Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
Rachel "Annie" Stewart Cline
Scope and Content
The diary of Rachel A. Stewart, also known as "Annie" R. Stewart Cline, was microfilmed from the original by the Center for Archival Collections, Jerome Library, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio.
Rachel A. Stewart, also known as "Annie" was born in Ohio in 1835. She was the daughter of Archibald and Martha Stewart of Scipio Township, Seneca County, Ohio. Ms. Stewart, taught school in Seneca County during the years in which she maintained a diary. On May 23, 1862, she married Philip F. Cline of Seneca County. Cline enlisted as a second lieutenant in Company K of the 101st Ohio Volunteer Infantry in August of 1862. Lt. Cline was promoted to first lieutenant on January 21, 1863. He resigned his commission later that same year. It is not known when or how Cline died, but his death occurred prior to that of his wife who died at the age of 29 on April 2, 1865. She is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery, Eden Township, Seneca County -- near her brother James and her parents. James served in the 64th Ohio National Guard unit for one hundred days' service in August of 1862. Annie's diary refers to the military service of two her brothers, Robert and Charles, but their service records are unknown. Charles was in Texas during the time Annie kept her diary. Robert, also a school teacher, apparently enlisted sometime during the spring or summer of 1862.
Scope and Content
Rachel "Annie" Stewart Cline's diary recounts her daily experiences in Seneca County, Ohio, from late December 1861 to the end of 1862. "Annie" recorded her regular activities, ranging from teaching school and attending prayer meetings to receiving visitors and making clothing for herself and her sister. Her diary relates her marriage to Philip F. Cline of Seneca County and his enlistment in the 101st Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The diary often focuses on the difficulties of finding suitable transportation to the Republic, Ohio, school where Ms. Cline taught a varying number of "scholars." She noted on January 3, 1862: "Walked to town through the snow. Not very funny but such are the luxuries of school teaching." Annie's diary also contains brief references to various Civil War battles that occurred during the period as well as the mention of letters exchanged with her husband and brothers while they served the Union.
Microfilm: one roll
Diary: 1861 - 1862
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