Rutherford B. Hayes Collections

Collection ID: 274
Location: HAYES 31

(Description ID: 594088)

Lucy Scott West Collection at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center


Lucy Scott West




Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content




The transcriptions of the Lucy Scott West journal were prepared by Tom Culberston and Verna Young of the Hayes Presidential Center. Lucy wrote the original journal entries on Executive Mansion paper. Each was done in crosshatch fashion. Descendants of Lucy Scott West, owners of the journal granted the Hayes Presidential Center permission to place the transcriptions on the web site.

Biographical Sketch

Lucy Scott, daughter of Isaac Webb and Mary (Buchanan) Scott, M.D., born in Kentucky in 1859, moved with her parents to New Orleans after the Civil War. There her father joined with his brother, Dr. Joseph Scott, in forming a medical practice. The brothers fought on opposing sides during the Civil War, and few of New Orleans' wealthier citizens would consult with Lucy's father as he had fought against the South. The brothers were double cousins to Lucy Webb Hayes, their mother being a sister of Lucy Webb Hayes' father, and their father being an uncle of Lucy Webb Hayes' mother. Due to the difficulties arising from Isaac Webb Scott's Civil War service, Lucy's prospects for attracting a proper suitor were dim. Her family arranged for a series of visits among Northern relatives whereby Lucy would be introduced to eligible gentlemen. Her "coming out," as it was then phrased, began at the home of the most prestigious of her cousins - Lucy Webb Hayes, wife of President Rutherford B. Hayes and the nation's First Lady. After her visit to Kentucky, Lucy journeyed to the home of her cousin, Lucy McFarland Bergland at West Point, New York, the Judge Charles Scott home at New Brunswick, New Jersey; the Mrs. James Stillwell home in Livingston County, Illinois; and, once again, to the John McFarland home in Lexington, Kentucky. While at the White House, Lucy met West Point first classman and future cavalry officer Lt. Barrington King West whom she later married in Lexington, Kentucky (in 1883). The couple moved to Fort Apache where they spent ten difficult years of frontier duty. They later returned to Washington, D.C. where she assisted another First Lady, cousin Caroline Scott Harrison. Lucy and Barrington were the parents of four children. Lucy died in 1923 at Lexington, Virginia.

Scope and Content

Lucy Scott West's firsthand account of her stay at the Executive Mansion presents a rare glimpse of life inside the White House during the Hayes Administration. While at the White House, Miss Scott wrote letters home in a "journal" style with nearly daily entries, using a cross-hatch writing pattern. The first entry occurs on February 16, 1878. And the final entry, dated March 19, 1878, informs her family of her safe arrival in Lexington, Kentucky. Lucy describes Hayes family members, social events, guests, table arrangements, and White House decor as well as tours around the capitol, including Mount Vernon and Arlington.


Ac. 5410

Photocopies of original journal entries and transcriptions of same




Nov. 14th 1877

My dear Cousin-

Will you pardon my writing with pencil. Of course I understand about the selection of time being at my request - and now I will say I shall be very happy to see the cousin in February - but don't like a declination on your part - only defer it to a more convenient season. I received your kind letter in due time but if I have not had

your excuse actually. I might refer you to Lu in explanation of my time - this morning I have had calls social calls from strangers ladies seven - gentlemen a portion of a delegation all gentlemen of New York City - two of the number were old acquaintances hence the early call - a rather larger number than normal but what I lack in numbers is made up in time - other days - I saw Cousin Mary and Lu a few days ago. I have prepared their mind for a visit from me this pleasant weather - it is

a great pleasure to know they are so near us - Tell Lu little Fan is struggling with music and French and really begins to feel that she has much care - My love to the other Lucy and I only hope to love her as I always have her dear father.

Again I must apologize for the pencil but my letter of yesterday is just being finished this morning -

With kind regards and love

Yours Sincerely



February 16th,/78

My dear Family

According to Mama's advice I intend to write a weekly bulletin for yr edification & will send it every Saturday. Was very glad to hear from home but can not understand how it happened that you received no letters from me for such a long time. I wrote the last week I spent in Lex & twice while in N.Y. It would be impossible for me to tell you how happy & contented I am here; just

picture to yourselves the bliss of living in the Royal Palace, dining sumptuously, being always robed in purple & fine linen; having more invitations than you can possibly accept beaux in abundance; concerts, lectures, operas, theatre parties, etc. succeeding one another without intermission & lasts but by no means least, else pleasurable sensation that every body feels honored by yr attentions & you may in a faint degree comprehend my situation. Thursday night I attended Secretary Evarts Reception & Mrs. Jeffrey's Ball; both most elegant entertainments but "Oh ye Gods & little fishes" what a crush upon my word

we were half an hour getting up the steps to the dressing room (at Sec. Evarts) & down again. Every body & his wife was there & the rooms presented the strange appearance of a dense mass of human beings struggling about helplessly in the most inextricable confusion. Two thousand invitations had been issued. The house is lovely & large enough for airy seasonable festivity. The library, supper room & saloon parlors were thrown open on the first floor & there were two or three lovely little apartments up stairs where you could take yr ease & sip coffee, chocolate, or tea. A great many celebrities were present among others the Japanese minister an unnatural

looking little specimen, & the wife of the Spanish Minister. She is a most striking & elegant woman famed for her good taste & the elegance & beauty of her toilets. At present she is in mourning for the Pope & at the Secretary's was attired in a lovely dress of some rich black material, low neck & short sleeves with long black gloves. Her diamonds are magnificent & both her neck & hair were ablaze with them.

