Charles E. Frohman Collections

Collection ID: 286
Location: FR 9

(Description ID: 594198)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums


Charles E. Frohman





Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content




Charles E. Frohman, Sandusky, Ohio, donated this research material to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. It represents only a portion of the much larger collection donated by Mr. Frohman.


Biographical Sketch

Born in 1901 in Sandusky, Ohio, Charles E. Frohman was the son of Daniel and Helen (Wagner) Frohman.  He graduated from the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania.  In 1926, he graduated from the Yale Law School with a juris doctorate degree.  He joined the law firm of King, Ramsey, Flynn & Pyle, which became King, Flynn & Frohman, and ultimately Flynn, Frohman, Buckingham, Py & Kruse.  He married Elisabeth Dunsmore and = was the father of two sons, Daniel and David.

In 1932, he became general counsel of Hinde & Dauch Paper Company.  He later became director of the company, vice president in 1941, and president in 1949.  Mr. Frohman served as director of  the company’s Canadian subsidiary in 1940 and its vice chairman in 1951.   He also was elected director of that company’s subsidiaries, Corrugated Paper Box Company and Hilton Brothers Incorporated.  With the 1953 merger of Hinde & Dauch and West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, Mr. Frohman assumed directorship of the company as well.

Mr. Frohman served on the boards of the Third National Bank, American Crayon Company, Cedar Point, O-P Craft Company, Lake Erie Broadcasting Company, and Sky Tours, Inc. He served terms as trustee of Good Samaritan Hospital, Sandusky, Ohio; the Hayes Presidential Center, Fremont, Ohio; and the Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, Ohio. He also served a term as vice president and then as president of that organization. Mr. Frohman also served as head of the Ohio Chamber of Commerce. He held memberships in numerous other civic and business organizations.   

Deeply interested in the history of Northwest Ohio, Lake Erie, and the ErieIslands, Mr. Frohman developed a significant collection of manuscripts, books, and more than 20,000 photographs. From commercial shipping and ice harvesting, to environmental research, early aviation and island leisure activities, Mr. Frohman documented the social, cultural, and economic history of northern Ohio during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Mr. Frohman was the author of ten books on the area’s history: History of Sandusky and Erie County, Rebels on Lake Erie, Sandusky’s Yesterdays, Cedar Point Yesterdays, Sandusky’s Editor, Sandusky Potpourri, Sandusky Area Miscellany, Sandusky’s Third Dimension, Put-in-Bay, and Milan and the Milan Canal. He also contributed numerous articles to historical journals, including the Hayes Historical Journal. Mr. Frohman died at Sandusky, Ohio, in 1976.


Scope and Content

 The collection is primarily composed of the local history research materials created and/or acquired by Mr. Frohman in his efforts to preserve, speak, and write about the history of Sandusky, Ohio, the Erie Islands, Lake Erie, and its southern shoreline communities.

The collection, spanning the years from 1848 to 1975, can be divided into three major components: (1) materials associated with the publication of Mr. Frohman’s ten local history books; (2) the local history research materials created and collected by Mr. Frohman as he attempted to document the area’s history: early settlement, towns and townships, buildings, residents, businesses, homes, political issues, events, organizations, transportation, education, and the area’s social and cultural life during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; (3) Hinde and Dauch photographic prints and negatives.

 Boxes 1, 2, 14 through 27, 30, and 31 include research files; copies of speeches given by Mr. Frohman on a variety of local history topics; correspondence with researchers and Sandusky, Ohio, residents; subject indexes of area newspapers; records of area businesses and institutions; and original documents and photographs. Boxes 3 through 13 contain research notes, galleys, typescripts, proofs, and drafts of the ten local history books Mr. Frohman wrote from 1965 to 1976. Boxes 28 and 29 hold photographic prints and negatives of activities at Hinde & Dauch during the 1950s.  Seven albums contain more than 3,500 mm slides that Mr. Frohman used in his lectures to school, civic, and business groups. Many of the slides are from negatives and prints created by early area photographers who had photographed the Erie Islands, the area’s towns, buildings, railroads, street scenes, businesses, aviation manufacturing, shipping, and ice harvesting. Also included are reproductions of maps and citizens’ portraits. Mr. Frohman donated the originals, reprints, flexible negatives and, in many cases, the glass negatives from which the slides were created. A card index for the originals is available in the Library Reading Room.  The index was converted to electronic format. It appears online at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center web site at

