Local History Collections

Collection ID: 285
Location: LH 30

(Description ID: 595410)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums

John B. Rice




Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content





Related collections include those of Robert S. Rice, Robert H. Rice, Henry Rice, Ada Rice, J. W. Pero, Monroe Smith, and the Fry family.  An extensive collection of family photographs accompanies the collection.

Biographical Sketch

John Birchard Rice was born in Lower Sandusky, Ohio on June 23, 1832.  He was the second son of Dr. Robert S. and Eliza Ann (Caldwell) Rice.  After his public school education, he spent three years at the printer's trade in the office of the Sandusky County Democrat.  The wages he earned enabled him to obtain further education at Oberlin College and to prepare for medical school.  After two years at Oberlin College, Rice entered the medical college at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor from which he graduated in 1857.

Rice then returned to Fremont to enter practice with his father.  In 1859, he continued his medical studies by entering the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia.  He also attended clinics in medicine at Bellevue Hospital in New York.  He then returned to Fremont, but was soon caught up in the Civil War.

When the war broke out, Dr. John B. Rice volunteered his services and was assigned as assistant surgeon of the Tenth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  He served under Colonel Lytle through early battles in western Virginia (West Virginia).  On November 25, 1861, he was promoted to surgeon and assigned to the 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the regiment raised in Fremont, Ohio by Ralph P. Buckland. Dr. Rice served with this regiment for three years.  He was present when the 72nd withstood the shock of the Battle of Shiloh on April 6-7, 1862.  During this battle, Dr. Rice was to lose many personal effects, including letters from his wife.  This was unfortunately to lead to his destruction of most of her letters to him during the remainder of the war, thus avoiding their seizure by the Confederates.  He was to serve, in part, during his military career as surgeon-in-chief of Lauman's and Tuttle's divisions of the 15th Army Corps and of the District of Memphis when it was commanded by General Ralph P. Buckland.  He apparently had a reputation for being the life of the camp, cheerful as well as sympathetic and watchful for the interest of his comrades.  He won the respect and admiration of the men who came under his surgical and medical care.  One of his surgical achievements was to perform the rare operation of an elbow joint resection on Private J. L. Jackson of Company A of the 72nd OVI. Medical records reveal that he performed two surgical amputations on May 14, 1863, but both soldiers died of complications following the operations, not an unusual occurrence in the Civil War.  How many successful operations he performed is unknown.

Dr. Rice described his experiences in and feelings about the war in a voluminous correspondence with his wife, brothers, and parents between 1861 and 1864.  He left military service in early December 1864 to return to Fremont and his wife whom he had married on December 12, 1861.  He resumed his interrupted medical practice in association with his brother, Dr. Robert H. Rice who had completed his medical education at the University of Michigan.

Dr. John B. Rice was to become eminent in his profession and participated in the county, district and state medical societies.  For several years he was a member of the faculty at the Charity Hospital Medical College in Cleveland where he gave lectures in 1868 and 1869.  He also lectured on military surgery and obstetrics.  He contributed articles to medical journals and was recognized by his peers as an able member of the medical profession.  Dr. Rice was active in civic affairs in the community.  He served on the city board of health and as a member of the board of pension examiners.  He gave of his means and influence to aid in any project for the prosperity and welfare of the community.

The height of his civic activity came in 1880.  On August 10, 1880, the Republican district congressional convention at Clyde nominated Dr. John B. Rice for the Tenth District of Ohio seat in Congress.  This district included Erie, Hancock, Huron, Sandusky, and Seneca counties.  Rice won the nomination in the second ballot when the Seneca County delegation shifted enough of its votes to assure victory.  In the congressional election on October 12, 1880, Rice won by a margin of 1368 votes.  A victory celebration was held in Fremont at which delegations from all the counties in the district gathered for a parade and speeches by Dr. Rice, Governor Charles Foster and others.  Dr. John B. Rice was to serve only in the Forty-seventh Congress.  He became frustrated by and disillusioned with the dull, routine character of the work of a congressman.  He, therefore, declined the nomination of his party for a second term.  He returned to Fremont with his wife and two children, Lizzie, born September 18, 1865 and Wilson, born July 2, 1875.  He resumed his medical practice and his management of the Trommer Extract of Malt Company.

Dr. Rice was one of the founders of the Trommer Extract of Malt Company in 1875.  Others involved in this venture were: Dr. Robert H. Rice, Ralph and Stephen Buckland, and Gustavus A. Gessner.  Dr. John B. Rice continued his medical practice until he became seriously ill with Bright's disease.  This illness gradually sapped his strength and, when pneumonia set in, his death became imminent.  He died on January 13, 1893.

Scope and Content

Extending from 1830 to 1911, the collection contains the personal, political, and business correspondence of Dr. John B. Rice.  Of particular note is Rice=s Civil War correspondence to his wife and family (1861 to 1864).  The collection contains correspondence, notes, brochures, and circulars relating to his medical practice and documents associated with his position as a surgeon in the Civil War, including hospital bills, orders, supply inventories, and reports of the 72nd OVI. Box 3 contains numerous letters from Civil War veterans seeking pensions and/or documentation of war related disabilities.  Family correspondence includes that of his wife, Sarah Wilson Rice, and his brothers, Henry, Robert, and Charles F.  As one of the founders of the Trommer Extract of Malt Co. and a partner in the Lampazos Silver Mine, Rice generated an extensive series of business papers.  Medical account books exist for the years 1867, 1869, 1870, 1872, and 1873 - 1875.  Rice=s political papers offer some sense of the political climate in Ohio during the late 1870's and the early 1880's.  However, much of the political correspondence derives from his constituents.  In particular, the appointment of General Samuel Sturgis as head of the National Soldiers= Home generated letters from angry Civil War veterans.  Many of the veterans living in Rice=s district felt Sturgis was undeserving of the appointment because of his leadership at the Battle of Guntown.  A small amount

of material relates to the early history of Sandusky County, its churches, and medical organizations.  An index to the collection is available.


