Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

 

Zalman Wildman

 

FR-6

 


Introduction

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content

Inventory

Introduction

The Zalman Wildman Papers are a part of the Charles E. Frohman Collection. For more information about the early development of Sandusky, Ohio, see the John G. Camp Collection (FR-3) and the John Gardiner Collection (LH-287).

Biographical Sketch

Born in Danbury, Connecticut, February 16, 1775, Zalman (also spelled Zalmon) Wildman became a manufacturer of hats, the occupation of numerous family members. He established the first hat stores in Charleston, South Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia, in 1802. He served as Danbury’s postmaster from 1805 until his death in 1835. In 1818, Wildman became a member of the state house of representatives. Speculating in the undeveloped lands of the Ohio Firelands, Wildman purchased in several thousand acres of Canon Township (later Richmond Township) and Perkins Township in what was to become Erie County, Ohio. At the close of the War of 1812, Wildman platted his land and laid out city lots near the center of his tract. He named the port of entry "Portland." The following year he erected the first building within the "city tract." Sandusky, Ohio, was eventually established on the Wildman lands. In 1824, Wildman became the first president of the Danbury National Bank. In early March of 1835, Wildman was elected to the Twenty-fourth United States Congress and served until his death on December 10, 1835. He is buried in the Wooster Cemetery at Danbury, Connecticut.

Wildman, along with other early land speculators, worked to develop transportation, through efforts to build a turnpike, a shipping canal, and railroads that would encourage business and increase the value of their land investments.

Scope and Content

The collection consists primarily of correspondence of Wildman family members, chiefly incoming letters, dating from 1810 to 1876. The correspondence pertains to the founding and development of Sandusky and Erie County, Ohio, including county organization and politics; churches; schools; social life; newspapers; health conditions (ague, typhus fever, cholera, etc.); banks; land surveys and sales; construction of homes, roads, and routes from the East; establishment of a naval base; a penitentiary; a steamboat wharf at Sandusky; the Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad Co.; the Columbus & Sandusky Turnpike Co.; Canal Bill; and the conduct of the War of 1812. Other letters focus on crops, early mills, commodity prices, and local businesses and trade.

The bulk of the collection, some 200 items, is photocopies of the Wildman Papers held by the Ohio Historical Society, while the remainder consists of approximately forty original letters. The inventory provides a listing of the correspondence by folder. A chronological list of the correspondence gives the date, names of correspondents, and subject matter of each letter.

Inventory

Ac. 1822

½ linear ft.

 

1. Inventory Sheets
2. Transcriptions of Correspondence
3. Correspondence 1810 - 1839 Originals
4. Correspondence 1839 - 1876 Originals
5. Correspondence Jly. 1805 - Dec. 1812 Photocopies
6. Correspondence Jan. 1813 - Dec. 1820 Photocopies
7. Correspondence Oct. 1821 - Dec. 1828 Photocopies
8. Correspondence Apr. 1829 - Dec. 1832 Photocopies
9. Correspondence Nov. 1834 - Dec. 1836 Photocopies
10. Correspondence Jan. 1838 - Aug. 1846 Photocopies
11. Correspondence Sept. 1846 - Nov. 1848 Photocopies
12. Correspondence Feb. 1849 - Oct. 1861 Photocopies
13. B. Lockwood and Others v. Wildman, Mills, and Others [13 Ohio 430]

 

