Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

 

Rear Admiral Charles F. O誰eil

 

GA - 37

 

Introduction

Biography Sketch

Scope and Content

Inventory

Introduction

 

The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center acquired the papers of Rear Admiral Charles F. O誰eil in 1951. Additional collections of O誰eil痴 papers are at the Library of Congress and the Naval Historical Foundation.

 

Biographical Sketch

 

Charles F. O誰eil was born in Manchester, England, March 15, 1842, son of John and Mary Anne (Francis) O誰eil. At the age of five he came to the U. S. with his parents, who settled in Boston, Massachusetts. He went to sea at the age of 16, making a trip to Calcutta on the Oliver Putnam of Newburyport, Massachusetts. On his second voyage on the Oliver Putnam, the vessel foundered in the Indian Ocean and O誰eil and others drifted for five days before being rescued by a French slaver.

 

O誰eil痴 naval career was lengthy and spectacular. At the opening of the Civil War, he enlisted in the United States Navy. He achieved the rare feat of rising from enlisted status in 1861 to flag rank by 1897. He was master痴 mate on the U. S. S. Cumberland at the fight at Hatteras inlet and in the battle with the Merrimac in Hampton Roads, when the Cumberland was rammed and sunk. While the crew struggled in the water, O誰eil rescued Lt. Commander Morris, commander of the Cumberland. For his heroism, he was promoted to acting master. As navigator on the gunboat Rhode Island, O誰eil participated in the attacks on Fort Fisher and blockade duty. At war痴 end, he held the rank of acting volunteer lieutenant. In 1868, he was appointed lieutenant in the regular Navy. He became commander in 1884, and captain in 1897, and rear admiral in 1901. While serving as first commander of the U.S.S. Marblehead, O誰eil sailed to the Nicaraguan coast in 1894. There he negotiated the sovereignty of Nicaragua to the satisfaction of the U. S. and Great Britain which had served as the country痴 protectorate. O誰eil also protected U. S. interests in Turkey in 1892 and 1893.

 

An expert in naval ordnance, O誰eil became superintendent of the naval gun factory at the Washington naval yard. He played a key role in developing the modern U. S. Navy. In 1897, he was made Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance. Following the Spanish-American War, O誰eil designed naval guns of all calibers and as president of the U.S. Navy board of construction prepared plans for the Navy痴 new vessels. He later was sent abroad to study the ordnance of departments of foreign navies.

 

He married April 6, 1869 to Mary Caroline, daughter of Richard Frothingham, historian of Charlestown, Massachusetts. They had one son, Dr. Richard Frothingham O誰eil. Rear Admiral O誰eil died at Chelsea, Massachusetts February 28, 1927.

Dictionary of American Biography

Scope and Content

 

The collection consists of 365 letters received by Rear Admiral Charles F. O誰eil from 1897 1899. The bulk of the correspondence relates to his duties as Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance. These include the selection of sites for coastal batteries, inspections of shipyards, design of ordnance, and construction of shipyards and ordnance magazines, Also included is correspondence regarding requests for endorsements, promotions, recommendations, and orders for torpedo boats and bids on naval armament. The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by surname and chronologically for each correspondent. An item-level inventory provides the names of all correspondents and dates of their letters. More than 50 letters are from Commander William Swift, Inspector of the New York Naval Yard. In addition to the correspondence, the collection contains an album of 18 images, mostly tintypes, of O誰eil痴 wife and son. Nearly all of the images are identified and dated 1870 or 1871.

 

Inventory

 

Ac. 681

 

365 items

 

BOX 1

A M

ACKERMAN, A. A.

Sept. 8, 1898

 

ACKROYD, Walter

Feb. 22, 1899

 

ALMY, J. W.

Aug. 14, 1898

Apr. 27, 1899

May 2, 1899

June 22, 1899

 

ANDERSEN, Henry

Aug. 22, [189]8

 

BADGE, Chas. J.

June 23, 1899

 

BARROLL, Henry H.

