Introduction: The Papers of Rutherford B. Hayes, the Nineteenth President of the United States

 

The microfilm edition of the papers of Rutherford Birchard Hayes represents one of the last major collections of nineteenth century presidential papers to be microfilmed. Although Hayes is best remembered as the victor of the “stolen election” of 1876, scholars have begun to reconsider and reassess his presidency and the period commonly referred to as the Gilded Age. It is the hope of the editors of this project that this collection of material, over 170 linear feet, will further enhance historical research in these areas.

 

The origins of The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center can be traced back to 1910, when the family of President Hayes deeded Spiegel Grove, their father’s estate, to the state of Ohio. The gift which was transacted through Colonel Webb C. Hayes, the President’s second son, specified that a fire-proof building should be erected by the state as a library and museum to contain the family’s gift of the former Chief Executive’s personal library, papers, and personal effects.

 

The following year, on May 31, 1911, the Ohio General Assembly authorized an appropriation of $50,000.00 for the building and equipment of the Hayes Commemorative Library and Museum Building on the grounds of Spiegel Grove. Groundbreaking ceremonies were held in 1912. The new library and museum were dedicated on May 30, 1916. A “library annex,” doubling the size of the original structure, was opened to the public on October 4, 1922, the one hundredth anniversary of Hayes’ birth. Subsequent additions in 1967 further increased the dimensions of the library and museum building to its present state. In addition to the library and museum building, the Hayes Presidential Center has grown to include the Hayes residence, the twenty-five acre estate, and a guest house.

 

Prior to the completion of the nation’s first presidential library in 1916, the Rutherford B. Hayes Papers were kept in Executive Mansion filing boxes in the Hayes residence. The President himself began to arrange his family’s manuscripts in alphabetical order near the close of his life. In the 1930s the papers were systemically indexed under subject headings by the Remington Rand Corporation, and later microfilmed on 16mm film. The alphabetical arrangement of the Hayes Papers was subsequently abandoned in favor of chronological filing, and an alphabetical index to the papers listing each individual manuscript by author(s) was made. The microfilm edition follows this chronological arrangement.

 

The microfilm edition was made possible by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Special gratitude is expressed to Fred Shelley and Frank G. Burke, the past and present directors of the NHPRC, for their support and encouragement throughout the many years of this project. Watt P. Marchman, the former director of the Hayes Presidential Center, deserves special mention for initiating the project and his guidance as project director. Unscheduled delays and untimely technical problems delayed by several years the completion of the microfilm edition of this historically important body of presidential papers. Through the process of trial and error and many hours of intense study, the project staff managed to overcome their handicap of inexperience in the art of micrographics and learn that there is more to microfilming than pushing a button.

 

Earl W. Crosby, Stanley C. Harrold, Jr., Ruth E. Smith, and David S. Weber helped to process the papers for filming, as well as help with the preparation of the guidebooklet and the filming of the documents. Ms. Petrene Wilkins provided invaluable assistance in her dual role as camera operator and micrographics technician for the project. Special attention also should go to Mrs. U.B. Lust for her diligence and patience in transcribing many of the indistinct documents found in the collection. Others who have contributed to the project include Mrs. Janice Haas, Richard C. Townsend, and other members of the Hayes Center staff.

 

The Hayes Center also wishes to acknowledge the support and cooperation of the many repositories throughout the country who provided the Center with photocopies of Hayes manuscripts from their collections. A list of these contributing institutions follows the introduction. The Archives-Library Division of the Ohio Historical Society merits special consideration and appreciation for the transferal of the Rutherford B. Hayes Governor’s Papers and pertinent Ohio Executive Department letterpress copy books relating to Rutherford’s governorship to the Hayes Presidential Center.

 

Thomas A. Smith
Project Director
Curator of Manuscripts
The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
Spiegel Grove
January 7, 1983

 

List of Cooperating Institutions

 

A list of institutions which have provided The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center with photocopies of Hayes material:

 

Alabama Department of Archives
Albany Institute of History and Art
American Antiquarian Society
American Jewish Archives
American Philosophical Society
Amherst College
Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan
Boston Public Library
Boston University
The Bostonian Society
Bowdoin College
Brigham Young University
Brown University
Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
Case Western Reserve University
Chattanooga Public Library
Chicago Historical Society
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Cincinnati Historical Society
Cincinnati Law Department
Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County
Clemson University
Cleveland Public Library
Clinch Valley College of the University of Virginia
Clyde (Ohio) Museum
Clyde Public Library
Colgate University
Columbia University
The Connecticut Historical Society
Connecticut State Library
Cornell University
Dartmouth College
Department of the Army, Hdqtrs. U.S.A. Electronics Command, Fort Monmouth, New Jersey
Detroit Public Library
Dickinson College
Duke University
Emory University
Essex Institute
The Filson Club
Georgetown University
Harvard University
Haverford College
The Henry E. Huntington Library
Illinois State Historical Society
Indiana Historical Society
Indiana State Library
Indiana University
Iowa State Department of History and Archives
Kenyon College
Lancaster County (Pennsylvania) Historical Society
Lehigh University
Library of Congress
Lincoln National Life Foundation
Litchfield (Connecticut) Historical Society
Maine Historical Society
Mansfield (Ohio) Public Library
Marietta College
Maryland Historical Society
Massachusetts Historical Society
Michigan State University
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
Minneapolis Public Library
Minnesota Historical Society
Missouri Historical Society
Morristown National Historical Park
National Archives
Nebraska State Historical Society
Newberry Library
New Hampshire Historical Society
New Jersey Historical Society
New London (Ohio) Public Library
Museum of New Mexico
New York Historical Society
New York Public Library
New York State Library
New York State Library, SUNY, Department of Education
State of North Carolina, Department of Cultural Resources, Archives Branch
Oberlin College
Ohio Historical Society
The Ohio State University
Ohio University
The Ontario County (New York) Historical Society
Historical Society of Pennsylvania
The Free Library of Philadelphia
Pierpont Morgan Library
Princeton University
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library
The Rosenberg Library
St. John’s Seminary, Camarillo, California
Sandusky County (Ohio) Courthouse
Seneca County (Ohio) Museum
Smith College
The Smithsonian Institution
South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Stanford University
Swarthmore College
William Howard Taft Memorial Association
Temple University
Tennessee Historical Society
Tennessee State Library and Archives
Texas State Library
Toledo-Lucas County (Ohio) Public Library
United States Military Academy
University of California at Berkeley
University of California at Los Angeles
University of Chicago
University of Illinois
University of Iowa
University of Michigan, William L. Clements Library
University of North Carolina
University of Oregon
University of Rochester
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
University of Virginia
Vassar College
Vermont Historical Society
Virginia Historical Society
Virginia State Library
State of Washington, Department of General Admission
The Washington State Historical Society
Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri
West Virginia Department of Archives and History
West Virginia University
Western Kentucky University
Western Reserve Historical Society
William and Mary College
Williams College
The State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Wyoming Historical and Genealogical Society, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
Yale University
Yale University Law School

 

Rutherford B. Hayes Chronology

 

1822. October 4. Born in Delaware, Ohio, the last of five children of Rutherford and Sophia Birchard Hayes.

 

1836. Enrolled in Norwalk (Ohio) Academy, a Methodist school run by Jonah Chaplin.

 

1837. Fall. Enrolled in Isaac Webb’s Preparatory School in Middletown, Connecticut.

 

1838. Early November. Enrolled at Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio.

 

1842. August 3. Graduated valedictorian of his class.

 

1842. Fall. Began studying law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, brother of Dr. William Sparrow, president of Kenyon College.

 

1843. August 28. Entered Dane Law School at Harvard as a member of the “middle class.”

 

1845. March 10. Admitted to the Ohio bar at Marietta.

 

1845. August 27. Awarded a Bachelor of Laws degree from Harvard University.

 

1845-1849. Practiced law in Lower Sandusky, now Fremont, Ohio.

 

1850-1861. Practicing attorney in Cincinnati, Ohio.

 

1852. December 30. Married Lucy Ware Webb, formerly of Chillicothe, Ohio.

 

1853. December 26. Established partnership in Cincinnati with Richard M. Corwine and William K. Rogers; law firm known as Corwine, Hayes and Rogers.

 

1856. Fall. Delegate to the state Republican convention in Columbus; campaigned for John C. Fremont, the Republican nominee for President.

 

1858. December 9. Appointed City Solicitor by the Cincinnati City Council, incumbent Samuel Hart died in office.

 

1859. April. Elected City Solicitor, leading Republican ticket.

 

1861. April 1. Defeated in his bid to be re-elected City Solicitor.

 

1861. April 15. Responded to Lincoln’s call for volunteers by joining home guard unit.

 

1861. June 27. Commissioned a Major in the Twenty-Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry.

 

1861-1865. Distinguished himself as an able field commander in the campaigns of the Twenty-Third Ohio in western Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley, rising to the rank of Brevet Major General of Volunteers.

 

1864. October 17. Elected to the House of Representatives (Thirty-Ninth Congress) from Ohio’s Second District.

 

1865. June 8. Resigned his commission in the army to ready his affairs before taking his seat in Congress.

 

1865. December 4. Took his seat in the House of Representatives.

 

1866. October. Re-elected Representative to Fortieth Congress.

 

1867. June 19. Nominated for governor of Ohio on Union Party ticket.

 

1867. July 20. Resigned his seat in Congress.

 

1867. October 8. Elected governor of Ohio, defeating Allen G. Thurman, the Democratic candidate.

 

1868. January 13. Inaugurated governor at Columbus.

 

1869. October 12. Re-elected governor, defeating Democratic Congressman George H. Pendleton by some 7,500 votes.

 

1870. January 10. Inaugurated governor for the second time.

 

1872. January. Refused offer to run for the United State Senate against John Sherman.

 

1872. June. Delegate to Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, where he served as a member of the platform committee.

 

1872. August 6. Reluctantly accepted the nomination for Congress from Republicans of Ohio’s Second District.

 

1872. October. Lost his bid for Congress by 1,500 votes, running ahead of the Republican ticket.

 

1873. March. Declined President Grant’s appointment as Assistant United States Treasurer at Cincinnati.

 

1873. May 3. Moved to Fremont and settled at Spiegel Grove, avowing that he had retired from politics.

 

1874. January 21. Sardis Birchard, his uncle, died, leaving bulk of his estate to Hayes, including Spiegel Grove, his home in Fremont, Ohio.

 

1875. June 2. Nominated by Republicans at state convention in Columbus to run for governor.

 

1875. October 12. Elected governor by 5,500 votes; name immediately mentioned as a presidential possibility.

 

1876. January 10. Inaugurated governor for an unprecedented third time.

 

1876. March 29. Selected as favorite son candidate of Ohio delegates to the National Convention to be held in Cincinnati.

 

1876. June 14-16. Nominated for President by the Republican National Convention on the seventh ballot; William Almon Wheeler of New York chosen for Vice-President.

 

1876. November 7. Disputed election; Samuel J. Tilden one electoral vote shy of a majority with 184; Hayes received 166 votes, with nineteen votes questioned.

 

1876-1877. November-February. Election controversy.

 

1877. January 26. The Electoral Count Act passed by Congress, creating an Electoral Commission composed of five Senators, five Representatives, and five Supreme Court Justices.

 

1877. February 28. Electoral Commission awards last of contested electoral votes to Hayes, giving him the presidency by the margin of one vote.

 

1877. March 1. Hayes and his family start for Washington.

 

1877. March 2. Congress declares Hayes and Wheeler duly elected with 185 votes to 184 for Tilden and Hendricks; Hayes resigns the governorship.

 

1877. March 3. Chief Justice Morrison R. Waite privately administered oath of office to Hayes after dinner at the Executive Mansion so the nation would have a President on Sunday, March 4.

 

1877. March 5. Publicly inaugurated as the nineteenth President of the United States, stressing in his inaugural address the importance of settling the “Southern Problem.”

 

1877. March 15. Appointed Frederick Douglass United States Marshal of the District of Columbia.

 

1877. April 24. Removed military support from remaining two carpetbag governments in Louisiana and South Carolina, officially bringing Reconstruction to an end.

 

1877. June. Beginning of war with Nez Percé Indians and Chief Joseph.

 

1877. June 22. Civil service reform implemented in the executive department by executive order.

 

1877. July. Great Railway Strike, federal troops sent to four states to suppress the rioters.

 

1877. October. War with Nez Percé Indians ended with surrender of Chief Joseph.

 

1877. October 6. Elected trustee of the Peabody Education Fund.

 

1877. October 16. Appointed John Marshall Harlan of Kentucky to the Supreme Court.

 

1877. December 30. Celebrated Silver Wedding Anniversary in the White House.

 

1878. February 28. Vetoed the Bland-Allison Act, Congress passing it over his veto the same day.

 

1878. July 11. Suspended Chester A. Arthur and Alonzo B. Cornell from the New York Customs House.

 

1878. September 28. Received first native Chinese ambassador, Chen Lan Pin, in Washington.

 

1879. March 1. Vetoed Chinese Exclusion Bill on the ground that it violated the Burlingame Treaty of 1868.

 

1879. May 10. First telephone placed in the White House.

 

1880. March 8. Special message emphasizing American control of interoceanic canal sent to Congress.

 

1880. September-November. Made an extended tour of the western United States, first time a United States President went to the West Coast while still in office.

 

1880. November 17. Treaty negotiated with China giving the United States the right to supervise and limit, but not prohibit, Chinese immigration.

 

1880. December 15. Appointed William Burnham Woods of Georgia to the Supreme Court.

 

1881. January 26. Appointed Stanley Matthews of Ohio to the Supreme Court.

 

1881. March 4. Retired from the Presidency, returning to his Spiegel Grove estate in Fremont, Ohio.

 

1881. Spring. Appointed a trustee of the Western Reserve University; became more active in the affairs of the Peabody Fund.

 

1882. May 3. Joined the Grand Army of the Republic and Ohio and National Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.

 

1882. May 18. Chosen first president of the John F. Slater Fund.

 

1883. September 7. Selected president of the National Prison Association.

 

1883. December. Appointed a trustee of Mount Union College.

 

1884. Appointed a trustee of Ohio Wesleyan University.

 

1887. January. Appointed a trustee of The Ohio State University

 

1888. October 17. Chosen commander of the National Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, a position he held until his death.

 

1889. June 25. Death of his wife, Lucy Webb Hayes, in Fremont.

 

1890. April-May. Visited Bermuda with his daughter Fanny.

 

1892. October 20. Named president of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society.

 

1893. January 17. Died at his home in Fremont.

 

Biographical Sketch

 

Rutherford Birchard Hayes, the nineteenth President of the United States, was born in the small central Ohio town of Delaware on October 4, 1822. Five years earlier, his parents, Rutherford and Sophia Birchard Hayes, had migrated from Dummerston, Vermont, to a farm they acquired on the Ohio frontier. Several months before the future President’s birth, his father died from a fever, leaving an expectant wife with two young children, Lorenzo and Fanny Arabella.

