SULLIVAN, JOSEPH

Local History Collections

Collection ID: 285
Location: LH - MSS

(Description ID: 595644)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

Joseph Sullivan 

LH–Misc. Mss

Introduction

Biographical Sketch

Scope & Content

Inventory

 

Introduction

 This collection was donated to the Hayes Presidential Center in 2003 by Ms. Fran Jackson of Clyde, Ohio.  These letters are photocopies of Joseph Sullivan’s correspondence; some of the letters have accompanying typed transcriptions as well.

 

Biographical Sketch

 Joseph Sullivan enlisted as a private in the Union Army on 5 August 1861.  He served as part of Company F in the 5th Cavalry Regiment Pennsylvania during the American Civil War.  According to the 1860 U.S. Census, it appears as though Sullivan was working as a blacksmith apprentice in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, prior to the conflict.  He was captured during the war and died as a prisoner on 7 January 1865 in Salisbury, North Carolina.

The 5th Cavalry Regiment Pennsylvania was organized on 1 September 1861.  It was originally called the Cameron Dragoons, and its companies were recruited in both Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.  In the spring of 1862, Companies I and K served at the front while the remainder of the regiment was used for scouting in the rear of the army.  It was met with resistance from Confederate troops in September 1862, when it was attacked near Williamsburg.  Throughout the winter of 1862-1863, detachments of the regiment were sent on scouting expeditions.  More fighting occurred at Williamsburg in the spring of 1863, but the summer months passed with little action.  Disease, however, had hit the regiment, afflicting four-fifths of the men.  The fall of 1863 and winter of 1863-1864 saw a shoring of the ranks, with more enlisted men being sent to the regiment.  The summer and autumn of 1864 saw more fighting in Virginia, with a number of casualties to the 5th Cavalry Pennsylvania.  In March 1865, the regiment joined the command of General Sheridan, experience more skirmishing in Virginia, and fought at Appomattox Court House until the surrender of the Confederate Army.  On 19 May 1865, 331 men were mustered out of service.  The remaining soldiers were united with the 3rd Pennsylvania on 9 June and were finally mustered out at Richmond, Virginia, on 7 August 1865.

 

Scope & Content

 The Civil War correspondence of Joseph Sullivan spans from September 1861 to September 1864.  This collection also contains one letter written by soldier John McCarthy and three letters penned by soldier John Cartey.  According to their correspondence, these men served as part of the regular army, in the 15th Infantry Regiment.  Their relationship to Joseph Sullivan is unknown, although McCarthy addresses his letter to his sister “Ellen,” which is also the name of Sullivan’s sister.  McCarthy, furthermore, makes mention of his “dear Joseph” who is serving in the war as well.  Cartey also references his brother “Joseph,” who he states is a soldier.

 

Inventory

 Ac. 5702

38 pieces

 

SULLIVAN, Joseph

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp Stoneman, 5 Sept. 1861.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp Blanker, 20 Sept. 1861.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp Blanker, 23 Sept. 1861.

To “Dear Sister & Brother-in-Law,” dtd Camp Griffin, 23 Nov. 1861.

To “Dear Sister and Brother-in-law,” letter no. 2, dtd Camp Griffin, 23 Nov. 1861.

To “Dear Brother & Sister,” dtd Camp Griffin, 9 Dec. 1861.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp Griffin, 19 Jan. 1862.

To “Dear Brother and Sister Daniel & Ellen,” dtd Camp Griffin, Va., 30 Jan. 1862.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp Griffin, Va., Camp Griffin, Va., 12 Feb. 1862.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp Griffin, Va., 5 Mar. 1862.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp near Flint Hill, 15 Mar. 1862.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp near Alexandria, 15 Apr. 1862.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp Campbell near Alexandria, 28 Apr. 1862.

To “Sister Ellen,” dtd Camp at Williamsburg, James City County, Va., 31 May 62.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp Bermuda Hundrells via Fort Monroe, Va., 25 June.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Camp near Williamsburg, 5 Sept. 62.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp near Williamsburg, 10 Oct. 62.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Camp near Williamsburg, 19 Oct. 1862.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 8 Nov. 1862.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 5 Dec. 1862.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 22 Dec 62.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 22 Feb. 63.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 16 Mar. 63.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 1 Apr. 63.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Fort Pickering, 10 Apr. 63.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Williamsburg, Va., 29 Apr. 63.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Great Bridge, 28 Sept. 63.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Camp near Portsmouth, 15 Jan. 64.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp Getty, 10 Mar. 64.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd City Point, Va., 20 May 1864.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp near Bermuda Hundred, Va., 4 June 1864.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp Jones Landing, Va., 9 July 1864.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Jones Landing, Va., 26 July 64.

To “My Dear Sister,” dtd Camp in the Field near Petersburgh, Va., 14 Sept. 64.

 

MCCARTHY, JOHN

To “Ellen,” dtd Newport Barracks, Ky., 15 Nov. 1862.

 

CARTEY, JOHN

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Fort Hallack, 4 Jan. 1863.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp of the 15th U.S.I., Chattanooga, Tenn., 27 Feb. 1864.

To “Dear Sister,” dtd Camp in the Woods five miles from Marietta, 30 June 1864.