Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center



Thomas Huxley Langlois

SP-9




Introduction

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content

Inventory



Introduction

The Thomas H. Langlois Collection was donated to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center by his daughters: Elmira Marina (Mrs. Howard Conklin), Sarah Zoe (Mrs. Titchener), and Esther Ferdina (Mrs. Daniel Stewart), Florence Dhelve Langlois, and Caroline Legette Langlois.



Biographical Sketch



Thomas Huxley Langlois, son of Arsene F. Langlois (1864- ), a Canadian immigrant, and Tirey Mosher (1869-1938) was born and reared at Detroit, Michigan. Following graduation from Detroit's Eastern High School, Langlois attended the University of Michigan where he received his B.S. (1924) and M.S. (1925). He later attended Ohio State University, receiving his Ph.D. in 1935. For the next twenty years, Dr. Langlois served as an Associate Director and then Director of the Franz Theodore. Stone Laboratory located on Gibraltar Island just across the harbor from Put-in-Bay (South Bass Island) in Lake Erie. The laboratory, owned by Ohio State University, conducts research and offers courses involving aquatic biology, geology, ecology, and entomology associated with freshwater systems. In addition to his research work, Dr. Langlois was an avid photographer who was interested in all areas of South Bass Island life. He published numerous articles concerning the natural phenomena as well as the social and historical aspects of the island. Images from his extensive photographic collection frequently accompanied his published works. In 1956, Dr. Langlois returned to the university campus in Columbus, but retained ownership of several island properties. He and his wife Marina (Holmes) were the parents of five daughters.



Scope and Content



The collection consists of some 17,000 negatives, prints, and 4" X 6" cards that, through Langlois' numbering system, identify and describe the images. While Dr. Langlois' negatives contain images which reflect his varied interests (e.g. a trip to the Far East and Australia, the cornerstones of public buildings in Ohio, candid views of family and friends), the majority of subjects pertain directly to his profession as a biologist. They span the years from 1935 to 1968. The file yields views of ice formations, Lake Erie shorelines, dry creek beds, swamp flora, geological anomalies (e.g. a stalagmite poking above the level of a pond), and similar views taken on and around the Lake Erie Islands. Approximately 2400 of these images focus on the residents, buildings, shoreline, harbor, commercial fishing and other activities of South Bass Island.



Field notes; drafts of published articles; island sociological data; newspaper clippings, brochures, and post cards of vessels that plied the waters off the Lake Erie Islands; annotated lists of birds of South Bass; genealogical research on eighteenth century military explorer, Le Vicomte Chausegros De Lery; miscellaneous pamphlets and booklets; Stone Laboratory reports and copies of island- related historical manuscripts accompany the images.



Inventory



28 1/2 linear ft.

Ac. 4771, 5345



Photographs and papers (1935-1968)



Box 1

Erie Islands (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 Fisheries - Angling

Folder 2 Fisheries - Angling

Folder 3 Fisheries - Miscellaneous Methods

Folder 4 Fisheries - Ice

Folder 5 Fisheries - Gillnets

Folder 6 Fisheries - Poundnets

Folder 7 Fisheries - Seins

Folder 8 Fisheries - Fike Nets

Folder 9 Fisheries - Trapnets

Folder 10 Fish Ladders

Folder 11 Land Use

Folder 12 Grapes

Folder 13 Wine

Folder 14 Fruit Growing

Folder 15 Nuts

Folder 16 Garden Produce

Folder 17 Meat Production

Folder 18 Poultry and Eggs

Folder 19 Milk and Butter

Folder 20 Honey Production

Folder 21 Land Misuse

Folder 22 Boats

Folder 23 Miscellaneous Information

Folder 24 Boats - Sail Boats

Folder 25 Miscellaneous Information



Box 2

Islanders A - H (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 Islanders - Individuals

