Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Presidential Library & Museums
Quintus Flaminius Atkins
Scope and Content
This collection was donated to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in 1969
Born May 10, 1785 in Wolcott, New Haven County, Connecticut, Quintus F. Atkins was the eldest son of Josiah Atkins, Sr. and Mary Gillett. At the age of 17, Atkins enlisted for a year’s service in a regiment encamped near New Haven. In 1801, he settled in Genesee County, New York. The following year, he moved to Morgan, Ashtabula County, Ohio, with a group of settlers. In 1804, Atkins married Sarah Wright, youngest daughter of Captain John Wright. Atkins carried the United States mail between Cleveland and Detroit via Sandusky. Reverend Joseph Badger, an early missionary to the Native American tribes in Northwest Ohio, encouraged the Atkinses to join him in establishing a new mission. With their daughter Emily, they descended the Grand River to its mouth and then followed the southern shoreline of Lake Erie to Sandusky. A year and a half later, plagued by malaria, the couple gave up the mission and returned to Morgan, where Atkins began carrying the mail between Vermilion and Cleveland.
With the organization of Ashtabula County in 1811, Atkins was appointed sheriff. A year later, he resigned and enlisted in General William Henry Harrison’s Army of the Northwest. Following the War of 1812, Atkins was again elected sheriff and then appointed county auditor. In 1823, he was appointed by the state of Ohio to superintend the building of the Maumee and Western Reserve Turnpike through the Black Swamp. For the next three years, he oversaw the road’s construction and surveyed and sold the lands granted by Congress to the state of Ohio for building the road. While Atkins’ turnpike venture was a financial success, his canal building in eastern Ohio and land speculation in New York proved disastrous. In 1835 Atkins was employed by the Arcole Furnace Company in Madison as agent. In February, his wife died at their home in Brooklyn. Quintus Flaminius Atkins died at Brooklyn January 23, 1859, at the age of 77.
Scope and Content
The collection consists of correspondence, dating from 1805 to 1854. However, the bulk of the material is correspondence dating from 1819 to 1826 between Quintus F. Atkins and brothers Josiah Atkins, Jr. and Philantus Atkins. There are 15 letters dated Lower Sandusky [Fremont, Ohio], 1823 - 1826; Typed transcripts of these letters are part of this collection. Other correspondents include Lewis Cass, Joshua R. Giddings, Elijah Whittlesey and Salmon P. Chase.
There are also several miscellaneous pieces: a patent for dressing shingles; a letter addressed to “The Free & Independent Electors of Cuyahoga County,” dated Cleveland, September 14, 1841; a manuscript titled “Sentiments embodied in H. Clay’s speech in the Senate of the U.S. in 1839”; also Photocopy and typed transcription of “Wyandot Missions in 1805- 807,” Diary of Quintus F. Atkins prepared by C. C. Baldwin: Photocopy ”The Western Reserve Historical Tract Society” No. 50, pp. 110-113.
The 1826/1827 survey and field notes of the lands provided for the Maumee and Western Reserve Turnpike created by Josiah Atkins, Jr. are part of the Oscar Stierwalt Collection (LH-126)
Ac. 1919, 1964
ATKINS, Josiah, Jr.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Jly 11, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Jly 25, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Aug. 1, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Aug. 8, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Aug 15, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Aug. 22, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Sept. 12, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sandusky, Oct. 17, 1824
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jefferson, Nov. 24, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jefferson, Dec. 21, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Hubbard, Mar. 21. 1819.
To Q. F. Atkins dtd Hubbard, Apr. 21. 1819.
ATKINS, Quintus F.
To Josiah Atkins dtd Jefferson, Jly 15, 1824.
To Josiah Atkins dtd Jefferson, Aug. 2, 1824.
To Josiah Atkins, L. Sdsky dtd Jefferson, Aug. 13, 1824.
To Josiah Atkins dtd Jefferson, Aug. 21, 1824.
To Josiah Atkins dtd Jefferson, Sept. 4, 1824.
To Chas. Learned, Detroit dtd Nov. 1, 1826 [copy, contemporary]
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Columbus, Feb. 6, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Coventry, Jan. 24, 1831.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Detroit, Nov. 28, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Detroit, July 1, [n.y.].
