JACKSON, WILLIAM R.

Local History Collections

Collection ID: 285
Location: LH 414

(Description ID: 595779)

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

William Robinson Jackson

LH-414
_____________________________

Introduction
Biographical Sketch
Scope and Content
Inventory

Introduction

The collection was acquired by the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in 2015

.

Biographical Sketch

William Robinson Jackson was born May 14, 1823 in Bellville, Ohio, Richland County to Colonel Benjamin  Jackson, a New Jersey native. William married Julia B. Williams September 17, 1845 in Knox County, Ohio. She was the daughter of James and Sarah Mathilda Hunt Williams, also New Jersey natives. An attorney, James Williams was appointed the first Clerk of Courts and Clerk of the Supreme Court of Huron County, Ohio. Julia was born in 1824 in Monroeville, Ohio, Huron County. William and Julia were the parents of eight children, seven who survived to adulthood: Charles, Julia, Fannie, Florence, Theodore, Lilian, and Anna.    William farmed in Huron County until the outbreak of the Civil War. He enlisted in the Third Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, where he served for a short time as a quartermaster, before transferring to the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, known also as the “River Regiment.” At war’s end, Jackson took a position in Louisville, Kentucky with Adams Express. By October 1865, he had found a home for rent and sent for his wife and children to join him. Later, the family returned to Monroeville, Ohio. William died in 1877 and Julia in 1896. 

Scope and Content

Arranged by correspondent and then chronologically, the correspondence dates from 1862 to 1885, however the bulk of the collection is made up of war date letters. The letters reveal much about the life and activities of a Union quartermaster who served in two Ohio cavalry regiments.  William describes his duties to Julia as well as camp life and his surroundings. As quartermaster, William was often far from the fighting and therefore in less danger than many infantry soldiers.

Julia’s home front letters to her husband William detail the experiences of a woman left alone to manage the family farm and their children. Julia was fortunate to have the help of another female and some hired farm workers during much of William’s absence. Initially, Julia’s fears for her husband are evident. Gradually, she develops a sense of pride in and compassion for William as he continues fulfilling what he believes is his duty. Breaks in the correspondence probably indicate that Julia had joined William in camp or that he had returned to Monroeville, Ohio.

The collection includes correspondence dating from 1865 to 1875 from David Simpson Gray to William R. Jackson. Gray was the son of an Episcopal minister assigned to Norwalk, Ohio. In 1864, Gray took the position of agent of the Union Railroad Transportation Company and later became general manager of the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, and St. Louis Railroad. Gray married Mary Jackson, sister of William R. Jackson. Mary Jackson Gray died giving birth to twins in 1860.Although Gray moved to Columbus where he married a second time, he continued his relationship with his brother-in-law, providing financial advice for more than a decade. 

Finally, the collection contains letters to the Jacksons from relatives, friends, and comrades and  nearly a dozen letters from the Jackson children to both their father and mother.

Inventory

Ac. 5907
˝ line
ar ft.

William R. Jackson (husband of Julia Williams Jackson) to:
1.

1. JWJ [Mar 2 [1862], National Hotel, Louisville
2. James Williams, April 26, 1862, Camp Shiloah
3. “Friend John,”  April 28, 1862, Camp Shiloah
4. JWJ May 11, 1862, Camp in the Woods (4 miles from Monterey)
5. JWJ May 17, 1862, Camp in the Woods (6 miles from Corinth)
6. JWJ August 15, 1862, Woodville, Alabama
7. JWJ, August 23, 1862, Woodville, Alabama
8. JWJ, September 16, 1862, Cincinnati
9. JWJ, October 22, 1862, Cincinnati

2.