Chronological Inventory of Correspondence

July 30, 1805 Ruggles to Wildman, to speculate in Ohio lands
June 1, 1806 Z. Wildman to Seymour Wildman, concerning land purchase in Ohio
Sept. 4, 1807 Horatio Wildman to Z. Wildman, loss of handkerchief
May 31, 1808 Ruggles to Wildman, to commence survey
Nov. 15,1808 Z. Wildman to S. Wildman, drew lands on Lake Erie
June 7, 1809 John H. Patch from Huron to Z. Wildman, re counterfeiters
June 20, 1809 Z. Wildman from Huron to Mrs. Polly Wildman, drawings at Huron, etc.
June 21, 1809 John H. Patch to Z. Wildman, refers to survey of Bay and Peninsula
Map of Catawba Island
Aug. 2, 1809 Agreement of Thaddeus Lacey witnessed by Apaphias W. Bull to sell land for cattle
     and hogs and to make butter and cheese
June 25, 1810 Eli S. Barnum (Huron) to Z. Wildman, route to Fire Lands
Nov. 13, 1810 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, Indian information, Put-in-Bay, etc
Jan. 22, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, mill at Cold Creek, etc
Jan. 28, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, Indian Council at Detroit
Feb. 7, 1811 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Vermilion), miscellaneous
Mar. 5, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Huron), partition of Sandusky Bay
Mar. 14, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Huron), to buy land
Mar. 19, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Huron), colonization
Apr. 5, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Huron), locate county seat
May 6, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Huron), Bull appointed Collector
May 5, 1811 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, court house at Avery
May 28, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, cattle - Avery
June 18, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, Bull left; Land
June 23, 1811 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, information on Huron River
June 26, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, speculation
July 2, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
July 10, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, peninsular land sales, inc. contract
Sept. 17, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, local news
Sept. 30, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, land division
Nov.15, 1811 Eliakim Nash to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Dec. 6, 1811 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Jan. 7, 1812 Comfort S. Mygatt to Z. Wildman, paying taxes at Warren
June 27, 1812 Z. Wildman to Polly Wildman, execution of John Omick, Indian
Jly. 4, 1812 Z. Wildman to Horatio Wildman, war declared
Aug. 25, 1812 John Patch to Z. Wildman, surrender at Detroit
Aug. 30, 1812 Jabez Wright to Z. Wildman, local events
Sept. 6, 1812 Samuel S. Baldwin to Z. Wildman, surrender at Detroit
Oct. 7,1812 Samuel S. Baldwin to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Dec. 14, 1812 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, views of war
Jan. 12, 1813 John Patch to Z. Wildman, conduct of the Army, etc.
Jan. 16, 1813 Jabez Wright to Z. Wildman, Army at Sandusky
Feb. 4, 1813 Samuel P. Baldwin to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Feb. 10, 1813 Minutes of meeting held at Norwalk regarding the election of officers
Mar. 9, 1813 Whittlesey to Z. Wildman, land division, miscellaneous
Mar. 18, 1813 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, conduct of the war, apology for poetry of Whittelsey
May 24, 1813 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, conduct of the war, condition of county
June 29, 1813 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, conduct of the war
Aug. 14, 1813 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, war conditions, etc.
Aug. 19, 1813 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman (Bridgeport, Ohio), conditions
Sept. 21, 1813 Jabez Wright to Z. Wildman, battle of Lake Erie
Oct. 1813 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, battle of Lake Erie
May 10, 1814 John H. Patch to Z. Wildman, local events