Last night I went to Mrs. Wise s Musicale & afterwards to a large dancing party given by Miss Coleman. This latter was the party of the season & Cousin

Lucy was especially anxious for me to be there. I wore my white silk & looked unusually gorgeous. Miss Coleman has the reputations of giving the most select entertainments in the city & it certainly appears to be true. The whole house was thrown open & brilliantly illuminated. We (the Executive party) arrived about 10 P.M. & found the rooms comparatively empty; but , about half past ten the rush began & by l1 the rooms were full through not too crowded for comfort. The ball-room had an inlaid floor & was waxed to the last degree of slipperiness.

At twelve supper was announced & never in my life have I seen such a beautiful & elegant table. Terrapin, rare wines, costly French dishes delicious ices etc etc It is not my habit to eat much at a party but I really ate more there than ever before.

Monday Feb 18th/78

The Saturday Reception was unusually large & very pleasant. We ladies entered the East Room at exactly 3 P.M. & immediately the doors were opened & a perfect crowd rushed in. I was to have stood with Cousin Lucie [sic] as it

was my first appearance (last Saturday I was very unwell) but one of the ushers mistook his orders & told me she wished me to stand with Miss Foote which I did. It was the most exciting scene I ever witnessed strictly speaking I shook hands with at least ten people a minute & before I had been in the room twenty minutes was so demoralized that 1 would leave given anything for wooden digits. Met two old friends of yrs, one a Mrs. Rand of the Navy; the other one of yrs & Papa's old St. Louis friends formerly a Miss Julia Garrett

or Garrard I don t know which, but at all events a most lovely woman not looking a day over thirty; with beautiful dark eyes & hair & fine complexion. The Reception lasted until 5 P.M. when we ladies "Folded our tents like the Arabs & as silently stole away", going immediately with the exception of Cousin Lucy & Miss Foote to another Reception given by Mrs. Carlile Patterson of Brentwood, one of the first families in Wash. & by the way related to the St. Louis Pattersons. They have a grand old place in the suburbs & give delightful

entertainments. We had a very pleasant time there & returned at 7 P.M. for dinner. After dinner I went to the Theatre with Mr. Bergland. The Grand Duchess was given & listened to most attentively by a large audience. Sunday I dined with Mrs. Emory at 2 P.M. Met there a Mr. Parrish a young lawyer of Phila. & Miss Wainwright - Sallie's cousin. The dinner was very good & excellently cooked. Also had very good sherry & claret. Returned here at 5 P.M. & managed to get through without another dinner, of which, as it was very nice I will send you the menu

This morning I have been driving with Cousin Lucy & went to Mr. Browne's studio to see a full length portrait of the President which has just been finished. Passed Corcoran's Home for Old Ladies commonly called the Louise. It is a beautiful red brick building three stories, a mansard & a basement & seems well cared for.

Tuesday Feb 19/78

Aunt has been at this desk all morning but at last I have a chance to do my day's scribbling. Had a splendid time last night at the reception (you know Cousin receives every night) & met crowds of pleasant

people among others yr old friend now Mrs. Alexander of the Army nee Miss Julia Barrett. The Vice President made quite a long call as did several other notabilities. Of all people in the world who do you think called on me? Why Mrs. Runkle & Maude. You remember them n'est pas? Maud is very pretty & has quite sweet manners. Mrs. & Miss Snead (Miss Grundy also honored me with a special visit & I found them very agreeable. Mrs. S. desired to be remembered to you said she recollected you at once). Miss Grundy eyed me from top to toe & pumped me vigorously. Fortunately I had on my black silk diamond cross, ring

etc & happened to be in one of my happiest moods, so hope I passed muster. Aunt Mary, Maggie Cooke, Eric & Miss Foote had gone to hear Wendell Phillips lecture on the "Lost Arts" leaving Cousin Lucy & me to entertain the guests & I think they rather regretted having done so when they heard what a charming time we had had. Tell Papa I am very much obliged to him for the $18.00 sent by Col. Tourtellote but must confess that when I opened the note the Col. sent it sans its contents & the signature I was in a quandary. Cousin Mary Dudley & Cousin Lou B. are spending the morn-

ing here but as they are with Cousin Lucy I do not feel that I shall be missed. Saturday at the Reception I met two of Col. Barry's daughters. They are nice looking girls but not a bit stylish. both were polite & invited one to visit them at Fort McHenry. The girls have gone to the "House" to hear a speech on the "Silver Bill." It will last three hours & a half so I declined with thanks. Tomorrow we are to have a dinner party here (not a State affair however); there are to be twenty four at table, all military people. The last event of the season, the

grand "State Dinner" will take place in a week or two. It will be gorgeous beyond description & just think yr humble servant will be present. Shall write you a full account of the whole affair & if you are hard up why just sell it to the "Picayune." Of course a large sum would be paid for any effusions from my graphic pen.

Enclosed in this Journal you will find a plan of the Executive Mansion & an attempt to describe the various apartments. It is truly merely an "attempt" but I trust you will take the will for

the deed. According to your request I went down to see about having my photo taken but was immediately staggered by learning that I must pay $8.00 for one doz or $5.00 for six. Not very high but beyond my means at present. If you really wish the pictures I will have them taken. Really I never as well before & never will again, so if I am ever to have another picture this is surely the rarest opportunity. Mrs. Gibson called on me & as you anticipated was most gushing; fancy however

that my frozen manner rather dampened her ardor. Now Mon Cheri Mere it will not do for me to make enemies of the New Orleans people as any life will doubtless be passed there & it is therefore only politic for me to secure as many friends as possible. Judge Leonard was here last night &: inquired for Papa & all of you. Is he engaged to a friend of Natika's called Marie? He spoke of her several times & said he had asked Papa to speak; a good word for him.