10. JWJ January 3, 1863, Ripley, O
11. JWJ January 8, 1863, Lexington, Kentucky
12. JWJ January 14, 1863, Camp Ell. Bishop
13. JWJ January 25, 1863, Headquarters 7th O. V. C., Camp El. Bishop
14. JWJ January 27, 1863, Headquarters 7th O.V. Cavalry, Camp E. Bishop
15. JWJ February 9, 1863, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
16. JWJ February 13,1863, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
17.JWJ March 8, 1863, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
18. JWJ March 27, 1863, Lexington
19. JWJ March 29, [1863], Lexington, Kentucky
20. JWJ March 31, 1863, Lexington, Kentucky
21. JWJ April 5 [1863] Lexington, Kentucky
22. JWJ May 6, 1863, Headquarters Third Division, Army of  Kentucky
23.JWJ May 14, 1863, “My Birth day”, Camp Near Somerset, Kentucky
24.JWJ May 24, [1863] Lexington
25.JWJ May 29, [1863] Lexington
26.JWJ June 2, 1863, Lexington
27. JWJ June 6, 1863, Lexington
28. JWJ June 18 [1863] Lexington
29.JWJ June 22, 1863, Lexington
30. JWJ July1, [1863], Camp Nelson, Kentucky
31.JWJ July 5, 1863, Camp Nelson
32. JWJ July 6, 1863, Camp Nelson, Kentucky
33. JWJ July 7, 1863, Camp Nelson
34. JWJ July 8, 1863, Camp Nelson
35. JWJ July 10, 1863, Camp Nelson
36. JWJ July 15, [1863], Camp Nelson
37. JWJ August 3, 1863, Nicholasville, Kentucky
38. JWJ August 10, 1863, Nicholasville, Kentucky
39. JWJ August 12, 1863, Nicholasville, Kentucky
40. JWJ August 14, 1863, Nicholasville, Kentucky

3.

41. JWJ July 22, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
42. JWJ July 28, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
43. JWJ July 30, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
44. JWJ July 31, 1864 Nicholasville, Kentucky
45. JWJ August 3, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
46. JWJ August 4, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
47. JWJ August 6, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
48. JWJ. August 9, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
49. JWJ August 30, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
50. JWJ, September 6, [1864], Nicholasville, Kentucky
51. JWJ September, 11, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
52. JWJ September 13, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
53. JWJ September 23, [1864], Prestonburg, Kentucky
54. JWJ September 24, [1864], Prestonburg, Kentucky
55. JWJ September, 28 1864, In the Mountains, 19 Miles Pound Gap
56. JWJ October 25, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
57. JWJ December 9, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
58. JWJ December 11, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
59. JWJ December 15, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
60. JWJ December 16, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
61. JWJ December 19, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky
62. JWJ December 29, 1864, Nicholasville, Kentucky

4.

63. JWJ January 3, 1865
64. JWJ January 10, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
65. JWJ March 6, 1865
66. JWJ March 29, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
67. JWJ April 4, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
68. JWJ Apri 8, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
69. Letter of Appreciation to WRJ, April 19, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
70. JWJ May 10, 1865, Cincinnati
71. JWJ May 15, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
72. JWJ May 17, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
73, JWJ June 2, 1865, Nicholasville, Kentucky
74. JWJ June 7, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
75. JWJ June 29, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
76. JWJ July 2, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
77. JWJ July 5, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
78. JWJ July 8, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
79. JWJ August 17, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
80. JWJ September 7, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
81. JWJ September 21, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
82. JWJ October 16, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
83. JWJ October 18, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky
84. JWJ October 23, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky

5

85. JWJ June 28, 1866, Louisville, Kentucky
86. JWJ September 14, 1866, Louisville, Kentucky
87. JWJ December, 1, 1866, Louisville, Kentucky
88. JWJ January 3, 1867, Louisville, Kentucky
89. JWJ ________24, 186?, Louisville, Kentucky

Julia Williams Jackson (wife of Willam R. Jackson) to:
6.

1. WRJ May 4 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
2. WRJ July 12 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
3. WRJ March 7 [1862]. Monroeville, Ohio
4. WRJ March 17 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
5. WRJ March 18 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
6. WRJ March 23 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
7. WRJ March 28 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
8. WRJ April 1 [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
9.  WRJ “Thursday the 17th [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
10.WRJ May 4th [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
11. WRJ “July Saturday 12th” [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
12. WRJ “Thursday morn” [1862], Monroeville, Ohio
13. WRJ “Sunday” [1862]. Monroeville, Ohio

7.

