Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

 

Sandusky County, Ohio Photograph Collection

 

LH-PH-1

 


Introduction

County Formation

Scope and Content

Inventory

Introduction

The Sandusky County, Ohio Photograph Collection is an artificial collection composed of images donated at various times through the years.

Formation of Sandusky County, Ohio

Sandusky County, Ohio, was part of the large Indian territory established in northwestern Ohio by the Treaty of Greenville in 1795. Within this territory the Indians gave to the federal government for military use a tract of land two miles square at the first rapids of the Sandusky River. This land, known as the Two Mile Square Reserve, is now occupied by the city of Fremont and was originally known as Lower Sandusky. In January 1815, the Ohio legislature established Huron County, formed from the Firelands - the west end of the Connecticut Western Reserve. For governmental purposes, this act attached to Huron County lands adjoining it on the west, including the Two Mile Square Reserve.

In January 1820, the Ohio legislature established Sandusky County. Seneca County was set up at the same time and attached to Sandusky County for governmental purposes. The two counties were surveyed into sections by the federal government this same year, 1820.

In April, 1824, county government was set up in Seneca County, and Sandusky Countyís jurisdiction ended over that area. In 1835, in the heat of the Ohio-Michigan dispute known as the Toledo War, Lucas County was hastily formed to occupy the disputed land. The northwest tip of Sandusky County claimed by Michigan was made part of Lucas County. This is the land directly north of present Ottawa County. In 1838, the Seneca Indians sold their reservation to the federal government and moved west. These lands, lying partly in Ballville and Green Creek townships, were surveyed the same year and placed on sale. Also, in May 1838, Erie County was set off from Huron County, and the northeastern tip of Townsend Township added to it. In 1840, Ottawa County was set off from Sandusky County. In establishing the county line, Rice and Woodville Townships were formed.

Sandusky Township was formed in 1815; Townsend in 1820; Ballville, York, and Green Creek in 1822; Riley in 1824; Jackson in 1829; Washington in 1830; Scott and Madison in 1833; and Woodville and Rice in 1840. Fremont is the county seat. Other Sandusky County towns and villages include Clyde, portions of Bellevue, Burgoon, Millersville, Helena, Rollersville, Hessville, Woodville, Gibsonburg, Lindsey, Green Springs, and Vickery.

Scope and Content

The Sandusky County, Ohio Photograph Collection contains more than 3,000 prints, photographs, and drawings dating from 1850 to 1984. Nearly every photographic process is represented in the collection. Images from Sandusky Countyís towns and villages are included in this collection, however, the collection is dominated by pictures taken in and around Fremont, Ohio. The photographs are arranged according to subject. Some of the subjects include Sandusky Countyís towns and villages, events and celebrations, buildings, businesses, residences, schools, organizations, street scenes, bridges, railroads, churches, and utilities. The numbers appearing in parentheses after the subject in this finding aid indicate the number of photographs.

Inventory

18 linear feet

Box 1
Sandusky County History and Celebrations
1. Battle of Ft. Stephenson (15)
2. Lower Sandusky - 1820 (6)
3. City Hall - Laying Cornerstone, 1877 (3)
4. Pres. McKinley/23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Reunion, 1897 (17)
5. Hayes Centennial Parade, 1922 (23)
6. Re-interment of Col. George Croghan, 1906 (17)
7. Fort Stephenson Centennial, 1913 (3)
8. Fort Stephenson Sesquicentennial, 1963 (32)
9. Red Cross Parade, 1918 (19)
10. Parades, 1890's-1945 (40)
11. Seneca John Monument (11)
12. William Henry Harrison Rock (9)
13. Historical Markers and Signs (9)
14. J.C. Haunted House (4)
15. Christmas Tree (2)
16. Street Fairs and Carnivals (1)