Wednesday 20th/78

Am awfully tired this afternoon & shall not be able to write much. Spent all morning from half past ten until half past two P.M. at the church of St. Aloysius hearing a Grand Requiem Mass for the defunct Pro Novo. Instead of writing it out here I will send you two news paper scraps. Eric leaves tonight to bring Lucy over & Aunt May will go down to Fort Foote Monday. Just think my visit is half over & yet I feel as though I had scarcely reached here. We are to have an elegant dinner in the State Dining Room

tonight. Think I told you something about it in tile beginning of this scrawl, but it has been very much changed since then. Instead of twenty four persons there are to be thirty eight & of course that necessitates a change to the State Room. My partner for the evening is Col. Tourtellotte who I am told is very handsome & very rich. Intend to wear my blue silk with yr wedding veil draped over it & caught here & there with blue flowers. Have been quite elated lately by several compliments from His Excellency the President. The other night he held an evening reception & told Aunt May afterwards that he had been very proud

of me as a relation for I was the finest looking girl in the room. He also admires any opera hat very much & frequently says complimentary things about its being so becoming etc etc.

Why do you not write to me oftener I have only received one letter since I have been here & am beginning to feel slighted. Lou Breckinridge & her august spouse are to be here tonight for the dinner & will remain until tomorrow morning. They both insist upon my making them a visit & I suppose I shall have to do so. Wish you could see Aunt Mary! She is as full of herself as a young girl in her teens &

fusses more over her looks when going out than I do. Adios for today. Its time to dress so I can write no more.

Thursday 21st 10 A.M.

Am more dead than alive this morning but have had a perfectly glorious time. The dinner was superb & the table beautiful beyond description. The dining room really looked like fairy land & the only thing that marred my pleasure in the least was the thought of my own family were not present. I have written the names of all the guests in regular order & will send them to you as well as the menu & will now do my

best to describe the table. It reached almost the length of the room & was covered with a snowy cloth of tile finest damask. The central ornament was an immense mirror with raised edges of gold & golden figures in the centre laden with choice exotics in fact the whole table was covered with the loveliest flowers. At the plate of each gentleman was a button-hole bouquet in a silver holder while each lady was provided with a prize calla lily filled either with violets or lilles of the valley. Knives forks & spoons were of gold & tile different courses were served alternately

in costly crystal & elegant French china. One set of China I noticed especially as it had the Coat of Arms & "E. Pluribus Unum" in the center. On entering the Red Parlor each gentleman was presented with a card containing a sketch of the table on one side & the name of his partner on the other & on reaching the table he found large cards with the traditional Coat of Arms & our names written upon them. I have preserved mine also some of the beautiful bon bons presented to each guest. Am keeping the menu so that when our ship

gets in we can give an elegant dinner also. We sat down at the table a little after seven & did not get up until past ten o clock. There was not the least formality & we had a most charming time. I wish you all could have seen the exquisite water ices & creams. They were beautifully moulded in the following forms. A snowy lamb reposing upon a green hillock & looking as though ready to baa. A hen & chickens the hen snowy white with red comb & black eyes the chickens pink green & white; made respectively of strawberry

pistachio & vanilla & the most life-like & cunning little things you ever saw. A ferocious looking lion with tawny mane (chocolate cream) & muscular form & lastly a large perfect swan surrounded by her young who were colored like the chicks. It seemed to me like sacrilege to destroy them but my partner calmly helped himself to a chicken & Mr Bergland (who was on my left) decapitated the lamb & being thus encouraged I robbed the Lion of his caudal appendage & took a generous slice out of the hen's breast.

The last course was Nectar for the Gods in Rose-leaves, Violet leaves Orange blossoms & strawberries preserved in Paris. I send you one orange flower & an violet petal that you may judge what food the guests subsisted upon. Met with one accident. A careless waiter emptied a plate of salmon over Col. Tourtellotte & a little got on my skirt fortunately too low down to show much. Don t remember many of the dresses but will try to describe a few. Cousin Lucy was attired in a gorgeous robe of crimson velvet & brocade

& looked lovely. Aunt Mary wore a black velvet with purple satin front & cape of duchess lace. Miss Platt a combination suit of pale blue silk & brocade with silvery pattern. Maggie Cooke a dress of some cream material over cream silk. Miss Foote pink silk not very pretty. Gen. Sherman's daughter (by the way a most charming girl) also pink silk. Miss Dickerson white silk. Mrs. Gov. Dennison black velvet. Mrs. Gen. Crittenden costume of black silk & some black material. Lou Breckinridge black & green satin trimmed with black lace. Miss Evarts a very pretty blue silk & Miss Forsythe, daughter of Gen. Dennison a very handsome dress

of black. My costume was lovely blue silk with white lace overdress. Aunt vows that I always look as though I was painted & takes especial pains to tell everyone my color is perfectly natural. Company left about 11 P.M. Tonight there will be a large party at Mrs. Bloomer's which I will attend. Tell you what you should all appreciate this journal for it is very hard for me to get time to write it. Adieu till tomorrow.

Friday Feb 22d

Here I am again with eyes fairly closed for want of sleep & a chronic case of gape. Had a glorious time last night just as I had

anticipated. danced every set & danced all the round dances. Col. Bacon of Frankfort was my escort & introduced me to every one. Mrs. Bloomer & her son were also very polite in bringing up gentlemen. Webb Hayes arrived this morning from Canada. He is not at all handsome but has rather a pleasant face & made himself quite agreeable at breakfast by giving us an animated description of his travels, the people he had met etc. Cousin Lucy & Mr. Hayes went to Baltimore yesterday afternoon & returned at 12 P.M. Of course I did not

see them as I was at the party. Lucy McFarland will be here today on the 4 P.M. train & Maggie Cooke leaves for home at nine tonight. Poor girl she looks quite doleful at the prospect of leaving us or rather I should say the Executive Mansion. Received a nice long letter from Mina Breaux. She seems in excellent spirits over her approaching marriage which she says is to take place in May or April. Now Mes amis what I want to know is when shall I be expected home & do you intend me to wait & be Lucy's bridesmaid