Dec. 27, 1898

 

BEALL, Mary Stevens

Aug. 9, 1898

 

BEAVOR-WEBB, J.

July 20, 1899

 

BENJAMIN, Marcus

Dec. 21, 1898

 

BIRMINGHAM, J.

July 26, 1898

Dec. 18, 1898

Mar. 7, 1899

Apr. 8, 1899

Apr. 29, 1899

 

BERNADON, John B.

June 17, 1898

July 21, 1898

Sept. 3, 1898

July 22, 1899

 

BERRYS, A. G.

Jan. 30, 1899

 

BLEECKER, John V. B.

Mar. 20, 1899

 

BOUTELLE, C. H.

Jan. 12, 1899

May 24, 1899

 

BRANDT, E. S.

Feb. 18, n.y.

 

BRICE, Arthur T.

May 22, 1899

 

BROWNSON, W. H.

May 15, 1899

June 9, 1899

June 26, 1899

July 27, 1899

 

BRUCKNER, Rudolph E.

Oct. 31, 1898

 

BURTON, B.

Oct. 31, 1898

 

BUSH, John B.

Mar. 13, 1899

 

CHAPEHART, Edward E.

Nov. 27, n.y.

 

CHADWICK, F. E.

July 12, 1898

Nov. 26, 1898

Mar. 18, 1899

 

CHESTER, I. W.

Apr. 10, 1899

 

CHOOK, Alf.

Aug. 9, 1898 (telegram)

Aug. 10, 1898 (telegram)

 

CITIZEN粘 RELIEF ASSOCIATION

Dec. 1898

 

COLWELL, J. C.

Dec. 17, 1898

 

COOPER, P. H.

Sept. 30, 1898

 

CORDEN, Godfrey L.

Dec. 17, 1898

 

COULES, Wm. S.

Sept. 13, 1898

 

CRAMP, Chas. H.

Nov. 10, 1989

Nov. 12, 1898

Nov. 14, 1898

Nov. 17, 1898

Dec. 7, 1898

 

CRAWFORD, George A.

Aug. 28, 1898

Sept. 20, 1898

July 1, 1899

 

CROWNINSHIELD, A. S.

Aug. 10, 1898

Dec. 12, 1898

 

CULVER, A. E.

Jan. 19, 1899

Jan. 28, 1899

 

D., W. G.

[1899]

 

DABEY, C. M.

July 12, 1899

 

DAWSON, A. G.

Apr. 24, 1899

 

DELANO, Francis H.

July 18, [1898]

Mar. 25, 1899

 

DOBSON, Robert J.

Mar. 3, 1899

 

DOUGLAS, A. P., Rev.

Oct. 21, 1898

 

DRAKE, F. J.

Sept. 14, 1898

Sept. 14, 1898

Sept. 17, 1898

Oct. 28, 1898

Nov. 1, 1898

Apr. 25, 1899

May 1, 1899

 

DRIGGS-SEABURY, Gun and Ammunition Co.

July 7, 1899

 

DUNN, John F.

June 2, 1899

June 6, 1899

 

DWIGHT, Timothy

Apr. 21, 1899

 

DYRENFORTH, Robert G.

Aug. 25, 1898

 

EATON, Chas. P.

July 23, 1899

 

EDSON, Jarvis B.

Oct. 19, 1898

 

EIL, Saml. W.

May 27, 1899

 

ELMER, Adele W.

Dec. 19, 1898

 

ERBIN, Henry, Oct. 16, 1898

 

EVERETT, W. H.

Dec. 27, 1898

 

FENTON, Theodore C.

July 29, 1898

n.d.

 

FLETCHER, W. B.

Aug. 22, 1898

 

FOLGER, Wm. M.

July 4, 1898

Feb. 15, 1899

Mar. 26, 1899

Apr. 5, 1899

May 5, 1899

Nov. 5, n.y.

n.d.

 

FRANKLIN, Marion

Oct. 28, [1898?]

 

GARCIN, R. E. L.