1800 Items.

Box 1


1. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1863

2. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1871

3. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1872

4. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1873

5. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1874, 1876-1877

6. Receipts/Invitations - 1882, 1917, 1920, 1921

7. Kenyon College Records - 1893-1896

8. Kenyon College Records - 1893-1896

9. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence & Will - 1883, 1902, 1904

10. Sarah W. Rice - Financial Receipts

11. Sarah W. Rice - Financial Receipts

12. Miscellaneous Material -  John B. Rice

13. Charles F. Rice

14. John B. Rice Medical School Papers

15. John B. Rice Eulogy

16. Medical Advertisements

17. John B. Rice Medical Statements

18. Correspondence - 1853

19. Correspondence - 1854

20. Medical Notes - 1855

21. Correspondence - 1858

22. Correspondence - 1859

23. Civil War Muster Roll of Cooks/Nurses - 1861-1863

24. Civil War - 1861-1862

25. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills

26. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills - 1862

27. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills - 1862

28. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Invoices - 1862

29. Civil War Orders & Reports - July-September 1862

30. Buckland=s Regiment (72nd) at Shiloh  (Speech)

31. Civil War Orders & Reports - October-November 1862

32. Civil War Orders & Reports - January-February 1863

33. Civil War Orders & Reports - March 1863

34. Civil War Orders & Reports - April-June 1863

35. Civil War Orders & Reports - August-September 1863

36. Civil War Orders & Reports - October-November 1863

37. Civil War Orders & Reports - 1864

38. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills - 1864

39. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Invoices - February-July 1863

      Medical/Hospital Stores

40. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Invoices - August-September 1863

      Medical/Hospital Stores

41.  Home, March 15, 1863 [Ac.5982]

42.  Sarah E. Rice to "Brother John" June 7, 1863 [Ac.5982]

43.  E.A. Rice to "Son John" July 26,/63 [Ac.5982]

Box 2


1. Constituents= Correspondence - January 1-17, 1882

2. Constituents= Correspondence - January 18-20, 1882

3. Constituents= Correspondence - January 21-31, 1882

    Also Guntown Affair Letters - January 28, 1882, January 30, 1882

4. Constituents= Correspondence - February 14-23, 1882

5. Constituents= Correspondence - February 24-28, 1882

6. Constituents= Correspondence - March 1-19, 1882

7. Constituents= Correspondence - March 20-31, 1882

8. Constituents= Correspondence - April 1-14, 1882

9. Constituents= Correspondence - April 15-30, 1882

    Also Guntown Pamphlet - April 15, 1882

10. Constituents= Correspondence - May 1-14, 1882

11. Constituents= Correspondence - May 15-24, 1882

12. Constituents= Correspondence - May 25-31, 1882

13. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - 1853-1857

14. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - February-September 1858

15. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - October 1858

16. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - November-December 1858

17. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - January 1859

18. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - February 1859

19. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - March-April 1859

20. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - May 1859

21. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - June 1859

22. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - July 1859

23. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - January-February 1860

24. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - March-May 1860

25. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - June-July 1860

26. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - August 1860

27. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - September-October 1860

28. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - November-December 1860

29. Civil War Correspondence - February-May 1861

30. Civil War Correspondence - June-July 1861

31. Miscellaneous Correspondence - September- December 1861

32. Civil War Correspondence - January-February 1862

33. Civil War Correspondence - March 1862

34. Civil War Correspondence - Shiloh - April 1862

35. Civil War Correspondence - Corinth - May 1862

36. Civil War Correspondence - June-July 1862

37. Civil War Correspondence - Ft. Pickering - August-September 1862

38. Civil War Correspondence - Ft. Pickering - October 1862

39. Civil War Correspondence - November-December 1862

40. Civil War Correspondence - Corinth, MS - January 1863

41. Civil War Correspondence - White Station, TN - February 1-12, 1863

42. Civil War Correspondence - White Station, TN - February 13-28, 1863

43. Civil War Correspondence - Helena, AK - April 1863

44. Civil War Correspondence - Youngs Point, LA - April 1863

45. Civil War Correspondence - Vicksburg, MS - May 1863

46. Civil War Correspondence - Vicksburg, MS - June 1863

47. Civil War Correspondence - Black River, MS - July 1863

48. Civil War Correspondence - Black River, MS - August 1863

49. Civil War Correspondence - Vicksburg, MS - September-October 1863

50. Civil War Correspondence - LaGrange, TN - November 1863

51. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - LaGrange, TN - December 1863

52. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Germantown & Memphis, TN -  January 1864

53. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Memphis, TN - February 1864

54. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Paducah & Memphis, TN - April 1864

55. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Memphis, TN - May 1864

56. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Memphis, TN - July 1864

57. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - February 1865

58. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice -1870-1879

59. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice – 1880

60. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1881

61. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - January-March 1882

62. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - April-December 1882

63. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1884-1885

64. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1890-1900

65. Correspondence - Charles Wilson - n.d.

66. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

67. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

68. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

69. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

70. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

71. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

72. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

73. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.