Islanders - Age Groups

Folder 2 Islanders - Individuals

A

Folder 3 Islanders - Individuals

Bahney - Borman

Folder 4 Islanders - Individuals

Bosley - Bushong

Folder 5 Islanders - Individuals

C

Folder 6 Islanders - Individuals

Davies - Dodge -Wyman

Folder 7 Islanders - Individuals

Dolaiche - Dwight

Folder 8 Islanders - Individuals

E

Folder 9 Islanders - Individuals

Fieck - Fox, George

Folder 10 Islanders - Individuals

Fox, Ethan Jr. - Fuchs

Folder 11 Islanders - Individuals

Folder 12 Islanders - Individuals

Haas - Henson

Folder 13 Islanders - Individuals

Herbster - Hyde

Box 3

Islanders I - S (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 Islanders - Individuals

I

Folder 2 Islanders - Individuals

J

Folder 3 Islanders - Individuals

K

Folder 4 Islanders - Individuals

L

Folder 5 Islanders - Individuals

Mack - Meyer

Folder 6 Islanders - Individuals

Meyers - Murry

Folder 7 Islanders - Individuals

McCallister - McMonagle

Folder 8 Islanders - Individuals

N

Folder 9 Islanders - Individuals

O

Folder 10 Islanders - Individuals

P

Folder 11 Islanders - Individuals

Q

Folder 12 Islanders - Individuals

Raddat - Rittman

Folder 13 Islanders - Individuals

Roberto - Ryan

Folder 14 Islanders - Individuals

Sadler - Schultze

Folder 15 Islanders - Individuals

Sears - Spooner

Folder 16 Islanders - Individuals

Stanley - Sweeny



Box 4

Islanders T - Z (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 Islanders - Individuals

T

Folder 2 Islanders - Individuals

V

Folder 3 Islanders - Individuals

W

Folder 4 Islanders - Individuals

Y-Z

Folder 5 Graduation Ceremonies - School Groups

Folder 6 Stone Lab Group

Folder 7 Special Occasion Groups

Folder 8 American Legion Post 542

Background - Arndt - Morrison

Folder 9 American Legion Post 542

Nelson - Wiseman

Folder 10 People - General



Box 5

Shoreland Allotments (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 South Bass Island

Shorelines - Allotments - Houses

J - 1 -- II - 5 - 22

Folder 2 Shorelines - Allotments - Houses

Cottages

Folder 3 Shorelines - Allotments - Houses

DeRivera I Lot - I - 12 - 3

Folder 4 Shorelines - Allotments Houses

DeRivera I Lot - 18 -46

Folder 5 Shorelines - Allotments - Houses

Title Abstract & Transactions

Purchasers & Surveyors

Folder 6 Shorelines - Allotments - Houses

DeRivera II - 1 -- II 7 c 5

Folder 7 Shorelines -Allotments - Houses

DeRivera II 7 c 6 --29c

Folder 8 Shorelines -Allotments - Houses

DeRivera II 30A - 47

Folder 9 Shorelines -Allotments - Houses

Shorelines

Folder 10 Shorelines -Allotments - Houses

DeRivera III 11 - 2 -- III - 22 - A

Folder 11 Shorelines -Allotments - Houses

Miscellaneous

Folder 12 Shorelines -Allotments - Houses

DeRivers III Lot 1 - A III 4 - 3

Folder 13 Reserve - Peach Point

P.P. # O - 49

Folder 14 Reserve A

Folder 15 Reserve C

Folder 16 Reserve D



Box 6

Put-in-Bay (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 Ceremonies & Celebrations

Folder 2 Adoption, Values & Attitudes

Folder 3 Accidental Deaths/Accidents/Suicides

Divorces

Music/Ceremonies/Celebrations/Dramatics

Folder 4 Historical Relics

Parent Teacher Assembly

Higher Education

Religion and Churches

Recreation

Economics

Government and Politics/Government Officials/ Law Violation

Folder 5 Post Office

Harbors

Community Centers

Roads

Fire

Waste Disposal

Water Supplies

Local Newspapers

Health & Diseases - Anecdotes

Folder 6 Mergers & Monopolies

Co-operatives

Labor

Catering & Hotels

Cooperage Industry

Stores & Supplies

Electricity

Fuel

Barber Shops

Hunting & Trapping

Construction

Folder 7 Interlake Yachting Association

Regatta



Box 7

Put-In-Bay - Daily Records (Patron Copy)

