About the Database
Sandusky County, Ohio in the Civil War
Identified photographs as well as additions and corrections to the database are welcome. Please e-mail Nan Card at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) with evidence of the soldier's record and/or his image.
Click HERE to browse an alphabetical list of names in the database.
Click HERE to choose from a list of the regiments.
Richard L. Manion began the project in 1989 as part of his thesis research at Bowling Green State University. Nan Card, Curator of Manuscripts at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center, continued to add data from original sources located at the Center. Descendants and Civil War researchers also contributed service records. In all, over sixty sources were consulted to identify soldiers who either resided in or enlisted from Sandusky County, Ohio. These were the same criteria used by the Sandusky County Military History Committee.
The Sandusky County Kin Hunters published the database in 1992 as a book: Sandusky County,Ohio Civil War Soldiers. The book contains selected photographs and letters of which many may be found within the manuscript holdings of the Hayes Presidential Center. The Kin Hunters graciously permitted the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center to place the database on its web site. The copyrighted publication may be purchased from the Sandusky County Kin Hunters (Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio 43420).
Michael Fork adapted the database for use on the web site. Mary Lou Halbeisen, computer assistant, scanned the images of soldiers appearing in the book as well as those acquired since its publication. Gilbert Gonzalez designed this page.
In July 1865, a group of prominent Sandusky Countians formed a committee known as the Sandusky County, Ohio Military History Committee. Its purpose was to identify Sandusky Countians who served in the Civil War, including those whose service comprised three years, one hundred days, three months as well as draftees, substitutes, Squirrel Hunters, U.S. Naval personnel, U.S. Regulars and veterans. The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center holds some of the surviving records within its local history collections, however, the committee never produced a comprehensive list of names. It was not until 125 years later that another list was attempted.
The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 served as a model for the database. Important events that took place during a soldier's service appear in the Disposition field. If two events are listed, a comma separates the information. The Date field lists the dates (month, day, and year if known) of the events respectively. Additional information regarding the events may sometimes be found in the Notes field. Notes are in the order of the events listed in the Disposition field.
Some soldiers served as many as three times in as many different units. If a single soldier's second or third service could be determined, the editors added the information to the Notes field. If doubts existed as to whether it was the same soldier, the editors created individual entries for each service record. Therefore, readers who have personal knowledge of a soldier's service may find him listed as many as three times. A list of all sources is available at the Hayes Presidential Center.
Lack of documentation prevented identifying every soldier associated with Sandusky County. Men who were drafted and distributed throughout the regiments of Ohio or who saw service in the Regular U.S. Army, Navy, and Marines were particularly difficult to trace. Occasionally, a soldier's name is given as the only information available. These soldiers' service records could not be accurately documented, however, their names appeared in one or more of the sources used.
Frequently, variations in the spelling of the given name and/or the surname occurred. In such cases, the editors used their best judgment.
Sandusky County, Ohio men formed substantial elements of the following Ohio regiments: 8th, 21st, 25th, 49th, 53rd, 55th, 57th, 67th, 72nd, 100th, 101st, 111th, and 186th as well as the 169th ONG and the 3rd, 9th, and 10th cavalry units. The county's largest single contribution of men was the 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry recruited by Fremont attorney and Ohio Congressman Ralph P. Buckland. By war's end, 65% of the county's military-age men saw service in the Civil War.
Sandusky Countians, fought at Gettysburg, Shiloh, Bull Run, Winchester, Antietam, Atlanta, Chancellorsville, Stone's River, Fredericksburg, Nashville, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Franklin, Kennesaw Mountain, Resaca, and Brice's Cross Roads. They took part in the Siege of Vicksburg and the March to the Sea. Many suffered and died in Confederate prisons at Andersonville, Libby, Cahaba, Millen, and Macon. There were two Medal of Honor winners: John Miller of the 8th Ohio Volunteer Infantry at Gettysburg and Charles McCleary of the 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry at the Battle of Nashville. Major General James Birdseye McPherson of Clyde, Ohio, commander of the Army of the Tennessee, was the highest ranking Union officer killed in the Civil War.
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