Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center



Orin O. England



LH-280




Introduction

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content

Inventory

Introduction

The collection of Civil War letters was preserved within the family of Orin O. England and his wife, Cordelia Norton (England) until they were acquired by the Hayes Presidential Center in 1996.

Biographical Sketch

Captain Orin O. England, a twenty-year old tinsmith of Fremont, Ohio, enlisted in October of 1861, as a private in General Ralph P. Buckland's 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry and served until September of 1865. He rose rapidly through the ranks to command several different companies of the 72nd. Buckland, as brigade commander and commander of the Military District of Memphis, appointed England as his aide-de-camp and, later, assistant inspector general. In his military correspondence, Buckland expressed high regard for England's abilities, intelligence, and character. England participated in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Jackson, Vicksburg, and Nashville. As part of the Red River Campaign in the spring of 1864, he claimed to be the only Ohioan to have participated in the campaign.

Following the war, England returned to Sandusky County, married Cordelia Norton, and entered the hardware business. During the war years, Cordelia Norton attended the Lake Erie Seminary at Painesville, Ohio, and taught in the Sandusky County school system. They were the parents of six children. In 1870, England and his family moved to Adel, Iowa, and in 1882, Wessington Springs, South Dakota where they resided as late as 1905. England died in Pasadena, California in 1910.

Scope and Content

CAPTAIN ORIN O. ENGLAND
The England correspondence fifty-eight letters (from February 1862 to December 1864) provides a fairly continuous account of the 72nd Ohio's activities from the time the regiment left Sandusky County, Ohio until December of 1864. England gives brief eyewitness account of the battles of Shiloh, Jackson, Vicksburg, and Nashville as well as observations of the running of the Vicksburg batteries. The letters offer personal insights into Buckland's regimentals staff and brigade command while at Memphis and Vicksburg. Further, England details camp life, personal opinions regarding other Sandusky County officers, recruitment, election procedures, and his specific duties in reviewing troops and inspecting ordnance in west Tennessee and northern Mississippi. England's's position as acting inspector general placed him at division headquarters where he was frequently detached from Buckland's Brigade. When Buckland assumed command of the Military District of Memphis, England was transferred to General W. L. McMillen's staff. As part of the Detached Army of the Tennessee, England participated in Banks' disastrous Red River Campaign in the spring of 1864.



England's direct style presents an unembellished, but well-articulated, narrative of his personal wartime experiences as well as events concerning the 72nd and other units serving in west Tennessee and northern Mississippi. For informational content on the 72nd Ohio, England's correspondence is rivaled only by that of Ralph P. Buckland. His service on McMillens' staff and duties while on detached service add to the understanding of the objectives and movements of those units occupying territory in west Tennessee and northern Mississippi.



CHARLES NORTON
Fremont resident Charles Norton, brother of Cordelia Norton, enlisted in the 49th O.V.I. in August of 1861. He served as the regiment's adjutant until detached duty placed him at the head of light battalion company during 1863 and 1864. Norton was discharged in September of 1864. Norton's twelve letters (November 1861 to April 1863), written to his sister and family, while serving with the 49th in western Kentucky and Tennessee reveal little significant information regarding the 49th O.V.I.'s war time activities. In contrast to England's correspondence, Norton's letters appear somewhat typical in their expressions of camp life, weather, family matters, and war activities.



JOHN THOMPSON
John Thompson, Fremont resident and uncle of Cordelia Norton, enlisted in the Navy, serving in the Mississippi River Squadron aboard the gunboat "Tyler."Thompson's four letters (January 1864 to August 1864) to Cordelia Norton focus on news of family and acquaintances as well as attitudes about the war. Thompson does mention his stops at Memphis where he visits with many of their mutual friends serving in the 72nd. Thompson also writes of viewing Major Rawson's body at Memphis before it was shipped north to Sandusky County. These letters carry none of the specific details of regarding riverine warfare or duties in the Naval service.

Inventory

Ac. 5389, 5395
1/3 linear ft.



Folder 1

Letters from John Thompson, 1864:
to My Dear Niece dated U.S. Gunboat "Tyler" Mouth of White River January 2, 64
to My Dear Niece dated U.S. Gun Boat "Tyler" Mouth of White River February 23, 1864
to Dear Niece dated Gun Boat "Tyler" Mouth of White River April 24, 64
to Dear Niece dated U.S.S. "Tyler" off Helena, Ark., August 6th 1864
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Folder 2

Letters from Charles Norton, 1861-1863:
to Miss Cordelia Norton dated Head Quarters 49th Reg O.V.U.S.A. Camp Norris Nov. 20th/61
to Dear Sister dated Hd Quarters 49th Regt O.V. Camp Wood Dec. 19/61
to Dear Sister dated Camp Wood, Jan. 10/62
to Dear Sister dated Camp Wood, Ky, February 9th 1862
to Dear Sister dated Camp Andy Johnson, Ten, March 7th 1862
to dated Hd. Qrs. 49th Regt, Ohio Vol. Camp A. Johnson, Ten. Mar 13th/62
to My Dear Sister dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 3rd Div 4th AC near McDonald Station, April 22nd 1862
to Dear Sister dated Hd Qrs 49th Regt. O.V. Battle Creek East Tenn Aug 3d 1862
to Dear Mother dated Camp Stanton, Tenn., March 24/63
to My Dear Sister dated Camp Drake, March 27/63
to My Dear Sister dated Camp Drake Tenn., April 16/63
to Dear Sister Ann dated Camp Nolin, Ky, Head Quarters 49th O.V.U.S.A. n.d.
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Folder 3