Folder 1 Islands

North Harbor Island

Mouse Island

Catawba

Ballast Island

Gibraltar Island

Rattlesnake Island

Hen & Chickens

Little Sister Island

Middle Sister Island

East Sister Island

Folder 2 Buckeye Island

Starve Island

Kelley's Island

Middle Island

Sugar Island

Green Island

Pelee Island

North Bass Island

Middle Bass Island

Johnson's Island

Folder 3 Daily Records (1945 - 1951)

January

February

March

April

Folder 4 Daily Records (1945 - 1951)

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Folder 5 Special Events



Box 8

Glass Negatives

1-19 Sunsets

20-32 Winter Ice Boats

33-58 Seagulls

59-72 Rivers

73-103 Clouds

104-122 Sunsets



Box 9

Glass Negatives

123-153 Seagulls

154-167 Rivers

168-229 Miscellaneous

230-255 Lantern Slides





ADDENDA

Ac. 5345



Box 10

Ice Studies

Folder 1 The Ices of Lake Erie Around South Bass Island, 1936-1956

By Thomas H. Langlois & Marina H. Langlois

Folder 2 The Ices of Lake Erie Pictures

Folder 3 The Ices of Lake Erie Pictures

Folder 4 The Ices of Lake Erie Pictures

Disintegration of sheet ice, ways of "going out"

Folder 5 The Ices of Lake Erie Pictures; Annual appearances and growth

Of Sheet Ice on West End.

Folder 6 The Ices of Lake Erie Pictures

Folder 7 Pictures, news clippings, notes on Octagon Houses

Folder 8 Pictures, news clippings, notes on Octagon Houses

Folder 9 Pictures, news clippings, notes on Boundary Line markers and Corner Stones.

Folder 10 Assorted Documents by Thomas H. Langlois

Folder 11 Assorted Documents by Thomas H. Langlois

Folder 12 Pictures, Maps, Notes, on South Bass Island.



Box 11

South Bass Island Daily Life

Folder 1 South Bass Island People

Folder 2 Ecology of People

Folder 3 South Bass Island Maps

Folder 4 DeLery copy films

Folder 5 Boats

Folder 6 Daily Weather Maps

Folder 7 Grapes and Wine

Folder 8 Waterfalls

Folder 9 Assorted 8x10 Landscape Photos

Folder 10 Assorted Landscape and Fishing Photos

Folder 11 Assorted Landscape and Fishing Photos

Folder 12 Reproductions of Landscape and Fishing Photos

Folder 13 Landscape Negatives.



Box 12

South Bass Island - Community

Folder 1 Diary 1878

Folder 2 Fish Book (V. Doller & Co.) and anonymous account book. 1890

Folder 3 Annotated List of the Birds of South Bass Is., Lake Erie

Folder 4 Rept. On Franz Theodore Stone Institute of Hydrobiology (1951)

Folder 5 Correspondence

Folder 6 Photographs

Folder 7 Published Works n.d. - 1949

Folder 8 Published Works 1951-1965

Folder 9 Typed Papers by T. H. Langlois

Folder 10 "South Bass Island Community" by Burt Hudgins

Folder 11 Duplicates

Folder 12 South Bass Island / Put-In-Bay Misc.

Folder 13 South Bass Island People A-D

Folder 14 South Bass Island People E-L



Box 13

South Bass Island - Community

Folder 1 South Bass Island People M-O

Folder 2 South Bass Island People O-T

Folder 3 South Bass Island People V-Z, Businesses

Folder 4 South Bass Island Population Trends, Lists of Residents

Folder 5 South Bass Island Property Owners, Residents

Folder 6 Land Contracts, Deeds

Folder 7 South Bass Island Community - Builders & Buildings

Folder 8 Doctor's House 1938

Folder 9 DeLery

Folder 10 South Bass Island History

Folder 11 South Bass Islanders - How They Came to Settle There

Folder 12 South Bass Island & Military

Folder 13 South Bass Island Government & Politics

Folder 14 Put-In-Bay Chamber of Commerce

Folder 15 Tourism & Property Rentals

Folder 16 Churches

Folder 17 Education

Folder 18 Economics, Occupations

Folder 19 Flora, Fauna, Geology

Folder 20 South Bass Island Miscellaneous



Box 14

Published Works

Folder 1 Ice Fields Notes

Folder 2 Nichols' Handy Guide Book to Put-In-Bay, Middle Bass, and Kelley's Island, 1888

