Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

John B. Rice

 

LH-30


Introduction

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content

Inventory

Letter Transcription

Introduction

Related collections include those of Robert S. Rice, Robert H. Rice, Henry Rice, Ada Rice, J. W. Pero, Monroe Smith, and the Fry family. An extensive collection of family photographs accompanies the collection.

Biographical Sketch

John Birchard Rice was born in Lower Sandusky, Ohio on June 23, 1832. He was the second son of Dr. Robert S. and Eliza Ann (Caldwell) Rice. After his public school education, he spent three years at the printer's trade in the office of the Sandusky County Democrat. The wages he earned enabled him to obtain further education at Oberlin College and to prepare for medical school. After two years at Oberlin College, Rice entered the medical college at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor from which he graduated in 1857.

Rice then returned to Fremont to enter practice with his father. In 1859, he continued his medical studies by entering the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. He also attended clinics in medicine at Bellevue Hospital in New York. He then returned to Fremont, but was soon caught up in the Civil War.

When the war broke out, Dr. John B. Rice volunteered his services and was assigned as assistant surgeon of the Tenth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He served under Colonel Lytle through early battles in western Virginia (West Virginia). On November 25, 1861, he was promoted to surgeon and assigned to the 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the regiment raised in Fremont, Ohio by Ralph P. Buckland. Dr. Rice served with this regiment for three years. He was present when the 72nd withstood the shock of the Battle of Shiloh on April 6-7, 1862. During this battle, Dr. Rice was to lose many personal effects, including letters from his wife. This was unfortunately to lead to his destruction of most of her letters to him during the remainder of the war, thus avoiding their seizure by the Confederates. He was to serve, in part, during his military career as surgeon-in-chief of Lauman's and Tuttle's divisions of the 15th Army Corps and of the District of Memphis when it was commanded by General Ralph P. Buckland. He apparently had a reputation for being the life of the camp, cheerful as well as sympathetic and watchful for the interest of his comrades. He won the respect and admiration of the men who came under his surgical and medical care. One of his surgical achievements was to perform the rare operation of an elbow joint resection on Private J. L. Jackson of Company A of the 72nd OVI. Medical records reveal that he performed two surgical amputations on May 14, 1863, but both soldiers died of complications following the operations, not an unusual occurrence in the Civil War. How many successful operations he performed is unknown.

Dr. Rice described his experiences in and feelings about the war in a voluminous correspondence with his wife, brothers, and parents between 1861 and 1864. He left military service in early December 1864 to return to Fremont and his wife whom he had married on December 12, 1861. He resumed his interrupted medical practice in association with his brother, Dr. Robert H. Rice who had completed his medical education at the University of Michigan.

Dr. John B. Rice was to become eminent in his profession and participated in the county, district and state medical societies. For several years he was a member of the faculty at the Charity Hospital Medical College in Cleveland where he gave lectures in 1868 and 1869. He also lectured on military surgery and obstetrics. He contributed articles to medical journals and was recognized by his peers as an able member of the medical profession. Dr. Rice was active in civic affairs in the community. He served on the city board of health and as a member of the board of pension examiners. He gave of his means and influence to aid in any project for the prosperity and welfare of the community.

The height of his civic activity came in 1880. On August 10, 1880, the Republican district congressional convention at Clyde nominated Dr. John B. Rice for the Tenth District of Ohio seat in Congress. This district included Erie, Hancock, Huron, Sandusky, and Seneca counties. Rice won the nomination in the second ballot when the Seneca County delegation shifted enough of its votes to assure victory. In the congressional election on October 12, 1880, Rice won by a margin of 1368 votes. A victory celebration was held in Fremont at which delegations from all the counties in the district gathered for a parade and speeches by Dr. Rice, Governor Charles Foster and others. Dr. John B. Rice was to serve only in the Forty-seventh Congress. He became frustrated by and disillusioned with the dull, routine character of the work of a congressman. He, therefore, declined the nomination of his party for a second term. He returned to Fremont with his wife and two children, Lizzie, born September 18, 1865 and Wilson, born July 2, 1875. He resumed his medical practice and his management of the Trommer Extract of Malt Company.