While some of the materials are original, most of the files contain handwritten notes, microfilm prints and photocopies of newspaper articles, photocopies and transcriptions of business and local government records, photographic reprints, flexible negatives, and 35 mm slides. Original brochures, pamphlets, correspondence, books, and photographs are also a part of this collection. The subject headings and the arrangement of the files were the work of the creator.

The newspaper indexes found in this collection also exist in an index card format.  The card index and microfilm of the indexed newspapers are housed in the Library Reading Room. Oversized items have been removed from the collection and placed in the Oversized Area.  Cross-references to oversized items appear in the original files. 



33 linear feet


Box 1

 Speeches, Interviews, Correspondence, and Research Notes

  1. Clyde Albright Interview, n. d.
  2. Historical Walk Down Railroad Street, n. d.
  3. Historical Walk, Downtown Sandusky, Ohio, n. d.
  4. Historical Walk, East End, Sandusky,Ohio, n. d.
  5. Historical Walk, West Water Street, n. d.
  6. Household Inventory, n. d.
  7. School Talk (outline), n.d.
  8. Correspondence CEF to Mel Harmon (Sandusky Newspapers, Inc.)
  9. Correspondence with OHS - 5/22/48 thru 4/3/59 and n.d.
  10. Correspondence from Midland Rare Book Co. - 12/7/65 and unknown publications list n.d.
  11. Correspondence with RBH Library - 4/14/66
  12. Miscellaneous correspondence - 6/12/68 and n.d.
  13. Correspondence from Camp Fire Council - 1/25,26/70
  14. Correspondence from Alice Arnold to CEF - 3/17/70
  15. Correspondence from Mr. Julius Nuhali - 5/6/70
  16. Miscellaneous correspondence to CEF - 10/19/71
  17. Lyme Church - 6/23/73 - Rev. Will Cook
  18. Grill Meats story - 10/9/73 - Gordon Erickson
  19. Beginnings of Sandusky - 3/28/74 - (CEF)
  20. Firelands Stories – Firelands Historical Society - 4/18/74-Henry Timman
  21. Correspondence from Helen M. Hansen to CEF - 1/23/75
  22. Correspondence from AM. Business Women’s Association
  23. Preservation and Restoration - 10/15/75 - Robert Gaede
  24. Correspondence from Smith, Hinchman and Grylls (Architects) - 7/20/76
  25. Correspondence to “Mr. Holkman”- 7/30/76

Box 2

 Newspapers Indexes

  1. “Sandusky Weekly Journal” - 7/20/1911 -12/19/1911 index
  2. “Sandusky Star Journal” - l /7/1898 - 1/3/1928 index
  3. “Sandusky Star Journal” - 6/23/1928 -5/28/1941 index
  4. “Daily Sandusky” - 6/1/1849 - 6/9/1865 index
  5. “Sandusky Daily Commercial Register” - 5/27/1852 - 6/10/1862 - 12/8/1875 index
  6. “Sandusky Weekly Register” 1/9/1878 -7/ 20/1895 index
  7. “Sandusky Weekly Register” 6/18/1884 – 12//31/1913 index
  8. “Sandusky Weekly Register” 1/6/1866 - 6/11/1884 index
  9. “Sandusky Sunday Register” 6/6/1884 - 4/24/1897 index
  10. “Erie County Reporter” Huron, Ohio, 1/8/1880 - 1928 index
  11. “Milan Tribune” 9/22/1843 - 4/1/1851 index
  12. “Commercial Advertiser; Huron, Ohio, 1/24/1837 - 3/1842 index
  13.  “Stubig’s Weekly; 2/6/1915 – 1918 index
  14. “Huron County Reporter” 1931-1968 index
  15. “Norwalk Reflector” 4/7/1827-12/31/1868 index
  16. Buffalo, New York, Newspapers index