or not. Aunt says I must not think of leaving before the wedding, but I leave it entirely to you. I will quit this mansion either on the eighth or ninth & go straight to Chillicothe where I expect to spend a week or so. Then I wished to be in Lex. Frankfort & Louisville & would like exceedingly to be in the latter place when Mina is there. Can't you all come North this sumner you must need a change of climate by this time. Eric & Lucy expect to go to Europe after their marriage & Aunt M. says she wishes I could

manage to go with them but naturally that is out of the question. Last night we had quite a wind storm & now it is damp & dreary looking out doors & oppressively warm within. My dear friends now don't you think I ought to be favored with at least one letter a week from home? I fear Cousin Lucy will think me neglected as I have only received one missive since my arrival. I delivered Mama's messages to Madame Hayes who declared she was very much

delighted that my "Mother was as poor writer as she was such a miserable correspondent herself." I shall send this letter today instead of Saturday as it is already very bulky.

Please write to me soon & give me lots of news. With much love to all in which Cousin Lucy & Aunt Mary join in. I am

Very Truly & aff.

Lucy Scott

February 20th 1878

Menu. 40 Persons.

I st Course

Chicken Soup

2d Course

Risolles a la Pompadour

3d Course Salmon Lobster Sauce

Fresh Cucumber & potatoes

4th Course

Filet-de Boeuf aux Champignons

5th Course

Turkey & ham with maccaroni


6th Course

Lamb chops with peas

7th Course

Chicken Puddings

8th Course

Filets of Ducks with olives

9th Course

Stewed Terrapin

10th Course

Roman Punch

11th Course

Grouse roasted with cresses Salads

12th Course

Asparagus with butter sauce

13th Course

Cheese sticks

14th Course

Pine-Apple Cream

15th Course

Golden Jelly with violets

16th Course

Ice-cream as Lion, Swan, Cygnets

Lamb & Hen & chickens

17th Course

Apricots & gages, oranges,

bananas, Malaga grapes, Nectar, French Bon-Bons,

candied grapes, oranges, chestnuts,

cherries & plums


Friday 3 PM [February 22]

A grand or rather an immense procession has just passed & Mrs. Hayes was obliged to stand upon the steps in front of the White House & see them go by. It was a Temperance affair & by the way I forgot to tell you that I had had the honor of an introduction to Francis Murphy & quite a talk with him. He is very fine looking & quite agreeable. Would write some more this afternoon but am to be at two parties tonight & must have a little sleep beforehand. The President, Aunt Mary, & Cousin Lucy are to dine at George Bancroft's (the historian) & we young ladies are to drop in at nine P.M.

always address yr. letters

Miss Scott

Executive Mansion



Preserve this journal. I will like to look it over in the future.

Feb 23d/78

Mis Amis

Suppose I sold not be forgiven did I let a day pass without writing to you; but to tell the truth I am not at all in the humor this morning. Last night I went to Mr. Bancroft's first & then to a patty at Justice Bradley's. Both were very elegant affairs & I met many distinguished people. For instance Senor & Senora Mantilla (the Spanish Minister & his wife). The Japanese Minister

& wife; the Argentine Minister Lady, Roscoe Conkling, Senator Blaine; the Secretaries of the French & Italian Legations & many others. Mr. Bancroft is a fine looking old gentleman with snowy hair & beard & very affable manners; his wife pleasant, but nothing extraordinary. Justice Bradley's house is splendid for entertaining being double with a depth of three large rooms. The library which has a waxed floor was set apart for dancing & I can assure you that I enjoyed it. Gen Sherman chaperoned me & introduced me to every body.

He is so kind & thoughtful that any stranger is lucky to be with him. I saw some elegant toilets & noticed particularly that of Madame Mantilla. She wore a dress of white lace thickly strewn with pearls over an elegant cream silk & quantities of diamonds in her hair & on her bosom. Lucy McFarland arrived just as we were leaving for Mr. Bancrofts. She has a headache this morning & is looking forward with dread to the 3 o'clock Reception. It is to be the grandest of the season. Mrs. Tyler (Ex Presidentess) Mrs. Willis, Miss Harlan &

Mrs. McCrary are to receive with Cousin Lucy & twenty young ladies have been invited to receive with me. Young people in the Green Parlor Aunt Mary chaperoning the party. After the Reception we are all to adjourn to the Library & have refreshments.

Webb Hayes is ever so nice. Not at all stiff & as kind & polite as his mother. If Mr. Hayes would only give his relatives an office I would consider him perfect.

I remain

Sunday [February 24]

The Reception yesterday was delightful Cousin Lucy had invited twenty young ladies to receive with us in the Green Parlor & we had the room crowded for two hours. After the Reception we all adjourned to the Library & partook of chocolate, ices, cakes etc. At eight P.M. I went to the Ebbitt House (to attend a dance) & stayed until 12 P.M. Col. Bacon was my escort & as usual made me have a delightful time.

Met Mrs. Alexander & Capt. Jowett there both of whom were very polite.

Sunday Evening

Had a head-ache this morning & could not go to Church, so remained at home & read to Scott.. The youth is quite a book worm & yet not being able to read with ease presses every one into service. Lucy & Eric are out taking a walk & I am resting after a race with Minnie Platt. Minnie is a lovely girl & one of the most admirable characters I ever met.

She does not make a very good impression at first, but the longer you know her the more you esteem her. I have an admirer here but unfortunately he is poor . Don't you know I am very attractive to poor men but never to rich ones. Can't write any more as Cousin Lucy has a headache & wishes me to press her head. You know I am not fond of such work but of course as it is the Presidentess I am charmed, delighted, etc. Adios

Monday [February 25]

Took a long ride with Cousin Lucy today & went to Bell to have my photograph taken. It is rather good but nothing extra. Of course I have only seen the negative but I flatter myself that I am a little better looking than it is. Aunt Mary left this morning for Fort Foote. Think she felt mournful at the last moment & don't wonder. It is very hard to leave all this grandeur & become common folks again.