Box 2
Churches
1. Christian Science (1)
2. Episcopal - St. Paul (43)
3. Jewish (1)
4. Lutheran (16)
5. Presbyterian (21)
6. Roman Catholic (10)
7. United Brethren (4)
8. United Church of Christ (17)
9. United Methodist (24)
10. Unidentified Churches (7)
11. Mount Lebanon Church and Cemetery (2)

Box 3
Schools, Students, and Faculties
1. Atkinson (4)
2. Business College (1)
3. Central High School (44)
4. Croghan (2)
5. Hayes (1)
6. Lutz (2)
7. Fremont High School/Ross High School (68)
8. St. Casimers (2)
9. St. Joseph (20)
10. Union (8)
11. Ballville Township (1)
12. Madison Township (1)
13. Grovetown (1)
14. Rural school students and staff (16)
15. Townsend Township students and staff (5)
16. Student Organizations (10)
17. Class pictures, c.1877-1928 (26)
18. Graduating classes, c. 1868-1904 (6)
19. Township teachers, 1915 (1)x3
20. Miscellaneous school photos (2)
21. Muskellunge School ca. 1912 (8)

Box 4
Fremont, Ohio, Hospitals, Library, Sandusky County Fair and Fairgrounds
1. Fremont City Hospital; Stamm Hospital (6;1)
2. Memorial Hospital; Mary Miller Hayes School of Nursing ( 55)
3. Birchard Library: exterior (27, including duplicate postcards)
4. Birchard Library: interior (14)
5. Birchard Library: c. 1948 programs and activities (67)
6. Sandusky County Fairgrounds (4)
7. Sandusky County Fair (26)

Box 5
Parks, government buildings, theaters and dance halls, cemeteries
1. Old Betsy Cannon (59) many duplicates
2. Court House Park and Standpipe (54, includes many duplicates)
3. Parks - Ft. Stephenson/Library Park (16)
4. Veterans Memorial at Croghan & Park (2)
5. Soldiers Monument (15)
6. Army Reserve Center, Oak Harbor Road, Fremont (1)
7. Rodger Young Park, Fremont (1)
8. Fremont Athletic Fields (6)
9. Sandusky County Court House (38)
10. Sandusky County Jail - Croghan St., constructed 1890 (21)
11. Post Office and Federal Building, State Street, Fremont, Ohio (4)
12. Rainbow Garden (4)
13. Theaters; Opera House (10)
14. Memorial Parkway (8)
15. Cemeteries (19)

Box 6
Commercial Businesses (Banks, Stores, Services, Depots, Hotels)
1. Colonial Savings Bank (37, including some duplicates)
2. Croghan Bank & Savings/Croghan Colonial Bank (13)
3. First National Bank (11, including some duplicates)
4. Fremont Savings Bank (28)
5. Liberty National Bank (1)
6. Sandusky County Federal (1)
7. Unidentified Banks (2)
8. Grundís Drug Store (4)
9. Childsí Clothing Store (2)
10. Fremont Gun Store, West State St. (1)x3
11. H. Lesher Grocery; Lesher Bros. Bakery & Ice Cream (1)x2; (1)x2
12. Josephís Department Store: 1952 Fire (2)
13. Finch Photography Studio (2)
14. S.J. Ryan Tailor Shop (5)
15. W.B. Kridler Insurance Co. (1)
16. Mercury Sign Co. (3)
17. Restaurants (4)
18. Saloons (9)
19. Pool and Billiard Parlor (1)
20. Shopping Centers (5)
21. Miscellaneous Retail Stores and Services (23)
22. Depots (14)
23. Hotels (22)
24. Stullís Tourist Home (3)
25. Fremont Country Club (2)

