MONUMENT DEDICATION TO THE DECEASED OF THE 23RD REGIMENT OF
OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY AT THE WOODLAND CEMETERY

July 29, 1865
Cleveland, Ohio

The 23rd Regiment of Ohio Volunteers having been in the service of the United States more than four years, in the language of their enlistment, "during the War," has now been honorably discharged. Its members eagerly preparing to go to their homes, have paused a few brief moments to take part in such simple ceremonies as circumstances allow, in memory of the officers and soldiers of their regiment who have died that their country might live.

The 23rd Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp Chase, July 11, 1861, with General Rosecrans as Colonel, to serve three years, or during the war. It was composed of companies which had been previously organized under the first call of President Lincoln. The county of Cuyahoga furnished the larger part of the two companies, and the counties of Ashtabula, Mahoning, Lake, Lorain, Ashland, Holmes, Crawford, and Logan, one company each. There were also a few men in each of the companies from other counties, and it is probable that nearly forty counties of Ohio were represented in the Regiment on its first organization.

The Regiment contained 965 officers and men. During 1861 and 1862, about 150 recruits were added to the regiment, and during the winter of 1863-4, about 350 more, a considerable number from counties bordering on the Ohio River, and a few of them from West Virginia. In the fall of 1863, enough men re-enlisted as veterans to retain the organization of the Regiment after the expiration of its original term of service, and on June 11, 1864, it was reorganized at Staunton, Va., under the name of the 23rd Ohio Veteran Volunteers. During the same month, the original term of service of the 12th Ohio Infantry expired, and the veterans and recruits of that regiment were soon after consolidated with those of the 23rd.

The 12th Ohio Infantry was first organized under President Lincoln's call for three month volunteers, at Camp Dennison, on the 9th of April, 1861, and was composed of companies from Clermont, Warren, Highland, Greene, and other countries in southwestern Ohio. It was reorganized in June, 1861, to serve for three years, under Colonel James W. Lowe, who afterward fell at the battle of Carnifax. Its veterans and recruits when united with the 23rd in July, 1841, formed three full companies. About 400 additional men have been sent to the veteran regiment from different parts of Ohio. The total number who have belonged to the Regiment since its organization is about 2,200, representing over fifty counties of Ohio. There were also a few men from the British provinces, and from West Virginia and other states. Of these, there now return as members of the Regiment about 675 officers and men, and of this number one-third only belong to the original 12th and 23rd Regiments.

In the winter of 1862-63, after the severe loss sustained in the campaigns of 1862, it was resolved by the officers and men of the Regiment to erect a monument in memory of the fallen. It was felt that our comrades who had laid down their lives, deserved a more enduring memorial than the frail headboards of the battle field. As Cuyahoga has furnished more men to the Regiment than any other, a lot in Woodland Cemetery, a gift from the City Council of Cleveland, was selected as a spot on which to build. This monument has since been erected, and on it are engraved, it is believed, the names of all of the officers and men of the 23rd Regiment who have perished while in service, either in battle or from accident, wounds, or disease.

It seems peculiarly fit that the survivors of this four years of bloody conflict should hold their last family meeting around the monument of their fallen comrades. We meet here today, our bosoms swelling with conflicting emotions. We rejoice that the cause for which we fought, the cause of our country and of humanity, has triumphed. We rejoice with grateful hearts that Providence has permitted us to enjoy the victory. We mourn that the brave men whose names are carved on this marble, are no longer living to join with us in our rejoicing. As we read their names we are carried in imagination to the scenes of the Great Rebellion from its beginning to its close. We see here the names of men who were enrolled as volunteers on the day when President Lincoln made his first call. We see also the names of some who perished more than four years afterwards, when the contest was decided. We cannot, we dare not undertake to say how much we owe to the men whose names are borne on this honored roll. The good name of the Regiment we have loved so long and well, the satisfaction and pride we feel as we dwell on the recollections and scenes of the last four years, how much of these are due to the men whose deeds and virtues we have met to commemorate. All of our colors-three different sets-two of them torn and faded-were shreds of tattered silk, the Regiment has borne proudly and safely home, sacred mementoes, made sacred by the lives of the comrades whom we mourn today.

The roll of our dead is a long one, but I am sure you all wish to hear it called again, names once so familiar. Some were so conspicuous from position, character, the manner of their death or other circumstances, that they will be remembered perfectly by all who belonged to the Regiment while they lived. And each of the names, whether remembered by all or not, has its separate history, is a figure in a distinct set of associations, and has its own proper place in the memory of some of the survivors.

