Sixth Generation

692. Samantha Wright1,12 was born on 26 September 1836 in Harrison Co., OH. She died on 22 May 1929 in Franklin Twp., Harrison Co., Ohio. She was buried on 25 May 1929 in Deersville Cemetery, Deersville, Harrison Co., OH. See 1870 census for Mill Twp., Tuscarawas Co., Ohio for Samantha 33, Clarinda 18, John W. 16, Mary E. 14, Matthew 13, Rebecca J. 10, Sylvanus 7, and Thomas 6.

See 1880 Tuscarawas Co. Census, Mill Twp., for Samantha, age 46, Matthew L., Sylvanus, and Thomas. Samantha lives beside her brother and his family, Sylvanus Wright Jr., and sister Emarella Livingston and her family.

See 1900 Tuscarawas Co. Census, Mill Twp., for Samantha, who is 65 years old and living alone. According to this census year, she was born Sept. 1834, rather than 1836. Her husband, Thomas Cox had died in a Rebel prison in Danville, VA., in 1864. She did not remarry. She is shown as having 8 children, 5 of whom are living in 1900.

See 1910 Tuscarawas Co. Census, Mill Twp., for Samantha, who is 73 and living alone. Living nearby are her brother and his wife, Sylvanus and Sarah Wright.

See 1920 Harrison Co. Census for Samantha, age 83, living alone, and beside Perry Blackwell and wife, Jane (Rebecca Jane, or Jennie). This census shows that Samantha was born in New York, although it is believed that she was born in Ohio and her father, Sylvanus, in New York.

It is reported that Samantha smoked a corn cob pipe.

See Samantha's obit. from the Freeport Press for Thurs., May 30, 1929. It says she died on Wed., and the date I have been given for her death was May 29. However, at the time of the printing of the obit. the services had already been held and she was buried, the previous Sat. Therefore, her date of death would have been Wed., May 22, 1929 at 11:15 p.m. at the home of her daughter, Jennie (Rebecca Jane Cox) Blackwell, of Tappan, Ohio. Rev. John Pringle of Kenmore officiated. The obit states that she died of organic heart disease and that she is survived by four children.

Samantha Wright and Thomas W. Cox were married on 2 October 1851. Thomas W. Cox1,12 was born between 1830 and 1831 in Harrison Co., OH. He died on 21 December 1864 in Libbey Prison, Danville, Va.. He was buried in National Cemetery, Danville, Va.. Thomas was in Military, 100 Days Co. D. 170 Regiment Ohio Volunteers May 2, 1864.. See 1860 Census for Harrison Co., Stock Twp., Deersville, Ohio, for Thomas 29, Samantha 24, Clarinda 7, John W. 6, Mary E. 4, and Matthew L. 2. Living nearby is Aquilla and Nancy Tipton, Thomas's grandmother's (Keturah (Tipton) Cox) brother. Also living nearby is "Sylvas" Wright 56, Samantha's father. (Unknown where mother, Desire is,) and David Wright 60, born in N. Y. (probably Sylvanus's brother) is living in the home.

See Notes on Samantha Cox for later census years.

Thomas Cox left his wife and 7 children, to enlist in Co. D, 170th. Regiment Ohio Volunteers, May 2, 1864, for 100 days. He was 34. He was captured by Confederate Soldiers before his 100 day enlistment was up, and taken to a Rebel Prison in Danville, Virginia, namely Libbey Prison, where he died Dec. 21, 1864. See info regarding the conditions at the prison, where 5 men died each day. He is buried at Danville Virginia National Cemetery.
A copy of Thomas's military record was obtained from the National Archives in Washington, D.C. by this writer. It gives no information regarding Thomas's next of kin, parents, spouse, or children. The Company Muster-in Roll shows that he was a Pvt., in Co. D, 170th. Reg't Ohio National Guard Inf. The Roll is dated, Bellaire, Ohio May 13, 1864. It shows he was born in Harrison (County) O., age 34 years; occupation Farmer. He enlisted May 2, 1864 at Bellaire - O. for 100 days. He had blue eyes and light hair, fair complexion, height 5'10". He mustered in on May 13, 1864 at Bellaire - O. It shows that his Company mustered out at Camp Chase - O, on Sept. 10, 1864. Under Remarks, it states: "Clothing acct. unsettled. Captured by the enemy July 24, 1864 at the battle of Winchester, Va."
Another form included is a "Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records", showing his name, rank, regiment, state, arm of service, and company. It states that he was "Admitted to hosp. at Danville, Va. Sep. 26, 1864, Diarrhea Act. (acute); Ret'd to Prison Oct. 17, 64. Again Admitted to Hospital at Danville, Va. Nov. 14, 1864 where he died Dec. 21, 1864 of Diarrhea Chronic."
It is stated that this is his complete file.

