Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
1ST Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
_______LH- Misc. Mss______
Scope and Content
This collection was donated to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in 2009.
This Ohio Civil War regiment was originally mustered into service as the 117th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry in September 1862 at Camp Portsmouth, Ohio. The regiment included 8 companies totaling 796 men. In October 1862, they were sent to Kentucky to engage in guard duty and expeditions against local guerrillas. After seven months in Kentucky, the War Department ordered the regiment’s reorganization to the 1st Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery. The new regiment was officially recognized on August 12, 1863 and consisted of 12 companies with 1,839 men.
The newly renamed regiment was soon moved to Covington and Newport, Kentucky to construct fortifications. The men were also assigned to guard duty in Kentucky and Tennessee. After completing these assignments, the 1st O.V.H.A participated in Burbridge and Stoneman’s raids against Saltville. Forming part of the 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Cumberland, the regiment was engaged in guarding mountain passes and garrisoning captured points in Virginia and North Carolina. Upon the surrender of Lee and Johnson, they served in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. The 1st O.V.H.A was mustered out of service on July 25, 1865 at Knoxville, Tennessee.
Scope and Content
This collection, spanning from 1862 to 1917, contains 13 carte de visite Civil War images. Five of the images are of men who served in the 1st Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery regiment. The collection also includes the pension and medical disability certificates of Hubbard E. Dwelle, 1st Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, Company M. Also included are images of several other Civil War soldiers identified as relatives of Dwelle. The album containing the images is believed to have belonged to Dwelle of Erie County, Ohio. Photocopies of military papers and a photographic scan of Carl Ohlemacher, appearing with the 14th Infantry, Companies D and F during his service in the Philippine Insurrection and the Chinese Relief Expedition are also part of this collection.
Carte de Visite images
1st Ohio Heavy Artillery, Company M
Lt. James H. Ainsley
Capt. Henry J. Bly
Lt. Levi Prentice
Sgt. Alvin Woolson
Pvte. Alfred Nichols
Robert Brieze (sp?)
65th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company I
Capt. Jacob. Cristofel
12th Ohio Veterans Reserve Corps
A. J. Biddison (Zanesvile, Ohio)
R.E. Weeks (regiment unknown, back mark: Sandusky, Ohio)
General Lew Wallace
Johnson’s Island- Military Prison (Sandusky, Ohio – Lake Erie)
Carte de visite of hand drawn unidentified military camp
Hubbard E. Dwelle 1st O.H.V.A., Company M (Military Pension Certificate/Disability Certificate
Photograph Reproduction (1899-1902) – 14th Infantry Co. D&F- Carl Ohlemacher
(top row, 1st on left)
Carl Ohlemacher- (Photocopies of discharge paper and military record, typed list of battles and engagements; Expedition to the Philippine Islands, China Relief Expedition)