hope as he has been paroled three times already that they will not swear him & let him go again.

17 I feel rather unwell, am not able to drill today. Our Capt. is acting as Col. of the small bal[balance] of our regiment, he does it up brown and butters it on both sides.

18 This afternoon I was out on Batallion drill, got quite tired, am not very well yet. Distance between Frankfort & Bridgeport 5 miles, from F to Mardinsville[?] 9, from F to Clayville 16, to Shelbyville 22, from F to Simpsonville 30 miles, F to Boston 35, to Middletown 40, from F to Louisville 52 by pike 65 by rail.

Oct 19 1862 Was awakened at half past 11 oclock & ordered to be ready to march in half an hour. I started with the rest but found I was not able to travel. I was taken quite sick to the stomach & fell out in the neighborhood of our piquets, stopped with them until daylight & came with them in to Frankfort. I had not been here more than an hour before the whole sick in camp able to hold a gun to their faces were ordered to be in readiness for a battle as it was expected Morgan [Gen. John Hunt Morgan, CSA] would attack us. I was just about sick enough and felt ugly enough to fight, little rather he would come than not but he did not come & so I had no chance for a scrimmage that time. I believe this "invalid brigade" would have given a good act[account] of themselves in case Morgan would have given us a friendly call. Our co[company] & Co. B and the whole of Dumonts [Brig. Gen. Ebenezer Dumont] division still remaining went out to Laurenceburgh [Lawrenceburg] to capture Morgan, he left as usual a short time before our forces arrived. The result of the "strategic" movement so far as I have been able to learn amounted to a march of 13 miles & back & the capture of 25 of Morgans men & 26 horses.

Oct 20 I am still unwell. I am afraid I am going to have a fever. I am yet stopping at our Irish friends where I staid last night in co[company] with Lieut. Jennings. We slept on a feather bed on the floor. I took my coat off for the first time since leaving Cincinnatti. We have not got our tents. I have not slept but two nights in a tent since I have been in Uncle "Samuels" employment. Report tonight is Morgan is captured, Bragg is captured, also 600 of negroes were captured. Wouldn't believe a word of it if I knew it was so.

Oct 21 I am better today. I am as yet with our Irish friend Mrs. Fitz [illegible], the best Union old lady in town. Lieut. Jennings & myself are always together, usually get sick & well together. We calculate to fight, bleed & die three or four times together & then go home & live out the remainder of our days, run for Congress, get elected--in a [illegible]--in the meantime & when we finally come to a decease at a merry advanced period of our existence we will be mourned by the small remainder of our friends--having outlived the rest of them. If the above is not well & grammatically expressed call me [illegible] but I am at the residence of our Irish friend & that acts[accounts] for it. None but a yankee could guess what I meant by the above or "any other man." From noon until the present time we have been expecting to march, it is now 1/2 past four oclock, we will probably not get started until night. I do not feel very stout but I shall try & keep up with the gal I met[?]--the bal[balance] of it left here--111 OVI. How I will endure the fatigue of the march is more than I can tell for I feel rather weak on my [illegible] speaking "shanks". Got started about sundown, marched about five miles & encamped. I felt very tired. Called on "Mrs.[?] Jines[?]" [slang for vomiting or diarrhea ?] two or three, several times as usual. I hope I shall be better in the morning.

22d Morning I don't feel very well, my bones ache & have a disorganization of the digestive organs, my head aches & the fact of the business is I don't feel well myself. How I will stand the march is more than I can tell. We will probably not march far today, it is generally supposed that we will have to march one hundred miles to overtake our Regiment. There are about 1000 of us with the 23d Mich. They are falling in & Kit must shoulder arms & "vamoose". 10 oclock have marched about 5 miles. I feel tired but my spirit is unbroken. When I can't go any further I shall be slightly under the weather, in other words as the darkey says done gone give out. Well I am off, the boys are going. Reached camp about sunset, passed through the village of Rough & Ready 9 miles from Frankfort & through Laurenceburgh 13 miles from F-t. We marched 4 miles beyond Laurenceburgh & encamped at McColis Spring. I was sick last night, never felt any nearer done gone "give out" during my brief stay here on earth. Drank some coffee & went to bed. Quite cold last night, ice froze as thick as glass. Weather is very pleasant. Bought a canteen full of milk for 21 [cents]--"cheap".