June 1, 1814 Seymour Wildman to Z. Wildman, land deeds
June 28, 1814 Z. Wildman to E. M. Starr, troops at Buffalo, New York
Aug. 2, 1814 Moses Hatch to Z.Wildman, discussion of Indians, etc
Aug. 3, 1814 Z. Wildman to Horatio Wildman
Dec. 6, 1814 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, boat building at Huron and Vermilion, Ohio
Mar. 6, 1815 Chas. P. Barnum to Z. Wildman, possibility of Z.W. moving West
Apr. 24,1815 Almon Ruggles to Z. Wildman, Huron County, Ohio,. organization
Apr. 28, 1815 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, Huron County, Ohio events
June 6, 1815 Jabez Wright to Z. Wildman, "If you don’t move the Bay will take on other aspects."
Jly. 30, 1815 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, local events
Sept. 15, 1815 E. Whittelsey to Z. Wildman (Canfield, Ohio), possibility of steamboat
Oct. 13, 1815 Z. Wildman to John Lay (Buffalo, New York), shipment of goods for Huron
Feb. 14, 1816 Jabez Wright to Z. Wildman, goods arrived at Huron, county overstocked
Mar. 7, 1816 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, settlement of the Bay
Aug. 7, 1816 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, trip to the West
Jan. 7, 1817 Jabez Wright to Z. Wildman, settlement of the Bay
Mar. 12, 1817 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, settlement, banks, etc.
Apr. 15, 1817 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, sale of lands at Venice, Ohio
May 30, 1817 J. Wright to Z. Wildman, Major Kilbourn and Sandusky plat
June 3, 1817 Z. Wildman to Polly Wildman, arrival of Frederick Wildman at Huron
Aug. 5, 1817 Moors Farwell to Z. Wildman (Portland), local events
Aug. 12, 1817 Moors Farwell to Z. Wildman, dissatisfaction with land sales
Oct. 3, 1817 Moors Farwell to Z. Wildman, local events
Jan. 4, 1818 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, progress on land
Feb. 2, 1818 Plan of Sandusky, Engineer A. Doolittle
Feb. 22, 1818 Lyman Farwell to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Aug. 25, 1818 R. & G. Lockwood to Isaac Mills, settlement
Jan. 11, 1819 Lyman Farwell to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Feb. 20, 1819 Deed for Sandusky property, Isaac Mills to Z.Wildman
Aug. 25, 1819 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, land prices and local events
Feb. 23, 1820 Jed Rogers to Z.Wildman, boat between Huron and Sandusky, Ohio
Mar. 16, 1820 M. Farwell to Z. Wildman, accounting
Apr. 29, 1820 Gideon Tomlinson to Z. Wildman, removal of Collector’s office to Sandusky
May 25, 1820 Form of sale of lands in Sandusky, lot sales
June 1820 Lyman Farwell to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Jly. 29, 1820 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, Townsend stores, arrivals at the wharf
Nov. 18, 1820 Lyman Farwell to Z. Wildman, miscellaneous
Dec. 19, 1820 Wm. Townsend to Z. Wildman, illness
Oct. 17, 1821 M. Farwell to Z. Wildman, necessity of printing office, lighthouse, etc.
Nov. 11, 1821 Hector Kilbourn to Isaac Mills, dwelling for Ferry, Collector of Customs
Apr. 5, 1822 Kneeland Townsend to Z. Wildman, condition of land sales in Sandusky
Apr. 6, 1822 Kneeland Townsend to Z. Wildman, condition of land sales in Sandusky, Ohio
May 26, 1822 Kilbourn & Townsend to Z. Wildman, Columbus Road and Ohio Canal
Jly. 20, 1822 Receipt of David Campbell for year’s subscription to Clarion
Nov. 1, 1822  Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, sale of lots for taxes
Feb. 25, 1823 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, Wm. Kelly lot, canal, etc.
Mar. 22, 1824 Wm. B. Smith to Z. Wildman, claim settlement
Jly. 31, 1824 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, conditions at Sandusky, Ohio
Oct. 12, 1824 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, title problem
Feb. 7, 1825 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, Canal Bill, real estate valuation in Sandusky
Feb. 26, 1825 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, marsh land for canal
Apr. 17, 1825 D. Campbell to Z. Wildman, Milan, Ohio canal
June 17, 1825 Frederich Wildman to Z. Wildman, canal matters