 

The presence of her bachelor brother, Sardis Birchard, eased Sophia’s task of raising a family in the West. He supplied paternal influence and guidance in the absence of Rutherford’s father, but, in 1826, Sardis left the Hayes household in Delaware to become a prosperous pioneer merchant and Indian trader in Lower Sandusky, now Fremont, Ohio. Over the years, he would continue to help Hayes in his education, legal career and business ventures. Sardis also would develop the beautiful wooded Spiegel Grove estate which Hayes inherited upon his uncle’s death in January 1874.

 

Hayes grew up in the village of Delaware in a two-story brick house on the northeast corner of William and Winter Streets. Because of Rutherford’s sickly nature and a drowning accident in 1825 which claimed the life of his older brother Lorenzo, Sophia attempted to protect her surviving son by shielding him from the outside world. This atmosphere engendered very close family ties for all concerned. From his mother, “Ruddy” received his intense pride and special feeling about his Yankee or New England heritage. This sentiment prompted him years later to make several journeys to his ancestral home and to trace the lineage of his family. His sister Fanny was a constant companion during childhood. Rutherford’s earliest recollections of her were as a nurse and protector when he was three or four years old. Always a personal confidant until her death in 1856, Fanny, more than anyone else, was responsible for directing her brother down the path which ultimately led him to the Presidency.

 

Sophia supplied the basic essentials of her son’s education by teaching him to read, write and spell. From 1830 to 1835, he attended district school in Delaware. At Sardis’ insistence, Hayes entered Norwalk Seminary in 1836. After spending a year at this Methodist boarding school in Norwalk, Ohio, Rutherford did not want to further his education, but desired to emulate his uncle’s adventurous life in Lower Sandusky. Sardis thought differently, however, and enrolled his nephew at Isaac Webb’s Maple Grove Academy in Middletown, Connecticut. Hayes completed his preparatory studies in 1838, and at the urging of his mother attended Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, instead of Yale, which his uncle had chosen. During his four years there, the future president initiated many important lifelong friendships with classmates such as Guy M. Bryan of Texas, Stanley Matthews and William K. Rogers of Ohio. The young scholar manifested an interest in politics, displaying whiggish sentiments and enthusiastically engaging in political debates as a member of the Philomathesian Society. He culminated his illustrious college career by delivering the valedictory address at his commencement exercises in August 1842, and later would become a member of Phi Beta Kappa twenty-two years after Kenyon College was granted a charter in 1858.

 

While at Kenyon, Hayes developed an interest in pursuing a legal career. In the fall of 1842, he began to study law by reading Blackstone’s Commentaries in the office of Sparrow and Matthews in Columbus, Ohio. Unlike many of his contemporaries, the aspiring attorney decided to complete his preparations by attending law school. Consequently he enrolled at Dane Law School of Harvard University in the fall of 1843. Here the Kenyon graduate spent three terms studying under some of the most distinguished jurists of the day, including Simon Greenleaf and Justice Joseph Story.

 

Rutherford returned to Ohio in early 1845 and was admitted to the bar at Marietta on March 10. He then established a law practice in Lower Sandusky, his uncle’s home. Although Sardis was in need of constant legal advice, his nephew could not secure enough work to keep himself busy. Hoping to rectify this unfortunate situation, he formed a partnership, in early 1846, with Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, a prominent attorney in the town. Even with a partner, Hayes did not find practicing law in Lower Sandusky to his liking. Routine legal matters could not compete with the excitement generated by the outbreak of hostilities between the United States and Mexico. Thinking that a soldierly life would strengthen his constitution, in June of 1847 he traveled to Cincinnati in hopes of securing an appointment as an officer in some volunteer company. During the course of his journey, he stopped in Delaware and Columbus to visit with his mother and sister. It was on this brief sojourn that he met Lucy Ware Webb, who in 1852 would become his wife.

 

In Cincinnati local physicians advised the potential warrior against going to Mexico for reasons of health. So instead of joining the army, he made a lengthy trip to New England with his cousin John  Rutherford Pease. Hayes returned to Lower Sandusky in the fall of 1847 with his health much improved, and immediately involved himself with matters relating to civic improvements and politics. A Whig like his uncle, he helped to campaign for Zachary Taylor in 1848, and was placed on that party’s central committee for Sandusky County in 1847.

 

During December 1848, Rutherford Hayes and Sardis Birchard set out for Texas to visit the former’s Kenyon College classmate, Guy M. Bryan. They did not return to Lower Sandusky until the end of April 1849. The three and one-half months Rutherford spent in Texas had a profound impact in shaping his views towards the South and would prove important in later years. Southern society fascinated the Ohio Whig, and his reception in Texas convinced him that honorable men could overcome sectional differences.

 

Several trips to Cincinnati had prompted Hayes to consider moving to the West’s largest and most active city, where the prospects seemed brighter for a promising young lawyer. Upon his return from Texas, he dissolved his partnership with Ralph P. Buckland, but the cholera epidemic of the summer of 1849 prevented his immediate removal to the Queen City. Before leaving for his new home, Hayes played an important role in changing the name of Lower Sandusky to Fremont in honor of the “Pathfinder,” John Charles Fremont.

 

Arriving in Cincinnati in December 1849, the young lawyer rented one-half of an office in the Law Building on Third Street. He spent his first years in Cincinnati building his law practice, appearing at social functions and making new friends. He soon became a member of the recently organized Literary Club of Cincinnati and the Odd Fellows, the only secret organization he ever joined. Rutherford also attended meetings of the Sons of Temperance, frequently giving addresses there and elsewhere. He gained public attention in Cincinnati in 1852 when he was appointed to handle the criminal case of Samuel Cunningham, a young man accused of grand larceny.

 

Even though the court sentenced Cunningham to three years in prison, Hayes performed well enough to win appointment to assist in the defense of the accused murderess Nancy Farrer. His approach to this case was a claim of insanity for the defendant, and he won a new trial and eventual acquittal on the grounds that Farrer was of “unsound mind.” The woman was confined to a mental institution and Hayes’ reputation rose considerably. Concurrent association with the spectacular murder trials of James Summons and Henry LeCount further enhanced his standing in the legal profession.

 

Almost immediately after setting up his law practice, Rutherford began to call on Lucy Webb. The daughter of Maria Cook and Dr. James Webb, Lucy (1831-1889) was a devout and unusually well-educated young lady for her day. She had attended the female academy of Ohio Wesleyan College in Delaware before enrolling at the Wesleyan Female College in Cincinnati, from which she graduated in June 1850. Diary notations reveal his growing attraction to the young girl whom he had met several years earlier at the sulphur spring in Delaware, Ohio. After a courtship of nearly two years, Rutherford and Lucy married on December 30, 1852. Their union was blessed with eight children, five of whom lived to adulthood: Birchard Austin (1853-1926); Webb Cook (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt (1858-1927); Fanny (1867-1950); and Scott Russell (1871-1923). Three children, all boys, died in infancy.

 

Before the year 1853 was over, Hayes argued two cases before the Ohio Supreme Court, those involving Nancy Farrer and James Summons. In December of that year, he and his Kenyon College classmate, William K. Rogers, joined the law firm of Corwine, Smith and Holt. Under this new arrangement, Rutherford received one-third interest in and profit from the new firm of Corwine, Hayes and Rogers. Because of poor health, Rogers left the firm in 1856 to go to Minnesota. When he failed to return from his leave of absence he was dropped from the firm.

 

Local events in Cincinnati inspired Hayes to become increasingly active in the legal aspects of fugitive slave matters, and he freely offered his services in the aid of runaway slaves and their friends. In March 1855, he became involved in the case of Rosetta Armstrong, a black woman facing trial under the Fugitive Slave Act. His masterly defense resulted in the young woman’s freedom. Although he was looked upon as a defender of fugitive slaves, Hayes did not welcome the notoriety associated with these cases.

 

While advancing his legal career in Cincinnati, Hayes gradually immersed himself in local and national politics. In 1856 he enthusiastically campaigned for the Republican presidential candidate, John C. Fremont. By 1858 he had become strongly associated with the Republican cause in the Queen City. In December of that same year, a divided City Council selected Hayes by a margin of just one vote to fill the vacancy of City Solicitor. This first public office came as a result of a compromise when a single Democrat joined forces with Republicans and Know-Nothings to provide the decisive vote on the thirteenth ballot. Shortly after his appointment Hayes dissolved his partnership with Richard M. Corwine.

 

The new City Solicitor served for two years, winning election in his own right in April 1859. His excellent record did not prevent him from being a victim of local reaction to the secession crisis. In April 1861 a coalition of Democrats and Know-Nothings defeated him and the rest of the Republican slate. He returned to private law practice in partnership with Leopold Markbreit, but the flow of national events made the association of short duration. After President Lincoln’s call for volunteers, Rutherford quickly joined a company of home guards composed of members of his literary club. He later offered his services to Governor William Dennison, who appointed him Major in a newly formed regiment, the Twenty-Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry.

 

The new Major spent the first months of the war at Camp Chase outside Columbus attending to routine military matters. Because of his legal training and his reputation, he served for a time in the capacity of judge advocate general on the field headquarters staff of General William S. Rosecrans in Virginia. Promotion to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel on October 24, 1861, placed Hayes second in command of the Twenty-Third O.V.I. He soon assumed de facto command of the regiment and within a year earned the grade of Colonel of the Twenty-Third Ohio. Two years later, October 19, 1864, he achieved the rank of Brigadier General of Volunteers for gallantry and distinguished service in the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1864. A final promotion, Brevet Major General of Volunteers, became effective March 13, 1865. Although Hayes never participated in battle as a general, he gained distinction and the confidence of his men as one of the “good colonels” and regimental commanders.                                                     

 

Hayes and the Twenty-Third Volunteer Infantry operated for most of the war in the rugged mountain terrain of western Virginia. His first combat came in August 1861 at the Battle of Carnifax Ferry. In September 1862 during the Antietam campaign, Hayes played an important role in the Union victory at South Mountain. In the course of the action, he sustained a wound in his left arm above the elbow. Both he and his regiment won the praise of their superior officers for their gallant actions under extremely heavy enemy fire.

 

Their major activity of the following year was to participate in the pursuit of Confederate General John Hunt Morgan and his band of raiders in Ohio. During Sheridan’s 1864 campaign, Hayes and the Twenty-Third Ohio saw some of the heaviest fighting of the war. After participating in the earlier engagements of Cloyd’s Mountain, New River Bridge, and Lexington, he and his men fought successive battles in the Shenandoah Valley at Lynchburg, Winchester, Berryville, Opequan, Fisher’s Hill, and Cedar Creek. During this last engagement, he helped to rally the federal troops and saved the day for General Philip H. Sheridan. While in the Valley, Hayes acquired a deep admiration for General George Crook, the commander of the Army of West Virginia.

 

Like many of his contemporaries, Hayes would find positive features in his military service. Even though he had several horses shot beneath him and was wounded on four different occasions, the vigorous wartime experiences helped to improve his health. The injury to his left arm proved annoying in later life, but it was not incapacitating. The war would help to shape his views towards the South by making him aware of the immense task of reconstructing and restoring the defeated section. While in the army he formed many lasting friendships and associations and developed a deep respect and love for his fellow comrades in arms. These attitudes would prove useful in postwar political contests, for Hayes could legitimately claim support as the “soldier’s friend.” Lucy Hayes, in ministering to the needs of the sick and wounded during many camp visits, also won the admiration of the troops. In later years, she and Rutherford enjoyed attending soldier’s reunions. The former commander actively participated in a variety of post-Civil War military organizations such as the Grand Army of the Republic, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, and the Society of the Army of West Virginia.

 

In October of 1864, the citizens of the Second Congressional District in Cincinnati rewarded Hayes for his meritorious and gallant service by electing him to Congress. The nomination resulted from the efforts of William Henry Smith, who later would help him secure other nominations. Even though going to Congress was one of his ambitions, the Colonel refused to leave active military duty to campaign for his election. He professed the view that “An officer fit for duty who at this crisis would abandon his post to electioneer for a seat in Congress ought to be scalped.” During his brief tenure in the Thirty-Ninth and Fortieth Congresses, March 4, 1865 to October 31, 1867, Congressman Hayes enjoyed his services as chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library of Congress. As a party regular, he voted for the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, supported the Congressional plan for Reconstruction, and favored the full payment of the public debt created during the war.

 

Although he rarely deviated from the Republican party line, he had misgivings about the harsher aspects of the Radical Republican program. The bitterness of the divisive Congressional debates at that time greatly disturbed him. His solution to the thorny problem of suffrage was a universal education qualification to confer voting rights in state and national elections. On a December 1866 Southern excursion with several other members of Congress, Hayes gained a much better understanding of the problems of the postwar South.

 

Shortly after he had been re-elected to a second term, Congressman Hayes admitted to his uncle that he was not suited for the life of a legislator in Washington. He spent most of his time administering to the needs of his constituents and taking care of pension claims and other matters relating to soldiers. He rarely attended any of the social functions in the nation’s capital.

 

Acceptance of the Republican candidacy for the office of governor of Ohio in June 1867 offered him a creditable excuse for exit from Congress. He owed his nomination both to the machinations of William Henry Smith and to the controversy over Negro suffrage. To secure the passage of a state constitutional amendment guaranteeing Negroes the right to vote, Ohio Republicans needed a strong candidate for governor. Unimpeachable character and morals, a distinguished war record, and the fact that he was not too closely identified with the Radicals made Hayes an ideal candidate. In the ensuing election, he defeated a formidable Democratic opponent, Allan G. Thurman, by less than 3,000 votes. At the same time, Ohio voters rejected the state amendment guaranteeing Negro suffrage by 38,000 votes.

 

Inaugurated on January 13, 1868, the Governor renewed his stand for equal voting rights and fought the proposed Democratic repeal of Ohio’s assent to the fourteenth amendment. In June 1869 the state Republican convention in Columbus renominated Hayes by acclamation. Campaigning in favor of the ratification of the fifteenth amendment and a sound fiscal policy based on hard currency, he defeated George H. Pendleton of Cincinnati, the Democratic challenger, by some 7,500 votes. When he later assessed his first two terms as governor of Ohio (1868-1872), Hayes listed the following as among his most notable accomplishments: the initiation of a state geological survey; the state’s assumption of control of a soldier’s and sailor’s home in Xenia, Ohio; the establishment of an agricultural and mechanical college which later became known as The Ohio State University; the implementation of reforms in the state’s penal and mental institutions; and Ohio’s ratification of the fifteenth amendment and other Negro suffrage legislation. He also took great pride in his efforts to preserve Ohio’s historical heritage.

 

After holding elective office for more than seven years, Governor Hayes yearned for the opportunity to retire from public life. He refused to run for an unprecedented third term and declined an offer from a group of insurgent Republicans in January 1872 to contest the Senate seat held by John Sherman. In May he attended the Liberal Republican Convention in Cincinnati as a casual observer. Although dissatisfied with Grant’s record as President and sympathetic with this reform movement’s cause, he remained a party regular. As a delegate to the Republican National Convention, he supported Grant’s renomination.