Box 7
Commercial Businesses (Publishers, Agribusiness, and Manufacturing)
1. Krebs and Proctor (2)
2. Fremont Journal [Newspaper] (1)x6
3. Newspaper Publishing (12)
4. Ballville, Ohio, Mill (4)
5. Overmyer Cider Mill (4)
6. Fremont Mills (1)
7. Thomas Bakery (1)
8. Tonyís Bakery (3)
9. Star Bakery (1)x2
10. Blue Ribbon Bakery (1); (1)x2; (1)x3
11.Dairies (2); (2); (1)x2; (1)x2
12. Greenhouses (2)
13. Loganbach Grocery (1)x2
14. George Greinerís Store (2)
15. Great Lakes Sugar Beet Plant (3)
16. H. J. Heinz Plant (5)
17. Whitmore Sawmill (10)
18. Lumber Companies (8)
19. Home Sand and Coal Co. (2)
20. Riverside Fuel and Supply Co. (1)x3; (1)x5
21. Noble Stone Quarry (1)x2
22. Undertakers (1)
23. Fremont Monument Company (2)
24. Gust Marble Shop (3)
25. W. V. B. Ames Company (1)
26. Carbo Tool and Die (3)
27. Carriage Manufacturers (3)
28. Christy-Trommer Malt Company (2)
29. Clauss Shear Company, c. 1907 (8) double sides
30. Crescent Manufacturing Company (2)
31. Fremont Tool and Die (3)
32. Herbrand (10)
33. J.P. Moore Carriage Manufacturing (3)
34. Thompson-Houston Carbon Works (1)x2
35. Penroyer Company, 1918 (1)
36. Miscellaneous Manufacturers (13)
37. Fremont Industrial Park (3 negatives)
38. Economy Baler (6)

Box 8
Fremont, Ohio, Street Scenes (including Federation of Women Home, Masonic Temple
)
1. Arch Street (4)
2. Buckland Avenue (5)
3. Cleveland Avenue (3)
4. Croghan Street (16)
5. Front Street (52)
6. Hayes Avenue (1)
7. Park Avenue (2)
8. State Street (50, including some duplicates)
9. Miscellaneous (26, including some duplicates)
10. Masonic/Moose Temple (39)
11. Fremont Federation of Women Club Home (16, including some duplicates)
12. Dr. Pontius Residence & Office, N. Park Ave. (5)

Box 9
Residences
1. Walter J. Pero residence, 1124 Croghan St. (22)
2. Fred Fabing residence (1)
3. Robert H. Rice residence, 408 Arch St. (36)
4. Lucy Keeler residence (1)
5. George Bolinger residence (1)
6. William E. Haynes residence (1)
7. George Greiner residence (1)
8. Haslet Wilson residence, West State St. and portraits (2) and (18)
9. Dillon House, 1329 Buckland Ave. (1)
10. Vallette House, Buckland Ave. (1)
11. J.H. Bihl residence, Buckland and Hayes Ave. (1)
12. Max Wolf residence, Fourth St. (1)
13. John G. Nuhfer residence, 500 S. Arch St. (4)
14. W.A. Rice birthplace, State St. (1)x2
15. Reinhard Grob residence, 605 High St. (2)
16. Buckland Homestead, Birchard and Park Ave. (1)x16; (3)
17. Jake Youngman residence, S. Arch St. (1)
18. Houck residence (2)
19. Henry Fry residence, Ballville Twp. (5)
20. Hudson Family Homestead, Sandusky County (1)
21. Shively residence, 1217 Garrison St. (1)
22. Fremont Homes, streets identified (10)
23. Miscellaneous Fremont homes (29)
24. Miscellaneous home interiors (5)
25. Daniel Brainard Home, Arch Street (1)
26. Loveland/Lyle/Miller Homes, East State Street (4)

Box 10
Waterways, Utilities, Wrecks, Fires, and Maps
1. Ballville Dam Construction (76)
2. Ballville Dam (36)
3. Filtration Plant (1)x2; (1)x3; (2)
4. Utilities (8)
5. Maps (3)
6. Sandusky County vehicle wrecks and building fires (16)
7. Bradyís Island (3)
8. Minnow Creek Cut-off (2)
9. Mud Creek Bay, 1916 (1)
10. Cochranís Landing (Sandusky River) (2)
11. DeMars Club (on Mud Creek) (21)
12. Tucker Dam (2)