Dr. Rice was one of the founders of the Trommer Extract of Malt Company in 1875. Others involved in this venture were: Dr. Robert H. Rice, Ralph and Stephen Buckland, and Gustavus A. Gessner. Dr. John B. Rice continued his medical practice until he became seriously ill with Bright's disease. This illness gradually sapped his strength and, when pneumonia set in, his death became imminent. He died on January 13, 1893.

Scope and Content

Extending from 1830 to 1911, the collection contains the personal, political, and business correspondence of Dr. John B. Rice. Of particular note is Rice’s Civil War correspondence to his wife and family (1861 to 1864). The collection contains correspondence, notes, brochures, and circulars relating to his medical practice and documents associated with his position as a surgeon in the Civil War, including hospital bills, orders, supply inventories, and reports of the 72nd OVI. Box 3 contains numerous letters from Civil War veterans seeking pensions and/or documentation of war related disabilities. Family correspondence includes that of his wife, Sarah Wilson Rice, and his brothers, Henry, Robert, and Charles F. As one of the founders of the Trommer Extract of Malt Co. and a partner in the Lampazos Silver Mine, Rice generated an extensive series of business papers. Medical account books exist for the years 1867, 1869, 1870, 1872, and 1873 - 1875. Rice’s political papers offer some sense of the political climate in Ohio during the late 1870's and the early 1880's. However, much of the political correspondence derives from his constituents. In particular, the appointment of General Samuel Sturgis as head of the National Soldiers’ Home generated letters from angry Civil War veterans. Many of the veterans living in Rice’s district felt Sturgis was undeserving of the appointment because of his leadership at the Battle of Guntown. A small amount of material relates to the early history of Sandusky County, its churches, and medical organizations. An index to the collection is available.

Inventory

1800 Items

Box 1
Folders:
1. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1863
2. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1871
3. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1872
4. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1873
5. Correspondence - Charles F. Rice - 1874, 1876-1877
6. Receipts/Invitations - 1882, 1917, 1920, 1921
7. Kenyon College Records - 1893-1896
8. Kenyon College Records - 1893-1896
9. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence & Will - 1883, 1902, 1904
10. Sarah W. Rice - Financial Receipts
11. Sarah W. Rice - Financial Receipts
12. Miscellaneous Material - John B. Rice
13. Charles F. Rice
14. John B. Rice Medical School Papers
15. John B. Rice Eulogy
16. Medical Advertisements
17. John B. Rice Medical Statements
18. Correspondence - 1853
19. Correspondence - 1854
20. Medical Notes - 1855
21. Correspondence - 1858
22. Correspondence - 1859
23. Civil War Muster Roll of Cooks/Nurses - 1861-1863
24. Civil War - 1861-1862
25. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills
26. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills - 1862
27. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills - 1862
28. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Invoices - 1862
29. Civil War Orders & Reports - July-September 1862
30. Buckland’s Regiment (72nd) at Shiloh (Speech)
31. Civil War Orders & Reports - October-November 1862
32. Civil War Orders & Reports - January-February 1863
33. Civil War Orders & Reports - March 1863
34. Civil War Orders & Reports - April-June 1863
35. Civil War Orders & Reports - August-September 1863
36. Civil War Orders & Reports - October-November 1863
37. Civil War Orders & Reports - 1864
38. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Hospital Bills - 1864
39. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Invoices - February-July 1863
      Medical/Hospital Stores
40. Civil War 72nd O.V.I. Invoices - August-September 1863
      Medical/Hospital Stores