 

That fall the former governor reluctantly ran for Congress in Cincinnati’s upper middle-class Second District, where political leaders feared a swing to the Liberal Republican-Democratic coalition led by Horace Greeley. Although he outpolled the local Republican ticket, he lost in his bid for a third Congressional term. As a reward for his party loyalty, President Grant offered him the position of Assistant United States Treasurer at Cincinnati. Disdaining any further connections with current politics, he politely declined the appointment.

 

Assuring himself that he was finished with politics for good, Hayes and his family moved to Fremont, Ohio, in May 1873. With Spiegal Grove as his home, he settled down to enjoy the leisurely life of a country squire. During these years of political repose, Rutherford busied himself with such matters as caring for his ailing uncle, improving his estate, founding the Birchard Public Library and Sandusky County Pioneer and Historical Association in Fremont, and developing his land investments. Republican reverses in 1873 and 1874, however, cut short his retirement to private life. He yielded to his party’s call and accepted the Republican nomination for governor on June 2, 1875. Carefully handling cultural issues such as parochial education while adhering to sound money principles, he defeated the incumbent Democrat William Allen to become Ohio’s first three-term governor.

 

Political victory in 1875 brought Hayes national attention as a possible presidential candidate in 1876. Not only did the governor-elect consider the possibility in his diary, but friends also started to work for his nomination. In the fall of 1875, he went to Pennsylvania on an extended political trip, and in January 1876, Senator John Sherman and William Henry Smith publicly began to promote him as the state’s favorite son. On March 29, the Ohio Republican Convention unanimously endorsed their Governor for President. At the 1876 Republican National Convention held in Cincinnati, Governor Hayes was one of nine candidates vying for the top spot on the ticket. His advisers let the forces of Benjamin H. Bristow lead the fight against the pre-convention favorite, James G. Blaine. This strategy allowed Hayes to edge Maine’s “Plumed Knight” on the seventh ballot as a compromise candidate. To balance the ticket, the convention selected William A. Wheeler, a New York Congressman, as the party’s vice-presidential choice.

 

In his letter of acceptance, Governor Hayes stressed the need for civil service reform in the federal government, reconciliation between the North and the South, sound currency, and a single presidential term. With remarkable confidence in his party’s prospects, the Ohio governor stayed in Columbus performing his normal duties and keeping in contact with both national and local Republican leaders. Consistent with the views expressed in his written statement, he took a strong stand against soliciting campaign contributions from party regulars who held government jobs. Although this stance alienated certain Stalwarts, it appealed to reform-minded citizens. The candidate maintained both his sound money principles and his temperance beliefs during the campaign, but refrained from using them as major issues in order not to offend potential Greenbackers and anti-prohibitionists.

 

In late October, Hayes recorded in his diary his concern over a contested election. The November results proved that these fears were well-founded. Although the Democratic candidates, Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks, appeared to receive a plurality of the popular vote in excess of 250,000, the Republicans challenged the electoral count for nineteen votes in three contested states, Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. The Democrats responded by challenging one of Oregon’s electoral votes. The climax to the strangest and most controversial election in our nation’s history came when a special commission, created by Congress for deciding the vote, resolved to award all the contested electoral votes to Hayes.

 

The margin of victory was by one electoral vote, 185 to 184, and the final result was announced only two days prior to Inauguration Day. Governor Hayes was enroute to Washington when he received the news. At the urging of the Secretary of State, Hamilton Fish, he took the oath of office from Chief Justice Morrison R. Waite at a private dinner party given by the Grants on March 3 to forestall the dangers of an interregnum. Since the traditional inaugural day of March 4 fell on a Sunday, Hayes held the public inauguration on Monday, March 5, on the steps of the Capitol. Before a crowd of 30,000 spectators he became the nineteenth President of the United States.

 

Although Rutherford B. Hayes occupied the Executive Mansion for only four years, 1877-1881, his Presidency signaled an end to the excesses of the Grant era. He followed his maxim, “He serves his party best, who serves his country best.” In many respects the new administration reversed the erosion of executive power which had occurred during the Johnson and Grant years. In advancing the cause of civil service reform and adhering to campaign promises of a single term, Hayes helped to restore people’s confidence in the Chief of State. The President jealously guarded the executive appointment and pardoning prerogatives in bitter clashes with the Senate. His relatively successful use of the veto, especially against legislative riders to appropriation bills, enhanced the power and prestige of the Presidency. Resistance to senatorial pressures for the appointment of party favorites allowed Hayes to assemble a distinguished and capable cabinet. His original cabinet officers included Charles Devens, Attorney General; William M. Evarts, Secretary of State; David M. Key, Postmaster General; George W. McCrary, Secretary of War; John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury; Carl Schurz, Secretary of the Interior; and Richard W. Thompson, Secretary of the Navy. Nathan Goff, Jr., Horace Maynard, and Alexander Ramsey later joined the Hayes cabinet holding the respective posts as Secretary of the Navy, Postmaster General, and Secretary of War.

 

During his term of office Hayes not only had to contend with a hostile and largely Democratic Congress, but also had to face questions regarding the legitimacy of his title to the Presidency. The most important challenge came from the Potter Commission of 1878. The President remained supremely confident of his position, and just as he expected, the investigation boomeranged on its Democratic investigators. Wholesale Democratic frauds were revealed and published in the press in the form of decoded cipher telegrams. The President interpreted the campaign of 1880 as a final vindication, since the Democrats passed over Governor Tilden; and the Republican victor, James Garfield, had been closely associated with the Hayes side of the election controversy.

 

“The Great Railway Strike” and the accompanying riots during the summer of 1877 presented a major test to the new administration. President Hayes had to exert his authority as commander-in-chief of the military forces by responding to requisitions for federal troops in states where the governors were not able to maintain order with state militia. His decision to answer governors’ requests by the use of federal force, where necessary, set a precedent for future federal strike policy where the national government assumed the protection of private property as well as public property. Hayes, while willing to limit the violent actions of the workers, also expressed the belief that “judicious control of capitalists” combined with “education of the strikers” might provide a “real remedy” to the emerging problems of industrialization.

 

In the realm of Southern affairs, Hayes attempted to implement a program based on the principles of cooperation and conciliation, as expressly set forth in his inaugural address. As evidence of his good intentions, in April 1877, he withdrew military support from the two remaining carpetbag governments in Louisiana and South Carolina. Initially he favored a national program of internal improvements for the South. In hopes of broadening the Republican base of support in the South, he appointed several southern Democrats, such as David M. Key of Tennessee, to important federal positions, and made several well-publicized trips to Dixie. However, this much criticized departure from traditional Republican policy floundered on the rock of Southern intransigence.

 

The President devoted considerable time attempting to solve the nation’s economic and monetary problems. A staunch opponent of free and unlimited coinage of silver, he advocated a financial program embracing the economic doctrines of strict adherence to the gold standard and the resumption of specie payments. Hayes worked with his trusted friend and adviser, Secretary of the Treasury John Sherman, to achieve these goals. Under Sherman’s astute guidance, specie payments were resumed in January 1879. Although overridden, the President took pride in his veto of the Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act in February 1878. He credited the economic upswing after the five year depression of 1873 to his financial policies.

 

Two other areas which claimed a major share of President Hayes’ attention were Indian relations and foreign affairs. With the aid of Carl Schurz, the Secretary of the Interior, the administration departed from traditional treatment of the American Indian. Hayes regarded all American Indians as citizens rather than “aliens” or “wards” and stressed the need for Indian education. Schurz, a fiery German-born liberal, initiated needed reforms in the Indian service, and thwarted a movement to transfer control of the Bureau of Indian Affairs back to the War Department. Hayes and Schurz laid the groundwork for future Indian policy. One really serious difficulty in the administration’s Indian program was the removal of the Poncas. This problem, inherited from the Grant government, plagued Hayes throughout his term.

 

In the arena of foreign affairs, the President and his Secretary of State, William M. Evarts, tried to increase the professionalism of the diplomatic corps by reorgainizing the Department of State and promoting career officers whenever possible. The administration actively encouraged American trade and commerce abroad and asserted the right of the United States to intervene in matters involving an interoceanic canal. Hayes and Evarts followed a generally conciliatory foreign policy, and finally recognized the Diaz regime in Mexico and received the first Chinese minister to the United States. Both actions relieved potential diplomatic problem areas, as did the veto of the Chinese Exclusion Act on March 1, 1879. An additional point of interest was Hayes’ service as arbiter of a boundary dispute between Paraguay and Argentina.

 

Another important facet of President Hayes’ four years in office was the amount of time he spent traveling throughout the United States. Called “Rutherford the Rover” by his detractors, Hayes made four extended trips and numerous shorter junkets while he was President. Included in his travels were official visits to New England, the South, the Midwest, and the West. His Great Western Tour of 1880 marked the first time a United States President had visited the West Coast while still in office. Hayes looked upon these trips as an effective means by which to promote unity, to dispel dissension, and to restore harmony in a nation which had been badly divided by the Civil War.

 

In his personal life as well as his political activities, Hayes offered something of a contrast to his hard-drinking predecessor. Despite their controversial abolition of wine in the White House, the first family managed to entertain with both elegance and variety during their four years in Washington. In fact, these functions highlighted the Washington social season. As part of his civil service reform, Rutherford Hayes refused to appoint relatives to government posts, and did not seek to turn any private profit from his political positions. The President personally displayed the model virtues of the best side of the Victorian era - hard work, modesty and sobriety, and integrity - as an example to the American people.

 

With the accession to power of James A. Garfield on March 4, 1881, Rutherford B. Hayes retired from the Presidency. Having looked forward to a return to private life and their home in Fremont, both Rutherford and Lucy were glad their four years in Washington had come to an end. However, Hayes quickly became one of the most active ex-Presidents the country has ever known, following his own advice that a former President should “like every good American citizen, be willing and prompt to bear his part in every useful work that will promote the welfare and happiness of his family, his town, his state, and his country.”

 

Dedicated to serving the public as a private citizen and philanthropist, the ex-President delivered numerous speeches and patriotic addresses; championed many educational, humanitarian, and reform causes; and once again became active in the affairs of Fremont. Continuing to manifest an interest in education, Hayes served as trustee of The Ohio State University, Western Reserve University, Ohio Wesleyan University, and Mount Union College. He was an avid supporter of industrial or manual arts training and an advocate of universal education. He saw the former as a means for all classes of people to develop character and self-reliance, while the latter offered the best way to eliminate social injustice and advance social harmony in American life. As a promoter of Negro education, Hayes served as trustee and chairman of the executive committee of the Peabody Education Fund and as the first president of the John F. Slater Fund. He participated in the Lake Mohonk conference on Indian problems and in 1890 and 1891 presided over two similar conferences which focused on the Negro. The National Prison Association selected Hayes, long a champion of prison reform, as its second president. In addition, he served as president of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, Ohio and national commander of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and president of the Twenty-Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry Association.

 

Lucy’s death, on June 25, 1889, saddened the final years of his life. Hayes remained active until early January 1893, when he was stricken with severe chest pains while on business in Cleveland. He insisted on returning home to Fremont where, on January 17, he quietly passed away in his beloved Spiegel Grove home. In a manner befitting a former President, Rutherford B. Hayes was laid to rest in Fremont’s Oakwood Cemetery beside his beloved Lucy. Former President and President-elect Grover Cleveland, Governor William McKinley, and the entire Ohio State Legislative Assembly attended the funeral ceremonies.

 

In April 1915, the remains of the former President and Mrs. Hayes were removed to a knoll within the wooded grounds of Spiegel Grove. The site, which was designated as a state memorial, is marked by a granite monument designed by President Hayes in 1889 and quarried from the ancestral farm in Dummerston, Vermont.

 

 

Select Bibliography

 

Allen, Walter. “Two Years of President Hayes.” The Atlantic Monthly, XLIV (August, 1879), 190-199.

 

Barnard, Harry. Rutherford B. Hayes and His America. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1954.

 

Bassett, John S. “The Significance of the Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes.” The South Atlantic Quarterly, XI, 3 (July, 1918), 198-206.

 

Beatty, Bess. “A Revolution Gone Backward: The Black Response to the Hayes Administration.” Hayes Historical Journal, IV, 1 (Spring, 1983), 5-23.

 

Benedict, Michael Les. “Southern Democrats in the Crisis of 1876-1877: A Reconsideration of Reunion and Reaction.” Journal of Southern History, XLVI, 4 (November, 1980), 489-524.

 

Bishop, Arthur, ed. Rutherford B. Hayes, 1822-1893: Chronology-Documents-Bibliographical Aids. Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana Publications, Inc., 1969.

 

Brown, Wenzell. “Hayes: The Forgotten President.” The American Mercury. LXVIII, 302 (February, 1949), 168-177.

 

Burgess, John W. The Administration of President Hayes. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1916.

 

Chandler, William E. Letters of Mr. William E. Chandler Relative to the So-Called Southern Policy of President Hayes, Together with a Letter to Mr. Chandler of Mr. William Lloyd Garrison. Concord, New Hampshire: Monitor and Statesman Office, 1878.

 

Conwell, Russell H. Life and Public Services of Gov. Rutherford B. Hayes. Boston: B.B. Russell, 1876.

 

Cotner, Robert C. and Marchman, Watt P., eds. “Correspondence of Guy M. Bryan and Rutherford B. Hayes: Additional Letters.” Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, LXIII, 4 (October, 1954), 349-377.

 

Cox, Jacob Donaldson. “The Hayes Administration.” The Atlantic Monthly. LXXI (June, 1893), 818-832.

 

Coyle, Leo P. “Howells’ Campaign Biography of Rutherford B. Hayes: A Series of Letters Edited by Leo P. Coyle.” Ohio Historical Quarterly. LXVI, 4 (October, 1957), 390-406.

 

Davison, Kenneth E. The Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Inc., 1972.

 

______ . “Travels of President Rutherford B. Hayes.” Ohio History, LXXX, 1 (Winter, 1971), 60-72.

 

De Santis, Vincent P. “President Hayes’ Southern Policy.” The Journal of Southern History, XXI, 1 (February, 1955), 476-494.

 

______ . “Rutherford B. Hayes and the Removal of the Troops and the End of Reconstruction,” in E. Morgan Kousser and James M. McPherson, eds., Region, Race, and Reconstruction (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), 417-450.

 

Eckenrode, H.J. Rutherford B. Hayes: Statesman of Reunion. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1930.

 

Ewing, Elbert William R. History and Law of the Hayes-Tilden Contest before the Electoral Commission: The Florida Case, 1876-77. Washington, D.C.: Cobden Publishing Company, 1910.

 

Farnum, George F. “Rutherford B. Hayes in War and Peace.” American Bar Association Journal (August, 1943), 435-436, 474.