Sept. 27, 1898

Oct. 3, 1898

Oct. 28, 1898

 

GATLING, R. I.

Aug. 24, 1898

 

GIBBS, Wolcott

Feb. 4, 1899

 

GILINORE, F. F.

Mar. 18, 1899

 

GILL, Charles S.

Aug. 10, 1898

Aug. 11, 1898

Aug. 22, 1898

Dec. 15, 1898

 

GILLIS, L. W.

Dec. 30, 1898

Mar. 6, 1899

 

GILLIS, J. H.

Mar. 10, 1899

 

GOLDSBOROUGH, W.

Oct. 9, 1898

 

GRAHAM, S. L.

June 8, 1899

 

GREEN, F. M.

July 25, 1898

July 28, 1898

Aug. 1, 1898

Aug. 4, 1898

Sept. 6, 1898

Sept. 17, 1898

Apr. 8, 1899

 

GRIP, A.

Mar. 29, 1899

Mar. 31, 1899

 

HACKER, Morris

Aug. 16, 1898

 

HADWICK, Cornelia J.

July 26, 1898

 

HALPIN, Robert F.

Aug. 16, 1897

 

HAMERSLY, Lewis R.

Dec. 31, 1898

 

HANELER, T. J.

Aug. 3, 1898

 

HANAH, Chas. J.

Dec. 3, 1898

 

HANSCOM, J. F.

Nov. 29, 1898

Dec. 11, 1898

 

HARMER, A. C.

July 6, 1899

 

HEIMSOTH, Charles H.

Apr. 29, 1899

 

HEWES, Geo. H.

Apr. 4, 1899

 

HOPKINS, A. J.

July 12, 1899

 

HUBBARD, John

June 9, 1897

 

HUGHSON, Victor P.

Mar. 22, 1899

 

IRWIN, W. M.

Aug. 27, 1989

Apr. 10, 1899

June 15, 1899

 

JACKSON, O. P.

Sept. 16, 1898

 

JESSUP, Rev. and Mrs. Henry Harris

[Apr. 4, 1899]

 

JEWELL, T. F.

Feb. 2, 1898

Feb. 2, 1899 (Theo F.)

 

JONES, The John Paul, Statue Commission

Apr. 17, n.y.

 

KELLOGG, Chas. D.

Mar. 25, 1899

 

KHOURY, Constantine

Dec. 14, 1897

 

KIMBALL, W. W.

Aug. 9, 1898

 

KING, John L.

Apr. 9, 1898

 

LANDGEN, Palmer H.

Mar. 18, 1899

 

LONGNECKER, E.

Aug. 28, 1898

Mar. 5, 1899

 

LORD & TAYLOR

June 8, 1899

 

LOUDENSLAGER, Henry C.

Feb. 10, 1899

 

LOWE, Thomas F.

Nov. 24, 1898

 

LUCE, S. G.

June 2, 1899

 

LYMONDS, Y. M.

Aug. 14, 1898

 

MCCALLA, A. H.

Mar. 13, 1899

May 11, 1899

May 26, 1899

 

MCGOWAN, John

Feb. 10, 1899

Apr. 3, 1899

 

MCLEAN, T. C.

May 12, 1898

July 28, 1898

July 20, 1898

Aug. 1, 1898

Aug. 2, 1898

Aug. 24, 1898

Aug. 24, 1898

Sept. 25, 1898

Oct. 29, 1898

Nov. 12, 1898

Nov. 28, 1898

Dec. 14, 1898

Dec. 29, 1898

Jan. 22, 1899

Mar. 12, 1899

Mar. 15, 1899 (telegram)

Mar. 18, 1899

July 17, 1899

 

MCLEAN, Walter

Feb. 11, 1899

 

MCMULLEN, G. W.

Jan. 21, 1899

 

MAGRUDER, C. B.

July 11, 1899

 

MARQUIS, A. M.

Mar. 6, 1899

 

MASON, N. E.