Box 2
Folders:
1. Constituents’ Correspondence - January 1-17, 1882
2. Constituents’ Correspondence - January 18-20, 1882
3. Constituents’ Correspondence - January 21-31, 1882
    Also Guntown Affair Letters - January 28, 1882, January 30, 1882
4. Constituents’ Correspondence - February 14-23, 1882
5. Constituents’ Correspondence - February 24-28, 1882
6. Constituents’ Correspondence - March 1-19, 1882
7. Constituents’ Correspondence - March 20-31, 1882
8. Constituents’ Correspondence - April 1-14, 1882
9. Constituents’ Correspondence - April 15-30, 1882
    Also Guntown Pamphlet - April 15, 1882
10. Constituents’ Correspondence - May 1-14, 1882
11. Constituents’ Correspondence - May 15-24, 1882
12. Constituents’ Correspondence - May 25-31, 1882
13. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - 1853-1857
14. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - February-September 1858
15. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - October 1858
16. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - November-December 1858
17. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - January 1859
18. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - February 1859
19. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - March-April 1859
20. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - May 1859
21. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - June 1859
22. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - July 1859
23. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - January-February 1860
24. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - March-May 1860
25. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - June-July 1860
26. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - August 1860
27. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - September-October 1860
28. Sarah W. Rice - Correspondence - November-December 1860
29. Civil War Correspondence - February-May 1861
30. Civil War Correspondence - June-July 1861
31. Miscellaneous Correspondence - September- December 1861
32. Civil War Correspondence - January-February 1862
33. Civil War Correspondence - March 1862
34. Civil War Correspondence - Shiloh - April 1862
35. Civil War Correspondence - Corinth - May 1862
36. Civil War Correspondence - June-July 1862
37. Civil War Correspondence - Ft. Pickering - August-September 1862
38. Civil War Correspondence - Ft. Pickering - October 1862
39. Civil War Correspondence - November-December 1862
40. Civil War Correspondence - Corinth, MS - January 1863
41. Civil War Correspondence - White Station, TN - February 1-12, 1863
42. Civil War Correspondence - White Station, TN - February 13-28, 1863
43. Civil War Correspondence - Helena, AK - April 1863
44. Civil War Correspondence - Youngs Point, LA - April 1863
45. Civil War Correspondence - Vicksburg, MS - May 1863
46. Civil War Correspondence - Vicksburg, MS - June 1863
47. Civil War Correspondence - Black River, MS - July 1863
48. Civil War Correspondence - Black River, MS - August 1863
49. Civil War Correspondence - Vicksburg, MS - September-October 1863
50. Civil War Correspondence - LaGrange, TN - November 1863
51. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - LaGrange, TN - December 1863
52. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Germantown & Memphis, TN - January 1864
53. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Memphis, TN - February 1864
54. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Paducah & Memphis, TN - April 1864
55. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Memphis, TN - May 1864
56. Civil War Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - Memphis, TN - July 1864
57. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - February 1865
58. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice -1870-1879
59. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1880
60. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1881
61. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - January-March 1882
62. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - April-December 1882
63. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1884-1885
64. Correspondence to Sarah W. Rice - 1890-1900
65. Correspondence - Charles Wilson - n.d.
66. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
67. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
68. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
69. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
70. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
71. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
72. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
73. Early Correspondence to Sarah Wilson - n.d.
74. Correspondence from daughter Lizzie - n.d.
75. Correspondence from friends - n.d.
76. Seminary Reports - 1859-1860
77. Early Correspondence of Sarah Wilson - Miscellaneous
78. Letters to brother Robert & daughter Lizzie - 1872-1884
79. Letters from Henry, Lizzie - 1879-1880
80. Receipts - June 1882
81. Constituents’ Correspondence - July 1882
82. Receipts - August-December 1882
83. Receipts, Newspaper Clippings - January-February 1883
84. Receipts - March 1883
85. Constituents’ Correspondence - April-May 1883
86. 10th Census - June-August 1883
87. 10th Census, Receipts - September-October 1883
88. 10th Census, Receipts - November-December 1883
89. Patients’ & Constituents’ Correspondence - January-June 1884
90. Constituents’ Correspondence - June-September 1884
91. Constituents’ Correspondence - October-December 1884
92. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - 1885
93. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - 1886
94. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - 1887
95. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - 1888
96. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - Business - 1889
97. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - Business - 1890
98. Receipts, Constituents’ Correspondence - Business - 1891
99. Receipts, Business Papers - 1892-1897
100. J. W. Rice, Receipts - 1898-1937