Mrs. Morse wife of some railroad man took her place at once. You perceive that they lose no time here one comes & another goes. Mrs. M is enormously rich & just as common as dirt (excuse the expression); altogether one of yr "shoddy" women.

We are expecting another guest a Mr. Bierstadt this evening; he is to be present at the State Dinner. By the way I leave some news which I know will disappoint you not one of us young ladies will appear at

the State Dinner. It is to be entirely for old folks. Must say we are all dreadfully put out but nothing can be done. We are to be sent to the theatre & have our dinner when we return. Will endeavor to send you a list of guests, the menu, etc., & hope it will prove satisfactory. Am invited to dine at the Gibson's this evening & as the dinner is given to Aunt & myself must go. Do not think it will be a very grand affair as the invitation came Saturday. Webb and I are great friends & have lots of fun together.

He is very much like his mother always in fine spirits & ready for everything. Lucy has spent about three hours in the Blue Parlor with Mr. Bergland. They are the most devoted couple & carry on extensively to my intense amusement. Lucy has the most sentimental look & becomes quite babyish & lisps when he is around. It disgusts me & I will never be married if I have to make such a spectacle of myself. Why has Mina's marriage been delayed a month? Have heard from Sassande only once since my arrival here; guess Saxon engrosses her time

to the exclusion of everyone else. Papa's friend Judge Leonard left for Cuba this morning to make Marie a visit. I have changed my opinion of him & think him horrid. You see he addressed Miss Mamie Mitchell of Lex. & she rejected him & now instead of behaving like a gentleman, he insinuates that she is very much in love with him but that he has given her up. What do you think of that.

Hope Nan's autograph album will get here soon or it will be too late for me to have it filled for her.

Tuesday Morning.

Went to the Gibson's last night & had quite a pleasant time. I was the only lady invited but there were plenty of gentlemen. Among others friends of Papa's, Col. Johnson, a son of Albert Sidney Gen. Gibson proposed Papa's health which we all drank in a bumper of Champagne. The Gen. is an agreeable man & has a very pretty wife. Don't like Miss Montgomery very well. Think her quite commonplace & uninteresting.

The table was lovely & the diluter excellent. Can not give the exact menu but will make an effort & send a memoranda of all I recollect. I wore my black silk, diamond cross & flowers in my hair. Miss Montgomery was in blue; Mrs. M. & Mrs. Gibson in black. I went at seven & remained until half past nine. Gen. Gibson was my escort in to dinner. On leaving I was presented with an exquisite bouquet of tea rose buds; violets, & smilax. Came home & spent the rest of the night with the family. The President gives his last Reception tonight & great preparations are going on down

stairs. It lasts from 8 P.M. till 10 P.M. & afterwards we young people are to go to Mrs. E~nbry's, another reception. Tomorrow night is the last "Assembly Ball" & we all intend to go. Received Mame's letters this morning but fear it will do no good for me to say anything. No one has any influence with Cousin Rutherford his wife least of all, & we relations never mention offices. He is very kind and polite to me but I would as soon be hugged by a Polar Bear as mention business to him I read Papa's letter to Aunt Mary & said what

I could to her for Gen. Greene why in earth did Nan have so little sense as to hurt Dora's feelings about that note paper. I would not have had it occur for any thing & I think Nan very silly to have mentioned it. Dora's letter was very nicely written & most welcome & I awn provoked with Nan for not behaving more sensibly. Mary Breckinridge is here spending a week with Fanny & the two little people seem to have a good time generally. Can't write any more today. Cousin Lucy just called me to go down & see company.


Wednesday [February 27]

The Reception Last slight was a grand success. It began at exactly a quarter to eight & lasted over two hours. The President & Cousin Lucy stood in the middle of the Blue Parlor (which is between the Red & Green Parlors) to receive the guests. While Millie Platt, Emma Foote, Mrs. Andrews, Lucy McFarland, Millie Sherman & I were grouped behind them to entertain such friends as chose to come

& see us. The family dining room & the state dining room were used as cloak rooms after leaving their wraps people fell in line passed through the hall, entered the Red Parlor, passed through it to the Blue where they were first presented to the President by Webb & then to Cousin Lucy by Col. Casey the Master of Ceremonies. Each one shook hands bowed & left the room by the "Green Parlor". Thence on to the "East Room" where they congregated until there was a dense mass.

Cousin Lucy & I both wore our white silk. Minnie Platt a blue damasse & Lucy a white robe of same material. We had a glorious time & circulated around generally. At 11 P.M. Mr. Rutherford Mead a Cousin of Mr. Hayes escorted me to a party given by Mrs. Secretary Sherman where I opened the ball by a square dance with general Sherman. He is awfully kind and attentive to me & if his daughter ever comes South we must exert ourselves to the utmost for her benefit. Count Litta of the Italian

Legation was most polite to me but he was an awful bore. Miss Grundy spoke of my dress as one of the most elegant toilets of flee season. Tonight I am going to attend the Assembly with Webb Hayes & expect to enjoy. myself exceedingly.