 

Finkenbine, Roy E. “A Little Circle: White Philanthropists and Black Industrial Education in the Postbellum South.” Ph.D. dissertation: Bowling Green State University, 1982.

 

Garrison, Curtis W, ed. “Conversations with Hayes: A Biographer’s Notes.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXV, 3 (December, 1938), 369-380.

 

______ . “President Hayes: The Opponent of Prohibition.” The Historical Society of Northwestern Ohio Quarterly Bulletin, XVI (July-October, 1944), 164-177.

 

______. “Rutherford B. Hayes and The Ohio State University.” Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, LV, 3 (July-September, 1946), 295-296.

 

______ . “Slater Fund Beginnings: Letters from General Agent Atticus G. Haygood to Rutherford B. Hayes.” The Journal of Southern History, V (1939), 223-253.

 

Geer, Emily. “Lucy Webb Hayes: An Unexceptional Woman.” Ph.D. dissertation: Western Reserve University, 1962.

 

Gerry, Margarita S. “Rutherford B. Hayes in the White House: Reminiscences of William H. Crook.” Century Magazine, LXXVII (March, 1909), 643-665.

 

“General Rutherford B. Hayes, (Commander-in-Chief of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States).” The United Service, VI, 1 New Series (July, 1891), 105-109.

 

Gillette, William. Retreat from Reconstruction, 1869-1879. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.

 

Gladden, Washington. “Rutherford Birchard Hayes.” Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, IV (1895), 338-361.

 

Gruener, Claude M. “Rutherford B. Hayes’ Horseback Ride Through Texas.” The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, LXVIII, 3 (January, 1965), 352-360.

 

Hart, Amos W. The Case Between the Presidential Candidates. Statement of Controversies Respecting the Presidential Vote in the States of Florida, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia and Vermont. Together with Verbatim Copies of the Statutes of Said States Under Which the Controversies Have Arisen, and by Which They Are to be Decided. Washington: J.L. Ginck, 1876.

 

Haworth, Paul Leland. The Hayes-Tilden Disputed Presidential Election of 1876. Cleveland: The Burrows Brothers Company, 1906.

 

Hendricks, Gordon. “The Eakins Portrait of Rutherford B. Hayes.” American Art Journal (Spring, 1969), 104-114.

 

Hickerson, Frank R. “The Educational Contribution of Rutherford B. Hayes.” Northwest Ohio Quarterly, XXXIII, 1 (Winter, 1960-61), 46-53.

 

Hill, Frederick T. “Decisive Battles of the Law: The Hayes-Tilden Contest, A Political Arbitration.” Harper’s Monthly, CXIV (March, 1907), 557-567.

 

House, Albert V., Jr. “President Hayes’ Selection of David M. Key for Postmaster General.” The Journal of Southern History, IV, 1 (February, 1938), 87-93.

 

Howard, J.Q. The Life Public Services and Select Speeches of Rutherford B. Hayes. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1876.

 

Howells, William Dean, Sketch of the Life and Character of Rutherford B. Hayes. New York; Hurd and Houghton, 1876.

 

Hugh, Edward A. “President Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Civil Service Reformer. Ph.D. dissertation: Western Reserve University, 1962.

 

Keeler, Lucy Elliot. The Centenary Celebration of the Birth of Rutherford Birchard Hayes at Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio, October 4, 1922. Columbus, Ohio: The F.J. Heer Printing Co., 1923.

 

Krebs, Frank J. “Hayes and the South.” Ph.D. dissertation: The Ohio State University, 1950.

 

Lewis, William R. “The Hayes Administration and Mexico.” The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XXIV, 2 (October, 1920), 140-153.

 

MacDonald, Curtis C. “Ansequago, A  Biography of Sardis Birchard.” Ph.D. dissertation: Western Reserve University, 1958.

 

McFeeley, William. Grant: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1981.

 

Marchman, Watt P., ed. “The ‘Memoirs’ of Thomas Donaldson.” Hayes Historical Journal, II, 3-4 (Spring/Fall, 1979), 151-265.

 

Monroe, James. “The Hayes-Tilden Electoral Commission.” The Atlantic Monthly, LXXII (October, 1893), 521-538.

 

Morgan, H. Wayne. From Hayes to McKinley: National Party Politics, 1877-1896. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1969.

 

Myers, Elisabeth P. Rutherford B. Hayes. Chicago: Reily & Lee, 1969.

 

Ohio History (Rutherford B. Hayes Special Edition), LXXVII, 1, 2 and 3 (Winter, Spring and Summer, 1968).

 

Palmer, Upton S. “A Historical and Critical Study of the Speeches of Rutherford B. Hayes with an Appended Edition of His Addresses.” Ph.D. dissertation: University of Michigan, 1950.

 

Parker, Wyman W. “President Hayes’s Graduation Speeches.” The Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, LXIII, 2 (April, 1954), 135-146.

 

Peskin, Allan. “Was There a Compromise of 1877?” Journal of American History, LX, 1 (June, 1973), 63-75.

 

Polakoff, Keith Ian. The Politics of Inertia: The Election of 1876 and the End of Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973.

 

Rable, George C. “Southern Interests and the Election of 1876: A Reappraisal.” Civil War History, XXVI, 4 (December, 1980), 347-361.

 

Rhodes, James Ford. “President Hayes’ Administration in the Light of Thirty Years.” Century Magazine, LXXVIII (October, 1909), 883-891.

 

Richardson, Lyon N. and Garrison, Curtis W., eds. “George William Curtis, Rutherford B. Hayes and Civil Service Reform.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXXII, 2 (September, 1945), 235-250.

 

Robinson, Lloyd. The Stolen Election; Hayes Versus Tilden - 1876. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1968.

 

Rogers, Joseph M. “How Hayes Became President.” McClure’s Magazine, XXIII, 1 (May, 1904), 76-88.

 

Rubin, Louis D., Jr. Teach the Freeman: The Correspondence of Rutherford B. Hayes and the Slater Fund for Negro Education, 1877-1887. 2 vols. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.

 

Schwarz, John. “The Hayes-Conkling Political Conflict.” Unpublished manuscript. (Available at The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center).

 

Severn, William. Samuel J. Tilden and the Stolen Election. New York: Ives Washburn, 1968.

 

Shores, Venila L. The Hayes-Conkling Controversy, 1877-1879. Northampton, Massachusetts: Department of History of Smith College, 1919.

 

Stapleton, Darwin H. “An Assessment of Historians’ Perspectives of Rutherford B. Hayes.” Northwest Ohio Quarterly, XLIV, 4 (Fall, 1972), 75-84.

 

Sternstein, Jerome L. “The Sickles Memorandum: Another Look at the Hayes-Tilden Election-Night Conspiracy.” The Journal of Southern History, XXXII, 3 (August, 1966), 342-357.

 

Swint, Henry L. “Rutherford B. Hayes, Educator.” The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXXIX, 1 (June, 1952), 45-60.

 

Thelen, David P. “Rutherford B. Hayes and the Reform Tradition in the Gilded Age.” American Quarterly, XXII, 2, pt. 1 (Summer, 1970), 150-165.

 

Trefousse, Hans L. Carl Schurz: A Biography. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1982.

 

Vaughan, Harold Cecil. The Hayes-Tilden Election of 1876: A Disputed Presidential Election in the Gilded Age. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1972.

 

Vazzano, Frank P. “Hayes, Congress, and the Resurrection of Presidential Authority.” Ph.D. dissertation; Kent State University, 1972.

 

Watterson, Henry. “The Hayes-Tilden Contest for the Presidency: Inside History of a Great Political Crisis.” Century Magazine, LXXXVI, 3 (June, 1913), 3-20.

 

Williams, Charles Richard. Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes, Nineteenth President of the United States. 5 vols. Columbus, Ohio; The Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society, 1922-1926.

 

______ . The Life of Rutherford Birchard Hayes, Nineteenth President of the United States. 2 vols. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1928.

 

Williams, Ora. “Iowa and the Making of a President.” Annals of Iowa, XXXII, 3rd Series, 7 (January, 1955), 507-514.

 

Williams, T. Harry. Hayes of the Twenty-Third: The Civil War Volunteer Officer. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965.

 

______ . Hayes; The Diary of a President, 1875-1881. New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1964.

 

Winkler, Ernest W., ed. “The Hayes-Bryan Correspondence.” The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XXV-XXX (October, 1921 to July, 1930).

 

Wittke, Carl F. “Carl Schurz and Rutherford B. Hayes.” The Ohio Historical Quarterly, LXV, 4 (October, 1956), 337-355.

 

Woodward, C. Vann. Reunion and Reaction; The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1951.

 

______ . “Yes, There Was a Compromise of 1877.” Journal of American History, LX, 1 June, 1973), 215-223.

 

 

SERIES ONE:

 

Hayes & Webb Family Genealogies

 

Although Rutherford B. Hayes collected miscellaneous materials relating to his own and Lucy Webb Hayes’ ancestors throughout most of his life, his gubernatorial years represent the period of greatest activity in this endeavor. Since the executive duties of a governor in post-bellum Ohio were less than demanding, Hayes was able to invest much of his surplus time and energy in genealogical research. He compiled much of the information he found on the Hayes and Webb families in two small journals or notebooks and made numerous miscellaneous notes on specific family members or family lines.

 

It was on an extended trip to New England in 1870 that Rutherford acquired a good portion of the material in this series. Some of the notes included here are found in other series - his manuscript diaries for example. Minor additional genealogical information can be gleaned from incoming and outgoing correspondence, diary entries, scrapbooks and other portions of the Hayes Papers which are not a part of this series, but are included in this microfilm edition. The Library of the Hayes Presidential Center also possesses genealogical notes and material gathered by the President’s descendants which relate to the family ancestry. Although this material is not filmed, it is available to researchers in the reading room of the Library.

 

Material constituting the first series is arranged by family line for the reader’s convenience. The series is divided into two major divisions: Hayes Genealogy and Webb Genealogy. Within each of these divisions related material is filmed together as much as possible, even where the arrangement requires breaking the continuity of the President’s notebooks on the Hayes and Webb families. Miscellaneous notes regarding specific family members or family lines represent the immediately relevant material. In most cases additional documents and information concerning family members are available at the Library.

 

SERIES TWO:

 

Diaries

 

The various diaries and daily journals which Rutherford B. Hayes kept periodically throughout his life contain a wealth of information concerning his legal, military and political career, as well as his private life. Both routine narrative notations and revealing personal insights appear in abundance. Entries are filmed chronologically, with appropriate targets indicating when this chronology interrupts the continuity of the volumes. The Hayes Papers contain a few additional, dated loose-leaf diary notes which are filed chronologically in series five, Outgoing Correspondence. Some miscellaneous, undated loose-leaf notes filmed at the end of the fifth series and in series ten, Miscellaneous, may be diary entries as well. Occasional diary-life notations appear in various notebooks, account books, and personal correspondence. These entries are filmed in the series to which they most closely relate. Manuscript diary volume one, and the 1841 journal contain several school essays which are filmed both with the diary volumes in which they appear, and again with the Common Place Books in the third series. Manuscript diary volumes four, six, eight, and ten contain genealogical notes which are filmed both with the diaries and with the genealogical material in series one.

 

Like many diarists, Hayes did not always keep a strict daily account of his activities. Sporadic breaks occur in what, nonetheless, remains an amazingly complete record of the President’s life. In addition to these normal breaks, one major hiatus mars the continuity of the diary record. This break is due to an unfortunate incident. Hayes’ satchel, which contained his diary for the period from May 26 to November, 1886, was stolen at the Cincinnati Central Depot on November 15, 1886. Although a reward was advertised for its return, neither the satchel nor any of its contents were ever recovered. (See diary entry for November 18, 1886, volume nineteen and one-half.)

 

The numbers designating the various diary volumes were assigned sometime after Rutherford’s death. He had a different numbering arrangement. Thus, current volume nineteen and one-half was originally volume twenty-one, and the still missing volume was number twenty.

 

Lucy Elliot Keeler’s index to Charles Richard Williams’ five-volume edition of the Diary and Letters of Rutherford Birchard Hayes (Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1922-1926) is very useful, but the published diary text is incomplete. Many entries from the manuscript diaries were omitted or shortened, and additional items have been found since publication of this work. T. Harry Williams’ Hayes: The Diary of a President, 1875-1881 (New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1964) is a faithful work covering this period of Hayes’ public service. Only minor additions have been found and added to Hayes’ diary record since publication of this work. Interested researchers also may peruse the massive unpublished diary and day-by-day accounts concerning the President’s entire life compiled by Watt P. Marchman. Additions are continually being made to this manuscript, which is available for reference use at the Library.

 

For retrieval purposes the editors have chosen to use the inclusive dates which President Hayes assigned to each of the diary volumes. In some instances, as in the case of Volume 9B, one of the Civil War diaries, miscellaneous entries or notations can be found after the indicated ending date. The researcher is alerted to pay particular attention to the diaries spanning the period of the Civil War.

 

SERIES THREE:

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, Etc.

 

The common place books and other materials which compose the third series contain school notes and essays, law notes and newsclippings, and political, social and miscellaneous notes. The series runs in loose chronological order under the subseries of School Notes, Law Notes, Political Notes, and Miscellaneous Notes, but does not include material relating to Rutherford B. Hayes’ presidency, 1877-1881. This latter material is filmed in series six, The White House Years. The school essays contained in manuscript diary volume one and the 1841 journal are also filmed with the diaries in series two. The names and numbers assigned to the various notebooks are those which appear on the slip cases in which they are contained. In some instances the contents of these slip cases are split in order to keep relevant material together and maintain chronology. Although some correlation undoubtedly exists, no effort was made to interfile the material from Hayes’ political notebooks with his political speeches. These speeches are filmed chronologically in series nine, Speeches and Message.

 

The school notebooks contain various lecture notes and school essays kept by Hayes while attending the Isaac Webb School in Middletown, Connecticut and Kenyon College. The law notebooks include Rutherford’s notebooks from Harvard with “Moot Court Cases” and his class notes. Newspaper clippings concerning law cases Hayes participated in, or was interested in, are preserved in the law scrapbooks. Loose-leaf notes of cases and clients follow these scrapbooks. Some newspaper accounts of trial experiences are also included. The political notebooks are predominantly Hayes’ notations and newspaper clippings on various personalities and topics pertinent to the political campaigns he was interested in, either as a candidate or as an active participant. Miscellaneous notes on various other subjects also occasionally appear.

 

SERIES FOUR:

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893

 

The incoming correspondence of Rutherford B. Hayes includes letters, invitations, programs, petitions, newspaper clippings, Executive Mansion file envelopes (with and without accompanying letters), and other items sent to Hayes. Miscellaneous obituaries, some memorial speeches delivered in 1893, and a book apparently containing names of those who sent condolences to the family upon the President’s death are filmed with the material for 1893. Unidentified and uncatalogued items, including envelopes of limited research value, are filed at the end of this series.