Oct 23 1862 Feel better this morning but am weak. By good luck I got on board a "pressed" [confiscated] team, we make it a rule to press teams, enough to carry the sick & the knapsacks of the boys. Last night our piquets captured a secesh Texas Ranger, he is with us under a guard. Passed through a small town called Salvisa 26 miles from Frankfort. If old Morgan don't form a more intimate acquaintance with us before we join our Reg he is not so sharp as I give him credit for being. We have not a piece of artillery with us. If Morgan gives us a fair fight we will give him enough of Uncle "Samuels" "pills" [pills was a slang term for bullets] for him to remember us for sometime to come. We are encamped for noon. Quite a number of the dead from the Perryville killed (officers I suppose) already boxed up passed us here going north to Ills[Illinois]. I noticed one wounded man. Arrived at Harrodsburgh [Harrodsburg] about 3 oclock. The college is a fine large building at present occupied by sick secesh soldiers. Encamped near Harrodsburgh on the pike. There are a lot of churches & other publick [buildings] as well as a few residences filled with Union & secesh prisoners. Harrodsburgh is 35 miles from Frankfort.

24th We are preparing to march, we encamped near a fine spring. My head aches this morning, hope I shall feel better before long. Capt. Beery so far is well liked by his men. He is at present acting as Col. of this detachment. He wears his honors[?] with becoming grace & dignity. We reached camp after a fatiguing march of about 20 miles. We marched through a very rough & hilly country for several miles, its called the "Nobbs". The scenery is in places beautiful. We encamped on a stream called the North Rolling Fork, it enters or rather with the South Rolling Fork froms the Green River. Passed through Perryville, saw a large no[number] of wounded, it is said there are 2000 there. I noticed a good many Butternuts. From Frankfort to Perryville 45 [miles].

25th I feel pretty well this morning. The weather looks like rain. 12 oclock reached a town on the bank of the Green [River] called Bradfordville. It is raining a cold drizzling disagreeable rain. We are gathered in a seminary or school house or some institution for the purpose of learning the young [the] idea how to shoot the principal. Part of the town has been burned by the rebbells. The farther we get into the south the more we begin to see the effects of the war. The town looks desolate, the entire town was not burned. They fired the grist mill of a Union man & the fire spread over the remaining part of the place. It commenced snowing about five oclock, it "bids fair" to be a cold & disagreeable night.

26th Lieut. Jennings & myself stopped all night at the house of H.P. Thornton, a first rate Union man. He is a fine old Kentuckyan. We had the best breakfast I have had in Ky this morning from our friend Thorton, he will long be remembered by us as a fine Union man & a gentleman, long may he live. Our dinner consisted of biscuit, chickens, roast pork, soup, potatoes & corn cakes with coffee. Made a nice dinner. I have kept in the house nearly all day, am not well & have not been since I started to join the Reg except for a few days at a time. We march at 6 in the morning, are now ordered to go to Bowling Green as our Reg is marching in that direction. From Perryville to Bradfordville 21 miles to Lebanon 10 miles.

27th Marched about 7 oclock. Took our departure from our friend Thornton with regret. We marched to New Market 10 miles from Bradfordville, reached here about three oclock PM. I had the ague after I arrived, "retired" to my blanket without any supper. Saw Obey & Joe Hill & Geo Woolcutt.

28 We shall stay here probably until noon in order to wait until our supply trains get here. They have gone around by way of Lebanon to get a supply of Uncle "Samuels" "pies, cakes t &c." I have heard the best news this morning since I have reached the state. The infernal old traitor Buell is removed. Had he not been a traitor Bragg would never have got out of the state with his waggon train of 3000 waggons filled with plunder from Ky. May ten thousand curses rest upon the head of the d--d[sic] old villian. Did not leave today, teams at sunset did not arrive. By the way I forgot to mention a very important event which happened to me while at our friend Thorntons. The last night I staid with him I slept on a bed, yes actually done so & took off my trowserloons, coat & vest, &c. A very startling event & the first one that has occurred of the kind since I crossed the Ohio River.

29th Started from New Market about six oclock, marched about 20 miles. I feel very tired. I expect to sleep without a tent or blanket as the teams I am afraid will not arrive. We marched through Rosecrans [Gen William S. Rosecrans] Division. I had the pleasure of seeing the Gen., he is a fine soldierly looking man.

30th Waggons arrived about 1/2 past nine. I rested very well last night. Passed through Summersville about 20 miles from New Market. Our camping place last night was on a fine little stream of cool fresh spring water. The country is very hilly & has been for the last 75 miles. We are getting into a more thickly settled country. The roads as a general thing are extremely rough. 12 mi arrived at Green River. I am now & have marched with the advance guard for several days. I crossed the river, the stream is very low. I have been gazing at [&] observing the thousands of cavalry passing & the teams climbing the bank of the river. The amount of swearing done at the mules was some you can bet. Marched to Little Barren river & encamped. There is a cave near where we encamped which can be penetrated about 100 ft. We had a first rate supper consisting of boiled pork, fried hog, boiled pig, swine flesh roasted on a stick, &c, some mush. Visited a grist mill & confiscated a bag full of corn meal. Shortish[?] & H. Munson were the heroes of the expedition. We had beans & rice, take it all around. We considered it the best repast we have had in camp. I ate very hearty.

