PROCLAMATION OF “GREAT RAILWAY STRIKE”
July 23, 1877
Whereas it is provided in the Constitution of the United States that the United States shall protect every State in this Union, on application of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature cannot be convened,) against domestic violence;
Whereas the Governor of the State of Pennsylvania has represented that domestic violence exists in said State which the authorities of said State are unable to suppress; and
Whereas the laws of the United States require that in all cases of insurrection in any State or of obstruction to the laws thereof, whenever in the judgment of the President it becomes necessary to use the military forces to suppress such insurrection or obstruction to the laws, he shall forthwith, by proclamation, command such insurgents to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes with a limited time:
Now, therefore, I, RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, President of the United States, do hereby admonish all good citizens of the United States, and all persons within the territory and jurisdiction of the United States, against aiding, countenancing, abetting, or taking part in such unlawful proceedings; and I do hereby warn all persons engaged in or connected with said domestic violence and obstruction of the laws to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes on or before 12 o’clock noon of the 24th day of July instant.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this 23rd day of July, A.D. 1877, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and second.