This is the roll of our dead heroes. The remains of some were carefully and tenderly removed by relatives or friends to burial places nearer their homes. The bodies of most of them are where they died. They are scattered broadcast among the rugged mountains of West Virginia, along the beautiful Kanawha from its source to its mouth, on the eastern slope of South Mountain, and by Antietam Creek, Maryland, all along the Shenandoah, throughout the valley of Virginia, on the upper waters of the James River, in the burying grounds of loyal hospitals from Cincinnati to New York, and in nameless graves, near rebel prisons, from Virginia to Georgia. Their dust is mingled with that of patriots from all the loyal states, who suffered and died as they did. They will be seen no more on earth. Their homes, sorrow-stricken and desolate, will be gladdened never more by their return. But the memory of their lives, their virtues, their sufferings, and their heroic death, these remain to us, to their relatives and to their country. Let us hope that the Providence which has preserved us a Nation, may be with the bereaved of our comrades, and that this whole nation whose imperial greatness seems now to stand so strong, may grow also in the stature of a moral manhood, until it becomes a fit monument to commemorate all who, in the lines of duty, have fallen in this sad but righteous struggle.
NAMES OF DECEASED SOLDIERS OF THE 23RD OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY,

INSCRIBED ON MONUMENT

Killed in Action

W. Sullivan J. Eldridge R. Finley
W. Robinson J. White W. F. Green
G. Shafer C. Gifford S. A. Grant
H. Parsons C. Pfeiffer P. J. Hines
D. Richardson E. E. Truax R. P. Peirson
W. B. Harper J. E. Wright W. Severance
G. Merger E. H. Park F. J. Smith
J. N. Simonton W. D. Hazard F. G. Smith
J. Gressinger J. Mayberry S. S. Church
J. Pressly W. Hamilton S. A. Faber
W. Hill J. Gifford G. W. Mason
J. Armstrong J. H. Smedley G. F. Ayres
A. Moore J. W. Barker D. Cook
G. Patrick L. Wayfield J. Ray
W. Edwards J. Brechman D. D. Dustin
B. F. Smith J. W. Fennor R. B. Cornel
A. R. Jacobs H. Agar R. Rawdon
W. Fanshear J. Ballinger J. L. Barnes
W. J. Crane W. Rooch J. Dunn
P. Galeaner J. King A. Ross
T. Hayes J. Weskel M. P. Daniells
M. Bird R. Saxton C. M. Hickox
W. Gripps J. Wagnoer J. Haury
J. Kiser N. Leroy J. G. Munger
J. Pinney G. Rinkle W. Sullivan
D. Whisler J. Iliff G. Labolt
J. J. Roop J. G. Dixon E. Stover
W. H. Eichnor M. Hough S. F. Hail
G. Whitmore H. McCartty J. C. Barton
J. Kaufman J. Miller H. Simmons
J. F. Bruanfield J. Bruhlman G. Saunders
J. Brooks E. C. Tenney C. Goodfellow
D. Williams S. S. Collar E. M. Rawdon
G. W. Barker T. Greenfield A. West
G. M. Long A. L. Laub P. Collins
M. Goodman A. Decker J. Wilder
E. Huliburt I. N. Whitney C. Steers
L. J. Gants N. L. Leroy G. R. Higgins
A. Smith J. W. Baker G. Denbry
J. Brown G. Houghs S. S. Hull
G. S. Melon G. Brigdon S. Erskine
E. A. Sim O. Askur J. Chamell
H. Durkee J. A. Colby A. Baker
H. H. Smith J. A. Curtiss J. Ladley
F. Hooker R. A. Dixon D. Balcon
H. Ward
T. Moore CAPTAINS G. Wilson
A. G. Farney L. Gill
W. J. Taylor A. A. Hunter G. O. Cass
J. S. Sackett A. Y. Austin, Jr. M. W. Heoogh
D. Otto A. F. Gillis H. Heath
J. Fitzgerald E. P. Carr
W. Bartals D. Hart
C. Roberts M. Brown
S. G. Mayfield DIED OF DISEASE A. Carrohoff
F. N. Leonard D. Long
P. B. Zimmerman Captain W. H. Woodward J. Holliboogh
J. Patterson Sergeant Major J. B. Seaman T. Morton
O. C. Johnson Sergeant J. M. Blish S. L. Scott
R. C. Robertson W. Hardy
W. B. Carey CORPORALS A. F. Green
M. M. Work J. M. Rongan
T. C. Wood W. H. Rankin
H. Crandal C. Mayfield
SERGEANTS L. W. Carpenter Y. Sickmiller
D. B. Fairchilds
J. G. Dawson PRIVATES W. H. Smith
A. Shephard L. Wilson
W. McIntosh J. M. Bonsor
M. Slonaker L. Wallworth
T. G. Mills C. Dille
G. M. Towsley J. Botton
J. H. Baker S. Southworth
J. Wadkins J. O. Spangle
E. Fitch W. J. Chambers
A. J. Clayborn
SERGEANT MAJOR H. W. Ford
W. A. Covly
E. Reynolds C. Cronenberger
J. S. Hill
E. M. Davis
CORPORALS R. Lightner
F. M. Scott
S. E. Bull J. Pinkerton
J. Bowman D. Biggs
J. M. Wright W. S. Hooghens
D. Chapman J. Brown
A. Meguire W. H. Whitcomb
M. Butler J. Benton
J. Brooman C. Sanders
J. Hill J. A. Parker
F. N. Kitson W. Vanasdale
W. Moblett T. More
G. Petmore
LIEUTENANTS H. K. Low
J. K. Searl
G. N. Seaman J. Sawyer
L. R. Gray N. Breckenbridge

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