Thursday morning [February 28]

Feel as though should like to retire to my downy couch again but suppose I ought to write up this everlasting "Journal" first started for the Assembly at "Marine's Hall" last night at 10 P.M. Minnie Platt went with Col. Bacon & I with my dear

Webb. I wore a pale blue silk with white lace veil as an over dress beautifully looped with delicate blue flowers & lillies of the valley had my hair puffed & wore a lovely wreath of lillies of the valley. Lou Breckenridge, Mrs. Alexander, Mrs. Emory & Admiral Mullany were present & seemed to be having a very nice time. The Hall is splendid for dancing & of course being from the Ex Mansion I had no lack of partners all of my dances were divided among three or four gentlemen. Gen. Sherman

as usual was very attentive to me & introduced numbers of officers to me. Col. Bacon is another gentleman to whom I am much indebted for politeness & kindness. He is (excuse slang) a "brick" & ought to be promoted. We did not leave the Ballroom until 2 A.M. & were very reluctant to do so even then. Aunt May came up from Fort Foote this morning. She is to start for Lex. tomorrow with Judge Harlan & Miss Hatchett. The Grand State Dinner comes off tonight & as one of the

Ladies invited is sick, Aunt is to take her place. We infants are all going to the theatre to see Boucicault in the Shaughraun & are to dine on our return. Luci goes with Eric, Minnie with Mr. Dickinson, I with Mr. Tillman & Webb as general protector.

The proofs for my photo have just arrived. It may sound vain, but Mr. Bell (the photographer) was so pleased with them that he took me in six different positions. I insisted upon his not doing so but he would take no denial & even took to [sic] of them

himself. Think he will be overpowered when he learns that I only want a half doz. Knowing that you wanted the clothes rather than the face I paid a great deal of attention to the proper arrangement of the trail & even wore any best bonnet. It gives me the greatest pleasure to inform you that Cousin Lucy really seems fond of me & when I mentioned my departure she said "No my dear, I do not intend to let you off so soon. I am thinking strongly of going to Chillicothe soon

Guests at State Dinner

February 28th /78

The President & Mrs. Hayes

Chief Justice & Mrs. Waite

Speaker of the House & Mrs. Randall

Justice & Mrs. Miller

Secretary of Treasury & Mrs. Sherman

Postmaster General & Mrs. Key

Senator & Mrs. Morrill

Senator & Mrs. Window

Senator Ferry

Senator & Mrs. Gordon

Senator & Mrs. Dawes

Senator & Mrs. Randolph

Senator Booth

Senator & Mrs. Hill

Mr. & Mrs. Hale

Mr. Swann

Mr. & Mrs. Foster

Mr. & Mrs. Townsend

Mr. Bierstadt (the Artist)

Mrs. Moss

Mrs. McFarland

This dinner although very imposing was not near as pleasant as the one I attended. Aunt says the guests were rather stiff & dull something like Lamb's "Party in a parlor all silent & all damned" (forcible but expressive)

L. Scott

Miss Grundy has written most flattering things about me as have others. I am keeping the choicest bits for you. Please send back the two newspaper slips I sent you last week. I want them particularly. I shall not dispose of my pictures until I hear if you approve. L. Scott


State Dinner Feb 28/78


Consomme' de volaille a'la d'Orleans


Petites bouchees a'la Cardinal


Saumon garni sauce Tartare

Concombres de Serre

Pommes de terre Duchesse


Filet de boeuf a'la jardiniere

Estomacs de dinde a'1 Ambassadrice


Supreme de faisans aux petits pois

Stewed Terrapin a'la Maryland

Tomato farcies a'la provencale

Petites aspics de foies-gras individuelles

Punch a'la Romaine


Perdreaux rotis garnis de cresson

Salad en mayonaise

Canvass back ducks gelee de de groseille


Petits soufflets de fromage au parmesan

Savarins aux supreme de fruit sauce abricots

Gelees biquarrees garnies de quartiers d'Orange


Creams, Ices, Oranges, Malaga grapes, Bon Bons, Candied fruits, Bananas,

Nectar, gages etc.

Cafe Noir

Could suggest a few changes in this menu but have copied it verbatim for yr benefit.

L. Scott.

myself & if I do will take you with me." Of course this plan is as yet very vague & may end in smoke, still would not it be splendid if she did go. You see she would have a private car & I should not have to pay a cent for the trip. However as it is so uncertain please do not fail to let me have my passage money at once as may not be pressed to stay after all. Why does not Nan send her album. By the time this reaches you it will be too late

Aunt M is to send Mammie's last twelve dollars from Lex. We had altogether forgotten it. I remain.

Friday March 1 st /78

You must not be disappointed if this letter for today is stupid for I have just received the most depressing epistle fiom Mama & feel more like indulging in a few drops of the briny than writing this scrawl. Jnthon is either a confounded idiot or a perfect scoundrel. No other person in the world allows mistakes to be made as he does & I would soon

get rid of him if I were in Mama's place. If you have not paid taxes on a piece of land for seven years & no one was any the wiser is not the debt out lawed? We do have worse luck than any family I know of it seems to me about time for Fortune to give her cranky old wheel a turn in our favor. Now listen to my plan & tell me what you think of it. I intend to write to Aunt Minnie & see if she can get me a French Class in Chatsworth & if she can I will go there to spend the summer. It is the cheapest place I can think of & by teaching all

summer I can probably make enough to bring me home. If that plan fails Auult M. has invited me to stay with her & teach in Lex. I shall not need a new dress for Lucy's wedding as my white silk is lovely & perfectly fresh. Aunt Mary now speaks of delaying the affair till June for Cousin Lucy Hayes benefit who might not be able to come until that time & naturally I could not go home in June. However I leave all that to you & will come home or stay for the wedding just as you may think best. I have just been thinking

that even if I do come to New Orleans I can not possibly pass the summer there in safety but would have to be sent down to some plantation or else have some swamp fever & lose all I have gained. Have you entirely given up yr trip to Asheville? Do try to get there it would be so good for you all & I only wish Papa could go also. Enough croaking for the present & I will write upon a pleasanter topic viz yesterday's entertainments. The State Dinner began at seven P.M. & at six P.M. Webb Minnie & myself stepped into