 

While the entire collection of incoming correspondence received by President Hayes has been included in the microfilm edition, the bulk of the manuscript material deals with Hayes’ tenure as the nineteenth President of the United States (1877-1881). The correspondence in this sequence of the publication is useful for considering such contemporary events and issues relating to his administration as the Great Railway Strike, southern affairs, civil service reform, foreign relations, Indian policy, economic matters, and political appointments just to mention a few. Much of the correspondence is of routine nature, but considerable material exists between Hayes and leading men of the day both in and out of government, such as George William Curtis, Carl Schurz, John Sherman, William Henry Smith, etc. Correspondence pertaining to his three terms as governor of Ohio also is available as is material relating to the other facets of his life, particularly for the post-presidential years.

 

In addition to letters addressed to Rutherford, the series contains a volume of the personal letters of his sister, Fanny A. Platt, compiled and bound by Rutherford in her memory. The volume includes family correspondence amongst Sophia, Fanny, Hayes, and Sardis Birchard. Transcriptions of some of the letters from this volume which are addressed to Rutherford are also placed in the appropriate chronological location within the series. Roll number nine, on which this volume was filmed, also includes the President’s “Recollections of Fanny” (1856) and a short memorandum of Fanny’s last illness in July, 1856.

 

Many letters addressed to William King Rogers, the President’s private secretary, 1877-1881, but obviously intended for the President, are included in the fourth series. Copies of some, but not all of these also appear in the Rogers correspondence in series six, The White House Years. Letters addressed to other parties, but referred to Hayes, or which were in the President’s collection are filmed as part of this series. Where possible, enclosures are filmed following their covering letters. It is probable, nevertheless, that a number of enclosures may remain separated from their covering letters.

 

SERIES FIVE:

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893

 

The outgoing correspondence of Rutherford B. Hayes consists of letters, drafts of letters, loose-leaf diary notations, miscellaneous notes, and some business notations written by him. Press releases and letters in the holograph of the President, intended to be sent over the signature of someone else, are a part of this series. Transcriptions of the Hayes correspondence in the manuscript volume, “Opinions and Correspondence of the City Solicitor [Cincinnati, Ohio], January 7, 1858 through January 20, 1867,” are filmed in their appropriate chronological order. The fifth series also includes material written by Hayes’ private secretaries (William R. Thrall, John B. Neil, Alfred E. Lee, and William K. Rogers), and various state and federal executive department clerks (Rodney Foos, O.L. Pruden, William H. Crook, C.C. Sniffen, G.A. Gustin, and others), as well as occasional items written by the President’s son, Webb C. Hayes, and cabinet and other government officials for the President.

 

The bound Ohio Executive Department letterpress copy books and personal letterpress copy books for Hayes’ gubernatorial years are filmed after the unbound material. A letter book compiled by Webb C. Hayes for his father in 1876 also is included. Although some of the Ohio Executive Department letterpress copy books contain correspondence written by and for Hayes’ predecessors and successors, only the material pertinent to his three terms has been filmed. The length of some of these letter books has required two rolls of film. Appropriate targets indicate where this occurs. In addition, some of the correspondence contained in these letterpress copy books is duplicated by originals or transcriptions in the chronological outgoing file. However, a large number of letters, especially those pertaining to routine matters, appear only in the letter books.

 

SERIES SIX:

 

White House Records, 1877-1881

 

Series six contains material relating to the presidential years of Rutherford B. Hayes. Filmed first are the seventeen volumes of “Registers of Letters Received by the President, 1877-1881.” These volumes constitute a record of incoming letters kept by the clerks in the President’s office, who recorded the date the letters were received, the author’s address, brief statements of content, and departments to which the letters were referred by the President. The clerks also filled out for each communication a printed transfer or filing envelope or jacket, containing essentially the same data included on the Registers. Those marked “File” were retained in the White House files for the President. An index to the Registers, compiled between 1947 and 1950 by the staff of The Rutherford B. Hayes Library, precedes these volumes. The Registers, however, do not include all the letters received by Hayes during the years of his presidency, only those passing through the hands of the clerks. Nevertheless, the Registers are invaluable for reference. The letters marked “File” usually are found in the Hayes Papers and they were filmed in series four, Incoming Correspondence.

 

Two volumes of “Executive Mansion Telegrams” contain a record of telegraphic messages to and from the President, various members of his family, and Executive Mansion clerks. This record, however, is by no means complete. Many, but not all of these telegrams have been transcribed, and filed chronologically with the Hayes correspondence. All the entries in these two volumes have been catalogued and appear in the master card index to the Rutherford B. Hayes Papers. The White House collection also includes the “Executive Mansion Letterbook,” a compilation of negative photostats obtained from the National Archives and Records Service. Some of these letters duplicate originals found elsewhere in the Hayes Papers. This volume also is included in the master card index at the Hayes Presidential Center.

 

The “Senate Executive Session Minutes,” in six bound volumes, are manuscript copies of minutes. Four volumes of Indian Territory correspondence pertain to the “Attempted Settlement within the limits of the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma); also of instructions issued to the Military to prevent the same, compiled from the records of the Adjutant General’s Office in compliance with Senate Resolution December 7th 1880, referred from War Department to the Adjutant General for report.”

 

The various social and business record books are largely explained in the roll breakdown which follows this introduction. The scrapbooks on rolls two hundred and eleven through two hundred and thirty-five encompass more than the four years Hayes spent in Washington as President. However, since most of the 130 volumes pertain to Rutherford’s presidency, they all are included under the title “White House Scrapbooks.” These volumes were numbered subsequent to Hayes’ death. Compiled by the President and members of the White House staff, the scrapbooks contain miscellaneous newspaper clippings relating to the Hayes administration. They incorporate a wealth of material describing state and national politics. The chronology of the volumes overlaps considerably. The dates provided in the roll notes are intended only as a general guide. Some volumes have indexes, but most do not. Where indexes exist, they are filmed in front of the contents of each volume. Occasional letters found in the scrapbooks have been photocopied and interfiled with the Hayes correspondence.

 

The subseries of related correspondence, 1876-1881, includes segments from the collections of the President’s immediate family: Webb Cook Hayes, Rutherford Platt Hayes, Birchard Austin Hayes, Fanny Hayes, Scott Russell Hayes; and of his private secretary, William King Rogers. The correspondence of Lucy Webb Hayes in the microfilm edition covers the years 1868-1881, and includes a large amount of undated letters, many relating to her years as the nation’s First Lady.

 

Scattered diary entries for the years 1876-1881 appear in the outgoing correspondence of both Webb C. and Rutherford P. Hayes. These sporadic accounts contain information on family matters. Webb’s diaries also have notations regarding business activities at Spiegel Grove, the President’s estate in Fremont, Ohio. In addition, his papers include a scrapbook containing material largely relating to Sergeant William Gaines, a veteran of the Battle of Fort Stephenson in 1813, for whom his father secured a pension.

 

With the exception of the manuscript material pertaining to Lucy Webb Hayes and Webb C. Hayes, the incoming and outgoing files of each of the several collections which are filmed in the subseries of related correspondence are interfiled. Copies and transcriptions provide considerable duplication. For example, correspondence between Webb C. and Birchard A. Hayes appear in the collections of both men. Similarly, the papers of William K. Rogers included in the microfilm edition duplicate some material found in Rutherford. Hayes’ incoming and outgoing correspondence for the White House years.

 

Additional manuscript material for the related collections, both prior to and subsequent to the years covered in this publication, is available at the Hayes Presidential Center. While only selected items from each of these collections are found in the master card index, separate indexes are available for all the related collections.

 

Supplementary items relating to the White House years may be found in series ten, Miscellaneous (rolls 300-301). These items include commissions, appointments, letters of commerce, proclamations, and some petitions.

 

SERIES SEVEN:

 

Civil War Records

 

The seventh series consists of miscellaneous material relating to the Civil War, particularly Rutherford B. Hayes’ regiment, the Twenty-Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The typed regimental history manuscript is by an unknown author. The J.Q. Howard notes were made during personal interviews with Hayes in preparation for writing his campaign biography of the Ohio governor (The Life, Public Services and Select Speeches of Rutherford B. Hayes, Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1876). The material from the Russell Hastings Papers in the Library of the Hayes Presidential Center has been included because of its relevance. The James M. Comly Papers, Ohio Historical Society (available on microfilm) contain additional material relative to the Twenty-Third O.V.I. The regimental roster books include records of each soldier’s Civil War military service, as well as data about numerous 23rd O.V.I. reunions. Information on surviving members of the regiment continues beyond General Hayes’ death in 1893.

 

SERIES EIGHT:

 

Business Papers

 

The business papers of Rutherford B. Hayes contain receipted invoices, real estate deeds and titles, tax assessment notices, bank books, canceled checks and check stubs, promissory notes, various account books, real estate record books, and estate records. This material is filmed chronologically where possible. Receipted invoices are filed by the date paid and not by the original invoice date. Undated bills having a series of dated entries, but no date indicating payment, are filed by the last date appearing on the bill. Deeds are filed by the date executed, not by the recorded date, while Hayes’ promissory notes are arranged by the dates of the notes. Check stub books are filmed prior to the checks they match. However, most checks lack stubs, and many stubs do not have matching checks.

 

The eighth series also contains records pertaining to the estate of the President’s uncle, Sardis Birchard (1800-1874). These items are filmed by the first entry in Rutherford B. Hayes’ hand and integrated with the rest of the chronological file. Many of these documents, on which Hayes’ handwriting appears, can be found in the first two years following his uncle’s death in January 1874.

 

When the Hayes Papers were first organized years ago, no uniform criteria was followed to separate business paper from general correspondence. The content of many of the manuscripts has made it difficult to adopt a clearcut standard of separation. As a consequence, many business related papers have been placed in Hayes’ outgoing and incoming correspondence.

 

SERIES NINE:

 

Speeches and Message

 

An effort has been made to identify all of the speeches made by Rutherford B. Hayes and to match numerous fragment notes in the files with speeches according to time and place of delivery. Where available, a contemporary printing or report of the speech has been included. Fragments which were not datable are placed at the end of the collection by topic: for example, miscellaneous education, labor, Civil War, prison reform, etc. There is also a folder of general miscellaneous material. When more than one draft appears, the last draft is accepted as the final version available.

 

Official messages from Hayes’ terms as governor and president are interfiled on a strict chronological basis, rather than being separated into subgroupings. Folders for these official communications often include supporting material written by members of various executive departments and offer insight into the way Hayes went about formulating policy.

 

The bulk of the notes and drafts in the Hayes speech file are concentrated in the post-presidential years. Here can be found notes for addresses on education, especially manual training, and prison reform, his pet topics. In addition, numerous sets of notes also exist for talks at soldiers’ reunions and memorial celebrations, in which Hayes outlined his ideas on the significance of the Civil War to appreciative groups of veterans. A handful of speeches for the Womans’ Home Missionary Society, delivered by Lucy Hayes but written by Rutherford, complete the series. The speech notes for these final years of the former President’s life offer a glimpse into the changing nature of his social views, as he became more outspoken in his support of such liberal programs as better educational facilities for blacks and rehabilitation rather than vindictive punishment for criminals.

 

SERIES TEN:

 

Miscellaneous

 

Series ten consists of items which, because of size or nature of content, could not be conveniently included in any of the other series. The guide describes the nature of this series’ content.

 

INVENTORY

 

Business Papers.

1840-1868

     Reel: 274

 

Business Papers.

1869-April 30, 1873

     Reel: 275

 

Business Papers.

May 1, 1873-May 31, 1875

     Reel: 276

 

Business Papers.

June 1, 1875-July 31, 1877

     Reel: 277

 

Business Papers.

August 1, 1877-July 3, 1878

     Reel: 278

 

Business Papers.

January 1, 1886-December 31, 1877

     Reel: 283

 

Business Papers.

August 1, 1878-December 31, 1879

     Reel: 279

 

Business Papers.

January 1, 1881-May 31, 1881

     Reel: 280

 

Business Papers.

June I, 1881-December 31, 1882

     Reel: 281

 

Business Papers.

January 1, 1885-December 31, 1885

     Reel: 282

 

Business Papers.

January 1, 1888-December 31, 1889

     Reel: 284

 

Business Papers.

January 1, 1890-December, 1893

Undated; Undated miscellaneous.

     Reel: 285

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

"Miscellaneous Notebook" (Sardis Birchard).

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1838

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1840-1841; 1847-1848

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1845

"Log of Schooner Wyandot, 1838-1839".

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1851-1861

More McMiken accounts, also some personal accounts), 2 vols.

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1853-1855

"McMiken & Co. Accounts" (R.B. Hayes, assignee).

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1873-1874; 1874-1866

"Sardis Birchard Cash Book"; "Sardis Birchard Estate Book".

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1874

R.B. Hayes notebook, (Sardis Birchard meat book).

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1869-1877

"Our Place 1875" (entries from 1869-1877).

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1875

"Winnie Monroe Account Book".

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1876

R.B. Hayes Account Book" (Birchard estate).

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1876

"Governor's Salary Account Book".

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Account Books.

1889-1890

"Fanny Hayes' Spiegel Grove Kitchen Accounts" (meats and groceries, 2 vols.).

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Bank Books.

1871-1877

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Bank Books.

1877-1878

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Bank Books.

1878-1881

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Bank Books.

1882-1893

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Checks and Stubs.

March 22, 1871-July 31, 1892

     Reel: 286

 

Business Papers.

     Checks and Stubs.

August, 1892-January, 1893

     Reel: 287

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Material from Webb C. Hayes Papers, Library of Hayes Presidential Center, relating to R.B. Hayes' Estate.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Last Will and Testament.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Probate Records: Sardis Birchard Estate.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Papers relating to the Estate of RBH: will of Sardis Birchard from Birchard A. Hayes Papers, Library of the Hayes Presidential Center.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Miscellaneous estate settlement (mostly involving Rutherford Platt Hayes).

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Title abstracts (Birchard A. Hayes, but involving R.B. Hayes' property and the probating of his estate).

     Reel: 289

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

Papers relative to the estate of RBH from the BAH Papers, Library of the Hayes Presidential Center.

     Reel: 289

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

1893-1896

Journal.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Estate Records.

1893-1897

"R.B. Hayes Estate Records".

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

n.d

"R.B. Hayes Real Estate Records".

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

Miscellaneous.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

Property and Real Estate.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

Minor Heirs of John Walker vs. James H. Walker.

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

1853-1864

"Birchard-Hayes Real Estate Book".

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

1873-1892

"R.B. Hayes Real Estate".

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

1877

"R.B. Hayes Property Record".

     Reel: 288

 

Business Papers.

     Real estate Records.

1881-1891

"R.B. Hayes Real Estate Records", (2 vols.).

     Reel: 288

 

Civil War Records.

Journal from the diary of James M. Comly.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

Extracts from the diary of James M. Comly, made for and at the request of Webb C. Hayes, by Susie Comly, Honolulu, 1879.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

"Rutherford B. Hayes and the 23rd O.V.I." (typewritten manuscript).