Box 3

 Manuscripts - Put-In-Bay

  1. Correspondence regarding Put-In-Bay
  2. Frank E. Hamilton correspondence
  3. Gorden Wendt’s Steamboat Chapter
  4. Illustrations, Captions, and Credits-Put-In-Bay
  5. Air Service
  6. John Brown Jr.
  7. Church
  8. Early Days
  9. Fish Hatchery
  10. Fishing 
  11. Geological Caves
  12. Gilbraltar Island
  13. Grape Culture Flora
  14. Hotels
  15. Ice Boating
  16. Ice Fishing
  17. Ice Harvest
  18. Langlois
  19. Miscellaneous
  20. Perry Monument/Victory
  21. Resort Days
  22. De Rivera
  23. Regatta
  24. Put-in-Bay Town Hall
  25. Winter
  26. First Draft Put-in-Bay

Box 4

 Manuscripts – A History of Sandusky and Erie County 1965; Put-In-Bay 1965

  1. Corrected Copy-A History of Sandusky and Erie County
  2. Correspondence – A History of Sandusky and Erie County
  3. Handwritten Manuscript – A History of Sandusky and Erie County
  4. Typescript – A History of Sandusky and Erie County
  5. Typescript – Put-In-Bay
  6. Corrected Typescript – Put-In-Bay
  7. Steamships Note Cards
  8. Tape Recorded Interview 4/21/1971
  9. Books: A History of Sandusky and Erie County; Put-In-Bay

Box 5

 Manuscripts - Rebels on Lake Erie 1965

  1. Typescript – Rebels on Lake Erie
  2. Foreward and Notes – Rebels on Lake Erie
  3. Edited Typescript – Rebels on Lake Erie
  4. Edited Typescript – Rebels on Lake Erie
  5. Galley Proofs – Rebels on Lake Erie

Box 6

 Manuscripts – Sandusky’s Yesterdays 1968

  1. Correspondence - Sandusky’s Yesterdays
  2. Typescripts – Sandusky’s Yesterdays
  3. Footnotes – Sandusky’s Yesterdays
  4. First Proof – Sandusky’s Yesterdays
  5. Galley Proofs – Sandusky’s Yesterdays

Box 7

 Manuscripts – Sandusky’s Yesterdays 1968

  1. Drafts and Research Material –Sandusky's Yesterdays
  2. Drafts and Research Materials – Sandusky's Yesterdays
  3. Edited Typescript – Sandusky’s Yesterdays

Box 8

 Manuscripts - Rebels on Lake Erie 1965


  1. Correspondence – Rebels on Lake Erie
  2. "Fanmail” and notes - Rebels on Lake Erie
  3. Research Notes – Rebels on Lake Erie
  4. Miscellaneous research material - Rebels on Lake Erie
  5. Inspection of Prison 1863-1865 - Rebels on Lake Erie
  6. John Y Beall - Rebels on Lake Erie 
  7. Piracy - Rebels on Lake Erie 
  8. First draft – Rebels on Lake Erie
  9. Rewrites – Rebels on Lake Erie

Box 9

 Manuscripts – Sandusky’s  3rdDimension 1971


  1. Correspondence - Sandusky’s 3rd Dimension
  2. Draft and Research Material – Sandusky’s 3rd Dimension
  3. Typescript -  Sandusky’s 3rd Dimension
  4. Corrected Typescript – Sandusky’s 3rd Dimension
  5. Books: Sandusky’s 3rd Dimension

Box 10

 Manuscripts - Sandusky’s Editor 1972

  1. Correspondence - Sandusky’s Editor
  2. Research Material – Sandusky’s Editor
  3. First draft – Sandusky’s Editor
  4. Second Draft  - Sandusky’s Editor
  5. Typescript