KELLOGG, THOMAS H.

Local History Collections

Collection ID: LH - 438
Location: LH - 438

(Description ID: 607255)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums

 

Thomas H. Kellogg

 

LH - 438 


Introduction

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content

Inventory

 

Introduction

The Civil War letters of Thomas H. Kellogg were donated to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums in 2019.

 

Biographical Sketch

Thomas H. Kellogg was the son of Elijah and Mary Ballard Kellogg, who had emigrated from Canada in 1840 to settle and raise a family in Woodville, Sandusky County, Ohio. Thomas was the eldest of their six children. He was born October 8, 1842 and enlisted in Company I of the 68th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He died October 4th, 1864 of consumption at Vicksburg, Mississippi. His father brought his remains to Sandusky County, where he was buried in the Woodville Cemetery. Collin A. was born April 30, 1845, and enlisted with his brother Thomas in the 68th Ohio. After suffering for nearly five months from illness, he was discharged. His father brought him home to Woodville, Ohio, where he recovered and then farmed and raised a family. Theresa, Flora, Mary Lavina, and Charles S. completed the family.A war date digital image of Sgt. Kellogg appears on the Hayes Presidential Library & Museums website in the Sandusky County Ohio Soldiers Civil War database.

 

Scope and Content

 Thomas, a true patriot like his father, had little knowledge of the south and slavery. As the war continued and the 68th marched deeper and deeper into the south, the conflict and all its horrors brought not only disillusionment, but also a changed attitude toward the south. The collection includes 87 letters and notes. The bulk, seventy letters, were written by Thomas Kellogg to family and friends back home. Well written, the letters provide descriptions of battles, battlefields, crops, homes, terrain, and conversations with prisoners, local residents, and deserters. Near Oxford, Mississippi, Kellogg found the locals “so short of provisions that we had to give them rations to live on. One place we left a half barrel of molasses.” At Vicksburg, Kellogg wrote his father back on the farm in Woodville, “I tell you that there is some very large plantations on the Mississippi. The negroes are coming in by the hundreds and as soon as they come, they are put right to work digging.” [canal to Lake Providence]. Kellogg wrote that he “no longer opposed the arming” of the slaves, and that the “rebs thought they could gobble up what negro soldiers we had.” Instead, “the secesh found the ‘black Yankees’ as they call them,” credible fighters.

Also included are notes from brother Collin to family members and several letters from friends to Elijah Kellogg.

Kellogg fought with his regiment at the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Hatchie’s Bridge, Port Gibson, Raymond, Champion’s Hill, and Vicksburg.

Following the Union victory at the 4th of July 1863, Thomas escorted hundreds of prisoners to Clinton, Mississippi. He discovered that “nearly all of them seamed tired of the war.” … and some of them “declared they were done fighting and ready to take the oath.”

 

Inventory Ac. 6031

Folder 1

  1. THK to parents, no date, Camp Monteray, TN
  2. THK to parents, Dec. 12, 1861, no location
  3. THK to parents, Jan. 25, 1862, Camp Chase, OH
  4. THK to parents, Feb. 18, 1862, Ft. Donalson, TN
  5. THK to parents, Mar. 6, 1862, Ft. Donalson, TN
  6. THK to parents, Mar. 19, 1862, 10 miles from Alabama
  7. THK to parents, Mar. 28, 1862, banks of the Tennessee
  8. THK to parents, sister Flora, sister Theresa, and brother Collin, Apr. 1, 1862, no location, 4 letters total
  9. THK to parents, Apr. 13, 1862, no location, describes Battle of Shiloh

 

Folder 2

  1. THK to parents, Apr. 21, 1862, Pitsburg, TN, describes Battle of Shiloh
  2. THK to parents, Apr. 30, 1862, Pitsburg Landing
  3. THK to parents, May 6, 1862, Camp Bolivar, TN
  4. THK to Elijah Kellogg, May, 11, 1862, no location
  5. THK to parents, May 16, 1862, Bolivar, TN
  6. THK to mother, May 20, 1862, Camp Monteray, TN
  7. THK to Henry Osborne, May 26, 1862, Camp Monteray, TN
  8. THK to parents, sister Flora, and sister Theresa, May 29, 1862, Monteray, TN 3 letters total
  1. THK to parents, June 21, 1862, Bolivar, TN
  2. THK to parents, July 7, 1862, Grand Junction, TN
  3. THK to parents, July 12, 1862, Grand Junction, TN
  4. THK to parents, July 18, 1862, Grand Junction, TN
  5. THK to mother, July 26, 1862, Camp Bolivar, TN

 