31 Marched about half past six. At one or two points on the road I noticed some very fine scenery, nothing occurred worthy of note. We reached Munfordville about an hour before sun set. Marched 15 miles today. We are encamped in the woods. I saw the earth works or fortifications on the east side of Green river. I have not seen Munfordville yet. There is a good many troops here in the neighborhood here from appearances.
go back

Nov 1 The Reg has gone on for Bowling Green & Lieut. Jennings & 26 men from the three cos[companys] who were not well left to take the cars for B. Green. The RR bridge across the Green river at this place has been partly destroyed by the Rebbells. It was a splendid bridge, over 100 ft. in height from the river. One of the piers was blown up, the others were mined but failed to explode. They burned all the wood work however. We failed to get on any train today. I took for my dinner some of Uncle "Samuels" pies & some raw shoulder of a "defunked" swine, also some pork ala roasted on a stick. Such was my birth day dinner Nov 1, 1862.

Nov 2 I & H. Munson & Mosier got on board of a train bound for Bowling Green. We got under the wheels of a cassion[?] waggon which was on an open car. We slept finely, could not roll off on act[account] of the wheels on other side of us. I shall not soon forget the ride we took that night but it was far better than going on foot. We reached Bowling Green a little before daylight. We have found our Reg. the balance of it. Capt. Beery is on his way, will be here tomorrow. I expect & if nothing occurs to prevent Lieut. Jennings will arrive with his "genuine Brigade" today sometime. Went to the depot to escort Lieut. Jennings to camp, found he had already arrived at depot & started for camp. As the boys have no tents Hank Munson & myself camped in a little shanty made of a few loose boards. It was some shelter & kept the hoary frost off from us.

Nov 3 Went to Bowling Green, made a few slight purchases & then started for camp (about 1 1/2 miles). Bowling Green contained about 3000 inhabitants before the war. It probably has about 1/2 that number now. A part of the town has been burned, also the fine large depot was destroyed. I reached camp about noon, found Capt. Beery had arrived & was busy making out pay rolls. I went to work & helped him, we got through about midnight. It was a cold disagreeable task, our fingers would get so benumbed with the cold that we could scarce hold the pen. One of us warmed outside at the fire while the other wrote. I am not very well, have a severe cold & my "digestives" are in a very disorganized condition. Lieut. Jennings is quite unwell, he has the ague & general dibility.

Nov 4 Nothing occurred worthy of note except the arrival for "Kit" of six letters (which astonished him not a little). From Bowling Green to Nashville it is 73 miles by rail. I guess if we have to march it they will take us around the longest way you can bet.

Nov 5 We are still in camp, had a review today by Gen. Rosecrans. I have been charging Co. A with their clothing. At present it is raining. The wind blew & the dust was flying in clouds. I suspect it will rain about a week now it has commenced. The next thing will be our brave generals will be telling were it not for the impassible state of the roads they would raise the very D---l[sic] with the secesh but the roads are such that we cannot move our artillery. The roads were for months perfectly firm & solid. The splendid fall weather has been frittered away & comparatively nothing done. Such is what the high warlike functionals call a "vigorous prosecution of the war", "crushing out the great rebellion", &c.

6th Went on Battalion drill in the afternoon, had a fine drill. Formed hollow square, guard against infantry & cavalry charges &c. Heard some good news. Buell is to be court martialed & I hope shot, but I fear they will give him an "honorable" discharge & a command where he will again comd[command] the anaconda strategy on the Rebb in imitation I suppose of McClellans celebrated anaconda plan which is supposed had been, as the saying is, played out.