74. Correspondence from daughter Lizzie - n.d.

75. Correspondence from friends - n.d.

76. Seminary Reports - 1859-1860

77. Early Correspondence of Sarah Wilson - Miscellaneous

78. Letters to brother Robert & daughter Lizzie - 1872-1884

79. Letters from Henry, Lizzie - 1879-1880

80. Receipts - June 1882

81. Constituents= Correspondence - July 1882

82. Receipts - August-December 1882

83. Receipts, Newspaper Clippings - January-February 1883

84. Receipts - March 1883

85. Constituents= Correspondence - April-May 1883

86. 10th Census - June-August 1883

87. 10th Census, Receipts - September-October 1883

88. 10th Census, Receipts - November-December 1883

89. Patients= & Constituents= Correspondence - January-June 1884

90. Constituents= Correspondence - June-September 1884

91. Constituents= Correspondence - October-December 1884

92. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - 1885

93. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - 1886

94. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - 1887

95. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - 1888

96. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - Business - 1889

97. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - Business - 1890

98. Receipts, Constituents= Correspondence - Business - 1891

99. Receipts, Business Papers - 1892-1897

100. J. W. Rice, Receipts - 1898-1937

Box 3


1. Military Pension Material - 1830-1839

2. Military Pension Material - Miscellaneous - Undated

3. Military Pension Material - 1864

4. Military Pension Material - 1865

5. Military Pension Material - 1875

6. Military Pension Material - 1877-1878

7. Military Pension Material - 1879

8. Military Pension Material - January-March 1880

9. Military Pension Material - April-June 1880

10. Military Pension Material - September-October 1880

11. Military Pension Material - November-December 1880

12. Military Pension Material - January-February 1881

13. Military Pension Material - March-April 1881

14. Military Pension Material - May-June 1881

15. Military Pension Material - July-August 1881

16. Military Pension Material - September-November 1881

17. Military Pension Material - December 1-15, 1881

18. Military Pension Material - December 16-24, 1881

19. Military Pension Material - December 25-31, 1881

20. Military Pension Material - January 1-15, 1882

21. Military Pension Material - January 16-24, 1882

22. Military Pension Material - January 25-31, 1882

23. Military Pension Material - February 1-15, 1882

24. Military Pension Material - February 16-24, 1882

25. Military Pension Material - February 25-29, 1882

26. Military Pension Material - March 1-15, 1882

27. Military Pension Material - March 16-24, 1882

28. Military Pension Material - March 25-31, 1882

29. Military Pension Material - April 1-15, 1882

30. Military Pension Material - April 16-23, 1882

31. Military Pension Material - April 25-30, 1882

32. Military Pension Material - May 1-15, 1882

33. Military Pension Material - May 16-24, 1882

34. Military Pension Material - June 1882

35. Military Pension Material - July-December 1882

36. Military Pension Material - May-December 1883

37. Military Pension Material - 1885

38. Military Pension Material - 1889-1890

39. Bidwell Papers - 1833-1834

40. Bidwell Papers - 1833-834

41. Bidwell Papers - 1839-1840

42. Bidwell Papers - 1841

43. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1819-1838

44. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - Undated

45. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1839

46. Old Pleadings & Memoranda – 1840

47. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1841

48. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1842

49. Old Pleadings - J. Koons vs H. Randell - 1831-1845

50. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - n.d.

51. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1908-1909

52. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1910

53. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - February-May 1911

54. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - October-December 1911

55. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1912

56. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1913

57. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1914

58. Printed Materials - n.d.

59. Printed Materials - n.d.

60. Printed Materials - n.d.

61. Printed Materials - n.d.

62. Printed Materials - n.d.

63. Kenyon College - 1859-1860

64. Election Comments

65. St. Paul=s Episcopal Church - 1859-1903

66. Essay on Medicine

67. Paper on Pneumonia

68. Papers on English Language

69. Miscellaneous

70. Notes: Contracts

71. Publication Recipients & Other Lists

72. Publication Recipients & Other Lists

73. Political Speech: Opera House, Fremont - October 9, 1880

74. Case of Sergeant Mason - 1882

75. Obituary J. B. Rice - 1893; Also Undated Material

76. Post Office

77. Post Office - January-March 1882

78. Post Office - April-July 1882

79. Stationary, Receipts

Box 4 -Ledgers

Miscellaneous Ledgers

Box 5 -Miscellaneous & Ledgers

Miscellaneous Ledgers, Notes, Visits.

Box 6 -Miscellaneous & Photographs

Sandusky Co. Military Exemptions Ledger,  ca.1860=s

Art Prints (69 prints)

The Century Gallery

Magazine Covers - Harper=s & Lippincott (6 covers)


Vatican Square, Rome (1 large photo)

Group Photo of Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Moore and Family, Fort Wayne, IN (1 large photo)

Individual Photos - Unidentified (4 large photos)

Wilson, James W. (4 large photos)

Rice, John B. (54 large prints)

Rice, Robert H. (45 large prints)

Lindbergh, Charles A. (1 large print)

Pero, Catherine L. (2 large photos)


Sarah Wilson Rice



Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content




The letters of Dr. John B. and Sarah Elizabeth Wilson Rice were acquired by the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in 2004.  Sarah Rice’s were digitized by Jacci Pensrose and edited by Laura Wonderly.

