February 28, 1881

Washington, D.C.


I transmit herewith a copy of a letter addressed to the chairman of the civil service commission on the 3d of December last, requesting to be furnished with a report upon the results in the post office and custom-house in the city of New York of the application of the civil-service rules requiring open competitive examinations for appointments and promotions, together with the report of Hon. Dorman B. Eaton, the chairman of the commission, in response.


The report presents a very gratifying statement of the results of the application of the rules referred to, in the two largest and most important local offices in the civil service of the Government.  The subject is one of the greatest importance to the people of the whole country.


I commend the suggestions and recommendations of the chairman of the commission to the careful consideration of Congress.