the dining room to take a last fond look at the table. It was gorgeous & far beyond my poor descriptive powers. In the centre was the huge mirror with raised golden edges containing four golden epergnes heaped with the rarest exotics. At each end two more gold epergnes filled with choice flowers which scented the air with their delicious perfume. At each plate was a lovely silver flower holder containing alternately a bunch of exquisite tea rose buds & a dainty little boutonniere. Scattered around promiscuously

were queer crystal & china dishes filled with French bonbons, candied fruits, nectar mottoes & on each snowy napkin was a large gilt edged card with the name of the person to occupy that seat. Hiawatha's boat purchased by Mrs. Grant at the Centennial occupied a prominent position upon a fancy table & was mtich admired. It is of silver floating upon a crystal lake & is kept laden with violets, roses, prim roses & lillies of the valley. The Marine Band was stationed in the hall

just outside the dining room & "discoursed sweet music" while dinner was going on. Minnie & I hid behind a door & watched the guests enter the "Blue Parlor" where Cousin Lucy & the President stood in state to receive them. I only remember four of the dresses viz Cousin Lucy's an elegant robe of pale grey & some other unknown color made by Moskowitz & worth $350.00. Miss Moss's a black velvet with superb point lace cape. Mrs. Justice Miller's Quaker grey or cream

I don't know which with an elegant overskirt of black lace & Aunt Mary's a wine colored brocade & velvet, she Ivory Lucy's diamond earrings & my cross & looked like a duchess. At twenty minutes of eight our party left for the theatre & had a very jolly time. We got home at 11 P.M. & at once went in to dinner. I for one was famished & did justice to the dainties so lavishly provided. We had everything that had been served at the

State Dinner & feasted like kings & queens being zealously served by elegant youths in white chokers & swallow tails. Boucicault is inimitable & one of the best actors I ever had the pleasure of seeing. He is about sixty & does not look a day over eighteen as Conn the Shaughraun. Aunt Mary left this morning at 8:30 A.M. & was seen to the depot by Webb & her loving daughter. I was in high feather until Mama's letter arrived which acted upon me like a violent shower bath. Do hope I shall recover

by night as I am booked for two parties. By the way did you hear of Cousin Belle Welch's death. It was very sudden & overwhelmed the family. It was thought that she had cancer of the stomach but whatever it was it went to her brain & killed her immediately. Now though this journal is for the family still this part is for Mama & Papa alone: It is impossible for me to do any thing for office seekers & still more so for Cousin Lucy. Mr. Hayes is like granite & having once said his wife & relatives were to have no influence he meant it. I am very sorry as I should

like to do anything in my power to please you both but this is out of the question. The celebrated artist Al. Bierstadt is a guest here at present & a most charming man. I have had several chats with him & he has painted me two exquisite butterflies which are rendered very valuable by his initials in one corner. Tell you what mes amis it is very nice to know celebrated people & be on terms of equality with them. Yesterday Mr. Berglund took me out driving & we had a delightful time.

Saw the Agricultural grounds, the Smithsonian Museum, the Naval Monument, the English Minister's house & many other objects of interest. I intend going through the Capitol, the Treasury Building, Mint, Patent Office etc. next week & will not fail to tell you of all I see.

The "Silver Bill" has passed & yesterday Cousin Rutherford received the first dollar coined under flee new act. It is a very handsome piece of money & has quite a showy eagle.

Am so glad the Peterson's are not friends of Mama's for they are awfully common looking & I was really ashamed to know them.

I want to send this journal today & may add a little more before doing so, but just now must close as Webb is waiting to play billiards with me. Enclosed you will find bill of fare for the State Dinner & a list of guests who attended.


4 P.M. About the photographs I will send you one as soon as they are finished.

Surely there is no one in New Orleans to whom you could possibly wish to give one & I have so many calls for them up here. For instance Cousin Lucy, Nettie McDowell, Mamie McCreary, Aunt Sallie & Minnie Platt. Minnie has just given me one of her which is excellent & made me promise one of myself in return. I have a very good photo of Cousin Lucy & she will give me on of Cousin Rutherford & the children. Tell Aunt Dora that Howard is the image of Webb Hayes in fact I never

saw a stronger family likeness.

6 P.M.

Minnie has not yet given one the menu & I can't wait any longer so will send it next week. Please preserve this journal for me with care. It is abominably written but will be interesting for one to look over in years to come. When you finish reading it just lock it up in my secretary. With love to all. Most aff. L. Scott.

Journal for week beginning

March 2d/78


March 78

Mes amis

Was sorry not to be able to send you the menu of the State Dinner but you shall certainly have it this week. Last night for a wonder I did not go out - stayed home to help Cousin Lucy receive. The callers were awfully stupid poor Mme Hayes & myself were frightfully bored. At 10:30 P.M. the last person left & then

Mr. Bierstadt, Webb, Minnie & I retired to the Library & played whist until 12 P.M. when Lucy & Emma Hook returned frown a reception & broke up our game. We had a fine lunch on the hall table & retired about 2 A.M. What do you think of such midnight orgies? Mr. Bierstadt has painted me five beautiful butterflies as a souvenir. I intend to cut them out & paste them on our student's lamp when I really home.

Cousin Lucy gives her Last Reception today & to our great dismay has decided to have it in the Blue Parlor. It will

be a terrible jam & ruinous on our best bibs & tuckers. Mrs. Key, Miss Schurz, Mrs. McCreary [McCrary], Mrs. Sherman, Mrs. Evarts, & Mrs. Thompson will stand with Cousin Lucy & Rutherford & the Misses Evarts, Minnie, Lucy, Emma & myself will be grouped around the room to entertain our friends. A great many people here take me for Lucy & vice versa to our great amusement. L. vows it is only because we have the same hair dresser, but I tell her that she ought to be highly complimented instead of trying to get out of it. So far have seen nothing of Miss Cummin. She may have called while I

was out. Now my dear family I must bid you adieu as the hair dresser is waiting for me.