Biographical Sketch

Sarah Eliza “Lizzie” Wilson was born April 24, 1842, the oldest child of Dr. James Wilson and Nancy Justice Wilson.  Both her father and mother were prominent citizens of early Fremont, Ohio, and Lizzie led a privileged life.  She was well-educated, having attended Fremont public schools and the Young Ladies’ Seminary in Granville, Ohio.  On December 12, 1862, she married Dr. John Birchard Rice, who was almost ten years her senior.  The newlyweds had only two months together before John left on February 12, 1862 to take his position as regimental surgeon of the 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  Lizzie lived with her parents while her husband was away, but wrote him regularly, telling of all the happenings in Fremont.  Lizzie and John had two children:  Lizzie Wilson Rice, born September 18, 1865; and James Wilson Rice, born July 2, 1875.  Sarah “Lizzie” Rice was a life-long member of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, in which she was very active.  After suffering a stroke, she died June 15, 1928 at her home on Court Street in Fremont, Ohio.

Scope and Content

The bulk of this collection contains letters which John Rice wrote to his wife and letters she wrote to him during his service in the Civil War.  His letters to her (numbering 16) date from November 28, 1863 to October 15, 1864.  Her letters to him (numbering 36) date from January 17, 1863 to February 10, 1864.  John writes to Lizzie about local soldiers from the 72nd Ohio as well as their family members who may have been visiting in camp.  After the death of Carrie Buckland, daughter of General Ralph P. Buckland, a noticeably grieving John describes the circumstances surrounding her death.  He devotes several letters to the Battle of Guntown (Brice’s Crossroads), giving a particularly stirring account of its devastation and writing very strong words about the incompetence of Brigadier General Samuel D. Sturgis.  Many of the letters deal with Lizzie and her social struggles in Fremont, Ohio. Lizzie reports the activities of their Sandusky County, Ohio, friends and neighbors, informing Dr. Rice of those who died, married, divorced, or gave birth.  Lizzie Rice also tells of parties; fundraisers for the war effort; family activities; political disputes between local Copperheads and Union supporters; the townspeople’s celebration after the Union victory at Gettysburg; and local election results and the town’s reaction.  Her letters give an interesting look at life on the Northwest Ohio home front during the Civil War. Also included in this collection are letters to John from his mother, brother, and friends, and letters to Lizzie from her brother and friend. 


