ROBERT H. CALDWELL GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC POST #439

Local History Collections

Collection ID: 285
Location: LH-396

(Description ID: 595741)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

Robert H. Caldwell Grand Army of the Republic Post #439

LH-396
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Introduction
Agency History
Scope and Content
Inventory

Introduction

This record was donated to the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in 2014

                                                     Agency History

Robert H. Caldwell was born on June 14, 1841, the son of William and Jane ( Davis ) Caldwell. Robert was one of four children. William, Robert’s older brother, served with the 72nd Regiment, O.V.I. as hospital steward and assistant surgeon during the Civil War. Charles, the middle brother, died in 1852 at the age of 13. Juliet, Robert’s sister, attended Oberlin College.  Robert worked for his father, a lumberman, at the family's mill. At the age of twenty, Robert joined the 21st  Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was appointed 3rd corporal of Company I. He was promoted to sergeant on June 7, 1862. In August, he was sent home on a recruiting mission. February 8, 1863, Robert died in a camp hospital from wounds received during the Battle of Stones River. William Caldwell, Sr. retrieved his son’s body and brought him to Elmore, Ohio where he is buried in the Harrington Cemetery. The Rutherford  B. Hayes Presidential Center also holds the original war date letters of Robert Caldwell. Transcriptions appear on the Hayes Presidential Center website.

The Grand Army of the Republic Post No. 439 was established May 4, 1884 at Elmore, Ohio. It was named for the late Sgt. Robert Caldwell. H. N. Aldrich was elected post commander. There were 32 charter members.

Scope and Content

The Grand Army of the Republic Personal War Sketches book contains biographical sketches of 99 members of post #439 (pp. 1 – 169), as well as a list of Ottawa County, Ohio soldiers listed on the Ottawa County Courthouse wall in Port Clinton, Ohio (pp. 170 – 193). These names are list by regiment. The date of enlistment, rank, age, and remarks follow each soldier’s name. Ottawa County soldiers who served in WWI are also listed (pp. 194 – 201). The names are listed alphabetically.

This record book appears to have been created in its entirety by member Henry L. Hammond, who served in Company G, 100th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, August 12, 1862. His father, Anson Hammond, had his son’s name removed from the rolls of two previous regiments, because he believed his son was too young to serve.  

Henry Hammond was a charter member of the George Fields G.A.R. Post at Oak Harbor, Ohio. When the post gave up its charter, Hammond sought admission to the Robert H. Caldwell Post at Elmore, Ohio in 1912. In his biographical sketch, Hammond stated that he is “now (1926)” the post quartermaster, giving strong indication that the biographical sketches were written by Hammond around that date. This ledger has been scanned and the pdf version appears on the Hayes Presidential Center website and that of the  Harris-Elmore Public Library

Inventory

Ac. 5858
¼ linear feet

Leger of the Robert H. Caldwell Grand Army of the Republic Post #439, Elmore Ohio, containing (201 pp.) history and biographical war sketches (99) of members, names of Ottawa County, Ohio soldiers listed on the Ottawa County Courthouse wall, and Ottawa County soldiers inducted and enlisted in World War I.