Nov 7th About midnight I am sitting by the camp fire in co[company] with John McNut[McNutt]. Shalish[?] is asleep, his watch will come on bye & bye. There are four other boys of Co. A on or at this post[?]. We are about a mile & a half from camp I should judge by the way we came circling around, leaving a squad every few rods, I should think we came about five miles. I am taking a smoke. John is on the lookout for bushwhackers, straglers, spies, &c while I scrawl a line or two up to date. Have not seen a thing worthy of notice except one or two swine & don't expect to either. We are as unconcerned as a couple of scare crows in a corn field. If we see anybody we shall be disappointed unless it should be the Capt. who may come around thinking to catch a weazle or two asleep. Maybe he will find me asleep & take my shooting arm by way of amusement & then again he "[illegible]". The night passed away without our being disturbed. We marched into camp about 11 oclock AM. Had Battalion drill in the afternoon. While on drill we saw a "Butternut" passing along about 20 rods from where we were with his musket, old blanket, &c. Our Maj. ordered him to halt but he kept right on. Four men were detailed to bring him in, our Adjt[Adjutant] also rode out. Our "Butternut" friend showed fight, sure he would shoot, &c. The Adjt rode up, he gave up his gun & it was fun to see Adjt Sherwood take him by the collar, put spurs to his horse & bring him into the hollow square which we happened to have formed at that stage of our drilling, the four men detailed bringing up the rear. He was a wild secesh Irish man chock full of fighting whiskey, not enough to cause him to reel [stagger] but enough to make him reckless. Nothing else occurred worthy of note except the death of one of the boys from Co. K. He will be buried tomorrow.

Sunday 9th Had inspection of arms & equipments. Also funeral of the soldier who died last night. It was more like Sunday to me than any day I have seen since I enlisted. There was a negroe meeting near our tent, it was ludicrous to hear & see the style ah! of the colored preacher ah! deed was it ah! There was also preaching of the chaplin. At the same time there was fifing & drumming & bugling & tooting beautifully intermingled with the preaching. The nights are quite cold, freeze water in our tents.

Monday 10th of Nov Our Col. [John Bond] arrived last night. Today for the first time I saw him while we were on battalion drill. I cannot say I am much presupposed in his favor, my private opinion is that he is a sort of a Basswood [meaning unclear] man, a fair prototype of our gallant Lieut. Col. [Benjamin Johnson]. Tonight I hear Co. A with Capt. & 56 privates & noncommissioned officers with enough of the bal[balance] of the Reg to make up 250 men without officers (or rather not including officers) to go somewhere where there has been some bushwhackers at work. What wonderful feat we are expected to perform is more than I can say. We are ordered to take all our traps [trappings] & one days rations & be ready to march at 8 oclock.

Nov 11 Got all ready & 250 of us started, had not the least idea how far we were going or where we were going. Marched into Bowling Green & were informed we were to be provost Guards. Such is a specimen of our generals wonderful strategy [of] secrecy, why in thunder we were not informed where we were going when it could have been done just as easy as not. We supposed we were going on a long march. We left a good many articles in camp that would have made us more comfortable where we were "provoking" guards. We marched to the Courthouse square, divided off into reliefs & then commenced our duties, which was according to orders to arrest all soldiers without papers, which we did not do. The boys however brought in all drunken men & suspicous characters generally. I was with the squad in which I was placed quartered in the courthouse in the lower room, the upper room being filled with a motley collection of soldiers, secesh and Uncle Samuels, among which was a Union soldier either crazy or acting the part of an insane individual. With great tact & skill he had burned up his pantaloons to kill the lice he said [illegible] was a very sane idea. I believe in that respect he acted more sensible that a good many others in the same room. The room was used without any regard to decency & the inmates were as filthy an old lot as it has ever been my fortune to see. I carried some bread up in the morning for them. My stay among them was as brief as possible you can rest assured.

12th Were relieved & marched back to camp. My only achievement was having my miniature taken & purchasing 1/4 lbs tea at the rate of 02 per lb. Tonight we are informed we are to go out on piquet tomorrow, it sure seems that Co. A is on duty nearly all the time. A soldier from Co. I died very suddenly, was sitting up, nothing was supposed to be the matter serious when he suddenly fell over & died within two minutes. I believe that is the 6th death in the 111 Reg.

13th I did not go our on piquet today as I did not feel very well & for the first time I have failed to be on piquet. There is no danger today aprehended & I dont feel like laying out tonight unless there is some chance for a scrimmage.

Nov 14 1862 Nothing occurred today. We had our usual battalion drill. Our co[company] got in from piquet about 10 1/2 oclock. I took three canteens & went to the river (nearly 1/2 mile from here) & filled them & then I found a nice cozy nook in the sun in a retired spot, took out the latest Louisville Journal, read all the news. Smoked my favorite briar wood pipe, enjoyed myself in my own way finely. Our contrabands have all stopped or have been captured except one, the meanest, blackest, uglyest, dirtyest & saucyest negro in the whole lot. He is claimed by the Capt. He is a perfect superfluity, of no use to the Capt. or any other man. He has had an attack of the measles--it must be what is called the "black measles"--the other day I told him he had better go home to his "Massah." He thought so too & said he would go as soon as he was able. I don't know of any one who will regret his departure.