Ac. 5650

John B. Rice Correspondence to wife Sarah Elizabeth Rice

1. La Grange, TN, Nov. 28, 1863

2. Germantown, TN, Dec. 21, 1863

3. Germantown, TN, Dec. 26, 1863

4. Camp near Memphis, Feb. 21, 1864

5. Memphis, May 22, 1864

6. Memphis, May 26, 1864

7. Memphis, Sunday, May 29, 1864

8. Memphis, June 7, 1864

9. Memphis, June 13, 1864

10. Memphis, June 17, 1864

11. Memphis, July 5, 1864

12. Memphis, August 12, 1864

13. Memphis, Sept. 7, 1864

14. Memphis, Oct. 2, 1864

15. Memphis, Oct. 13, 1864

16. Memphis, Oct. 15, 1864

Letters to John B. Rice

17. William Caldwell to J.B.R. dtd. Fremont, Ohio, Aug. 27, 1863

18. Eugene Rawson to J.B.R. dtd. Fremont, Ohio, Aug. 20, 1863

19. Alfred Rice to J.B.R. dtd. Fremont, June 21, 1863

20. E.A. Rice to J.B.R. dtd. Fremont, Nov. 20, 1863

Sarah Elizabeth Rice Correspondence to husband John B. Rice

1. Home, Jan. 17, 1863

2. Home, Jan 22, 1863

3. Home, Feb. 3, 1863

4. Home, Feb. 7, 1863

5. Feb. 8, 1863

6. Home, Feb. 12, 1863

7. Home, Feb. 13, 1863

8. Home, Feb. 14, 1863

9. Home, Feb. 22, 1863

10. March 4, 1863

11. Home, March 5, 1863

12. Home, March 21, 1863

13. Home, March 25, 1863

14. Home, Apr. 7, 1863

15. Fremont, June 21, 1863

16. Fremont, July 2, 1863

17. Home, July 12, 1863

18. Fremont, July 21, 1863

19. Fremont, Aug. 4, 1863

20. Fremont, Aug. 28, 1863

21. Fremont, Sept. 7, 1863

22. Home, Oct. 17, 1863

23. Home, Oct. 23, 1863

24. Home, Oct. 28, 1863

25. Home, Nov. 2, 1863

26. Home, Nov. 17, 1863

27. Home, Nov. 22, 1863

28. Thursday, Nov. 26, 1863

29. Home, Nov. 28, 1863

30. Home, Dec. 2, 1863

31. Home, Dec. 7, 1863

32. Home, Dec. 12, 1863

33. Home, Dec. 17, 1863

34. Home, Jan. 22, 1864

35. Home, Feb. 5, 1864

36. Home, Feb. 10, 1864

Letters to Sarah E. Rice

37. Charlie Wilson to S.E.R. dtd. Gambier, June 19

38. Lizzie E. Wheaton to S.E.R. dtd. Columbus, July 19, 1864

39. Lizzie E. Wheaton to S.E.R. dtd. Columbus, July 21, 1864

40. Lizzie E. Wheaton to S.E.R. dtd. Toledo, Oct. 29, 1864

41. Lizzie E. Wheaton to S.E.R. dtd. Columbus, Jan. 24, 1865

Transcription of Sarah Wilson Rice Correspondence

Home Jan. 17, 1863 

My Own Darling Husband

      I received yours of the 18th and 4th day before yesterday.  They were the first I have had in four weeks and you may be certain that they were very welcome.  I had just concluded to stop writing thinking it was a waste of time and paper (you know paper is dear now) knowing that you did not get my letter, but have made up my mind to keep on now.  Do you think that you will have to go to Vicksburg?  The papers seem to think so but guess they do not know much about it. Hope that you will not go any place where you cannot write.  I used to think it was awful if I did not get a letter every week and it was almost beyond endurance when four weeks elapsed with out hearing a word.  Mrs Buckland has not had one yet but she knows that Col. is well, Dr. Stilwell having a letter from him.  Has he been promoted or is he only acting as Brigadier general?  I heard that he had been but did not believe it.  Should think if it was so that we would have seen it in some of the papers.  If he is not promoted it will not be the fault of his friends for they are trying to have him hard enough.  Dr. S. went to Cleveland to see some man there and have him use his influence to have him promoted.  Do not saying anything about it however for I promised that I would not.  Guess that the Col. is as anxious as any of them.  Do not believe that there is one man in the regiment that if they had as good and as many opportunities to be promoted as you have had would let them pass.  Why do you feel so indifferent about it my dear husband” Is the regt. any dearer to you than it is to the Col.?  He would not hesitate one moment about leaving it.  Do not think my darling that I am scolding for I am not.  If it does sound like it I do not mean that it should and would not have you think so for the world.  Would feel awful if I thought that you would.  I must confess that I get out of patience about it.  If I could only see you five minutes would soon convince you that I do not mean to be cross one bit—but let us change the subject.

      The young folks are getting to have a sleigh-ride to Woodville on Monday evening.  Suppose that will have a dance when they get there.  This is the first sleighing we have had this Winter and almost every person is improving it. You hear nothing but sleigh-bells from morning until night.  Have been wishing for a ride myself but it has ended in wishing.  You said in one of your letters that Poe had resigned.  Do you suppose he will call on me when he gets home?  Has he ever said anything about that affair since the time you wrote me that he had?  We heard here that Harkness had resigned also and that he was expected home any day.  There will not be many of the old officers left if the Col. is promoted will there?  Has Dr. Goodson returned to the regiment yet?  I do not like him at all-- Mrs Rainard and Fred, Lida and Mr. Brundage, Mr. Owen, Minerva and I were all going up to Uncle Homer’s to spend the evening last Tuesday but it was so stormy that we could not go.  Uncle Homer appears as young and lively as a boy of sixteen.  So found of company and is good company himself.  Did you say that you and Gen. Raymond were not good friends.  His wife has never been to see me since he returned home.  She called on Mother while I was in Memphis.  She and Mrs Canfield called here the other day and Mrs Canfield asked for me.  Did not know whether Mrs Raymond was going to ask me to come and see her or not but she finally did.  She asked mother to come and see her without saying a word to me and after she got out of doors turned around and said for both of us to come and see her--  Mrs Buckland and I are going out to Clyde this afternoon.  Ralph is going to take us out in their sleigh.  Will have to close.  Write often my darling.  All send a great deal of love.

                                                Your affectionate wife

I wish you would burn my letters. Do not want the rebels to get them.  Sarah E. Rice  


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Home Jan. 22nd1863 

   Yours of the 6th came to hand today.  It was an awful short letter but a great deal better than none at all.  Am very sorry indeed to learn that you have not received my picture yet.  I sent it by mail and the letter was mailed the 26th of Nov.  I believe.  At any-rate it was the day you left Memphis.  You said you had found out the reason why Dr. Gordon deserted I had heard of his intimacy with that girl before.  Mrs Easton was telling me about it on our way home from Memphis but had forgotten all about it.  Do not see why that would make him desert.  If I was his wife would let him take the hired girl and go where he pleased with her.  Would not care where, only the farther away from me the better.  Would like to hear that funny story.  Is it anything like the story I could not see the “point” to?  I agree with you in thinking that my symptoms are rather suspicious.  Should not wonder if something was up.  I never was as fat as I am now.  Have had to let out some of my dresses.  Shall I engage “Mrs Montgomery”?  I believe you mentioned her last Winter as being a good one.  You know she thinks a good deal of me too.  Mrs Phelps was here this afternoon.  She said she wanted your photograph.  Mary Dillon wants it too and Minerva and Lida and I want one for my album.  Guess you had better have a number taken for I suppose “Mrs Cloud” and “Mrs Deacon Raymond” will each want one.  You had better not take any unless they are good, better than the Colonels.  I suppose it is because you are so handsome that there is such a demand for your pictures.