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     J.Q. Howard's interview with R.B. Hayes.

Cedar Creek.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     J.Q. Howard's interview with R.B. Hayes.

South Mountain, Berryville and Fisher's Hill.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Material from the Russell Hastings Papers.

"Journal of the 23rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry" (author unknown).

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Material from the Russell Hastings Papers.

General Russell Hastings' Memoirs.

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Material from the Russell Hastings Papers.

"The Battle of Fisher's Hill".

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Material from the Russell Hastings Papers.

Miscellaneous.

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Material from the Russell Hastings Papers.

1861-1864

Diary of Andrew Stairwalt, Sr. (musician, Co. F, 23rd O.V.I.).

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Clark's Hollow.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Fisher's Hill.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Winchester and Opequan Creek.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

South Mouton.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Miscellaneous notations by R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Dublin Raid.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Captured letters.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on:.

Cedar Creek.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous notations on.

Miscellaneous notations relating to muster rolls.

     Reel: 271

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

n.d

"Record of 23rd Reg't Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the Service of the United States" (by companies).

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

Copies of official muster-out rolls of the 23rd O.V.I.

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

Commissions.

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

Pay record.

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

Cincinnati Literary Club record.

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

Material relating to reunions of the 23rd O.V.I. before and after R.B. Hayes' death.

     Reel: 273

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

History and muster books of the 23rd O.V.I. (2 vols., slightly different).

     Reel: 273

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

July 31, 1862

"Descriptive List of the 23rd O.V.I., Green Meadows, Va.".

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

1863-1865

"Letters Received, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Book B".

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

February, 1864

"Return of the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. W. Va. (R.B.H. Commander)".

     Reel: 272

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

1876

"Roster of Surviving Members of the 23rd O.V.I.".

     Reel: 273

 

Civil War Records.

     Miscellaneous Oversize.

September 14, 1877

"Register, Reunion of 23rd O.V.I., Fremont, Ohio".

     Reel: 273

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Law notebooks, Vols. 1 and 2.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Law scrapbook - Clippings about Ohio law and history.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

"Moot Court Cases".

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Miscellaneous notes.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Material pertaining to the case of Thomas E. Boswell, Lower Sandusky, Ohio.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Fugitive slave cases  -  Rosetta Armstrong and miscellaneous notes.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Notes and transcriptions relative to the Nancy Farrer Case.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Notes and transcriptions relative to the James Summons Case.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Transcriptions relative to the Henry LeCount Case.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Transcriptions relative to the case of S. and T. Hart, Plaintiffs vs. Israel Wilson, Administrator of the estate of William P. Miles.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

Transcriptions relative to the Samuel Cunningham Case.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

1845

Brief in the case of the State of Ohio vs. Alvin Coles.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Law Notebooks and Notes.

1857-1858

Clippings from Cincinnati Law and Bank Bulletin.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

Miscellaneous notes pertaining to the Sandusky County Pioneer and Historical Society.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

n.d

Local history notes in miscellaneous notebook.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes autograph volume (post-White House years).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1845

Memorandum books (2 vols.).

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1848-1850

Cash book of Fort Stephenson Division No. 432, Sons of Temperance (R.B. Hayes, Treasurer).

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1861

"R.B. Hayes Local History, Political Clippings".

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1866-1867

R.B. Hayes autograph volume.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1868-1870

R.B. Hayes scrapbook.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1869

Notebook.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1872

Volume containing local history notes.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1872-1881

Catalogue of the Sardis Birchard Library Fremont, Ohio.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1874-1875

Minutes of the Sandusky County Pioneer and Historical Society (R.B. Hayes, Secretary; material continues beyond Hayes' tenure as secretary, and contains miscellaneous clippings relative to the society.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1874

Catalogue of books purchased from Robert Clarke and Company.

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1874

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.): (2 vols.).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1876; 1883

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1881-1884

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.).

     Reel: 8A

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1883-1885

Sandusky County Soldiers' Monumental Association (R.B. Hayes, secretary).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1883

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1883

Catalogue of private library.

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1885

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

December 30, 1886

Guest list for the wedding of Birchard Austin Hayes to Mary Sherman.

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1887

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

1890

Miscellaneous notebooks (8 vols.).

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Miscellaneous.

c. 1890

"R.B. Hayes Personal Notes".

     Reel: 8a

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1852-1858

(3 vols.).

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1860

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1866

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1867

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1868-1869

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1868

Includes expense account.

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1869

Includes notes and clippings on Horace Greeley's campaign, 1872.

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1871

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1872

     Reel: 8

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     Political Notebooks.

1875

     Reel: 7

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     School Notebooks.

School notebook of R.B. Hayes and Fanny A. Hayes.

     Reel: 5

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     School Notebooks.

Appropriate sections from the diaries, Vol. 1 and 1841.

     Reel: 5

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     School Notebooks.

Kenyon College essays.

     Reel: 6

 

Common Place Books, Law Notebooks, Campaign Notebooks, etc.

     School Notebooks.

1838-1841

R.B. Hayes school notebook.

     Reel: 5

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

October 4, 1838-July 4, 1839

Vol. 1.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

June 17, 1841-January 4, 1842

1841 Journal.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

June, 1841-February 1, 1847 (January 8, 1850)

Vol. 2.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

November 21, 1948-May 15, 1851

Vol. 3.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

August-September, 1860

Vol. 4½, Diary of Deferred Wedding Journey, (Includes visits to Detroit, Montreal, Toronto, Quebec, Boston, Brattleboro, Mt. Holyoke, Philadelphia, New York, Toledo, Fremont, Cincinnati - largely an expense account).

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

June 7, 1861-November 8, 1861

Vol. 5.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

November 9, 1861-February 18, 1862

Vol. 6.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

May 17, 1851- May 15, 1861

Vol. 4.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

February 25, 1862-October 4, 1862

Vol. 7.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

December 2, 1862-March 12, 1864

Vol. 8.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

June 7, 1864-December 31, 1864

Vol. 9a.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

April 28, 1864-June 7, 1864

Vol. 9.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

January 1, 1865-May 1, 1865

Vol. 9b.

     Reel: 2

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

November 30, 1865-December 23, 1871

Vol. 10.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

December 31, 1871-September 9, 1873

Vol. 11.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

September 13, 1873-May 25, 1876

Vol. 12.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

May 26, 1876-February 23, 1878

Vol. 13.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

February 26, 1878-March 25, 1879

Vol. 14.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

March 25, 1879-January 1, 1882

Vol. 15.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

January 1, 1882-January 27, 1884

Vol. 16, also October 7, 1881 to October 13, 1881.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

January 26, 1884-April 11, 1885

Vol. 17.

     Reel: 3

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

October 24, 1885-May 25, 1886

Vol. 19.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

April 12, 1885-October 23, 1885

Vol. 18.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

November 18, 1886-July 22, 1887

Vol. 19½.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

July 22, 1887-January 26, 1888

Vol. 20.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

January 26, 1888-August 31, 1888

Vol. 21.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

September 1, 1888-January 31, 1889

Vol. 22.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

February 1, 1889-June 25, 1889

Vol. 23.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

June 26, 1889-October 8, 1889

Vol. 24.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

October 11, 1889-March 13, 1890

Vol. 25.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

March 14, 1890-July 15, 1890

Vol. 26.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

July 16, 1890-September 7, 1892

Vol. 27.

     Reel: 4

 

Diaries.

     Journal kept while Hayes was twelve years old, 1834.

September 8, 1892-January 13, 1893

Vol. 28.

     Reel: 4

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Genealogical notes of Hayes Family in "Register, Reunion of 23rd O.V.I., September 14, 1877".

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Miscellaneous genealogical notes and oversized items.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Moody Family.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Austin, Birchard.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Birchard Family.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Hayes Family (Eastern Branch).

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Hayes, Ezekiel.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

R.B. Hayes Genealogical Notebook: Hayes Family (compiled about 1870).

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Austin Family.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Notes in White House Scrapbook, Vol. 6.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Notes in Hayes Diary, Vol. 8.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Notes in Hayes Diary, Vol. 4.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

Notes in Hayes Diary, Vol. 10.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

(1871)

Hayes Family Ancestral Chart.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

(1878)

John Humphrey Noyes, "Memoirs of His Father, John Noyes".

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

(February, 1882)

"Origin of Family of Hay or Hayes in Scotland".

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Hayes Genealogy.

(1884)

Lucy Elliot Keeler's annotated volume of Rev. Charles Wells Hayes, George Hayes of Windsor and His Descendants.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Webb Genealogy.

Notes in Hayes Diary, Vol. 4.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Webb Genealogy.

R.B. Hayes Genealogical Notebook: Webb Family (compiled about 1870).

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Webb Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Cook, Isaac.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Webb Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Cook Family.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Webb Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Webb Family.

     Reel: 1

 

Hayes and Webb Family Genealogies.

     Webb Genealogy.

Interrupted at the appropriate locations for the following miscellaneous notes: Scott, John W.

     Reel: 1

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

Undated - Anonymous; Anonymous - Eccentric; A-L.

     Reel: 163

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

Undated - M-Z; unidentified, uncatalogued, etc.

     Reel: 164

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

1829-1858

     Reel: 10

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

1859-August, 1864

     Reel: 11

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September, 1864-January, 1868

     Reel: 12

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February, 1868-July 16, 1868

     Reel: 13

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 17, 1868-January 10, 1869

     Reel: 14

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 11, 1869-April 23, 1869

     Reel: 15

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April 24, 1869-September, 1869

     Reel: 16

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 1869-February 24, 1870

     Reel: 17

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 25, 1870-June 16, 1870

     Reel: 18

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 17, 1870-November, 1870

     Reel: 19

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1870-January 1871

     Reel: 20

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

Febraury, 1871-May, 1871

     Reel: 21

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1871-October, 1871

     Reel: 22

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November, 1871-January 1872

     Reel: 23

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February, 1872-December, 1872

Includes n.d. 1872.

     Reel: 24

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January, 1873-July, 1873

     Reel: 25

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August, 1873-February, 1874

     Reel: 26

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March n.d., 1874-June 30, 1874

     Reel: 27

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 1, 1874-November 30, 1874

     Reel: 28

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1874-April 20, 1875

     Reel: 29

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April 21, 1875-July, 1875

     Reel: 30

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August, 1875-October 25, 1875

     Reel: 31

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 26, 1875-December 10, 1875

     Reel: 32

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 11, 1875-January 23, 1876

     Reel: 33

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 24, 1876-March 5, 1876

     Reel: 34

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 6, 1876-April 15, 1876

     Reel: 35

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April 16, 1876-May, 1876

     Reel: 36

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, n.d., 1876-June 16, 1876

     Reel: 37

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 17, 1876-June 19 (H), 1876

     Reel: 38

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 19 (I), 1876-June 23 (D), 1876

     Reel: 39

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 23 (E), 1876-June 30, 1876

     Reel: 40

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July n.d., 1876-July 10, 1876

     Reel: 41

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 11, 1876-July 20, 1876

     Reel: 42

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 21, 1876-August 5. 1876

     Reel: 43

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 6, 1876-August 18, 1876

     Reel: 44

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 19, 1876-August 31, 1876

     Reel: 45

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September n.d., 1876-September 15, 1876

     Reel: 46

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September 16, 1876-September 28, 1876

     Reel: 47

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September 29, 1876-October 11, 1876

     Reel: 48

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 12, 1876-October 29, 1876

     Reel: 49

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 30, 1876-November 10, 1876

     Reel: 50

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 11, 1876-November 27, 1876

     Reel: 51

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 28, 1876-December 12, 1876

     Reel: 52

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 13, 1876-December 26, 1876

     Reel: 53

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 27, 1876-January 5, 1877

     Reel: 54

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 6, 1877-January 22, 1877

     Reel: 55

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 23, 1877-February 11, 1877

     Reel: 56

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 12, 1877-February 19, 1877

     Reel: 57

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 20, 1877-February 24, 1877

     Reel: 58

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 25, 1877-March 1, 1877

     Reel: 59

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 2, 1877-March 6, 1877

Undated Governor's Years follows March 2, 1877.

     Reel: 60

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 7, 1877-March 10, 1877

     Reel: 61

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 11, 1877-March 19, 1877

     Reel: 62

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 20, 1877-March 31, 1877

     Reel: 63

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April n.d., 1877-April 15, 1877

     Reel: 64

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April 16, 1877-April 30, 1877

     Reel: 65

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May n.d., 1877-May 14, 1877

     Reel: 66

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May 15, 1877-May 31, 1877

     Reel: 67

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June n.d., 1877-June 22, 1877

     Reel: 68

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 23, 1877-July 23, 1877

     Reel: 69

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 24, 1877-August 14, 1877

Includes Great Railways Strike correspondence.

     Reel: 70

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 15, 1877-September 15, 1877

     Reel: 71

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September 16, 1877-October 12, 1877

     Reel: 72

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 13, 1877-November 15, 1877

     Reel: 73

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 16, 1877-December 15, 1877

     Reel: 74

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 16, 1877-December 31, 1877

Includes n.d., 1877.

     Reel: 75

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January n.d., 1878-January 27, 1878

     Reel: 76

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 28, 1878-February 21, 1878

     Reel: 77

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 22, 1878-March 17, 1878

     Reel: 78

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 18, 1878-April 20, 1878

     Reel: 79

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April 21, 1878-May 31, 1878

     Reel: 80

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1878-July 10, 1878

     Reel: 81

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 11, 1878-August 15, 1878

     Reel: 82

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 16, 1878-September 27, 1878

     Reel: 83

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September 28 1878-November 15, 1878

     Reel: 84

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 16, 1878-December 11, 1878

     Reel: 85

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 12, 1878-January 9, 1879

     Reel: 86

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 10, 1879-January 31, 1879

     Reel: 87

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February n.d., 1879-February 10, 1879

     Reel: 88

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 11, 1879-February 28, 1879

     Reel: 89

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March, 1879

     Reel: 90

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April, 1879

     Reel: 91

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May, 1879

     Reel: 92

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1879

     Reel: 93

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July, 1879

     Reel: 94

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August, 1879

     Reel: 95

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September, 1879-October 15, 1879

     Reel: 96

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 16, 1879-November 12, 1879

     Reel: 97

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 13, 1879-December 15 1879

     Reel: 98

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 16, 1879-January 12, 1880

     Reel: 99

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 13, 1880-February 16, 1880

     Reel: 100

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 17, 1880-March, 1880

     Reel: 101

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April, 1880

     Reel: 102

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May, 1880

     Reel: 103

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1880

     Reel: 104

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July, 1880-August 10, 1880

     Reel: 105

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 11, 1880-September, 1880

     Reel: 106

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October, 1880-November 22, 1880

     Reel: 107

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 23, 1880-December 15, 1880

     Reel: 108

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December 16, 1880-January 7, 1881

     Reel: 109

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 8, 1881-January 31, 1881

     Reel: 110

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February n.d., 1881-February 14, 1881

     Reel: 111

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 15, 1881-March 3, 1881

     Reel: 111A

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

1881-1887

Undated.