Nov 15 The principal events of today were the usual routine of camp life with the exception of its being washing day for every one who wants to do up his little weeks washing. I done up my months washing for the past month. I allowed my linen "& things" to accumulate & today I took the whole pile consisting of one shirt down to the river & squdded[?] it out & hung it up on a branch to dry. My whole mammoth washing was dried & brought in in good order. The Capt. has made a few changes in regard to noncommissioned officers. Promoted Charly Ables into the ranks & put Charly Baker in his place as 1st Duty sergt. Merritt Holcomb is I believe reduced to the ranks also.

16th Sunday Had inspection of arms. Nothing of [illegible] occurred.

17th Our co[company] went to clean up our future camping ground for this winter is suppose. Nearly the whole reg were engaged in digging stumps, cleaning away brush &c. Our camp is directly at the foot of the hill upon which the fortifications are on the south east side. We are upon the slope of the hill somewhat elevated from the surrounding country & the view from our future camp ground is rather fine. I went in co[company] with Lieut. Jennings & John Walker to visit three of the boys in Co. A that are sick. We first visited an old church. The room was filled with sick, the beds being made of nailing four strips together about 5 in[inches] in width, laying the same on the floor, filling up the inside with straw, a blanket over it. The bed is then finished, being six feet by about about 3 or 3 1/2 & 5 or six inches in height. Two of our boys were in there, they look bad but I think they will get along. James Current our drummer looks the worst, if he does not keep up his spirits he will soon have to pay the debt of nature. At present he can walk around. [Current recovered, but died Dec. 9, 1864, at Chattanooga.] We next visited one Frank Lantz. He is in an old frame building about 3/4 of a mile from the church. I thought the church was a hard spot for human beings to be placed in when sick but where Frank is now is the worst apology for a hospital I ever saw. In a small room on the second story we found Frank on a narrow tick filled with straw. He cannot live two days, he is a mere skeleton. One man from our reg. a sergent by the name of Wallace [Justus Wallace], is dieing. He laid on or partly on his blanket, his head on his knapsack. There was nothing under his blanket but the bare floor. The poor fellow was dieing a soldier--one of the nurses of the "hospital" was sitting or "squatted" near him. The whole scene I shall never forget. There were three more sick in the same room, one with [illegible] & the other two with fevers. I returned to camp thankful that I was comparatively well.

Nov 18 Weather rainey & disagreeable. Wallace is dead. Frank Lantz is failing. We are to go on piquet tomorrow. Rumor of peace being declared between north & south. I dont believe a word of it, would not believe it if I knew it was so. I went on piquet, it was raining like every thing. Marched about two miles to the piques posts. It rained until nearly night & then cleared up but it was cold & disagreeable. I thought I saw a man slinking down to cross my beat. I deployed out to head him off but I waited for some time & he did not cross & I made up my mind it was a false alarm. I said nothing & sent back to my post. My watch was from 20 minutes past nine PM until 20 minutes to 10 oclock AM. We confiscated a nice hog, had as usual a fine time "bearing the rain" & cold. Nothing occurred worthy of note, excepting that poor Frank Lantz is dead.

Nov 20 Came in from piquet. Were ordered to strike our tents & move up under the fort for winter quarters. Our troops were got Jo on board the mule teams & away we went. It was not a mile in distance to our camping place.

21 Again we are on piquet, it is said owing to some mistake or neglect on the part of Lieut. Col. Johnson or Adgt. Sherwood. Thus it happens that the soldiers often have to do extra duty for the neglect or carelessness of their superiors. Joe Jennings & Jno Beery had a quarrel today growing out of a change being made in the noncommissioned officers. They talked rough & sang[?] I heard to each other. It is a bad affair, making as a natural consequence some hard feelings in the co[company]. I hope that it will all be settled without any further difficulty. I acted as corporal for the squad in which I was consisting of [illegible], McNutt, [illegible], Isadore, H. McDaniels. I & McNutt stood from 6 until 10, [illegible] & [illegible] from 10 until 2 AM, Isadore & McDaniels until 6 oclock. It was cold as the dickens. We have drawn our overcoats today & tonight we need them.

22 Morning have been to breakfast & are waiting for our relief from piquet which will be about 10 or 11 AM. My health is pretty good & has been since I arrived here. It would be a scene for our Black Swamp friends if they could look in upon us as we are at this moment. I am laying on a knapsack, the book on the ground & scribbling away. Shutish[?] is busily engaged in scraping our frying pan with a case[?] knife. John McNut[McNutt] is lieing on the ground about half asleep. Sulvene[?] is partly leaning against a gun & chatting. Isadore is rolled up in a blanket & probably taking a doze & Heman McDaniels is darning a pair of socks. Our blankets are hung in the bushes to dry the frost off, our guns are near with Bayonet stuck in the ground. There is a cave & spring or underground stream within ten rods of our camp. We were told of it by a contraband. Shutish[?] & I in co[company] with a couple of soldiers for 102nd OVI, one of whom had a dark lantern, we went down to the bottom of the cave by climbing down two or three poles. The cave extends but about forty or fifty feet before we came to water. We did not explore it much, it was a singular looking place. We filled our canteens & were glad when we were out again. Our co[company] had gone, we came in from piquet alone. Isadore was guarding our guns & traps [trappings]. He came with us.