June 21, 1825 Z. Wildman to Frederich Wildman, instruction on lands
June 27, 1825 Z. Wildman to Frederich Wildman, instruction on lands
July 12, 1825 Frederich Wildman to Z. Wildman, report on lands
Oct. 9, 1825 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, report on lands and conditions
Mar. 12, 1826 Geo. Anderson to Z. Wildman, improvement of harbor, Chippewa, etc.
Nov. 1, 1826 F. D. Parish to Z. Wildman, report on transactions, survey of Bay by U.S. Engineers
Dec. 1826 F. D. Parish to Isaac Mills, report on transactions
Mar. 28, 1827 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, conditions and construction at Sandusky, Ohio
Sept. 1, 1827 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, mercantile business
Nov. 14, 1827 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, mercantile business
Nov. 17, 1827 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, progress at Sandusky, Ohio
Jan. 5, 1828 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman from Painesville, Ohio, miscellaneous
Mar. 6, 1828 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, sale of lots
Apr. 16, 1828 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, general business conditions
May 20, 1828 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, sale of lots
Jly. 13, 1828 F. S. W. to Z. Wildman, payment for Norwalk, Ohio, church
Oct. 9, 1828 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, brewery to be established
Dec. 2, 1828 Z. Wildman to Burr Higgins, land sales on the peninsula
Apr. 29, 1829 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman from Four Corners, house lease at Sandusky, Ohio, farming
Jly. 28, 1829 Z. Wildman to Mary Starr (nee Wildman), list of businesses in Sandusky, Ohio
Oct. 25, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, operations at Sandusky, Ohio, taxes, etc.
Nov. 4, 1829 F. D. Parish to Z. Wildman, C & S Turnpike subscriptions
Nov. 30, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, suit against Hoadly et al at Z. Wildman’s request for friendly
     partition
Dec. 1, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, sale of Decatur slip notes to Haywood & Higgins
Dec. 8, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, general transactions
Dec. 16, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, dry dock and saw mill
Dec. 17, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, Catholic site
Dec. 19, 1829 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, farming, lots
Dec. 19, 1829 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, urging action on 12/17 letter
Jly. 5, 1830 Z. Wildman to F. S. W., general business conditions
Aug. 18, 1830 printed land contract of Z. Wildman & Isaac Mills to Benjamin Gregg
Dec. 30, 1830 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, transactions
Jan. 19, 1831 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, railroad, penitentiary, etc
Dec. 21, 1831 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, contracts for materials for mill
Jan. 26, 1831 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, railroad charter
Feb.14, 1831 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, railroad, mills, etc.
Apr. 4, 1831 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, contracts for mill
Jun. 4, 1831  W. C. Starr to Z. Wildman, railroad, tavern by Victor, etc.
Oct. 10, 1831 F. D. Parish to Z. Wildman, preparations for Presbyterian church
Jan. 3, 1832 H. H. Wilcoxon to Z. Wildman, railroad charter
Jan. 17, 1832 F. D. Parish to Z. Wildman, railroad charter
Aug. 15, 1832 I. A. Mills to Z. Wildman, railroad subscription, death of Woolcot
Jan. 18, 1833 F. D. Parish to Z. Wildman, railroad progress, bank charter
Apr. 12, 1833 J. G. Camp to Z. Wildman, transfer of lots, railroad, etc.
Nov. 2, 1834 I. A. Mills to Z. Wildman, railroad stockholders meeting at Urbana, Ohio, steamer at
        Sandusky, Ohio
Nov. 28, 1834 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, Columbus Ave. house, lots
Dec. 2, 1834 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, lots, Huron and Sandusky, Ohio, business conditions