14. WRJ “Sunday the 4th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
15. WRJ Tuesday the 13th” [1863]. Monroeville, Ohio
16. WRJ “Thursday the 15th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
16. WRJ “Sunday the 18th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
17. WRJ “Thursday February 5th” [1863], Sandusky, Ohio
18. WRJ “Friday the 12th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
19. WRJ “Sunday the 8th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
20. WRJ “April 3rd Friday”[1863], Monroeville, Ohio
21. WRJ “Friday the 5th” [1863]. Monroeville, Ohio
22. WRJ “Sunday May 10th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
23. WRJ “Thursday the 21st” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
24. WRJ “”Friday 22d” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
25. WRJ “Sunday 21st” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
26. WRJ “Sunday Aug 2d” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
27. WRJ “Wednesday afternoon [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
28. WRJ “Sunday August 9th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
29. WRJ “Sunday 16th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
30. WRJ “Sunday 27th” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
31. WRJ “Monday 19” [1863}, Monroeville, Ohio
32. WRJ “Thursday 22” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio
33. WRJ “Sunday” [1863], Monroeville, Ohio

8.

34. WRJ “July 1st” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
35. WRJ “July 7th” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
36. WRJ “July 10th Sunday” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
37.WRJ “July 12th Wednesday” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
38. WRJ “July 14th Thursday” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
39. WRJ “July 17th Sunday” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
40. WRJ “July 20th Wednesday” [1864]. Monroeville, Ohio
41. WRJ “July Friday 22nd” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
42. WRJ “July 24th” [1864]. Monroeville, Ohio
43. WRJ “July 26th Tuesday” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
44. WRJ “July 32st Sunday” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
45. WRJ “August 2nd” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
46. WRJ “August Friday 12th”  [1864]. Monroeville, Ohio
47. WRJ “August 30” [1864]. Monroeville, Ohio
48. WRJ “Thursday Sep 8th” [1864], Monroeville, Ohio
49. WRJ “14 Septemeber” [1864]. Monroeville, Ohio
50. WRJ “Sunday” [no date 1864?], Monroeville, Ohio

9.

51. WRJ “Sunday April2d” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
52. WRJ “Friday 5th May” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
53. WRJ “Monday night 15” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
54. WRJ “June 8th Thursday” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
55. WRJ “Sunday July 9th” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
56. WRJ “Sunday July 16th” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
57. WRJ “Sunday July 23” [1865]. Monroeville, Ohio
58. WRJ “Monday Morn August 14” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
59. WRJ “Thursday Oct 5” [1865], Monroeville, Ohio
60. WRJ “Sunday Nov 5th [1865]. Monroeville, Ohio

10.

61. WRJ “Tuesday” [1866], Monroeville, Ohio
62. WRJ “Wednesday 25th” [1866], Monroeville, Ohio
63. WRJ “Friday 25th” [1866], Monroeville, Ohio
64. WRJ “Thursday 20th  [1866], Monroeville, Ohio
65. WRJ “Tuesday July 11th  [1866], Monroeville, Ohio
66. WRJ “Sunday 3rd  [1866], Monroeville, Ohio
67. WRJ “Wednesday 26th” [1866]. Monroeville, Ohio
68. WRJ undated [1866 ?] n.p.
69. Dear Children, “Louisville Wednesday Oct. 24th” from JWJ

Theodore Williams [brother of Julia Williams Jackson] to:
11.

1. JWJ June 3, 1863, Norwalk, Ohio
2. JWJ April 5, 1873, Norwalk, Ohio

David Simpson Gray: (Brother-in-law of William R. Jackson) to;
12.

1.JWJ April 19, 1865, Columbus, Ohio
2.WRJ January 30, 1867, Columbus, Ohio
3.WRJ July, 15, 1867, Columbus, Ohio
4. WRJ September 3, 1867, Columbus, Ohio
5. WRJ October 4, 1867, Columbus, Ohio

13.


6. WRJ January 31, 1868, Columbus, Ohio
7. WRJ May 4, 1868, Columbus, Ohio
8. WRJ June 9, 1868, Columbus, Ohio
9. WRJ July 6, 1868, Columbus, Ohio
10. WRJ October 2, 1868, Columbus, Ohio
11. WRJ October 8, 1868, Columbus, Ohio
12. WRJ December 10, 1868, Columbus, Ohio

14.