Box 11
Bridges, Railroads, Trains, and the Sandusky River
1. Rivers and Streams (3)
2. Sandusky River (26) + (1)x2 + (1)x9 + (1)x15
3. Tindall Bridge (2)
4. Mull Covered Bridge (25)
5. Ballville Covered Bridge (18)
6. State Street Bridge (22, including duplicates)
7. Bridge Construction - Route 20 By-pass (28)
8. Railroad Bridges (21)
9. Lake Erie and Western Railroad (21)
10. Lakeshore Railway Cars (2); (1)x3
11. Trains and Tracks (16)
12. Blue Banks - Sandusky River (1)x4

Box 12
Vehicles and Aerial views
1. Vehicles - horse drawn (5)
2. Ball House Livery (11)
3. G.A. Berger wagon repair (1)x2
4. Farm Machinery (8)
5. Automobiles (8)
6. Dr. Pontiusís automobiles (12)
7. Steamer R. B. Hayes (5) duplicates
8. Steamers: G.A. Boeckling and Fremont (2)
9. Steamboats and boating (15)
10. Biplane, 1911 (1)x2
11. Aerial Views of Fremont, c. 1906 (4)
12. Aerial Views of Fremont, 1920 (3)
13. Aerial Views of Fremont, 1948 (3)
14. Aerial Views of Fremont. 1984 (1)
15. Aerial Views of Fremont - Fairgrounds (2)
16. Miscellaneous Aerial Views (34 with some duplicates)
17. Sand Docks - N. Front St. (1)
18. U.S. Mail Delivery Wagons (2)x2
19. Hench-Messinger Baking Co. Delivery Wagon (1)
20. Robert Horn with Popcorn/Peanut Wagon, c. 1914 (2)
21. Miller Brothers Produce Buyers and Chase Truck Agents (3)
22. Geo. A. Schmittuz Market Gardner Truck (1)
23. Automobile Dealers (4)
24. Mohler Auto Supply and Service (5)
25. C & W Auto Supplies - East State at Ohio Ave. (1)
26. F.R. Smith Oil Company (1)
27. Frank Roth Taxi - W. State, 1924 (1)
28. Rainbow Restaurant and Bus Stop (1)

Box 13
Storms and Floods
1. Storm of May, 1893 (7)
2. 1904 Flood (28, including some duplicates)
3. 1904 Flood Album (28)
4. Historical Souvenir Books: Fremont Flood 1913 (1) + (1)x4
5. 1913 Flood photos with identified locations, etc.

Box 14
Flood of 1913
1. 1913 Flood postcards (numerous photos)
2. 1913 Flood miscellaneous photos (11 plus postcards)
3. 1913 Flood photos - reprints (4 large plus snapshot size)
4. 1959 Flood (38 photos plus correspondence and documents)

Box 15
Groups
1. Civil service groups (9)
2. Election Board, 1908 (1)
3. Fremont Hose Brigade, 1886 (1)
4. Fire Departments (11) duplicates
5. Fremont Broom Brigade, 1884 (1)x4
6. Fremont Cycling and Athletic Club Amateur Minstrels, 1894 (4)
7. Fremont Outing Club (3)
8. Bankers - Fremont (1)
9. Fremont Militaries, 1978 (5)
10. Scout Troops (2)
11. Family Reunions - Sandusky County (6)
12. Family groups - Sandusky County (9)
13. Identified groups (9)
14. Groups with individuals identified (27)
15. Unidentified groups (22)
16. Athletic teams and players (18)