Dec. 26, 1834 Eli S. Barnum to Z. Wildman, description of Sandusky
Feb. 23, 1835 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, railroad matters
Apr. 10, 1835 Isaac Mills to Z. Wildman, construction of railroad to Tiffin, Ohio
Apr. 24, 1835 Jos. L. Vance to Z. Wildman, stock and railroad matters
Apr. 29, 1835 E. Cooke to Z. Wildman, new house.
Jly. 12, 1835 J. G. Camp to Z. Wildman, survey of Mad River Rail Road to Tiffin, Ohio
Jly. 30, 1835 O. Follett to Z. Wildman, Bell railroad line, Presbyterian Church
Check of Bank of Sanduksy, Ohio
Nov. 3, 1835 O. Follett to Z. Wildman, opinions as to Mills and Wildman
Dec. 9, 1835 Z. Wildman to F. S. W., miscellaneous
Mar. 8, 1836 O. Follett to F. S. W., railroad matters
Mar. 11, 1836 Samuel Lockwood to F. S. W., railroad bills
Dec. 12, 1836 N. Starr to F. S. W., J. H. James president of railroad, finance
Oct. 12, 1838 W. M. Caswell to F. S. W., Monroeville & S. C. railroad schedule
Feb. 21, 1839 E. Cooke to F. S. W., dark days for Sandusky, Ohio
Mar. 3, 1839 J. H. James to F. S. W., settlement of railroad stock claims proposed
Mar. 11, 1839 N. Starr to F. S. W., grading Ohio Rail Road to Toledo, Ohio
Jun. 27, 1840 Bank of Sandusky (W. W. Wetherell) to F. S. W., check on Urbana Bank
Oct. 25, 1840 O. Follett to F. S. W., O. Follett regarding railroad matters, Sandusky Bank
Dec. 19, 1844 Geo. Eber to N. Starr, proposed settlement, Sandusky, Ohio difficulties
May 2, 1844 N. Starr to F. S. W., Mr. Moss Fulton Street school lot
Jly. 17, 1845 P. B. Wilcox to F. S. W., Sandusky, Ohio case and Ruggles survey
Dec. 19, 1845 E. M. Morgan to F. S. W., State Naval Base
Mar. 3, 1846 Wm. H. Caswell to F. S. Wildman, conditions, railroad, naval depot sale of out lot 101
May 15, 1846 Wildman to Campbells (first page only)
Jly. 13, 1846 E. Cooke to F. S. W., railroad extension to Cleveland, Ohio
Sept 4, 1846 W.H. Caswell to F. S. W., sidewalks, railroad matters
Nov. 3, 1846 Lemuel(?) G. Starr to F. S. W., with Barnum to London
Jan. 11, 1847 Lockwood & Graham to F. S. W., lot purchases
Mar. 11, 1847 N. Star to F. S. W., P. T. Barnum note
Apr. 5, 1847 Pitt Cooke to F. S. W. (on letterhead of P. Cooke & Co.), lot purchase
June 25, 1847 L. S. Beecher to F. S. W., lot purchase Washington Square
Aug. 2, 1847 L. S. Beecher to F. S. W., lot purchase
Aug. 17, 1847 A. M. Porter to F. S. W., construction of buildings
Oct. 26, 1848 Circular of J. G. & J. A. Camp, advertisement of law firm (first page only)
Feb 13, 1848 Wm. Durbin to Horatio Wildman, lot purchases, reverse: H.W. to F.S.W. - transmittal
Apr. 10, 1848 H. W. to F. S. W., Presbyterian Church lot, Camp Street lot, and cholera
Nov. 19, 1848  H. W. to F. S. W., sidewalks, Whig victory, Germans influenced to vote Whig, harbor
        improvements
Feb. 1, 1849 H. W. to F. S. W., sale of house and legal matters
Mar. 19, 1849 H. W. to F. S. W., law firm of Camp
Apr. 17, 1849 George Reber to F. S. W., harbor improvements bonds
Aug. 6, 1849  Sandusky Clarion newspaper
Sept. 5, 1849 H. W. to F. S. W., cholera
Nov. 12, 1849 H. W. to F. S. W., report on peninsular lands
Mar. 13, 1850 H. W. to F. S. W., California
May 2, 1850 George Reber to F. S. W., Battery defense
June 26, 1850 Jno. G. Camp, Jr. to F. S. W., railroad matters
Sept. 27, 1850 H. W. to F. S. W., Mansfield Railroad stock
Feb. 24, 1851 H. W. to Theodore, social life
Mar. 25, 1851 H. W. to F. S. W., railroad to occupy RR Street
June 20, 1851 H. W. to F. S. W., report of Mad River & Lake Erie Railroad stockholders meeting
Dec. 29, 1851 H. W. to F. S. W., banking
Apr. 11, 1852 H. W. to F. S. W., mayoral election and politics.
Apr. 23, 1853 H. W. to F. S. W., Chapman & Markness v Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad
May 11, 1853 H. W. to F. S. W., injunction of Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad of Urbana
Jan. 14, 1856 "Lucy" to Mrs. F. S. W., social life in Sandusky, Ohio
Dec. 31, 1856? Lucy to Mrs. F. S. W., church and Christmas decorations
Oct. 18, 1861 H. W. to F. S. W., four shipment from Castalia, Ohio, and Pierson mills

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