Folder 3 Swamps

Folder 4 Forest Experiment Station, Franklin, North Carolina

Folder 5 Details of Travels by Thomas H. Langlois in U.S., Canada, and Mexico 1915-1959

Folder 6 Publications - Franz Theodore Stone Laboratory

Folder 7 Publications - "The Role of Catastrophes in the Ecological Succession Of Fishes"

Folder 8 Publications - Fish

Folder 9 Publications - South Bass Island

Folder 10 "The Hydrobiology of Lake Erie"



Box 15

Published Works

Folder 1 Publication - Lake Erie

Folder 2 Publications - General Biology

Folder 3 Publications - Geology, Miscellaneous

Folder 4 Publications - Newspaper & Magazine Articles, Photos

Folder 5 Publications - Photography Contests

Folder 6 Correspondence between HPC and Ronald Stuckey

Rivers of North America: A Compilation Ac. 5429



Box 16

Photos - Catawba-1922-1964

1922 - Pictures (2)

1939 - Pictures (1)

1942 - Photos (3)

1943 - Photos (18)

1944 - Photos (8)

1945 - Photos (11)

1946 - Photos (43)

1947 - Photos (77)

1948 - Photos (21)

1949 - Photos (36)

1950 - Photos (33)

1951 - Photos (14)

1952 - Photos (11)

1953 - Photos (5)

1954 - Photos ( 3)

1955 - Photos (43)

1959 - Photos (1)

1960 - Photos (2)

1961 - Photos (1)

1962 - Photos (10)

1963 - Photos (126)

1964 - Photos (9)



Box 17

Cities - U.S.

Folder 1 Cities - Arkansas

Folder 2 Cities - California

Folder 3 Cities - Colorado

Folder 4 Cities - Delaware

Folder 5 Cities - District of Columbia

Folder 6 Cities - Florida

Folder 7 Cities - Georgia

Folder 8 Cities - Hawaii

Folder 9 Cities - Idaho

Folder 10 Cities - Iowa

Folder 11 Cities - Kansas

Folder 12 Cities - Louisiana

Folder 13 Cities - Maine

Folder 14 Cities - Maryland

Folder 15 Cities - Massachusetts

Folder 16 Cities - Michigan

Folder 17 Cities - Minnesota

Folder 18 Cities - Mississippi

Folder 19 Cities - Missouri

Folder 20 Cities - Montana

Folder 21 Cities - Nebraska

Folder 22 Cities - Nevada

Folder 23 Cities - New Hampshire

Folder 24 Cities - New Jersey

Folder 25 Cities - New Mexico

Folder 26 Cities - New York

Folder 27 Cities - North Carolina

Folder 28 Cities - North Dakota

Folder 29 Cities - Oklahoma

Folder 30 Cities - Oregon

Folder 31 Cities - Panama Canal Zone

Folder 32 Cities - Pennsylvania

Folder 33 Cities - Puerto Rico

Folder 34 Cities - Rhode Island

Folder 35 Cities - South Carolina

Folder 36 Cities - South Dakota

Folder 37 Cities - Tennessee

Folder 38 Cities - Texas



Box 18

Photos - S. E. Asia & U.S. Countries

Hong Kong (18)

Thailand - Bangkok (90)

People

Silk Factory

Doll Factory

Brass Factory

Sunday Market

Royal Barges

Transportation

Legislature

Lottery

University

Lizard

Thailand - Bangkok (55)

River & Canals

Klongs

Floating Market

Oriental Hotels



Thailand - Bangkok (20)

Temples





Thailand - Bangkok (26)

Wat Phra Keo

Temple Emerald Buddha



Thailand - Bangkok (5)

Buddhist Marble Palace



Thailand - Bangkok (18)

Wat Po



Thailand - Bangkok (42)

Temple of the Dawn



Singapore (25)



Malaysia (36)

Kuala Lumpur



New Zealand-Auckland (25)

Fiji - Suva



U.S. Cities

Colorado (14)

Delaware (3)

Dist. of Columbia (23)

Florida (71)

Georgia (70)