      Mrs Buckland and I went out to Clyde last Monday afternoon.  Had a real nice ride.  Started at three o’clock spent an hour and a half with Mrs Eaton and reached home about half past-five.  Called on Mrs Harkness but she was not at home.  Had gone to Monroeville to see her sister.  The young folks had a sleigh ride to Woodville on Monday evening.  Some of them did not get home until the next morning.  Should think they must have had a pretty wet time of it for it commenced raining in the night.  Dottie Strong went with Dave Long and Lou Hatfield took Mrs Hinman of course.  Have not heard what kind of a time they had—Hoddy Brightwell was buried day before yesterday.  You remember my writing you that his sister was buried about two weeks ago do you not?  They both had diptheria.  Jennie Fitch has been very sick with it but is getting better now.  They thought she would not live last week and went down for her folks.  Mr. and Mrs McLellan went up on Friday and Amelia and Mary on Saturday.  Mary is sick with it now.  Do not know whether she is at home or in Fostoria.  Orin England’s father wanted me to write and have you ask Orin if he ever got a box or package they sent him sometime ago.  Do not know which it was.  They do not hear from him and so wanted me to write and find out about it.  George Price had Sarah Amsden (Ella’s sister who is spending the Winter with her) to the lecture Monday evening.  I heard he was paying his address to her and should not wonder if it would make a match.  Sarah seems to be a favorite name of his dont you think so my darling?  Mr. Winslow lectured last Monday evening.  I did not go but heard it was a miserable affair.  Mr. Fenifrock delivers the next one.

      Should think from a remark made in your letter that you must consider Dr. St. Clair a “filthy bird”.  You know what I allude to do you not?  His visit to Pittsburg Landing.  Am reading “Old Curiosity Shop” by Dickens.  And so Dr. Kaull had some notion of resigning because he had not been promoted.  Do not blame him I would too.  Mrs Eaton asked Mrs Buckland if she thought the Col. would resign.  She said it depended on circumstances and do not believe but what circumstances are whether he is promoted or not.  They are all anxious for promotion but you.  I wish so much that you would be promoted before you resign.  Do not want it to be said that you was regimental Surgeon nearly two years and did not get any higher.  I know you can be promoted if you want to be and would like you to be something more than regimental surgeon when you leave the service.  Do not care what but the higher the better.  You know how much I love you and how it would gratify me.  Do not blame me for I cannot help feeling as I do.  It always was a weakness of mine that wanting to be at the “top of the heap” as they say.  I know you have a good deal of ambition and it has always been a mystery to me why you was so determined not to get any higher office than the one you now have.  But let us talk about something else.

      Mother said to tell you that she wants your picture and would like to have it now.  Does not want you to wait until you get so old that you look like “Old Kline” before you have it taken.  Al. promised to send me his picture from Columbus but it has not come along yet.  Hal Haynes has resigned and come home.  He brought his darkey with him.  Joe Bartlett is home on furlough.  He is Division Quartermaster.  The Daugherty boys are expected home today and I heard that Mrs Tillotson was expecting George.  They dont give furlough where you are do they.  Are you going to bring Pete along when you come home?  Where did you pick him up.  Wish I had a chance to talk with him when I was there.  Tell him I want he should take good care of you.  Jimmie wants to know when are you coming after him?  Creight Thompson is home.  Charlie Fouke is at home.  Has been mustered out of the service on account of ill health.  Charlie Taylor was wounded at Fredricksburg and is now home.  In a letter from Henry Buckland to his father which is in the Journal he said Crockett had been mustered out of the service, that Harkness had resigned and that he (Henry) had been promoted to Brigade Quartermaster.  He says should Col. Buckland receive a Brigadier’s commission, Eaton would be Colonel; Snyder Lieut Colonel, and Neufer Major.  Where is Gene Rawson!  Should think he would come before Snyder and Neufer.  If they are all promoted you and Kaull and Gene will be the only ones that will keep your old offices.  Hope to see your name in the paper as being promoted before long.  You will please me in that respect if possible won’t you my own darling husband.  No more this time.  All send much love.  Write very often and oblige your true and loving wife—Sarah E. Rice—

      Do not be angry at anything I have written. You wont will you honey?  S.E.R  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Home February 3rd 1863 

My Own Darling husband

      I received yours of the 15th yesterday and one dated the 18th today.  Have not written any for over a week.  Did not know whether to direct to Moscow, Corinth, or Memphis and so thought I would wait until I heard from you.  Am glad to hear that you are not going back to Memphis. You had a hard time since you left there have you not?  Wish you had that nice rubber-coat that is in your box at Memphis.  Think you leaving there was such a foolish operation.  It did not do any good that I can see.  Think some of the officers act as if they were crazy a part of the time.  Mr. Buckland in his last letter seemed to be very much discouraged about the way things are going on there.  Said he has made up his mind that if his brigade was broken up they would not need his services any longer.  Do not mention it for perhaps he would not like to have anything said about it.  Gene Rawson wrote to Ralph Buckland and said he wished he would tell him whose division he was in for he did not know himself.