Folder 3

  1. THK to mother, sister Flora, Aug. 4, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  2. THK to parents, Aug. 13, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  3. THK to Elijah Kellogg, Aug. 16, 1862, Camp Bolivar
  4. THK to Elijah Kellogg, Aug. 28, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN, includes map of camp
  5. THK to parents, Sept. 8, 1862, Bolivar, TN
  6. THK to parents, Sept. 12, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  7. THK to parents, Sept. 21, 1862, Camp Near, Corinth, MS
  8. THK to parents and Myron Loop to Elijah Kellogg, Sept. 25-26, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  9. THK to parents, Sept. 29, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN

 

Folder 4 

  1. THK to mother, Oct. 5, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  2. THK to Elijah Kellogg, Oct. 14, 1862, Camp Bolivar, TN
  3. THK to mother, Oct. 18, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  4. THK to mother, Oct. 27, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  5. THK to mother, Nov. 1, 1862, Camp Near Bolivar, TN
  6. THK to mother, Nov. 9, 1862, near La Grange, TN
  7. THK to parents, Nov. 3, 1862, Camp Near La Grange, TN
  8. THK to mother, Nov. 16, 1862, Camped Near La Grange, TN
  9. THK to Elijah Kellogg, Nov. 23, 1862, Camp La Grange, TN
  10. THK to parents, Nov. 29, 1862, stoped near Holly Springs, MS
  11. THK to parents, Dec. 7, 1862, Camp near Oxford, MS
  12. THK to mother, Dec. 12, 1862, 12 miles south of Oxford, MS, note enclosed from Collin to sister Theresa
  13. THK to parents, Dec. 19, 1862, Camp near Springdale, MS

 

Folder 5

  1. THK to parents, Jan. 4, 1863, Camp near Abbeville, MS
  2. THK to parents, Jan. 8, 1863, Camp 5 miles from La Grange, MS
  3. THK to parents, Jan. 21, 1863, Camp near Memphis, TN
  4. THK to Elijah Kellogg, Jan. 23, 1863, Camp near Memphis, TN
  5. THK to parents, Jan. 28, 1863, Camp near Memphis, TN
  6. THK to parents, Feb. 5, 1863, Memphis, TN
  7. THK to parents, Feb. 15, 1863, Camp ner Memphis, TN
  8. THK to parents, Feb. 23, 1863, Providence, LA
  9. THK to parents, Mar. 5, 1863, Providence, LA
  10. THK to parents, Mar. 12, 1863, Lake Providence, LA

 

Folder 6

  1. THK to parents, Apr. 2, 1863, Vestal Landing, LA
  2. THK to parents, Apr. 12, 1863, Vestal Plantation, LA
  3. THK to parents, May 3, 1863, Besieging Vicksburg
  4. THK to parents, May 4, 1863, Black River, MS
  5. THK to parents, May 26, 1863, in the field near Vicksburg, MS
  6. THK to parents, June 11, 1863, Vicksburg, MS
  7. THK to parents, June 17, 1863, Camped near Vicksburg, MS
  8. THK to Elijah Kellogg, June 29, 1863, 10 miles east of Vicksburg, MS

 

Folder 7

  1. THK to Elijah Kellogg, July 2, 1863, rear of Vicksburg, MS
  2. THK to parents, July 9, 1863, Bovina, MS
  3. THK to parents, July 29, 1863, Vicksburg, MS
  4. THK to parents, Aug. 5, 1863, Vicksburg, MS
  5. THK to parents, Sept. 3, 1863, Vicksburg, MS
  6. THK to parents, Sept. 14, 1863, Vicksburg, MS
  7. THK to parents, Sept. 27, 1863, Vicksburg, MS
  8. THK to parents, Oct. 10, 1863, Vicksburg, MS, back page of letter Elijah Kellogg to wife Mary w/ news of home & forwarding the letter to her
  9. THK to parents, Oct. 22, 1863, Vicksburg, MS

 

Folder 8

  1. Collin Kellogg to sister Flora, Dec. 4, 1862, Camp Abbyville, MS
  2. Collin Kellogg, to Elijah Kellogg, Apr. 24, 1863, Ft. Pickering, TN
  3. Collin Kellogg to parents, May 4, 1863, Ft. Pickering, TN

 

Folder 9 

  1. Ira M. Kelsey to Elijah Kellogg, Apr. 2, 1862, near Crumps Landing, (cotton inc.)
  2. Ira M. Kelsey to Elijah Kellogg, June 25, 1862, Bolivar
  3. Ira M. Kelsey to Elijah Kellogg, June 28, 1863, Vicksburg, MS

 

Folder 10

  1. Elijah Kellogg to wife Mary, May 13, 1863, Cairo, IL, on his way to get Collinand bring him home—received medical discharge