From Dyer's Compendium:
170th. Regiment Infantry, Organized at Bellaire, Ohio, and mustered in May 13, 1864. Left state for Washington, D.C., May 17. Attached to 2nd. Brigade, Haskins' Division, 22nd. Army Corps, to July, 1864, and assigned to duty as garrison at Forts Simmons, Barnard, Mansfield, Gaines and Battery Vermont, Defences of Washington, till July 4. Moved to Sandy Hook, MD., July 4, and duty in the Defences of Maryland Heights till July 15. Attached to Reserve Division, Dept. of West Virginia. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley July 15-August 24. Expedition to Snicker's Ford July 17-18. Rocky Ford July 18. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Moved to Frederick, MD., July 30; thence guard supply trains to Harper's Ferry and duty there till August 24. Mustered out September 10, 1864. Regiment lost during service 4 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 19 Enlisted men by disease. Total 24."


Kernstown, Second Virginia
American Civil War
July 24, 1864

"Believing that Early's army was no longer a threat in the Valley, Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright abandoned his pursuit and ordered the VI and XIX Corps to return to Washington, where they were to be sent to Grant's "army group" before Petersburg. Wright left Brig. Gen. George Crook with three divisions and some cavalry to hold Winchester. Under orders to prevent reinforcements from being sent to Grant, Early marched north on July 24 against Crook. After an hour of stubborn resistance at Pritchard's Hill, the Federal line collapsed and Crook's divisions streamed back in disarray through the streets of Winchester. Col. James Mulligan commanding Crook's 3rd Division was mortally wounded. Rutherford B. Hayes commanded a brigade against John C. Breckinridge's wing. Crook retreated to the Potomac River and crossed near Williamsport on July 26. As a result of this defeat and the burning of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, on July 30, Grant returned the VI and XIX Corps and appointed Sheridan as commander of Union forces in the Valley."

"Result: Confederate victory
Location: Frederick County and Winchester
Campaign: Early's Raid and Operations against the B&O Railroad (June-August 1864)
Date: July 24, 1864
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. George Crook (Union); Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early (Confederate)
Forces Engaged: 23,000 total (10,000 Union; 13,000 Confederate)
Estimated Casualties: 1,800 total (1,200 Union; 600 Confederate)"


Kernstown Battlefield

"Thanks to the efforts of the Kernstown Battlefield Foundation and Glen Burnie, large portions of the Kernstown battlefields have been preserved. Interpretation is ongoing, with plans to open more of the sites to public visitation. The first battle, March 23, 1862, was considered a defeat for Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson, who impetiously attached a strong Union force gathered in the area. Jackson's aggressive behavior, however, scared official Washington enough to hold up thousands of troops destined for the major offensive against Richmond. The tables were turned July 24, 1864, when Confederate Gen. Jubal Early defeated an inferior Union force on nearly the same ground."

"Kernstown Battlefield Foundation property, entrance just off Route 11 south of Winchester at the Saturn dealership...more than 300 acres of the Kernstown battlefields have been preserved here, including the Prichard's Hill, which figured prominently in both the First and Second Battles of Kernstown. Interpretive signs are in place. A visitor orientation center is open weekends May 8 -
October, Sat. 10 am-4 pm and Sunday noon-4 pm. Free."

Thomas is buried in Danville, Va. National Cemetery, Plot # G1118.