Box 3
Folders:
1. Military Pension Material - 1830-1839
2. Military Pension Material - Miscellaneous - Undated
3. Military Pension Material - 1864
4. Military Pension Material - 1865
5. Military Pension Material - 1875
6. Military Pension Material - 1877-1878
7. Military Pension Material - 1879
8. Military Pension Material - January-March 1880
9. Military Pension Material - April-June 1880
10. Military Pension Material - September-October 1880
11. Military Pension Material - November-December 1880
12. Military Pension Material - January-February 1881
13. Military Pension Material - March-April 1881
14. Military Pension Material - May-June 1881
15. Military Pension Material - July-August 1881
16. Military Pension Material - September-November 1881
17. Military Pension Material - December 1-15, 1881
18. Military Pension Material - December 16-24, 1881
19. Military Pension Material - December 25-31, 1881
20. Military Pension Material - January 1-15, 1882
21. Military Pension Material - January 16-24, 1882
22. Military Pension Material - January 25-31, 1882
23. Military Pension Material - February 1-15, 1882
24. Military Pension Material - February 16-24, 1882
25. Military Pension Material - February 25-29, 1882
26. Military Pension Material - March 1-15, 1882
27. Military Pension Material - March 16-24, 1882
28. Military Pension Material - March 25-31, 1882
29. Military Pension Material - April 1-15, 1882
30. Military Pension Material - April 16-23, 1882
31. Military Pension Material - April 25-30, 1882
32. Military Pension Material - May 1-15, 1882
33. Military Pension Material - May 16-24, 1882
34. Military Pension Material - June 1882
35. Military Pension Material - July-December 1882
36. Military Pension Material - May-December 1883
37. Military Pension Material - 1885
38. Military Pension Material - 1889-1890
39. Bidwell Papers - 1833-1834
40. Bidwell Papers - 1833-834
41. Bidwell Papers - 1839-1840
42. Bidwell Papers - 1841
43. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1819-1838
44. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - Undated
45. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1839
46. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1840
47. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1841
48. Old Pleadings & Memoranda - 1842
49. Old Pleadings - J. Koons vs H. Randell - 1831-1845
50. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - n.d.
51. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1908-1909
52. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1910
53. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - February-May 1911
54. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - October-December 1911
55. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1912
56. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1913
57. Lampazos Silver Mines Company - 1914
58. Printed Materials - n.d.
59. Printed Materials - n.d.
60. Printed Materials - n.d.
61. Printed Materials - n.d.
62. Printed Materials - n.d.
63. Kenyon College - 1859-1860
64. Election Comments
65. St. Paul’s Episcopal Church - 1859-1903
66. Essay on Medicine
67. Paper on Pneumonia
68. Papers on English Language
69. Miscellaneous
70. Notes: Contracts
71. Publication Recipients & Other Lists
72. Publication Recipients & Other Lists
73. Political Speech: Opera House, Fremont - October 9, 1880
74. Case of Sergeant Mason - 1882
75. Obituary J. B. Rice - 1893; Also Undated Material
76. Post Office
77. Post Office - January-March 1882
78. Post Office - April-July 1882
79. Stationary, Receipts

Box 4 - Ledgers
Miscellaneous Ledgers

Box 5 - Miscellaneous & Ledgers
Miscellaneous Ledgers, Notes, Visits.

Box 6 - Miscellaneous & Photographs
Sandusky Co. Military Exemptions Ledger, ca.1860’s
Art Prints (69 prints)
The Century Gallery
Magazine Covers - Harper’s & Lippincott (6 covers)
Vatican Square, Rome (1 large photo)
Group Photo of Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Moore and Family, Fort Wayne, IN (1 large photo)
Individual Photos - Unidentified (4 large photos)
Wilson, James W. (4 large photos)
Rice, John B. (54 large prints)
Rice, Robert H. (45 large prints)
Lindbergh, Charles A. (1 large print)
Pero, Catherine L. (2 large photos)

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