July 20, 1898

Aug. 11, 1898

Jan. 30, 1898

Jan. 31, 1899

Feb. 8, 1899

Mar. 16, 1899

Apr. 22, 1899

July 11, 1899

 

MEADE, Robert L.

Oct. 12, 1898

Dec. 14, 1898

June 26, 1899

June 30, 1899

 

MEHILLE, D.[?]

Oct. 28, 1898

 

MENOCAL, A. Z.

Mar. 29, 1899

 

MEREDITH, William T.

May 29, 1899

 

MERRY, J. F.

Aug. 31, 1898

Nov. 16, 1898

 

MERTVAGEE, D. T.

Apr. 14, 1899

 

MESSINGER, Wm. H.

May 15, 1899

June 30, 1899

 

MILLER, Robt. A.

Sept. 2, 1898

 

MOODY, George B.

[Oct. 23, 1898]

 

MOORE, C. A.

May 15, 1899

 

MULLANY, F. A.

Dec. 15, 1898

 

MUNROE, Charles E.

Sept. 17, 1898

Mar. 18, 1899

Apr. 26, 1899

May 4, 1899

May 15, 1899

 

NAZRO, Albert P.

n.d.

 

NAZRO, Henry G.

Dec. 18, 1898

 

OAKES, Geo. A.

Apr. 2, 1899

 

O誰EIL, Dick

n.d.

 

PARKER, John H.

July 23, 1898 (clipping)

 

PAULDING, G.

Oct. 30, 1898

 

PAYER, J. M.

Aug. 24, 1898

 

PERKINS, Geo. C.

Sept. 13, 1898

Jan. 11, 1899

 

PETHERICK, C. J.

Mar. 16, 1899

 

PETRE, Axer.

Aug. 19, 1898

Sept. 2, 1898

Dec. 20, 1898

 

PEYTON, Leonard

Sept. 8, 1898

Feb. 24, 1899

June 19, 1899

 

PIGMAN, Geo. W.

Aug. 27, 1898

Dec. 3, 1898

Apr. 17, 1899

 

PORRITT, Edward

Oct. 19, 1898

 

POTTER, N. P.

June 23, 1899

 

POUNDSTONE, H. C.

Sept. 10, 1898

Sept. 20, 1898

n.d. (diagram)

 

PROUTY, Thos. S.

Mar. 29, 1899

 

RATHBUN, Richard

Oct. 15, 1898

 

REEDER, W. H.

Dec. 10, 189[?]

 

REID, James H.

Nov. 16, 1898

 

RIBBLE, G. W.

Feb. 2, 1899

 

RIMBALL, Wm. W.

Dec. 11, 1897

 

ROE, F. S.

Sept. 28, 1898

 

ROOSA, J. P.

Aug. 15, 1898

Aug. 17, 1898

 

ROOSEVELT, Theodore

Dec. 27, 1898

 

RORSCHACK, F.

June 22, 1899

 

RUBBARD, John

Sept. 21, 1898

 

SAMPSON, Olive Farrington

Sept. 19, n.y.

 

SCHELL, F. Cresson

May 10, 1899

Sept. 24, 1899

 

SCHWAB, C. M.

May 9, 1899

 

SEARS, W. J.

Aug. 29, 1899

Sept. 9, 1898

Sept. 18, 1898

Dec. 21, 1898

Feb. 14, 1899

Feb. 26, 1899

Mar. 10, 1899

Apr. 4, 1899

June 11, 1899

June 20, 1899

 

SEE, Jesse B. K.

Aug. 20, 1898

Oct. 28, 1898

Mar. 9, 1899

Jul 20, 1899

 

SHAW, W. O.

Sept. 4, 1898

 

SHUMAKER, C. O.

Apr. 11, [1899]

 

SLUYRS, Santo

Mar. 11, 1899

 

SMITH, Cyrus

n.d. (cd)

SMITH, Oberlin

Mar. 17, 1899

Mar. 22, 1899

 

SMITH, R. C.

Dec. 16, 1897

Dec. 16, 1897

Dec. 17, 1897

Aug. 27, 1898

Sept. 5, 1898

Jan. 13, 1899

 

SOUTHERLAND, W. H. H.