     Reel: 112

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 4, 1881-April, 1881

     Reel: 113

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May, 1881-July, 1881

     Reel: 114

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August, 1881-November, 1881

     Reel: 115

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1881-March, 1882

     Reel: 116

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April, 1882-June, 1882

     Reel: 117

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July, 1882-September, 1882

     Reel: 118

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October, 1882-January 15, 1883

     Reel: 119

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 16, 1883- April, 1883

     Reel: 120

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May, 1883-August, 1883

     Reel: 121

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September, 1883-November, 1883

     Reel: 122

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1883-February, 1884

     Reel: 123

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March, 1884-June, 1884

     Reel: 124

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July, 1884-October, 1884

     Reel: 125

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November, 1884-February 18, 1885

     Reel: 126

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 19, 1885-May, 1885

     Reel: 127

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1885-August 17, 1885

     Reel: 128

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 18, 1885-November, 1885

     Reel: 129

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1885-February, 1886

     Reel: 130

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March, 1886-May, 1886

     Reel: 131

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1886-August, 1886

     Reel: 132

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September, 1886-November, 1886

     Reel: 133

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1886-February, 1887

     Reel: 134

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March, 1887-May, 1887

     Reel: 135

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1887-August, 1887

     Reel: 136

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September, 1887-November, 1887

     Reel: 137

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1887-February 23, 1888

     Reel: 138

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February 24, 1888-May, 1888

     Reel: 139

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1888-August, 1888

     Reel: 140

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

September, 1888-November, 1888

     Reel: 141

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

December, 1888-January 27, 1889

     Reel: 142

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January 28 1889-March 18, 1889

     Reel: 143

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 19, 1889-May 12, 1889

     Reel: 144

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May 13, 1889-June 26, 1889

     Reel: 145

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 27, 1889-July, 1889

     Reel: 146

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August, 1889-October 20, 1889

     Reel: 147

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 21, 1889-December, 1889

Includes n.d., 1889.

     Reel: 148

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January, 1890-March 18, 1890

     Reel: 149

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

March 19, 1890-May, 1890

     Reel: 150

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June, 1890 -August 25, 1890

     Reel: 151

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

August 26, 1890-November 14, 1890

     Reel: 152

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

November 15, 1890-January, 1891

     Reel: 153

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

February, 1891-April, 1891

     Reel: 154

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

May, 1891-July 21, 1891

     Reel: 155

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

July 22, 1891-October 14, 1891

     Reel: 156

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October 15, 1891-December, 1892

     Reel: 157

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January, 1892-March, 1892

     Reel: 158

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

April, 1892-June 21, 1892

     Reel: 159

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

June 22 1892-September, 1892

     Reel: 160

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

October, 1892-December, 1892

     Reel: 161

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

January, 1893; n.d.; 1893

Miscellaneous obituaries and memorial speeches; book listing names of those who sent condolences.

     Reel: 162

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

     "Private Letters of Fanny Hayes" and R.B. Hayes' "Recollection of Fanny" (1856) and memorandum on Fanny Platt's death.

     Reel: 9

 

Incoming Correspondence, 1829-1893.

     Transcriptions of "Private Letters of Fanny Hayes".

     Reel: 9a

 

Miscellaneous.

Tickets.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Newspaper pieces.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Notes by R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Social events.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Stamps.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Library card, Public Library of Cincinnati, Ohio.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes autograph signatures.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' notes on William McKinley.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Book lists.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Birchard Public Library, Fremont, Ohio.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' notes on Lucy Webb.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Sandusky County Soldiers' Monument, Ft. Stephenson Park, Fremont, Ohio.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Labels for exhibit items (in R.B. Hayes' hand).

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Poetry and songs (most in R.B. Hayes' hand).

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' presidential reminiscences; annotated newsclippings of presidential politics.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Scrapbook concerning St. Paul, Toledo, and Winchester speeches, 1878 - pasted in the August, 1881 issue of The Veteran.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

G.A.R. Reunion, Columbus, 1888.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Autobiographical notes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Biographical notes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' notes on Sardis Birchard.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Notes pertaining to the Sandusky County Pioneer and Historical Association and Sandusky County History.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Talks about R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Declaration of Independence (facsimile).

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

The Ohio State University.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Isaac Webb School.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

"Dear Son of Memory," by Ainsworth R. Spofford.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Methodist Episcopal Church, Fremont, Ohio.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Green Springs Academy and Adelbert College.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' notes on Ebenezer Lane.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' notes on the portraits of the governors of Ohio.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Norwalk Academy.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Funeral and burial of R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Reminiscences of R.B. Hayes by Manning F. Force.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Report of Special Committee of Literary Club of Cincinnati on the death of R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Cincinnati - Workingmen's City Ticket, 13th Ward (1859).

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

R.B. Hayes' I.O.O.F. history.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

Remembrances of R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

1815-1882

Excerpt from article by Richard Henry Dana on admiralty law.

     Reel: 298

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

D.M. Bennett Case-folder # 2.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Industrial education (manual training) - newsclippings.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Slater Fund - R.B. Hayes' notes.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

United States House of Representatives bills.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

United States Senate bills.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Ohio General Assembly bills, etc.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

D.M. Bennett Case-folder # 1.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Prison Reform.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Civil Service Reform.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Miscellaneous notes.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Clipping on the inauguration of R.B. Hayes and Wm. A. Wheeler.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Louisiana - Comparison of 1874 and 1876 returns by parish.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Income Tax notes.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Leroy (James) Slander - includes material from the Russell Hastings papers, Library of Hayes Presidential Center.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

Newsclippings - miscellaneous.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

n.d

"Opinions of the Attorney General from January 1842 to April, 1846," original manuscript letters bound and presented to R.B. Hayes by unknown party.

     Reel: 300

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

1844-1859

Personal correspondence of George Warren, presented to R.B. Hayes by Abigal [sic] Warren, February 14, 1877.

     Reel: 300

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

1876; 1878

Election returns, (largely presidential returns from Ohio, Indiana, and scattered states, some from Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina) and (returns mainly from Massachusetts and New York, some from Connecticut, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia).

     Reel: 300

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

1876

Campaign music.

     Reel: 300

 

Miscellaneous.

     Election of 1876.

November, 1878

Extract from the diary of George Washington, presented to R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 299

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Miscellaneous.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Presidency - land grants and pardons.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Resolutions on the death of R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

R.B. Hayes membership certificates.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Presidency - sea letters.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Lucy Webb Hayes.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Family monument notes and designs.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Presidency - appointments.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Pre-governor years.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Miscellaneous presidential.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Sketches of rooms in Hayes residence.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Presidency - Thanksgiving proclamations (largely those received from various states and territories).

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

Bound volume containing specimens of blank official forms used by R.B. Hayes (includes presidency and governorship).

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

1868-1877

Governor.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

1875

Campaign poster.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

1876

Centennial Exhibition.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

1876

Election.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

March 26, 1877

Portrait of Kuang Hsu, gift.

     Reel: 301

 

Miscellaneous.

     Miscellaneous Oversized Items.

1888-1889

Documents relative to the Centennial of Washington's Inaugural.

     Reel: 301

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1834-1850

     Reel: 165

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1851-1856

     Reel: 166

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1857-1860

     Reel: 167

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1861-1862

     Reel: 168

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1863-1865

     Reel: 169

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1866-1868

Includes n.d., 1868.

     Reel: 170

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1869-September, 1870

     Reel: 171

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

October, 1870-1872

     Reel: 172

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1873-1875

     Reel: 173

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1876

     Reel: 174

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1877-June, 1878

Undated Governor's Years follows Mar. 2, 1877.

     Reel: 175

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

July, 1878-1879

     Reel: 176

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1880

     Reel: 177

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1881

Undated 1877-1881 follows March 4, 1881.

     Reel: 178

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1882-1883

     Reel: 179

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1884-1885

     Reel: 180

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1886-1887

     Reel: 181

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1888-August, 1889

     Reel: 182

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

September, 1889-1891

     Reel: 183

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

1892-1893

Undated - identified, unidentified, and miscellaneous envelopes.

     Reel: 184

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

February 20, 1867-May 31, 1868

Vol. 1: original and transcriptions (filmed from Jan. 15-May 31, 1868).

     Reel: 185

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

June 1, 1868-March 1, 1870

Vol. 2: original.

     Reel: 186

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

June 1, 1868-March 1, 1870

Vol. 2: transcriptions.

     Reel: 187

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

March 1, 1870-September 27, 1871

Vol. 3: original.

     Reel: 188

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

March 1, 1870-September 29, 1871

Vol. 3: transcriptions.

     Reel: 189

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

September 29, 1871-January 11, 1871

Vol. 4: original and transcriptions.

     Reel: 190

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

January 17, 1876-February 3, 1877

Vol. 5: original.

     Reel: 191

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

January 17, 1876-February 3, 1877

Vol. 5: transcriptions.

     Reel: 192

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Governor's Letterpress Copy Books.

February 5, 1877-January 12, 1878

Vol. 6: original and transcriptions (filmed to March 1, 1877.

     Reel: 193

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Personal Letterpress Copy Books.

November 1, 1869-June 30, 1870

Vol. 1: original and transcriptions.

     Reel: 194

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Personal Letterpress Copy Books.

July 2, 1870-January 17, 1872

Vol. 2: original and transcriptions.

     Reel: 195

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Personal Letterpress Copy Books.

Febraury 21, 1876-January 12, 1877; March 4, 1876-February 23, 1877

Vol. 3: original and transcriptions.

     Reel: 196

 

Outgoing Correspondence, 1834-1893.

     Personal Letterpress Copy Books.

March 4, 1876-February 23, 1877

Webb C. Hayes Letter Book: originals and transcriptions.

     Reel: 196

 

Speeches and Messages.

1841-1871

College addresses; campaign itinerary and speeches for 1866 to 1872; annual messages while governor; memorial speeches; assorted gubernatorial proclamations.

     Reel: 290

 

Speeches and Messages.

1872-February, 1878

Annual message for 1871; presidential canvass and congressional campaign of 1872; 1875 gubernatorial campaign; memorial speeches; assorted governor's proclamations; inaugural address; itinerary and notes for presidential trips to New England and the South, 1877; annual message; veto message of Bland-Allison Act.

     Reel: 291

 

Speeches and Messages.

March, 1878-September, 1879

Veto messages, including Army Appropriation Bill, United States Marshal Bill, Government Appropriations Bill, Immigration Bill, River and Harbor Bill, and Judicial Appropriations Bill; itinerary and notes for presidential trips to Upper Midwest and Midwest; presidential proclamations and messages, including New York Customs House, civil service, and annual message.

     Reel: 292

 

Speeches and Messages.

October, 1879-March, 1881

Itinerary and notes for presidential trips to the Midwest and Pacific Coast, 1879 and 1880; annual messages 1879-1880; assorted official proclamations and messages to Congress, including The Inter-Oceanic Canal and the veto of the Funding Bill.

     Reel: 293

 

Speeches and Messages.

April, 1881-1886

Memorial speeches and speeches to soldiers' meetings, including M.O.L.L.U.S.; speeches on aid to education and importance of manual training; pension addresses and talks for military reunions; prison reform.

     Reel: 294

 

Speeches and Messages.

1887-1889

Memorial speeches and talks to soldiers' meeting and reunions, including G.A.R., M.O.L.L.U.S., and the Society of the Army of West Virginia; centennial addresses; National Prison Association; and Education and manual training, including Slater Fund meetings.

     Reel: 295

 

Speeches and Messages.

1890-June, 1892

Memorial and military addresses; Lake Mohonk Conference; prison reform; Negro education; college commencements.

     Reel: 296

 

Speeches and Messages.

July-December, 1892

Chautauqua addresses, education and G.A.R.; military speeches; Lake Mohonk Conference on the American Indian; National Prison Association; miscellaneous notes arranged by topic; speeches for Lucy Webb Hayes.

     Reel: 297

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Appointments.

"Ploughing the Four Acres" (3 vols. of miscellaneous notations).

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Appointments.

Notebook presented to R.B. Hayes by the father of Eugene L. Reynolds (contains miscellaneous notations).

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Appointments.

[1877]

Miscellaneous notes.

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Appointments.

1878

R.B. Hayes Memorandum Book".

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Birchard Austin Hayes, Fanny Hayes and Scott Russell Hayes Papers,1876-1881.

1876-1881

Incoming and Outgoing Correspondence.

     Reel: 270

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Cabinet meeting notes.

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Cabinet Room Visitors.

1877-1871

Miscellaneous notes and note pads - undated.

     Reel: 209

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Cabinet Room Visitors.

1898-1879

R.B. Hayes autograph books.

     Reel: 209

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Catalogue of Library, Executive Mansion".

1877

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Desk pad notes.

1877-1881

Miscellaneous notes and note pads.

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Executive Mansion Letterbook".

Negative photostats from the National Archives.

     Reel: 204

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Executive Mansion Telegram Books:".

March, 1877- May 8, 1878

Vol. 1.

     Reel: 204

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Executive Mansion Telegram Books:".

May 9, 1878-August 25, 1880

Vol. 2.

     Reel: 204

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

Undated (F-Z).

     Reel: 261

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

January 1, 1868-December 31, 1875

     Reel: 243

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

January 1, 1876-March 15, 1877

     Reel: 244

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

March 16, 1877-May 31, 1877

     Reel: 245

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

June 1, 1877-November 30, 1877

     Reel: 246

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

December 1, 1877-February 28, 1878

     Reel: 247

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

1877-1881

Undated (E-Z); Undated (A-E).

     Reel: 260

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

March 1, 1878-June 30, 1878

     Reel: 248

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

July 1, 1878-June 30, 1878

     Reel: 249

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

July 1, 1878-November 30, 1878

     Reel: 250

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

December 1, 1878-February 15, 1879

     Reel: 251

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

June 1, 1879-October 15, 1879

     Reel: 252

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

October 16, 1879-February 15, 1880

     Reel: 253

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

February 16, 1880-April 30, 1880

     Reel: 254

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

May 1, 1880-July 31, 1880

     Reel: 255

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

August 1, 1880-November 30, 1880

     Reel: 256

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

December 1, 1880-January 15, 1881

     Reel: 257

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

January 16, 1881-March 9, 1881

     Reel: 258

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes papers, 1868-1881—Incoming Correspondence.

March 10, 1881-December 31 1881

Includes n.d., 1877-1881 (A-D) and n.d., 1881.

     Reel: 259

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Lucy Webb Hayes Papers, 1868-1881—Outgoing Correspondence.

1868-1881

Undated, 1877-1881 (A-Z); Unknown.

     Reel: 262

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Miscellaneous notes.

1877-1881

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Miscellaneous White House social notes.