Letters from Orin England, 1862:
to Miss C S Norton dated Camp Chase, Feb 3d 62
to Miss C S Norton dated Head Quarters Camp Chase, Feb. 14th 1862
to Miss C S Norton dated Head Quarters Camp Chase, Feb. 18th 1862 [Ac. 5395]
to Miss C S Norton dated Camp Buckland near Paducah, Ky., [ca. late Feb. 1862] [Ac 5395]
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 4th Brigade Camp Shiloh, March 1, 1862
to Miss C S Norton dated Head Quarters 4th Brigade 72 Regiment Pittsburg Landing, Tenn, March 23, 1862
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 4th Brigade 72 Regt. Camp Shiloh April 14th 62
to Friend Deed dated Camp near Lafayette, June 25th, 1862 [Ac 5395]
to Friend Deed dated Camp near Moscow, July 6, 1862 [Ac 5395]
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters Memphis, July 30, 1862
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters Fort Pickering, Aug 8th 62
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regt O.V.I. Fort Pickering Aug 30, 1862
to Friend Deed Ann dated Head Quarters 72 Regt O.V.I. Fort Pickering Sept. 17th 1862
to Cordelia Norton dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Fort Pickering Memphis Tenn, Oct 9th 62
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Fort Pickering Memphis Tenn, Oct 21, 1862
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Memphis Tenn Oct 28, 1862
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Memphis Tenn November 9, 1862
to Friend Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Memphis Tenn November 14, 1862
to Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Camp on Hurricane Creek, Miss, Dec 12th 1862
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Folder 4

Letters from Orin England, 1863:
to Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Moscow Tenn, January 3, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Corinth Miss January 15, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Corinth Miss January 24, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. White Station Tenn Feb 3, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. White Station Tenn February 14, 1863
to Deed dated On Board the Steamer Champion, Memphis, March 14, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters Company 72 Regiment O.V.I. Camp Near Youngs Point Louisiana, April 8, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters Company D 72 Regt O.V.I. Camp Near Youngs Point, La, April 20th 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters Company D 72 Regt O.V.I. Camp Near Youngs Point, La, April 28, 63 [Ac 5395]
to Deed dated Head Quarters Com. D 72 Regt. O.V.I. Camp Near Vicksburgh, Miss, May 26, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters Co D 72 Regt O.V.I. Camp Near River Black July 2, 1863
to Deed dated Saint Charles Hotel Cairo Ill, Oct. 10, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 3 Div 15th A.C. Camp in Vicksburgh Oct. 20, 1863
to Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 3rd Div 15th Army Corps Camp Near Memphis, Tennessee, Nov 15th 1863
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 3rd Div 15th A.C. Memphis, Tennessee, December 5th 1863
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 3rd Div 15th A.C. Memphis, Tennessee, December 12th 1863
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 1 Brig 3 Div 15th A.C. Memphis, Tennessee, December 25,1863
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Folder 5

Letters from Orin England, 1864-1865:
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 1st Div 16th AC. Memphis Tennessee, January 11th 1864
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 1st Div 16th A.C. Memphis Tennessee, January 15th 1864
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brigade 1st Div 16th A.C. Memphis Tennessee, January 25th 1864
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 3rd Brigade 1st Div 16th A.C. Memphis Tennessee, January 30th 1864
cover page "Case of Col. Geddes" dated O. O. England 1st Lieut & A.A.G. 3rd Brigade 1st Div 16th A. C. Vicksburgh, Mississippi
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters 3rd Brigade 1st Div 16th A.C. Big Black, Mississippi, February 21st 1864
to My Dear Deed dated Head Quarters District of Memphis Tennessee March 1st 1864
to Deed dated Head Quarters 3rd Brigade 1st Div 16th A.C. Vicksburgh March 8th 1864
to Miss Norton dated Head Quarters 3rd Brigade 1st Div 16th A.C. April 7th 1864
to My Dear Deed dated Headquarters 3rd Brigade 1st Div 16th A.C. Red River Expedition La, April 13th 1864
to My Dear dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Camp in the Field Aug 7th 1864
to My Dear dated Head Quarters 72 Regiment O.V.I. Camp in the Field Aug 13th 1864
to My Dear dated Aug 15th 1864
to My Dear dated Head Quarters 72 O.V.I. Camp in Memphis Tennessee Aug 31st 1864
to My Dear dated Head Quarters 72 Ohio Memphis Tenn, Sept 1st 1864
to My Loving(?) Deed dated Head Quarters 72 O.V.I. Camp in the Field, State of Missouri, October 18, 1864 [Ac 5395]
to My Darling Gish(?) dated Head Quarters 72nd Ohio ? Saint Louis, Mo., Nov. 16, 1864 [Ac 5395]
to My Darling dated Benton Barracks Saint Louis, MO, November 22nd 1864
to My Darling dated Steamer Havanna, November 25, 1864
to My Darling dated Nashville Tennessee, December 2, 1864
to My Darling dated Camp Thirty Miles South of Nashville, Dec. 20/64
to Deed dated Head Quarters Co D 72 Regt O.V.I. Camp in the Field June 6th 65
to Deed dated Head Quarters 1st Brig 3rd Div Camp Near Tempeltons Pla. Nov 1st 1865
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Folder 6

Orin England Pension Record
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