13. WRJ January 15, 1869, Columbus, Ohio
14. WRJ February 12, 1869, Columbus, Ohio
15. WRJ March 6, 1869, Columbus, Ohio
16. WRJ April, 1869, Columbus, Ohio
17. WRJ May 28, 1869, Columbus, Ohio
18. WRJ July 12, 1869, Columbus, Ohio

15.

19. WRJ April 2, 1870, Columbus, Ohio
20. WRJ May 13, 1870, Columbus, Ohio
21. WRJ March 2, 1872, Columbus, Ohio [Includes letter from C. S. Freeborn to D. S. Gray, dtd., February 26, 1872, St. Louis]
22. WRJ April 4, 1872, Columbus, Ohio
23. WRJ July 3, 1872, Columbus, Ohio
24. WRJ August 19, 1872, Columbus, Ohio
25. WRJ September 10, 1872, Columbus, Ohio
26. WRJ October 24, 1872, Columbus, Ohio
27. WRJ November 18, 1872, Columbus, Ohio
28. WRJ December 24, 1872, Columbus, Ohio

16.

29. WRJ February 15, 1873, Columbus, Ohio
30. WRJ July 22, 1873
31. WRJ February 7, 1874
32. WRJ April 27, 1874, Columbus, Ohio
33. WRJ November 20, 1874, Columbus, Ohio
34. WRJ January 28, 1875, Columbus, Ohio
35. WRJ January 28, 1875, Columbus, Ohio
36. J. S. Bogden to DSG, February 24, 1874, St. Louis

Letters to William R. Jackson from:
17.

1. Chas. R. Fosdick, “July 5, 1862, Cincinnati”
2. Alex Jolly, “Ripley, O. 20th    Feby 1863”
3. Alex Jolly, “Ripley, O. 21st Feby 1863”
4. Wm. H. Campbell, “May 6th 1863”
5.M. Johnson, U.S. Marshal, “Cleveland, May 28 186?”
6. Israel Garrard, “Camp of 7th Ohio Cavalry May 30th 1863
7. Will J. Brown, “Monroeville, Ohio May 31, 1863”
8. M. H. Maxon, “Office of A. A. Quartermaster, Nicholasville, KY June 4, 1863”
9. C. F. Smith, “Somerset Ky Sunday a.m. June 7th 1863”
10. J. W. Hurtt, “Asst Qrtmers Office, [Cin O] June 8, 63”
11. Capt. J. W. Hurtt, A.Q.M. “Cincinnati O June 11, 1863”
12. C. F. Smith, “Somerset Ky May 26th n.d.”
13. D. E. Gardner, “Toledo Nov 30th 1864”
14.S. A. Harkness, “Monroeville, Mch 21/65”
15. C. C. Kellogg, “Belleville Nov 30th/65”
16. C. H. Brach, “Belleville O, Feby 6th 1866”
17. A. J. Brach, “Bellevile, 18 Ap 1874 (contains letter to WRJ on reverse from D.S. Gray dtd.April 20th 1874)

Letters to Julia W. Jackson from:
18.

1. Thomas B. Bowne, “Westchester Feb. 5 1863”
2. Cordelia, “April 12th 1863” Monroeville
3. Caroline, “May 27 1863” Belleville
4. Lizzie C. Lawrence, “Nov. 8, 1866 Phila.”
5. B. Jackson, “Belleville Saturday Dec 1 /66”
6. Lizzie C. Lawrence, “Jan 4th 1867 Phila”
7. S. A. Bronson, “Mansfield Dec. 22, 1885”
8. Julia Miller, “Benton Ark, Saline Co. Jan the 11”
9. Sarah R. Jackson, “Cleveland, Aug. 9th

Letters from children of William R. and Julia W. Jackson
19.

1. Fannie to “Dear Father May”
2. Fannie to “Dear Mother” n.d.
3. Fannie to “Dear Father, Monroeville, April 3”
4.Julia to “Dear Father,  Monroeville,”  n.d.
5..Birdie to “Dear Father,” n.d.
6. Birdie to “Dear Father,” n.d.
7. Birdie to “Dear Father,” n.d.
8. Florence to “Dear Father,” n.d.
9. Julia to “Dear Mother, Monroeville Oct 3 1866”
10. Judy to “Dear Father Monroeville Oct 14th  1866”
11. Julia to “Dear Mother Monroeville Nov 8th  1866”