      Gough lectured in Toledo last evening and Gottschalk and Patti gave a concert there this evening.  I thought some of going out there yesterday morning but it was so very cold that I changed my mind and then too it is about time for Grandmother to come and perhaps she would not like it if I did not stay at home and visit with her.  Minerva and Mr. Everett went out and I guess every person thought they were married.  He took his carpet-bag down to Grandmother’s and had the Bus call there for them.  A number of us went up to the depot with them.  Had a good of sport over it.  The Peak family gave a concert here on Monday evening.  It was a miserable affair.  The Hall was crowded.  Wish Patti would come here.  Would like to hear her so much-- You wanted to know what I have been reading lately.  Have just finished “The Old Curiosity Shop” by Dickens and am now reading a book called “The Orpheus C. Kerr Papers.”  How did you like Great Expectations?  Pip was a great or rather a queer chap wasn’t he?  Am going to get “David Copperfield” to read if I can.  Have been reading some in Artemus Ward’s book.  And so you really have got my picture at last.  Am glad you like it.  What do the Col. And Maj think of it?  I got one of the pictures Al. sent home.  I think they are excellent.  Tell him I am much obliged to him for it.  You think I look more motherly do you.  I don’t believe that I will look motherly at all until I have a baby.  Now if my husband had been as smart as Fitch or Dr. Conger I might have had one by this time.  Now own up did you feel bad when you got the letter saying that I was mistaken about that matter?  I know you would have been almost crazy with joy if it had been true.  Now wouldn’t you, that is if I had been perfectly willing to have it so.  Abbie Haynes has a little daughter and Nat is almost tickled to death about it--  Fen. Dickinson and the Doughterty boys are home on furlough.  They are all looking well.  Creight.  Thompson is going to resign.  Is Hen Buckland Brigade or Division Quartermaster?  Poe brought Mrs Buckland a letter when he came home and the Col wrote that he should call on her.  You did not ask him to call on me again did you?  I heard that Mr Harkness had got home but he has not been here yet.  Should think he would come see us.  I saw Mrs Bruner up at the depot yesterday morning and he said she had a letter from Mr. Bruner about two weeks ago.  Oakley Sotten is home.  Have not seen him but heard that he was confined to his bed.  Dr. Conger is still at the Water Cure in Cleveland.  He is improving fast.  The last time I heard from him he had taken four steps.  I guess Em has gone to visit him.  Charlie Norton was up to see me the other day.  Has gone to Tiffin to see his girl.  Will have to stop writing.  Lida is here.  Write often and oblige your loving wife. 

                                                      All send love,

                                                Lizzie S. Rice  

Home Feb. 7th 1863

My Own Darling Husband 

      I wrote you a few days ago and although I have not received a letter from you since, am going to write you again this evening.  Do not know as I can think of anything to write about but will try and scratch off something.  Forgot to tell you in my last letter that I received a letter from Lue Cruttenden last week.  Was very much surprised when I opened it as she was the last person I expected to hear from.  She wrote a real good letter.  If I did not want to keep it would sent it to you to read.  She had heard that I was offended at her and was never going to forgive her.  Said she had often thought of writing to me once more but feared she would meet with cold neglect but had finally determined to write and ask me to forgive her.  She said she knew she did wrong but gave this as her reason for doing so had heard that I had gone East and did not know whether I had returned or not.  Told me how much she had always loved me and how dearly she loved me now and wanted to know if I would refuse to receive her into my heart as of old.  She says “You have cause to complain dear Lida, but if a fault be acknowledged can you not forgive.”  She is at her fathers.  Did not say anything about her husband but Al. said he was in the army.  All she said about the baby was that her dear little Rice was crying and she would have to go to him.  That is the way with all those squalling babies.  I think it best not to be in too big a hurry about having them.  Ought to wait until the war is over at least.  What is your opinion on that subject my “gude man?  Amelia Gelpin has another baby.  Have not heard whether it is a boy or a girl.  Mrs R. Amsden is very sick.  Has been flowing the same as Mrs McCullough.  They did not think she could live but I guess is getting a little better now, though she is still very sick.  Mr. Morgan is sick with inflammatory rheumatism.  Mr. Phelps has been quite sick.  He is not able to go out any now—I went to hear the new Methodist minister last Sunday morning.  Think he is a perfect drone.  The worst one they have ever had here that I have heard preach.  He is as conceited as can be and thinks he knows it all—Mother and I went up to Ballville this afternoon for a sleigh ride.  Called at Mrs Vallette’s and Aunt Eliza’s.  It was pretty rough sleighing.  The snow had melted a good deal and in some places there was nothing but bear ground—

      Mary Dillon and I talk of going to Toledo to clerk in some fancy store.  We are going to earn money to go to Europe with.  We are crazy to go and think that will be quickest way for us to get there, to earn our own money.  Suppose of course you have no objections to our doing so—Mother received yours of the 23rd yesterday.  Has not Al. got there yet with your new clothes?  Am sorry that you have had to wait as long for them but they will be nice when you do get them.  Sergt. Neason has been sick since he got home.  Today is the first time he has been out.  You know he came back to hunt up the deserters.  Don’t believe you could get furlough my darling?  I dreamed last night that you had got one and come home.  I often dream it but somehow or other my dreams don’t come true.  I see by the papers that Gen Denver and the Surgeon in Gen Lauman’s Division have both of them got furlough and have come north—The young folks had a dance the other night.  Mrs Hinman and Lou Hatfield were on hand of course.  Lida says if she was Mrs Hinman’s husband she would come home and “knock her up” so that she could not run around so much—think it would be a good idea myself—Am tired of writing and will close this miserable letter.  Please excuse all mistakes and write often to your loving wife. 