Samantha was left to raise her 7 children alone and did not remarry. She lived to 92 years old.
In guardianship papers researched at Tuscarawas County Probate Court, the following information is gathered:
On July 26, 1873, a statement was filed and recorded and Samuel Yant was chosen guardian of Rebecca Jane Cox, age 13, Sylvanus Cox, age 10, and Thomas T. Cox age 8 years. Samuel Yant is found in the 1870 census for Tuscarawas Co., Mill Twp., Ohio, with his wife, Eliza J., and 7 children, as a neighbor of Samantha and her children. Bond was $400. with Sylvanius Wright Sr. (Samantha's father) and Sylvinus Wright Jr. (Samantha's brother) as sureties. However, further notes show "Guardian removed on failure to give new bond. New Appointment made."
On Sept. 29, 1873, an application for appointment was filed and recorded and Thomas Moon (unknown)was chosen guardian of the person and estate of Samuel M. Cox, age 15 years. Bond was $500. with J. T. Livingston, Thomas H. Livingston as sureties. Same day bond was filed and approved and letters issued. On Apr. 10, 1880, (when Samuel would have been 22) the Final Acct. was filed and recorded. The court fees were $5.80.
On Oct. 11, 1873, an application for appointment was filed and recorded and William McCauly (unknown) was chosen guardian of Rebecca Jane Cox, age 13, Sylvinus Cox, age 10, and Thomas T. Cox age 8, children and heirs at Law of Thomas Cox, dec'd. The Bond was $400. with F. B. Collier and E. A. Parrish as sureties. Same day bond was filed and approved and letters issued.
Mar. 11, 1876, 1st. Part. Acct. filed and recorded.
Oct. 9, 1878, 2nd. Acct. filed and recorded.
Oct. 19, 1880, 3rd. Acct. as to Sylvinus and Thomas filed and recorded.

Oct. 19, 1880, Final Acct. filed and recorded.
Jan. 31, 1893, 4th. Acct as to Sylvinus and Thomas filed and recorded.
Nov. 28, 1883, Final Acct. as to Sylvinus filed and R.
Sept. 10, 1894, 5th. Acct. as to Thomas filed and recorded.
Dec. 14, 1885, Final Acct. as to Thomas T. filed and R.
Apparently these final accounts were filed and recorded as the children reached age 21.

Women who prove themselves to be direct descendants of a Civil War Veteran may apply to become a member of the LGAR or Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic. This writer has proven lineage to Thomas Cox, through census records of 1. Frances (Gatchell) Roush 2. Samantha (Cox) Gatchell 3. John W. Cox, 4. Thomas Cox, and has been given a certificate showing membership in the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic, Inc. in Sept of 2004, based on Thomas Cox's Civil War service.

From "The History of Tuscarawas County, Ohio" by Warner, Beers and Co., 1884, pg. 806, Biographical Sketches:
"THOMAS COX (deceased was a native of the State of Ohio, and died in 1864, aged about forty years. He died in the service of his county, having enlisted in the One Hundred and Seventieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was literally starved to death in Libby Prison. His occupation was that of farming. In 1851 he was married in this township to Samantha, daughter of Sylvanus Wright, whose biography is given elsewhere in this work. Mrs. Cox has seven children, their names as follows: Clarinda, John William, Mary Elizabeth, Samuel M., Rebecca J., Sylvanus, and Thomas Jefferson. Five of the children, three girls and two boys, are married and reside in this county. Mr. and Mrs. Cox were members of the Disciple Church, and in politics he was a Republican. Mrs. Cox lives on the farm left her by her husband, which is managed by her son."

Samantha Wright and Thomas W. Cox had the following children:



Clarinda "Lindy" Cox.



John William Cox.



Mary Elizabeth Cox.



Matthew L. Cox1,12 was born about 1857.



Samuel M. Cox.



Rebecca Jane "Jennie" Cox.



Sylvanus Jr. Cox1,12 was born on 27 November 1862 in Harrison Co., OH. He died after 1880 in California. Sylvanus's date of birth is based on the guardianship papers which were filed in regard to Thomas's estate on Oct. 11, 1873. They show that Sylvanus was 10 years old on Nov. 27, 1872. Sylvanus Jr. was probably the son killed in Colorado.



Thomas T. Cox.