Box 16
Military, Fraternal, and Religious Organizations
1. Military reunion - 72nd OVI (Civil War), 1908 (1)
2. Cuba as seen by the 6th OVI (Spanish-American War)
3. Spanish-American War Soldiers, 1897 (1)x3; (1), 1898 [Ac. 5617]
4. Company K, 6th Regiment, 1917 (10) duplicates
5. 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Reunion, 1877 (Civil War) (7) duplicates
6. Military personnel (5)7. Military Bands (3)
8. Fraternal Organizations (3)
9. Fremont Crescents Baseball Team, c.1910 (1)
10. Methodist Church groups - individuals identified - c.1910-1920 (3)
11. YMCA - Sandusky County (7)
12. Adam Gottron and A.G. Walter, 1907 (1)
13. Unidentified individuals - Sandusky County (10)
14. Miscellaneous Military Photos (1)
15. Civil War Veterans (1)

Box 17
Sandusky County Towns and Villages (Amsden, Burgoon, Kansas, Bellevue, Gibsonburg, Green Springs,
Helena, Lindsey, Rollersville, Woodville)
1. Amsden, Burgoon, Kansas (21)
2. Bellevue (5)
3. Gibsonburg (13)
4. Green Springs (3)
5. Helena (10)
6. Helena - Schools (2)
7. Helena - Lindsay homes & family members (5)
8. Helena - Volunteer Fire Department (2)
9. Helena - Churches (4)
10. Helena - Railroads (4)
11. Helena - Petroleum Wells (12)
12. Lindsey (1)
13. Lindsey - Schools (1)
14. Woodville (2)
15. Woodville - Schools (3)
16. Woodville - Solomon Lutheran Church (2)
17. Jackson Township (1)
18. Rollersville Concert Band

Box 18
Clyde, Ohio
1. Clyde (11)
2. Clyde - Street Scenes (4)
3. Clyde - School Buildings (10)
4. Clyde - School Personnel (3)
5. Clyde - School Basketball Teams, 1906-07; 1926-27 (2)
6. Clyde - School Classes, 1891-1912 (5)
7. Clyde - School Class and Playground groups (21)
8. Clyde - School Senior Class Photos, 1954; 1958 (1)x6 + (1)x3
9. Clyde - Veterans Band (1)
10. Clyde - Sherwood Anderson Day, 1972 (20)
11. Clyde - Doebelís Greenhouse, 1977 (2)
12. Clyde - unidentified persons - Hocke Family (29 photos) (31 tintypes)

Box 19
Oversized Images
1. Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Rail Depot 1899 (1)x1
2. St. Paulís Episcopal Church altar (5)
3. Limited Edition Prints - Historic Fremont (in folders) (4)
4. Aerial view Fremont Business District 1948 (1)
5. 23rd Reunion 72nd OVVI 1893 (1)
6. Newsprint directory - Fremont businesses (1)
7. Poster - Memorial Hospital (1)
8. 32nd Degree Masons - Sandusky County - 1907 (1)
9. Group of 33 men, 8 women - some identified (1)
10.Wheeling Depot - Pettiford and Thorson (1)
11.Henkel Clauss Buffing Shop Crew (1)
12.Printed engraving - Fremont High School and Presbyterian Church (1)
13.Fremont basketball team - 1902 (1)x2
14.Army regiment (1)
15.Group of 11 young men and 13 young women (1)
16.Class of 1906 - 16 women and 15 men (1)
17.Poster of Elisha and Sarah Dawley (biographical data only; photo missing)
18.Fremont Ross and St. Joseph Central Catholic High Schools graduating classes and football teams 1951-1952 (8)
19. President Rutherford B. Hayes Centennial Celebration,1922 (2)

Photo Albums
Rebecca Dilenschneider - Hayes and Lutz Kindergartens Photo Album 1928-1947
Rebecca Dilenschneider - Hayes and Lutz Kindergartens Photo Album 1947-1969
Fremont Public Schools Certificate dtd 24 June 1879 made out to Nellie Pero
Fremont High School Diploma dtd 22 June 1877 made out to Walter J. Pero
Teacher's General Register dtd May 28, 1855-August 7, 1855 for Ballville Twp.

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