Sunday Morning [March 3]

Just as I expected the Reception was a "Jam" & our trains suffered, also our feet. Think as an average that I had about one man a minute on mine & was seized with a wicked desire to dance over every dress that approached me. Cousin Lucy wore an elegant dress of wine brocade & velvet extremely becoming & very stylish. Mrs. Key a pink silk damask, Mrs. McCrary blue silk, Miss Schurz black silk with black lace over white. Mrs. Dennison

black silk; Miss Evarts white cashmere trimmed with blue; her sister ditto trimmed with pink. Emma was attired in white silk underskirt with polonaise of some gauzy cream & blue material Minnie in a Nile green silk & Lucy & I as twins in our black silks with coral ornaments. A great many distinguished people were present among others Count Litta; General Cesnola; the Swedish Minister & Lady; Mr. Bierstadt; Miss Jewett the authoress; Mr. & Mrs. Bancroft & Mrs. Dennison, wife of Gov. Dennison

The Reception commenced promptly at 3 P.M. & lasted until 5:15 during which time there was a constant stream of people entering by the Red Parlor paying their respects in the "Blue," passing on to else "Green" & then straggling around the East Room which soon became densely crowded with human beings. Once or twice I mustered sufficient courage to attempt a tour of the rooms with Mrs. Andrews (wife of the artist) & Mrs. Rogers (wife of Cousin Rudd's private secretary) but was so squeezed & trampled upon that I was glad to beat a hasty

retreat to the Blue Parlor. A Gen. Kyler or Tyler came up to me & said he had seen you all only a week or so past & had promised to call upon me. The old gentleman seemed to have very tender recollections of a certain dish of "gumbo" made by our cook for his especial edification. Last night I was too tired to go out & as we had no visitors spent the evening on Cousin Lucy Hayes' bed carrying on generally & having a good time. Minnie stayed to keep me company & Lucy went with Emma to some

stupid old "Tea." Webb dropped in upon us in the course of the evening & commenced a systematic course of teasing, which ended in his being ignominiously expelled & the door locked. He is a dear old fellow & full of fun. Don't know how we would get along without him. Cousin Lucy says I must not think of leaving this week as she wishes to take me to Chillicothe herself if she goes. Did I ever tell you all that Emily & Jennie Herran were engaged. Well they are; the former to a Mr. Parsons of

Tuesday Mch 5th/78

Alas! My forebodings were only to [sic] well founded & I am now a melancholy wreck. Mr. Bergland was to take me to the theatre & after dinner I rushed upstairs to get ready but Webb was on the watch. He waited until I got into the bath-room & then locked me in & not withstanding my plaintive wails & entreaties he kept me there until Mr. B. arrived; meanwhile rummaging my jewel box & discovering several horrid tin types; among others that frightful group of Papa, Nan, Mame, & Dora. When I was released from durnace vile Webb had disappeared so I went to his room. Made a " ? " in his bed, hid his brush &

comb; wrote him a sweet note which I pinned on his pillow & left the Ma 1sion happy. The evening was very cold & bracing & I enjoyed the walk to the Theatre very much. Raymond is splendid "Risks," in fact as good in it as he is in Col. Sellers. We had excellent seats viz. could both see & be seen but were not too near the stage. Did not get home till 1l P.M. & when I entered this apartment thought that I surely had the nightmare. Such a scene you never witnessed. Webb had stacked the room; that is turned every chair sofa & table in it upside down; emptied the contents of drawers, ward robes & trunks in a promiscuous heap torn the bed to pieces, placing the mattress on the floor the sheets etc under it; deposited the pin cushions on the slop jar & the

foot stools on the bureau; covered our gowns with flour & our brushes with pepper; in fine done every thing a scamp could think of. Poor Lucy did not enjoy the affair very much but was obliged to help me straighten up. We finished about l A.M. & were as tired as though we had danced all night. This morning Webb most innocently inquired "if I had slept well," but I intend to fix him yet. Mama's very welcome letter & the two autograph albums arrived this morning. I have already procured Cousin Rutherford's & Cousin Lucy's signatures & hope to obtain those of the Cabinet this afternoon. Am sorry Nan put any names in hers before sending it on. How in the world did Aunt Minnie ever leave May & Scott? Lucy & I were astounded whets we heard she was with you, but

Victoria Emory & Mrs. Bacon came in soon after we did. Minnie has gone out to dine & departed looking most mournful. Dear old girl, she has been most kind & affectionate to me & I can never repay her. I am glad your were all pleased with my journal but can not agree with you in thinking it well written. Why I always scribble in a great hurry & never stop to choose my expressions or avoid repetition. I slave merely endeavored to write as far as possible a sketch of each day's pleasures & occupations to repay you all for yr many sacrifices in my favor. That is I should say to let you see how happy I was & of course that would repay you. The five dollars for my photos reached me in safety. What do you think of my

spending part of the summer with Aunt Minnie? It would be economical & then we get along so well that it would be nice for us both. Mrs. Dodge & Miss Cumins called on me yesterday. I feel very sorry for the latter & will certainly mention her name to the President & cousin Lucy; still I do not for a moment expect any opinion to have the least weight with His Excellency. Cousin Rudd received an autograph letter from the Spanish King Alphonso, announcing his marriage & Senor Mantilla the Spanish Minister read it to him. He also got a long letter from Rome signed by the three principal Cardinals & speaking of the great loss the "Church" had sustained in the death of Pius IX. One of

those cardinals is now Pope Leo. His signature I noticed particularly, it was so tiny, just this style (Pica) though of course he had his full name.

Wednesday Mel, 6/78

Lent has begun & we have bid adieu to balls, parties & Receptions & prepared to rest for six weeks. Am very much afraid you will not find my journal very interesting now as I will have no more society events to chr