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Publications of Departments".

1877-1881

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

April 5,1877-September 9, 1877

Vol. 1.

     Reel: 197

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

Index - A-K; L-Z (2 vols.).

     Reel: 197

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

July, 1877-September, 1877

Vol. 2.

     Reel: 198

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

October, 1877-December, 1877

Vol. 3.

     Reel: 198

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

January, 1878-March, 1878

Vol. 4.

     Reel: 199

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

April, 1878-June, 1878

Vol. 5.

     Reel: 199

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

July, 1878-September, 1878

Vol. 6.

     Reel: 199

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

October, 1878-December, 1878

Vol. 7.

     Reel: 200

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

April, 1879-June, 1879

Vol. 9.

     Reel: 200

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

January, 1879-March, 1879

Vol. 8.

     Reel: 200

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

July, 1879-September, 1879

Vol. 10.

     Reel: 201

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

October, 1879-December, 1879

Vol. 11.

     Reel: 201

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

January, 1880-February, 1880

Vol. 12.

     Reel: 201

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

March, 1880-April, 1880

Vol. 13.

     Reel: 202

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

July, 1880-October, 1880

Vol. 15.

     Reel: 202

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

May, 1880-June, 1880

Vol. 14.

     Reel: 202

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

November, 1880-December, 1880

Vol. 16.

     Reel: 203

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Registers.

January, 1881-March, 1881

Vol. 17.

     Reel: 203

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Rutherford Platt Hayes Papers, 1876-1881.

January 1, 1876-March 31, 1879

Incoming and Outgoing Correspondence.

     Reel: 268

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Rutherford Platt Hayes Papers, 1876-1881.

April 1, 1879-December 31, 1881

Undated, 1877-1881; Diary, 1879.

     Reel: 269

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Senate Executive Session Minutes".

December 3, 1877-June 20, 1878

Vol. 2.

     Reel: 205

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Senate Executive Session Minutes".

March 5, 1877-December 3, 1877

Vol. 1.

     Reel: 205

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Senate Executive Session Minutes".

December 2, 1878-March 3, 1879

Vol. 3.

     Reel: 205

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Senate Executive Session Minutes".

March 21, 1879-July, 1879

Vol. 4.

     Reel: 206

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Senate Executive Session Minutes".

December 1, 1879-June 3, 1880

Vol. 5.

     Reel: 206

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     "Senate Executive Session Minutes".

December 6, 1880-February 18, 1881

Vol. 6.

     Reel: 206

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Webb C. Hayes papers, 1876-1881— Incoming Correspondence.

1876-September 30, 1877

     Reel: 263

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Webb C. Hayes papers, 1876-1881— Incoming Correspondence.

October 1, 1877-December 31, 1878

     Reel: 264

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Webb C. Hayes papers, 1876-1881— Incoming Correspondence.

January 1, 1879-March 31, 1880

     Reel: 265

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Webb C. Hayes papers, 1876-1881— Incoming Correspondence.

April 1, 1880-December 31, 1881

Undated, 1876-1881.

     Reel: 266

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     Webb C. Hayes Papers, 1876-1881—Outgoing Correspondence, etc.

1876-1881

Undated, 1876-1881; Diaries, 1877-1880; Miscellaneous, 1877-1881.

     Reel: 267

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Account Books.

1877-1881

(2 vols.).

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Account Books.

December, 1878-February, 1879

"White House Grocery Account" (with G.G. Cornwell, Fine Groceries).

     Reel: 210

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

"Social Address Book, Washington".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

"White House Callers".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

1877-1881

"Social Events Executive Mansion".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

1877

"R.B. Hayes Scrapbook".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

1877-1878

W.C. Hayes Scrapbook.

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

1878

"R.B. Hayes Scrapbook".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

April, 1878

"Reception of President and Mrs. Hayes, Philadelphia" (compiled by George W. Childs).

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

January-February 1878

"Guest Lists, State Dinners".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

1879-1881

W.C. Hayes Scrapbook.

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Record Books - Social.

1880

"Trip to Utah".

     Reel: 208

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

Vol. 4: Civil War reports and miscellaneous Americana.

     Reel: 211

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

Vol. 12: Local history, Ohio.

     Reel: 213

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1830-1860

Vol. 6: "Private & Personal" items from the 1830's, 1840's, 1850's and 1860's.

     Reel: 211

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1840-1850

Vol. 1: Contains material on the 1849 cholera epidemic in Cincinnati; miscellaneous items from the 1840's and 1850's.

     Reel: 211

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1847-1848; April, 1865

Vol. 5: (Death of and memorials about Abraham Lincoln); Delaware, Ohio accounts.

     Reel: 211

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1850-1859

Vol. 2: Largely law cases from the 1850's.

     Reel: 211

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1859-1860

Vol. 3: Literary and miscellaneous.

     Reel: 211

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1865-1869

Vol. 7: Miscellaneous, mostly from the late 1860's.

     Reel: 212

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1869-1870

Vol. 8: Miscellaneous.

     Reel: 212

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1870-1871

Vol. 9: Duluth, Minnesota.

     Reel: 212

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1871

Vol. 11: Duluth and miscellaneous.

     Reel: 213

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1871

Vol. 10: Political.

     Reel: 213

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1872-1875

Vol. 108: Miscellaneous, mostly political.

     Reel: 231

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1875-1877

Vol. 110: Miscellaneous and foreign opinions.

     Reel: 231

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1876

Vol. 13: Election.

     Reel: 213

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1876-1881

Vol. 109: Miscellaneous, mostly political.

     Reel: 231

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March 30-April 12, 1877

Vol. 15: Election news and southern policy.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April, 1877

Vol. 16.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April 13-28, 1877

Vol. 17.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March-May, 1877

Vol. 18.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April-May, 1877

Vol. 19.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 2-8, 1877

Vol. 20.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March 1877

Vol. 14.

     Reel: 214

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 6-16, 1877

Vol. 24.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 9-18, 1877

Vol. 21.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 28-June 5, 1877

Vol. 23.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 17-27, 1877

Vol. 25.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June28-July 4, 1877

Vol. 26.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July 5-11, 1877

Vol. 27.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 19-27, 1877

Vol. 22.

     Reel: 215

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July 11-18, 1877

Vol. 28.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July 18-August 3, 1877

Vol. 29.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August 2-11, 1877

Vol. 30.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August 10-18, 1877

Vol. 31.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August 18-25, 1877

Vol. 32.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August 24-September 4, 1877

Vol. 33.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September 4-21, 1877

Vol. 34.

     Reel: 216

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September 28, 1877-October 8, 1877

Vol. 36.

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1877

Vol. 41: Miscellaneous (state politics, Ohio); visit to Richmond, Va.; earlier southern tour; silver wedding anniversary, December 30, 1877; 1878 New Years reception at the White House).

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September, 1877

Vol. 35: Southern tour and New York State convention.

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

October 8-20, 1877

Vol. 37: Ohio elections.

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

November 10-December 7, 1877

Vol. 39.

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

December, 1877

Vol. 40.

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

October 1-November 10, 1877

Vol. 38.

     Reel: 217

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1877

Vol. 91: Vermont trip and southern trip.

     Reel: 227

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1877

Vol. 90: Chisholm murders; Ellentown trial; Louisiana murders.

     Reel: 227

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June-July, 1877

Vol. 94: Financial questions.

     Reel: 228

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July, 1877-January 1878

Vol. 95: Finances.

     Reel: 228

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July, 1877

Vol. 98: Great Railway Strike.

     Reel: 229

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June-November, 1877

Vol. 102: Civil service reform.

     Reel: 229

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March-June, 1877

Vol. 101: Press suggestions; civil service reform; appointments.

     Reel: 229

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July-August, 1877

Vol. 99: Great Railway Strike and the labor question.

     Reel: 229

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July, 1877

Vol. 97: Great Railway Strike.

     Reel: 229

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July-December, 1877

Vol. 100: 1878 Great Railway Strike and foreign trade.

     Reel: 229

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1877

Vol. 106: Mexican affairs.

     Reel: 230

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1877-1878

Vol. 112: Social and miscellaneous trips.

     Reel: 231

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1877

Vol. 111: New England and southern tours; miscellaneous trips.

     Reel: 231

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March-September, 1878

Vol. 45: Social event and trips.

     Reel: 218

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February 21-March 21, 1878

Vol. 44.

     Reel: 218

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February 1-22 1878

Vol. 43: Anderson trials and Bland-Allison Bill.

     Reel: 218

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

January, 1878

Vol. 42.

     Reel: 218

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 28-July, 1878

Vol. 46.

     Reel: 218

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July 30-August 26, 1878

Vol. 47.

     Reel: 218

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September 26-October 25, 1878

Vol. 50: Ohio elections and Tilden ciphers.

     Reel: 219

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

October 25-November, 1878

Vol. 51.

     Reel: 219

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September 1878

Vol. 48.

     Reel: 219

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1878-1879

Vol. 92: Southern affairs.

     Reel: 228

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

November, 1878-May, 1879

Vol. 96: Financial question.

     Reel: 228

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1878-1879

Vol. 113: Social notes.

     Reel: 232

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March 19-April 10, 1878

Vol. 125: Potter Commission.

     Reel: 234

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April 8-27, 1878

Vol. 126: Potter Commission.

     Reel: 234

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April. 24-May 16, 1878

Vol. 127: Potter Commission.

     Reel: 235

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 10-July 1, 1878

Vol. 130: Potter Commission; state political conventions.

     Reel: 235

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 14-29, 1878

Vol. 128: Potter Commission.

     Reel: 235

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 28-June 10, 1878

Vol. 129: Potter Commission.

     Reel: 235

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September, 1878-January 8, 1879

Vol. 49.

     Reel: 219

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

December, 1878-January 10, 1879

Vol. 52.

     Reel: 219

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February 17-March 11, 1879

Vol. 55.

     Reel: 220

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March, 1879

Vol. 56.

     Reel: 220

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March 31, 1879-April 25, 1879

Vol. 57.

     Reel: 220

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

January 25-February 17, 1879

Vol. 54.

     Reel: 220

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

January, 1879

Vol.53.

     Reel: 220

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 3-28, 1879

Vol. 60.

     Reel: 221

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 14-June 2, 1879

Vol. 59.

     Reel: 221

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April 22-May 13, 1879

Vol. 58.

     Reel: 221

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 28-July, 1879

Vol. 61.

     Reel: 221

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August-September 17, 1879

Vol. 62.

     Reel: 221

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September-October 31, 1879

Vol. 63:.

     Reel: 222

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

November 27-December 15, 1879

Vol. 65.

     Reel: 222

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August -November, 1879; 1877 and March 29, 1880

Vol. 66.

     Reel: 222

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

October 30-November 30, 1879

Vol. 64.

     Reel: 222

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

November, 1879-February 19, 1880;  March 6, 9, 1877

Vol. 67.

     Reel: 223

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

November, 1879-January 17, 1880

Vol. 68.

     Reel: 223

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1879-1880

Vol. 93: Southern affairs; Chisholm murder verdict; miscellaneous.

     Reel: 228

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1879

Vol. 114: Social and miscellaneous.

     Reel: 232

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

January 17-Febraury 11, 1880

Vol. 69:.

     Reel: 223

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February 12-March 13, 1880

Vol. 70.

     Reel: 223

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February 18-April 16, 1880

Vol. 71.

     Reel: 223

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 1-10, 1880

Vol. 74: Republican National Convention, Chicago, Illinois.

     Reel: 224

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 8-26, 1880

Vol. 75.

     Reel: 224

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

May 10-June 3, 1880

Vol. 73: Political.

     Reel: 224

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

April 16-May 10, 1880

Vol. 72.

     Reel: 224

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September 2-December 5, 1880

Vol. 78: Great Western Tour and miscellaneous.

     Reel: 225

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

October 4-November 18, 1880

Vol. 80.

     Reel: 225

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

September 1-October 8, 1880

Vol. 79: Presidential Campaign, 1880.

     Reel: 225

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July 31-September 1, 1880

Vol. 77.

     Reel: 225

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1880-1886

Vol. 86: Conferences of the National Prison Association; Samuel J. Tilden, Chester A. Arthur, and John A. Logan obituaries; military societies.

     Reel: 226

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

December 6, 1880-January 5, 1881

Vol. 83:  President's annual message, 1880; Mormons; miscellaneous.

     Reel: 226

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

November 16-December 27, 1880

Vol. 82.

     Reel: 226

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

October, 1880-February, 1881

Vol. 81:  Chinese letter forgery and Virginia debt question.

     Reel: 226

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February 1-March 11, 1880

Vol. 104: Isthmian canal.

     Reel: 230

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

July 1, 1879-February 2, 1880

Vol. 103: Isthmian canal.

     Reel: 230

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

January, 1880-January, 1881

Vol. 105: Isthmian canal.

     Reel: 230

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

March, 1880-February, 1881

Vol. 107: Foreign affairs; China; miscellaneous.

     Reel: 230

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February-July, 1880

Vol. 115: Personal and social; 1880 presidential candidates' biographical sketches.

     Reel: 232

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

June 25-July 31, 1880

Vol. 76.

     Reel: 2258

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

February, 1881

Vol. 85.

     Reel: 226

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

January, 1881

Vol. 84.

     Reel: 226

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August, 1880-January 12, 1881

Vol. 116: Personal and social.

     Reel: 232

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1881

Vol. 117: Social.

     Reel: 232

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1881-1185

Vol. 118: Social and miscellaneous.

     Reel: 233

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

August-December, 1882

Vol. 89: G.A.R.; prison reform; Negro education; Indians.

     Reel: 227

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1884-1885

Vol. 119: Social.

     Reel: 233

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1887-1890

Vol. 88: Miscellaneous.

     Reel: 227

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1887-1888

Vol. 87: Military societies/reunions.

     Reel: 227

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1889-1893

Vol. 122: Personal and social.

     Reel: 233

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1889

Vol. 121: Obituaries of Lucy Webb Hayes; notations by R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 233

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1889

Vol. 120: Obituaries of Lucy Webb Hayes.

     Reel: 233

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1893

Vol. 124: Obituaries and recollections of R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 234

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     White House Scrapbooks.

1893

Vol. 123: Obituaries of R.B. Hayes.

     Reel: 234

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

Jan. 1876-June 14, 1877

     Reel: 236

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

June 15, 1877-February 28, 1878

     Reel: 237

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

March, 1878-January 31, 1879

     Reel: 238

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

February 1, 1879-November 29, 1879

     Reel: 239

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

December 1, 1879-July 31, 1880

     Reel: 240

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

August 1, 1880-December 31, 1880

     Reel: 241

 

White House Records, 1877-1881.

     William King Rogers Papers, 1876-1881.

January 1, 1881-December 31, 1881

Includes n.d., 1887-1881.

     Reel: 242

 

White House Records, 1887-1881.

     Indian Territory Correspondence.

Vols. 1-4.

     Reel: 207