May 27, 1899

 

SPERRY, C. S.

Aug. 11, 1898

Oct. 27, 1898

Oct. 29, 1899

 

SPINWALL, H. C.

Apr. 9, 1899

 

SPOFFORD, Ainsworth R.

Mar. 7, 1899

 

STANWORTH, C. S.

July 17, 1899

 

STEVENS, B. F.

Mar. 28, 1899

 

STICHT, J. L.

July 8, 1899

 

STOCKTON, C. H.

Sept. 28, 1898

 

STRAUSS, Jos.

Mar. 22, 1899

 

SWIFT, Wm.

July 29, 1898

Aug. 5, 1898

Aug. 6, 1898

Aug. 9, 1898

Aug. 11, 1898

Aug. 16, 1898

Aug. 18, 1898

Aug. 27, 1898

Aug. 30, 1898

Aug. 30, 1898

Sept. 9, 1898

Nov. 7, 1898

Nov. 10, 1898

Nov. 16, 1898

Nov. 16, 1898

Nov. 29, 1898

Dec. 4, 1898

Dec. 6, 1898

Dec. 16, 1898

Dec. 27, 1898

Jan. 7, 1899

Jan. 9, 1899

Jan. 13, 1899

Feb. 15, 1899

Feb. 18, 1899

Feb. 28, 1899

Mar. 9, 1899

Apr. 5, 1899

Apr. 13, 1899

Apr. 22, 1899

Apr. 28, 1899

May 1, 1899

May 4, 1899

May 5, 1899

May 19, 1899

May 20, 1899

May 21, 1899

May 22, 1899

May 23, 1899

May 31, 1899

June 1, 1899

June 2, 1899

June 2, 1899

June 7, 1899

June 13, 1899

June 13, 1899

June 14, 1899

June 24, 1899

June 27, 1899

June 27, 1899

June 28, 1899

June 28, 1899

June 30, 1899

July 10, 1899

July 14, 1899

July 20, 1899

 

TAYLOR, H. C.

Sept. 19, 1898

Jan. 20, 1899

 

TAYLOR, Thomas, M.D.

Oct. 31, 1898

 

TAYLOR, W. M. C.

Mar. 8, 1899

 

TERWILLIGER, A. L.

Mar. 8, 1899

 

TISDALE, Ryland D.

May 17, 1899

n.d.

 

TRIZZ, Wm. R.

Sept. 12, 1898

 

TRUE, F. W.

Mar. 27, 1899

 

VAUGHAN, N. W.

May 15, 1899

July 22, 1899

 

VIXAN, Lewis

n.d.

 

WADHAMS, S. R.

Sept. 21, 1898

 

WALKER, J. G.

June 24, 1899

 

WATSON, J. C.

Jan. 9, 1899

 

WEIL, Samuel

May 27, 1899 (telegram)

 

WERNER, P. E.

July 3, 1899

 

WESHESSON, Jos.

Feb. 8, 1899

 

WHERLWRIGHT, John F.

Sept. 16, 1898

Dec. 19, 1898

Dec. 22, 1898

 

WHITE, Geo. E.

Nov. 18, 1898

 

WHITING, Louis C.

Jan. 2, 1898

 

WHITMORE, F. G.

Nov. 23, 1897

 

WHITTELSEY, Wm. Bailey

June 14, 1899

July 5, 1899

 

WILDES, Frank

Mar. 1, n.y.

 

WILLIAMS, The J. B., Co.

Apr. 13, 1899

 

WINSLOW, Herbert

Oct. 7, 1898

 

WOOD, W. M.

Dec. 11, 1895

 

WOODWARD, J. J.

June 29, 1899

 

ZALINSKI, E. L.

Mar. 25, 1899

 

UNIDENTIFIED:

Nov. 30, 1898

Dec. 12, 1898

Mar. 30, 1899

Dec. 5, 1899

n.d.

n.d.

n.d.

Clippings (3)