CATHCART, Rev. Dr. Robert
To Q.F. Atkins dtd [York, Penna.] Jly 18, 1833.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Salem, Feb. 21, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Cincinnati, Jly 21, 1845.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Warren, Nov. 29, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jefferson, Dec. 6, 1805.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jefferson, Nov. 23, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jefferson, Nov. 3, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jefferson, Nov. 19, 1838.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Harpersfield, Mar. 12, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins, dtd Jefferson, Nov. 29, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins, dtd Jefferson, Nov. 7, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Perrysburg, Jly 14, 1825.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Buffalo, Jly 25, 1826
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Perrysburg, Apr. 9, 1830.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Perrysburg, Mr. 25, 1830.
HOLLISTER & CO.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jly 5, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Delaware, Feb. 5, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Indiana, Jne 18, 1830.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Harpersfield, Mar. 4, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd D.Sdsky Mar. 22. 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd McConnelsville, Dec. 11, 1828.
PERKINS, Genl. Simon
To Q.F. Atkins, dtd [Jne 2, 1826].
To Q.F. Atkins dtd May 20, 1820.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Painesville, Apr. 2, 1831.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd [Sept. 1826].
To Q.F. Atkins undated.
WHEELER & HAND
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Unionville, Jan. 2, 1830.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jne 25, 1830.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Chillicothe, Feb. 28, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Urbana, Feb. 9, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Ashtabula, Dec. 1, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Ashtabula, May 4, 1824.
WHITAKER, Geo. F.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sdsky, Jan. 3, 1823.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sdsky, Jan. 29, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sanduksy, Mar. 21, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Wash. D.C., Jan. 28, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Wash. D.C., Feb. 24, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Wash. D.C., Dec. 14, 1824.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Wash. D.C., Feb. 9, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Wash. D.C., Feb. 24, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Nov. 7, 1826.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd L. Sdsky, Mar. 21, 1824.
WRIGHT, Amos C.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Tallmadge, May 1, 1819.
To Q.F. Atkins dtd Jan. 23, 1824.
Group 1-B. Q.F. Atkins’ handwriting on band: “Receipts of money paid to surveyors, 1825.” Four papers, two dated March 30, 1825 and two dated May 21, 1825.
Group 1-C. Q.F. Atkins’ handwriting on band: “Proposals for Road Construction accepted on January 25, 1825.” Group contains eleven individual contractor bids.
Group 1-D. Collection of 13 papers November 1824 through January 1825 dealing with receipt of Road Bond Certificates, funds received and disbursed and one letter granting power of attorney from D. Hubbell (tax collector) to Q.F. Atkins, January 8, 1825.
Group 2 Contents. Collection of 18 documents under paper band with Q.F. Atkins’ handwriting: “Proposals for building Carrying River Bridge on the U.S. Road.” Written proposals range in date from April 23, 1825 to May 28, 1825, are signed and include bid amount. Within the collection is 1) the original request for bids letter dated May 2, 1825 and signed by Atkins describing construction specifications, location, dates and materials, 2) A chart showing all proposals submitted, names of bidders and amounts, 3) A chart containing figures for cost estimates for “constructing the road from the foot of the rapids of the Miami of Lake Erie to the western boundary of the Connecticut Western Reserve” (no date), and 4) A State of Ohio letter detailing what appears to be a complaint against Q.F. Atkins concerning his competence to fulfill his duties; letter is unsigned and undated, possibly a draft.
Group 3 Contents. Five documents: 1) Letter from Q.F. Atkins to Elijah Hayward (General Land Office) May 4, 1832, accompanying plat map of survey of Ohio lands in the reservation at “the foot of the rapids of Miami of Lake Erie,” 2) Plat map (torn in half), 3) Letter from Elijah Hayward, May 4, 1832 concerning ownership of specified lots in Perrysburg, Ohio, 4) Bill of sale certificate from Governor Allen Trimble to Reuben Wilder for lots in Perrysburg, Ohio, and 5) Letter to Ohio governor Jeremiah
Morrow, July 15, 1825, certifying purchase of lots in Perrysburg, Ohio.
GIFT: Tabor Historical Society, Box 584, Tabor, Iowa 51653