All send love—       Lizzie S. Rice    

Feb. 8th 1863 

There was a large fire in Toledo yesterday morning.  A number of persons were killed by a building falling on them.  The fire was first discovered about 7 o’clock in the morning in a coffee and spice mill.  The Blade gives the names of all the killed and wounded that has been found when it was furnished—Levi Parish is dead.  Wonder who will tend to the cannon now—Dr. Rawson is going to deliver a lecture to-morrow at the Presbyterian Church.  His subject is “Vegetable life”.  Every person thought he would back out and guess he did try to but could not get anyone to take his place—Wish I could tell you what Jimmie said to-day, but it is like your story, can tell it better than I can write it.  Wish I could get a letter from you everyday.  It would be so nice.  I am not complaining because you do not write often for you do write as often as I would expect you to, but was just saying how nice it would be if I could get one everyday.  You write very short letters lately it seems to me but will not complain for I am glad to get them if they are short—Mrs Hinman was at church last evening with Mr. Gardner (a little puppy from Cleveland).  It seems that he has cut Lou Hatfield out.  Had her to the concert last week.  I told Mother the first time I saw him that I felt he was a mean little dog and I was not mistaken.  He had about a dozen pictures of “fancy ladies” in Cleveland showing them to the boys in Austin’s Store the other evening.  Doc was there and saw them and told Gardner he had seen two of them.  He bet he had’nt but Doc told he had for they were over to Holliday and he doctored them.  Gardner did not have anything more to say—Ada McCullough (one of my roommates at school) used to say that she could always “tell a mean man by the set of his breeches”.  I always could tell them by the way they comb their hair.  Their heads always look different to me from others.  There is something about them but cannot tell what it is, but I can always see it and do not know that I have ever been mistaken.  But no more of this.  Write often— S.E.R 

Home Feb. 12th, 1863 

My Dear Husband 

      Yours of the 1st and 2nd came along in due time.  Cannot tell you how glad I was to hear that you had at last got your box and clothes.  You have needed them for a long time and think you might have had the box before you left Memphis as well as not.  It could have been sent a week sooner with out much trouble.  I kept hurrying Will all the time but it did not seem to do any good.  He let Kridler take his time to it when he was making the saddle and even after it was all done poked around nearly a week before he had it packed.  Do not think you could have had the clothes before, for Will had to send to New York and get the cloth.  How do they fit you?  I hope better than the old ones—

      Will and Jule have gone to New York so I heard.  They started yesterday morning.  Jule was in Monday afternoon but did not say anything about going.  Think it was a real mean trick and we are all provoked about it.  We are not going to mention New York to her when she gets back or let on that we know she had been there at all.  Am not surprised at her not letting me but think she might have told the rest of the folks.  I have done all I am going to towards making up with her.  She does not treat me any better than she did before only she speaks to me once in a while.  She will come here and never ask a word about me and if I come in the room she wont say more than two or three words to me all the time she is here.  Do not believe she wanted to make up very bad or she would act different from what she does.  She never had treated me very well since I have been married.  Do not know what is the reason.  Whether it is because I married you or not, but should think not, for Minerva said you would not have married me if Jule had not been willing.  Do not say anything about it to Al. or any one else.  She acts just like Aunt Harriet (her mother) only not quite as bad but is getting more like her every day.  Suppose they were afraid that if they told us we would want to send for something but they need not have troubled themselves about it for there are plenty of merchants going after while that we can send by if we want to.  Do not want to say anything about your friends but you know Jule was my relation before she was yours—

      And so you think I must have been in a terrible pickle about “something”.  To tell the truth I was but did not let any person know it.  Acted as if it was all right.  Must tell you a good joke.  You know the report is that I am going to have a baby.  Mother and I were down street yesterday morning and were trading with Jake Garvin.  Mother asked him if they had any “infant waists.”  How he did laugh when he went back to get them—Suppose he thought I was looking for something and had got Mother to ask for me.  Wasn’t he nicely fooled?  Could not help but laugh to see how pleased he was about it—You wanted to know about “Uncle Homer and Uncle Gaw”.  Do not know which will come out first best.  Did you ever get the letter I sent by Uncle Gaw?  It is a year to-day since you left home is it not?  Did not think you would be gone that long without coming home when you left.  Thought you would certainly be home before you left Columbus.  Am so glad that I went to Memphis when I did for I would not have had any chance to go since—Saw Mrs. Kiser down town yesterday and she told me she had three letters from her husband since I wrote to you about it.  Am looking everyday for that letter you said you was going to write in a day or two but it don’t come.  Hope I will get it to-morrow—It is dinner time and will have to stop writing. Write often my darling—All send love—

Your Loving


Lizzie S. Rice  

Home February 13, 1863 

My Darling Husband

      I received yours of the 2nd yesterday and one dated the 28th day before yesterday.  Had not had any letters for a week and can assure you that they were welcome.  You spoke of two of my letters having gone to Vicksburg and back again.  I think it is a great wonder that you get them at all.  You want to know if I had not better let you make the visit this time.  I would be willing, if you would only make it.  Of course would not want you to come home as “Tony Young” did.

      Did I tell you how they escorted Tony up to the depot?  The German Band was out and Messrs. Caples, Buckland and Owen made speeches at the Depot and “Tony” made a speech too.  Guess they had the same carriage that they took the Col. up in and Tony and his wife set on the back seat and the speakers in front, just as they did when the Col. left.  The little dutch tailor that works for Betts act