23rd Sunday Hdq[Headquarters] had inspection of Arms, the Col. gave the whole reg[regiment] & Co. A in particular "fits" because their guns were not in better condition. When taken into consideration that we are on duty nearly all the time it is not to be wondered at that we get our clothes soiled & guns a little rusty. Yesterday some of our reg & some of the teamsters were arrested for plundering. Dont know how it will come out, expect to see a few shaved heads &c. We have service today, our Chaplin is holding forth to the soldiers at this moment. Aaron Smart & myself went to the river for water, the distance is about a mile. We take two or three canteens apiece & a large camp kettle, a pole is put through the bale[bail] & with pole on our shoulders away we go. We pass near one of the hospitals. As Aaron & myself passed along by we saw a soldier laying in his little bedstead with his blanket over him. He had taken the long journey to the spirit land. I thought as I saw him there of his mother & imagined what would be her feelings. Did she know that her son was being cold in death all night outside the hospital with no one to watch over him. The stars & the angels were his watchers.

24 About ten oclock went to the hospital to get some salt for a phylsic[?]. I saw the soldier still there, his hair not being covered by his blanket was white with frost. He is from 111 Reg. I do not know his name. We had Brigade Drill this afternoon at 2 1/2 oclock, boys did not get in from drill & dress parade until dark. We are out of candles tonight & the way the boys did swear. No supper got & no lights but they made some coffee & ate their crackers & growled their way off to bed. Instead of the regiment now going or whole companies going on piquet they detailed 8 or ten men from each co[company].

25 Had a fine drill today. Gen RS Granger-Brigadier-[Brig. Gen Robert S. Granger*]put us through the movements in pretty good style. Our Lieut. Col. made several blunders in giving commands, as usual with him. Our Col. cannot, owing to hoarseness--which he has had a year or so--, give commands audibly. Thus you can see we are particularly unfortunate in regard to commanders. Lieut. Jennings is quite unwell, he has neuralgia, has not been well for some time, was however getting better when he was taken with this late attack.
*[Commander of Post at Bowling Green.]

26 I did not go out on drill today, was busy part of the day in posting of co[company] Books.

27th Thanksgiving. Had some bread toasted & some tea for breakfast. Then started off with Hank Munson to look up some roots &c for my blood, found some dock & sassafras, did not get along in time for drill--Brigade Drill--I should have been on hand. The Col. has issued very stringent orders in regard to getting men out to drill, he even wants all the cavalry out & would if possible get a few from the hospital. He himself is & will be too hoarse to give a command audibly. Might as well have a paper man as Col. "[illegible]", thus we are in a pretty good fix. "Who wouldn't sell a farm & be a soldier" Echo answer [is] nary a one unless be was an infernal fool. It is reported again that we are under marching orders, probably for Nashville. I dont hardly believe it. Still, as the weather is beginning to show symptoms of being rainy snowy drizzly cold & disagreeable I should not wonder a great deal if we were ordered off--after spending a month nearly here the weather fine--through the snow & sleet just to make a sensation[al] paragraph in the papers about the vigorous forward movements &c which are being made. People at home will be delighted at the idea, think that war is soon going to be brought to a close "Wonderful anaconda plan" "Bag em &c" Had after arrived from root hunting expedition a dinner of boiled rice & burned sorgum & a piece of bread toasted & some sassafras tea. Night I am alone with Lieut. Jennings in the tent, he is sleeping, the night is quite chilly. I have a pan of coals for my stove. The Capts. tent is next to ours. He & Lieut Frary & 1st or 2nd duty sergeant C. Baker occupy that. My eyes are a little weak. I have written considerably tonight, I must close.

28 Nothing especial occurred. dress parade. I went out on Brigade Drill & dress parade.

29 Washing day. As it was not my "month" for washing thought I would wait until next week. For the first time reported myself to the doctor. He said I had the jaundice or jaunders[?], gave me light blue pills to take, have taken two tonight, dont like them very much if any. Went to Bowling Green today, purchased three apples for five cents & four sticks of hoarhound candy for a dime. Heavy purchase but as I went on borrowed capital I could afford it well enough. Lieut. Jennings is gaining.