Indiana (5)

Iowa (6)

Louisiana (6) and Negs

Maryland (4)

Massachusetts (43) and Negs

Michigan (124)

Minnesota (15)

Mississippi (12)

Missouri (15)

New Hampshire (8)

New Jersey (1)

New Mexico (4)

New York (61)

North Carolina (4)

Oklahoma (20)

Pennsylvania (53)

South Carolina (2)

Texas (23)

Virginia (60)

West Virginia (42)

Wisconsin (11)

Wyoming (3)

Biloxi, MS (2)

Bowling Green (1)

Cedar Key, FL (25) and Negs

OHIO

Cedar Point, OH (2)

Elyria, OH (1)

Gallipolis, OH (5)

Gambier, OH (9)

Gnaddenhutten, OH (1)

Marietta, OH (9)

Maumee, OH (1)

Mt. Healthy, OH (1)

Newark, OH (4)

Niles, OH (1)

Pomeroy, OH (2)

Port Clinton, OH (16)

Sandusky, OH (1)

Schoenbrunn, OH (14)



Hawaii

1964 (18)

1965 (87)

1966 (7)

1967 (33)

1968 (13)



Box 19

Photos - Miscellaneous

Communication Systems (1)

Court Houses (4)

Dams (11)

Ohio Dams (28)

Ohio Dams (6)

Passable at Flood Stage

Ohio Dams (6)

Low Grade Incline

Falls (39)

Fire (1)





Forts (44)

Fort Erie, Canada

Fort George, Canada

Fort Harrod, KY

Fort Henry, Canada

Fort Massachusetts, Miss.

Fort Military College, Canada



Handicrafts (2)

Hoar Frost (3)

Pigeon Forge, TN (4)

Highways, Roads, Streets (8)



Transmontane Routes (19)

Wilderness Road

Cumberland Gap

National Road

Hotels (12)



Houses (97)

Southern (3)

Historic (10)

German (4)

Gothic (4)

Greek Revival (68)

Rain (1)

Floods (12)

Animals (35)

Sediments (4)

Sunrises (1)

Rainbows (1)

Winds (18)

Water (46)

Water Supply (5)

Snow (24)



Box 20

Photos - Miscellaneous

Folder 1 Hawaii 1964 - 1968

Canada - British Columbia, Vancouver

Folder 2 Canada - Rocky Mts.

Lake Louise

Columbian Ice Fields

Banff

Medicine Hat

Glacier National Park

Folder 3 Canada - British Columbia, Victoria

Folder 4 Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Seattle, Washington

Folder 5 Philippine Islands - Manila

Folder 6 New Mexico - Las Cruces

Desert Plants

Folder 7 New York - Niagara Falls

Folder 8 Wyoming - Yellowstone Park

Folder 9 Insects

Folder 10 Arachnida

Folder 11 Bees

Folder 12 Spiders

Folder 13 Land Snails & Slugs

Folder 14 Butterflies

Folder 15 Crabs

Folder 16 Wasps

Folder 17 Midges

Folder 18 Automobiles

Folder 19 Bams

Folder 20 Railways

Folder 21 North Dakota

Folder 22 Churches



Box 21

Folder 1 Cities - Alabama

Folder 2 Cities of Alaska

Folder 3 Cities of Arizona

Folder 4 Capitol Buildings

Folder 5 Perry's Monument

Folder 6 Monuments

Folder 7 Mounds

Folder 8 Museums

Folder 9 Research

Folder 10 Sciences

Folder 11 Astronomy

Folder 12 Locks

Folder 13 Wheaton Club

Folder 14 Ohio Academy of Science

Folder 15 Toledo Zoo

Folder 16 Natural Resources Council of America

Folder 17 Airplanes

Folder 18 Airports

Folder 19 Aquaria



Box 22

Erie Islands & Boats

(Originals)



Box 23

Erie Islands & Boats

(Originals)



Box 24

Islanders A - H

(Originals)



Box 25

Islanders I - S

(Originals)



Box 26

Islanders T - Z

(Originals)



Box 27

Shoreline Allotments

(Originals)



Box 28

Put-In-Bay

(Original)



Box 29

South Bass Island - Daily Record

(Originals)