30 I do not feel very well, in fact have not since the last time I was on piquet. I am very billious. Nothing new today.
go back

Dec 1 One of piquets from Co. B (Slaughterback) was wounded in the arm last night by bushwhackers. It was a very rainy & dark disagreeable night. Aaron Smart conducted the wounded man into camp. All quiet tonight. I do not feel as well today as usual, my chest & "inner man" generally feels very sore. Hope I shall enjoy better health soon. The doctor tells me I have got the jaundice or jaunders[?]. Wm Beery [2 words illegible] & Elias Hollenback who was with him in the hospital at Harrodsburgh have just arrived tonight.

2 Dec I feel a little better today. My complexion is turning a beautiful Saffron color. I am much delighted with the change, think it makes me look more "distingushed", might be mistaken for a Spaniard or east Indian or a bronze statue on a small scale. It will take me several days to get over it. I have been taken [taking] blue pills, have taken "only" 15 up to tonight. Five cos[companies] of the reg have or are to move up inside the fortifications just above where we are. Co. A have already gone up. Lieut. Jennings & myself are all that is left below here of Co. A. There are five cos[companies] going up in the morning I suppose. I have not been inside of the fortifications yet. The ground has until this morning been occupied by the 9th Mich who have left for Nashville. We may stay all winter & may leave in a week. One of our cos[companies] is off guarding a RR Bridge. The Reg may be cut up & scattered along the Railroad. If I was well & stout I would not care what the done with us & as it is I dont care much.

Dec 3 Lieut. Jennings & myself are yet occupying our tent on the slope of the hill upon which the fortifications are situated. I have not as yet had curiosity enough to go up the hill--not five minutes walk--& explore the works. They are not formidible however at present. I suspect that tomorrow we will move up. Lieut. Jennings has been under arrest for several days owing to charges preferred agst[against] him by Capt. Beery who is trying to break Joe Jennings of his commission. I do not think he will suceed however. The weather today is pleasant but cool. I think I am improving in health slowly but not much if any in appearance, remain as yet a beautiful yellow. Shurtish[?] is out wood chopping, has been gone since Monday, will not come in before Saturday night, was out the week before. As soon as I get well I shall go out myself I think.

4th Visited by the boys upon the hill & in the morning read some extracts from the President's message & the news of the day. The night was rather cold & the weather indicated a storm.

Dec 5 Snowing like forty, a very disagreeable morning. Had an alarm last night, had the gun all loaded & two guns from a battery here moved up on to the hill inside the earthworks. The boys stood in line of battle or were deployed out as skirmishers &c, had a big time. I and the Lieut. were fast asleep--outside the camp guards at that--little did we care about the wonderful alarm. If we had been awake at the time I dont think we would have skeddadled very far. We calculated this morning that we could hold this side of the fort just like winking. We will probably go up inside of the fort in the morning--if we are not "captured" tonight--I think if the weather is fair. It is reported tonight that Morgan is at or on this side of Glasgow, which is within 20 miles from here. Whether it is so or not but the news comes from a very "reliable gentleman." It is now about 1 oclock at night & is cold as the dickens. I have for a fire a large pan of coals.

6th I visited Bowling G today, spent about a dollar on little liesures &c. Our men captured 8 men & 7 horses out on a advance piquet post. Reported that Morgan is going to attack Cave City instead of here "Just as he has a mind to & not as I care" Today is washing day but it is not my washing week. Have changed my "linen" once since I left Frankfort.

Dec 7th/62 I found a very delightfull morning. I feel better this morning than I have for two weeks before. I took a fine bath--wash rather--changed my unmentionables & washed my undershirt, hung it up behind the stove--an old thing no doubt used by the secesh when they occupied this place which I found & tinkered & repaired up--& then (as I was all alone, Lieut. Jennings have gone to B.G. to see about his approaching court martial. How he will come out is difficult for me to say but I hope for the best) roasted me some potatoes & stewed some peaches & with some bakers bread I relished my dinner. I had some sassafras tea also, a very good dinner for a soldier. I am at present taking medicine for my blood in the shape of burdock, sasafrass, sasparilla, Gum Guac[?] chips. My blood is not very pure & one cannot enjoy good health when his blood is in bad condition.

Dec 8 I feel pretty well this morning. The weather is cool but pleasant, nothing new this morning. Report is this afternoon & eve that the rebbell Gen. Forrest [Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA] has defeated Gen. Dumont, captured three of his cannon &c & is now advancing to attack this place. The mens have their guns all loaded & are ordered to be in readyness at a moments warning. The Col. has ordered the cystern inside the fort to be filled with water & preparations are being made for a fight. My rifle remains unloaded in its rubber case & I shall not take the trouble to load it until I see a chance more certainly for a "scrimmage", but taking all things into consideration I think that there are some grounds for suspecting an attack here, the bridge across the river being destroyed would injure Gen. Rosecrans considerably as he cannot even with the way unobstructed keep the troops in full rations it is said. There is one thing about it, if Gen. Forrest "or any other man" comes here he will stand a chance for a scrimmage for I think & hope Gen. Granger is not a coward & I know [for] a fact that the men are not. If we are attacked we will be outnumbered two or three to one if report is true. Lieut. Jennings [and King] are outside of the camp Guards & on our old ground. We still think we can hold the position. Last report is expected attack tonight or tomorrow. I shall read a while & turn in, if they kick up a [illegible] I shall be apt to find it out I guess.

Dec 9 Nothing new except Lieut. Jennings & myself moved today up on the hill inside of the fortifications by "order" of Col. Bond. Got our tent all fixed up nice. There are walls on two sides as high as my head & a shanty at the back of our tent so we are surrounded on three sides & are in the most comfortable qtrs[quarters] of any of them after all & taking the last choice. The bomb proof is a few paces in front.

10th Was writing general & special orders in the co[company] order book today. Visited Bowling Green in the eve. Wanted to get a paper. Reported that mail train would not be in on act[account] of being in danger of being captured by the guerrillas. Also reported that there is a big battle going off at Nashville or vacinity. Was made happy by receipt of $25 from F.S. White Bank of Fremont. I was so near dead broke that if salt had been three cents--instead of 1 1/2--per barrell I could not have purchased enought to have "pickled a jay bird." It is late, the camp except those on guard are asleep. Our cysterns in the works here are ordered to be filled & are being filled. It is quite large, holding I suppose 1500 or 2000 barrels of water. I only make a rough estimate.

Dec 11 Rumoured today that Morgan is at Lebanon with 4 M[thousand] cavalry. The news in regard to the capture of Durmonts Brigade by Morgan is confirmed. I am a little unwell today, was gaining but had a severe attack of "disorganization of digestive organs." "All quiet on the Potomac"

Dec 12th 1862 Late at night. The night is blustering & windy but not very cold. The weather for a week or more has been delightfully cool & pleasant, much resembling our indian summers in Ohio. Had a general review today or inspection. I do not go out on reviews as my gun is not suitable, so as the general thing I do the looking on. They are filling up the cystern here inside the fortifications, from the rapidity in which the work is done I should judge that the fight which we were expecting will not take place until next spring or "thar" a bouts as it will take fully that length of time to fill the cystern if conducted on the "great plan" now being pursued. It is rumoured that they are fighting at Fredericksburgh & at [illegible] or vicinity.

Dec 13 Washing day, had quite a notion of having my "other" shirt washed today, think I should if it had not been a very boisterous sort of day & the dust would have accumulated to an extent not to be [illegible] of in one so fastidious as myself. I have been rather unwell & have not been in dress parade or drill for some time. At present have a very bad cold. It is rather warm tonight. It is warm enough in our tents to dispence with fire today, it is not uncomfortably cool tonight. The news from our armies are cheering. I hope to hear of a great victory & one that is not like the most of our wonderful victories, barren of results except the slaughter of an immense no[number] of men & then a long rest & go at it again. I hope if Burnsides does defeat the secesh he will follow them up until there is not a man of them left.

Sunday 14 Company inspection & had the pleasure of hearing the Capt. read the regulations to us. Had our traps [trappings] inspected &c. At noon the wind blew pretty strong, making our tent shake & tremble considerably. Wrote a long letter to Jno Wagg[?] my new [illegible] friend tonight, it was late when I retired.

15th Rained all day nearly without interruption, the camp fires were put out with the rain or flooded with water, the tents do[ditto], had a gay old time, the wind blowing most of the time, the canvas a flapping. I had a bad cold, have caught more of a one today. Lieut. Jennings has his trial tomorrow, how he will come out I am unable to say. I regret very much the quarrel occured but I can only say wheather the result [2 words illegible] "[2 words illegible]". News tonight not very encouraging from Burnsides, neither can it be put as very discouraging. May "Allah" crown his army with the most brilliant success. Lieut. Col. Johnson told me tonight that an attack was aprehended here with 20 hours. I shall sleep none the less sweetly on the act[account] of that news. There was some firing along our piquet line last night, mostly at stumps & trees I guess for I have heard of no casualties on our side or that of "any other mans"

Dec. 16 Nothing special today except that the court martial between Capt. Beery & Lieut. Jennings was commenced today. The time was occupied in examining witnesses for the Capt. I forbear to make any remarks upon the case. It would have no doubt been much better for all concerned if the Capt. had nev